Prehistoric Cave Art and Sculpture

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    24-Feb-2016

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Prehistoric Cave Art and Sculpture. Painted by Cro-Magnon man (35,000-10,000 yrs. ago) Old Stone Age Paleolithic Period 41 caves found in France and Spain in 1900s. Altamira, Spain : 1879 - Archaeologist excavating cave entrance. 12 yr. old daughter wanders off. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Prehistoric Cave Art and Sculpture

Prehistoric Cave Art and Sculpture

Painted by Cro-Magnon man (35,000-10,000 yrs. ago)Old Stone Age Paleolithic Period41 caves found in France and Spain in 1900s

Altamira, Spain: 1879 - Archaeologist excavating cave entrance. 12 yr. old daughter wanders off. Look Papa! Look at the painted bulls.1st indication of prehistoric art. Immediately attributed to modern painter. Man is accused of perpetrating a forgery. 15 yrs. later other caves found to prove he was not lying. He died an embittered man.

Lascaux, France - 1940 four children playing, dog fell into a hole, they rescue dog and explore caveCave closed in 1963 carbon dioxide, humidity, temperature destroying paintingsArtists constructed wooden scaffoldings to paint Artists used the contours of the cave to make drawings more realistic (three-dimensional)One animal is >18 ft. longMost animals were aurochs(bulls), bison, horses and not fish or birdsVery few humans picturedHand prints pigments blown across hands

Art Materials and ApplicationYellow, red, black clay soils (ocher, iron oxide, carbon or manganese) ground to powder, mixed with animal fat, egg whites or vegetable oil 3 basic colors intermixed for additional shades - Red is most durable colorPaints applied with: fingertips(earliest form of pointilism), fine animal hair brushes, blown through hollow bones, frayed sticks, moss and fur (served as sponges)Engravings with flint toolsPainted in narrow passage ways (one yard wide), back of caves, required great courage mountain lions and cave bearsMotive or Reasons for PaintingsMagic or religious ritual risk would rule out other purposes such as decoration, educationPaint what you want to be able to find and successfully hunt and killBut most animals painted were not most common food sourcesOther possible reasons: initiation rite, or pictorial text for young

Venus of WillendorfEarth Mothers

18

Easter Island 300-700 AD (not prehistoric)Stonehenge Druids3100 BC

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