POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPER - 2006-07.pdf  AJK Azad Jamu Kashmir BCC Behaviour Change Communication

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POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPER:

ANNUAL PROGRESS REPORT 2006-07

July 2008 PRSP Secretariat - Finance Division

Government of Pakistan

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Contents

1 Introduction..1 2 Trends in Poverty & Income/Consumption Distribution.........................................................3 2.1 Poverty Trends: 2004-05 / 2005-06....................................................4 2.2 Inequality Trends.... ...................................................................5 3 Trends in Macroeconomic Indicators .......................................................................................8 3.1 Agriculture .................................................................................................................................8 3.2 Industry ......................................................................................................................................9 3.3 Services ....................................................................................................................................10 3.4 Per Capita Income ....................................................................................................................10 3.5 Inflation ....................................................................................................................................11 3.6 Current Account Balance .........................................................................11 3.7 Investment and Savings ...........................................................................................................12 3.8 Fiscal Balance ..........................................................................................................................12 4 An Analysis of Pro-poor Budgetary Expenditure ..................................................................13 4.1 Provincial Patterns of PRSP Expenditure ....................................................16 4.2 Sector-wise Analysis of PRSP .................................................................17 4.2.1 Education ..............................................................................................................................17 4.2.2 Health ....................................................................................................................................20 4.2.3 Rural Electrification...22 5 Direct Transfers ........................................................................................................................24 5.1 Zakat ........................................................................................................................................24 5.2 Pakistan Bait-ul-Mal (PBM) ....................................................................................................25 5.3 Micro-credit .............................................................................................................................26 5.4 Employees Old Age Benefit Initiative (EOBI).28 6 Monitoring the PRSP Intermediate Indicators.......................................................................30 6.1 Education Sector ......................................................................................................................30 6.2 Health Sector ............................................................................................................................37 6.3 Land Distribution .....................................................................................................................41 6.4 Employment .................................................................................................................41 7 Performance of the PRSP/MDG Indicators............................................................................44 7.1 Education Indicator ..................................................................................................................44 7.2 Literacy Rate.............................................................................................................................51 7.3 Health Indicator .......................................................................................................................53 7.4 Satisfaction from Basic Services .............................................................................................60 7.5 Housing ....................................................................................................................................61 7.6 Changes in Economic Condition: Household Perception ....................................................... 62 8 Conclusion and the Way Forward ..........................................................................................64 8.1 NWFP Expenditure Tracking...65 8.2 Strengthening Poverty Reduction Strategy Monitoring...66 8.3 Moving Forward...67

Tables

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Table 2.1: Trends in Poverty Indicators.......................................................................................................4 Table 2.2: Population under various Poverty Bands........................................................................................5 Table 2.3: Gini Coefficient and Consumption Shares by Quintiles....................................6 Table 3.1: Trends in Macroeconomic Indicators (Growth rates)......10 Table 4.1: PRSP Development & Current Expenditures 2001-07.. ..13 Table 4.2: Actual PRSP expenditure 2006-07...................................................................................13 Table 4.3: Budgetary Poverty Related Expenditures by Sectors as % of GDP.............14 Table 4.4: Budgetary Poverty Related Expenditures by Sectors, 2001-2007............15 Table 4.5: PRSP %Change in Expenditures between 2006/07-2005/06...16 Table 4.6: Percentage Change in PRSP Education Expenditure by Sectors.............................17 Table 4.7: Percentage Distribution of Education Expenditures by Province and Level of Education 2001-02 to 2006-07..................19 Table 4.8: Percentage Change in PRSP Health Expenditures by Sectors.................................................21 Table 4.9: Percentage Distribution of Health Expenditure by Province and Sector 2001-02 to 2006-07..............................................................................................................................22 Table 5.1: Direct Transfers and Beneficiaries...............................................................................................24 Table 5.2: Details of Zakat Programmes 2006-07.....................................................................................25 Table 5.3: Programmes of Pakistan Bait-ul-Mal.......26 Table 5.4: Micro-credit Disbursement.......................................................................27 Table 5.5: Khushal Pakistan Programme-I/Temporary Employment Generated 2006-07........................28 Table 5.6: Khushal Pakistan Programme-I/Temporary Employment Generated 2002-07........................28 Table 5.7: Number of Schemes Approved Under Each Category for 2006-07.............................................29 Table 6.1: Number of Functional Public Schools..................................................................................32 Table 6.2: Actual Posts Filled Against Sanctioned Posts and Percentage of Trained Teachers................33 Table 6.3: Proportion of Public Schools with Basic Facilities..............................................................35 Table 6.4: TT- Immunization Coverage for Pregnant Women..................................................................39 Table 6.5: DPT-3/OPV-3 Coverage of Children (%)39 Table 6.6: Coverage of Lady Health Workers...........................................................................40 Table 6.7: Number of Lady Health Workers.............................................................................................40

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Table 6.8: State Land Distribution by Number of Beneficiaries in Each Province...................................41 Table 6.9: Age- Specific Unemployment Rate......................................................... 42 Table 6.10: Unemployment Rate by Gender and Rural-Urban Areas...................................................43 Table 7.1: Gross Enrolment Rate at the Primary Level (Age 5-9) By Province & Region (Excluding Katchi Class)......45 Table 7.2: Gender Gap in GER at the Primary Level (Age 5-9).......46 Table 7.3: Net Enrolment Rate at the Primary Level (Age 5-9) By Province & Region (Excluding Katchi Class)..............................................................................................................47 Table 7.4: Gender Gap in NER at the Primary Level (Age 5-9)...............................................................48 Table 7.5: Literacy Rates - Population 10 Years and Older (%)...................................................................52 Table 7.6: Percent of Children Aged 12-23 Months Immunized Based on Recall and Record Method Fully Immunized ..........................................................................................................................54 Table 7.7: Percentage of Pregnant Women Visiting Health Facility for Pre-and Post-Natal Consultation......55 Table 7.8: Main Sources of Drinking Water in Pakistan (Percentage Distribution).................................57 Table 7.9: Percentage Distribution of Health Consultations in Past Two Weeks by Type of Health Provider/ Consulted during 2006-07...................................................................................59 Table 7.10: Types of Practitioner Consulted for Diarrhea Treatment.................................................