PowerPoint Presentation .Athens Sparta •Central Greece •4 miles from Aegean Sea •Travelers!

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  • Athens Sparta

    Central Greece

    4 miles from Aegean Sea

    Travelers! Enjoy

    spreading ideas, art, knowledge

    Naval power & strong influence

    to other City States

    Isolated

    Harbor 25 miles away - surrounded by mountains!

    Not friendly to outsiders

    Better soil for agriculture

    Being a soldier is VERY

    important

  • Sparta

    Patron Goddess: Artemis

    Goddess of Wilderness, Hunt, Fertility

    Worshipped same Gods as Athenians

    Patron Goddess: AthenaGoddess of Wisdom,

    Justice, Courage

    Worshipped same Gods as Spartans

    Athens

    Zeus King of Gods

    Poseidon God of the Sea

    http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=artemis&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=ONxxkUxn8LP0mM&tbnid=jIUpJ0C4HYz5lM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http://ancientmythsandhistory.blogspot.com/2012/12/artemis-greek-god-season.html&ei=PXVeUtPsCsWzkAfnl4GQAw&bvm=bv.54176721,d.eW0&psig=AFQjCNG9bHKhprA9y-7DSc_mMjhVXTkGOQ&ust=1382008504415420http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=artemis&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=ONxxkUxn8LP0mM&tbnid=jIUpJ0C4HYz5lM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http://ancientmythsandhistory.blogspot.com/2012/12/artemis-greek-god-season.html&ei=PXVeUtPsCsWzkAfnl4GQAw&bvm=bv.54176721,d.eW0&psig=AFQjCNG9bHKhprA9y-7DSc_mMjhVXTkGOQ&ust=1382008504415420http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Athena_Parthenos_Altemps_Inv8622.jpghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Athena_Parthenos_Altemps_Inv8622.jpg

  • Greek Architecture

    Acropolis: a highly elevated plateau in Athens A complex center

    for politics, commerce, culture

    Parthenon: the most famous temple on the Acropolis, built in honor of Athena

    Project initiated by Pericles

  • The Acropolis is not one building or temple, but rather a collection of Athens community structures atop a high plateau.

    ACRO = Extreme, Edge, Height, SummitPOLIS = City-State, City, Citadel

  • What happened to the Acropolis over the years?

    (Video)

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3T7_oi985dg

  • The Acropolissits atop

    the city of Athens

  • DORIC IONIC CORINTHIAN

  • The Agora today

    Video Clip: Secrets of the

    Parthenon

    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/secrets-parthenon.html

  • Warm Up 10-24

    Once your group has arrived, begin to share the 5 main ideas from your reading

    dissections.

    Miss Mangold will be passing out popsicle sticks. Make sure

    you grab one.

  • Athens Sparta Democracy since 500 BCE

    Free men over age 18 can be citizens

    No women, no slaves can be citizens

    What rights could the Citizens enjoy?

    Agora Vote Hold office Own property Defend themselves

    in court

  • Council of 500: Five hundred citizens of Athens selected to run the citys daily functions

    Proposed new laws

    Assembly: ideas for new laws went to a much larger group, who met every 10 days.

    Athens Oligarchy decisions

    made by the few and the powerful

    Council of Elders- all important decisions made within

    Must be 60 years old

    2 kings, 28 men Assembly: met outside

    of city because it was so large but had little power

    Only could vote yes or no to Councils laws

    Sparta

  • Pericles: a great leader who developed Athens culture, democracy and power during the Golden Age. Loved creativity, music,

    the arts, drama Rebuilt the city Supported democracy

    and reforms to allow its growth

    Athens Oligarchy decisions

    made by the few and the powerful

    Council of Elders- all important decisions made within

    Must be 60 years old

    2 kings, 28 men Assembly: met outside

    of city because it was so large but had little power

    Only could vote yes or no to Councils laws

    Sparta

  • Economy: the way a community or region organizes the manufacture and exchange of money, food, products, and services to meet peoples needs.

  • Athens Sparta

    Trade with foreign lands and other city-states buying and selling in the agora

    Coins easier for trade

    A center for politics, commerce, socialization

    Got necessary goods from:

    Farming Conquering Others Slaves/Noncitizens Little trade

    Generally discouraged trade and the transfer of new ideas

  • Athens Sparta Education:

    Boys go to school to learn reading, writing, math

    Girls stay at home to learn to run the house

    Society Society Structure:

    + Women could not inherit or own property; could not attend Assembly

    +Slaves Most Athenians owed a slave Captives of war, or born into

    it

    Education: Boys begin military

    training at age 7 Girls may also learn

    military techniques

    Society Structure:+ Women generally freer than Athenian women because men were almost always at war

    + Non-Citizens free, but not Spartan

    - No government, but military is OK

    + Helots slaves which provided for the city-state

  • Athens

    Contributions to Society:

    - Democracy Direct vs.

    Representative- Citizenship

    the right to vote running for office

    - Philosophy thinking about

    thinking Socrates, Plato

    - Tragedies and Comedies Theater

  • Find the Fib

    1. Any Athenian can participate in government, as long as they are a member of the Council of 500.

    2. Democracy and Oligarchy were the two main governments we discussed for Athens and Sparta.

    3. Sparta and Athens differed in many ways, including their social structures.

    4. The geography of Greece is mountainous and rocky, but Athens was situated by the sea and Sparta was more inland.