POLISH AGRICULTURE problems, solutions and CAP Polish perspective

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  • POLISH AGRICULTUREproblems, solutions and CAP Polish perspective

  • Agriculture is one of the sectors that profited the most from the Polish accession to the EU. About 15% of the countrys labour force, what is equivalent to 2.2 million full-time workers, is employed in farming, thereby providing the biggest - 20% - share in EU27 employment in agricultural sector. Despite very high level of employment, the effectiveness of Polish rural workforce is very small, what is portrayed by the fact that agriculture contribution to the Polish GDP is just 3%. Poland agriculture after EU ascension

  • Problem 1Lack of education among farmersSolutions: Subsidies for educations, better motivation of farmers.

  • Problem 2 Young people do not want to work in the agricultural sectorReasonlack of perspectives for development in the countryside also insufficient of subsidies low salary

    Solution increased funding for young farmers promoting a healthy lifestyle

  • Problem 3predominance of family farms and extensive typ of farmsReason - family farms in Poland, 1 5 Ha, 50% of the total number of farms, but there are using just 20% of farmland- 20 hectares farm is 6% and use it 35% of farmland

    Solution- introduction of intensification of production through specialization of farms and using IP- maintain a balance between extensive and family farms- conservation of biodiversity in small farms

  • Problem 4too many middlemen between producer and consumer, and a very low level of processingReason lack of cooperation between farmers lack of organizing farmers

    Solution cooperation between the farmers themselvesintroduction of agricultural processing direct selling of products from farms

  • Problem 5underdeveloped rural technical infrastructure

    Characteristicmany of the existing paved roads require upgrading and repair, access roads to agricultural land and forest are in bad condition

    Solutionhardening of roads increase subsidies for rehabilitation of roads

  • Problem 6implementation of technological advances to small farmsReason-lack of money- low production- low sales- no additional purchases

    Solution - increasing subsidies for small farms- training systemactivating a credit line of less interestusing of BAT technics to save water, energy, material etc.

  • helping in rational use of funds received by the agriculture and businesses from the EU and the state and assigned to the Rural Development Programme or to innovation and training etc. in enterprises of the food industry

    increasing competitiveness of Polish export of agri-food products into foreign markets by promoting, informing and so on.

    efficient combat against monopolistic practices on the domestic food market applied mainly by translational trade and production corporations,

    active participation in the work of international institutions and EU bodies because efficiency of lobbying for Poland and for the development of the food industry will depend on diplomatic skills of the government and its representatives in international institutions.

    Main aims of CAP

  • www.minrol.gov.pl (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development)

    www.arr.gov.pl (Agriculture Market Agency)

    Kukula S., Krasowicz S. Glowne problemy i uwarunkowania zrownowazonego rozwoju rolnictwa w Polsce. [w:] Problemy inzynierii rolniczej. IUNG, 1, Pulawy,2007




  • Thank you for your kind attention

    Ester KaszaAneta WjtowiczTom Glajza