Poznámky z LITERATÚRY - ?· Poznámky zo študentského portálu ZONES.SK – Zóny pre každého…

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Poznmky zPoznmky zPoznmky zPoznmky z

LITERATRY pre 3. ronk gymnzi a strednch kl

Autor: Martin Slota

Zdroj: http://www.zones.sk Pouvanie materilov zo ZONES.SK je povolen bez obmedzen iba na osobn ely a akkovek verejn publikovanie je bez predchdzajceho shlasu zakzan.

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OBSAH OBSAH ......................................................................................................................................................................................2

SVETOV LITERATRA MEDZI DVOMA SVETOVMI VOJNAMI ... ......................................................................4

LITERRNY VVOJ V EURPE MEDZI DVOMA SVETOVMI VOJNAMI .......................................................................................4 LITERRNY VVOJ NA SLOVENSKU MEDZI DVOMA SVETOVMI VOJNAMI ...............................................................................4 AMERICK LITERATRA ..........................................................................................................................................................5

Ernest Hemingway..............................................................................................................................................................5 William Faulkner ................................................................................................................................................................6 John Dos Passos .................................................................................................................................................................6 Theodore Dreiser................................................................................................................................................................7

ANGLICK LITERATRA ..........................................................................................................................................................7 John Galsworthy.................................................................................................................................................................7 George Bernard Shaw ........................................................................................................................................................7 James Joyce ........................................................................................................................................................................8

FRANCZSKA LITERATRA......................................................................................................................................................8 Romain Rolland ..................................................................................................................................................................8 Henri Barbusse ...................................................................................................................................................................9 Tristan Tzara ......................................................................................................................................................................9 Andr Breton.......................................................................................................................................................................9 Marcel Proust .....................................................................................................................................................................9

NEMECK LITERATRA ...........................................................................................................................................................9 Erich Maria Remarque .......................................................................................................................................................9 Thomas Mann ...................................................................................................................................................................11 Franz Kafka ......................................................................................................................................................................12

RUSK LITERATRA ..............................................................................................................................................................12 Maxim Gorkij....................................................................................................................................................................12 Michail olochov ..............................................................................................................................................................13

ESK LITERATRA ..............................................................................................................................................................14 Ji Wolker ........................................................................................................................................................................14 Vtslav Nezval..................................................................................................................................................................14 Jaroslav Seifert .................................................................................................................................................................15 Jaroslav Haek..................................................................................................................................................................15 Karel apek ......................................................................................................................................................................15 Ivan Olbracht....................................................................................................................................................................16

SLOVENSK POZIA MEDZI DVOMA SVETOVMI VOJNAMI ..... ........................................................................17

MARTIN RZUS .....................................................................................................................................................................17 EMIL BOLESLAV LUK........................................................................................................................................................18 JN SMREK............................................................................................................................................................................19 LACO NOVOMESK ...............................................................................................................................................................20 NADREALIZMUS.....................................................................................................................................................................22

Rudolf Fabry.....................................................................................................................................................................22 Jn Rak .............................................................................................................................................................................23 Pavel Bunk ....................................................................................................................................................................23 tefan ry........................................................................................................................................................................23

MODERN SLOVENSK KATOLCKA TVORBA.........................................................................................................................23 Rudolf Dilong....................................................................................................................................................................23 Jn Silan ...........................................................................................................................................................................24

SLOVENSK PRZA MEDZI DVOMA SVETOVMI VOJNAMI ...... ........................................................................25

LADISLAV NDAI JG........................................................................................................................................................25 HANA GREGOROV...............................................................................................................................................................26 SOCILNO-PSYCHOLOGICK REALIZMUS...............................................................................................................................26

Jozef Cger-Hronsk .........................................................................................................................................................27 Milo Urban .......................................................................................................................................................................28

SOCIALISTICK REALIZMUS ...................................................................................................................................................30 Peter Jilemnick................................................................................................................................................................30

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Frao Kr........................................................................................................................................................................30 LYRIZAN TENDENCIE V PRZE MEDZIVOJNOVHO OBDOBIA..............................................................................................30

Ornamentlna prza.........................................................................................................................................................31 Gejza Vmo.................................................................................................................................................................31 Ivan Horvth .................................................................................................................................................................31

Lyricky tvarovan prza ...................................................................................................................................................33 Jn Bodenek..................................................................................................................................................................33

Prza literrneho naturizmu.............................................................................................................................................33 udo Ondrejov..............................................................................................................................................................33 Dobroslav Chrobk .......................................................................................................................................................34 Margita Figuli ...............................................................................................................................................................35 Frantiek vantner ........................................................................................................................................................36 Hana Zelinov...............................................................................................................................................................38

SLOVENSK DRAMATICK TVORBA MEDZI DVOMA SVETOVMI V OJNAMI..............................................39

IVAN STODOLA ......................................................................................................................................................................39 JLIUS BAR-IVAN ................................................................................................................................................................39 PETER ZVON ..........................................................................................................................................................................40

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SVETOV LITERATRA MEDZI DVOMA SVETOVMI VOJNAMI (1918 1945)

po 1. svetovej vojne znik Raksko-Uhorska, vznik eskoslovenska, Juhoslvie, Maarska, Rakska rozmach vedy a techniky uahuje ivot, ale zrove prina obavy, e bude zneuit na vojensk ely v vznam m prza (poviedky, novely, romny, ...)

LITERRNY VVOJ V EURPE MEDZI DVOMA SVETOVMI VOJNAMI (1918 1945)

po 1918: dvojplrnos kapitalizmus, socializmus (Rusko) rozvoj vedy a techniky vznik novch avantgardnch smerov umelci vytvraj nrodn aj nadnrodn organizcie ( ovplyvuj sa navzjom)

1919: vznik Spolonos nrodov (m zachova mier) Mussolini vytvra prv faistick spolky ( 2. svetov vojna) Rusko obianska vojna (erven komunisti bieli zstancovia crskeho reimu) vznik rozhlasov hra, v ktorej sa uplatuje pozia, prza i drma a m masov charakter

1921 zaloenie PEN klubu ( spoznvanie a ovplyvovanie sa umelcov) aj do przy prenikaj vplyvy filmovej techniky avantgardn smery:

dadaizmus Tristan Tzara surrealizmus (z dadaizmu) Andre Breton (na Slovensku neskr ako nadrealizmus Rudolf Fabry) poetizmus 1924 Manifest poetizmu dokument; Ji Wolker, Jaroslav Seifert kontruktivizmus hlavn je forma diela a nie jeho obsah straten genercia (hlavne USA) umelci, ktor sa nevedia vleni znova do mierovho ivota

avantgardn autori: Franz Kafka znzoruje zhubn dopad anonymnho mocenskho apartu na ivot ud James Joyce prd vedomia v rozprvan prienik do psychiky i rei postavy cez vntorn monolg Marcel Proust obraz franczskej achty z konca 19. storoia Antoine de Saint-Exupry (Mal princ) vnma srdcom

na tto literatru maj vplyv filozofie Nietzcheho a Freuda vzrast zujem o literrnu vedu a literrnu kritiku zven odchod umelcov do exilu (hlavne Par), lebo nie s spokojn s dvojpolrnosou sveta Erich Maria Remarque,

Thomas Mann, Ivan Bunin spoluprca a kontakty umelcov

LITERRNY VVOJ NA SLOVENSKU MEDZI DVOMA SVETOVMI VOJNAMI po zniku Raksko-Uhorska s vie ndeje na rozvoj kultry, a preto kles zujem o tvorbu nrodno-obrannej

literatry (nrodn zujmy nie s u v ohrozen) nerovnomern rozvoj iech a Slovenska (echy maj privilgi) nrodn zhromadenie...