PLN SOLAR POWERDEVELOPMENTPLAN: L E C T R I C I T Y F O R A B E T T E R L I F E Gas Geothermal Hydro LNG HSD MFO Coal PLN Plan and Policy ( RUPTL 2010 -2019 ) : •The growth of

  • View
    212

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of PLN SOLAR POWERDEVELOPMENTPLAN: L E C T R I C I T Y F O R A B E T T E R L I F E Gas Geothermal Hydro...

  • E L E C T R I C I T Y F O R A B E T T E R L I F E

    By

    Mr. Moch. Sofyan,

    Division Head of New and Renewable Energy, PT PLN ( Persero )

    German- Indonesian Renewable Energy Days

    Jakarta, Oct 26th, 2011

    PLN SOLAR POWER DEVELOPMENT PLAN: TARGET AND EXPERIENCES

    PT PLN (Persero)

    0

  • E L E C T R I C I T Y F O R A B E T T E R L I F E

    Gas

    Geothermal

    Hydro

    LNG

    HSD MFO

    Coal

    As an archipelago country, thousands of islands are not

    electrified yet

    1 5 Provinces with the electrification ratio of less than 60 %,

    in some area the duration of service are less than 12 hrs.

    Generated power in the remote area mostly supplied by

    diesel power, with an expensive transportation cost and

    fuel supply security problem

    PLN - high generation cost at the remote island

    PLN plan to accelerate the RE target and reducing oil

    consumption by ulilization of renewable energy

    Trend of cost reduction and efficiency improvement on PV

    technology

    1

    Background

  • E L E C T R I C I T Y F O R A B E T T E R L I F E

    Gas

    Geothermal

    Hydro

    LNG

    HSD MFO

    Coal

    PLN Plan and Policy ( RUPTL 2010 -2019 ) :

    The growth of electricity demand by 9,2 % annually which

    supplied by various energy resources

    Electrification ratio grows from 68 % in 2010 to be 91 % by 2019.

    The program to reduce oil consumption from 19 % to 3 % by

    2015.

    With the dominant of coal power plant development (58 %), the

    contribution of renewable energy will increase from 12 % ( 2010

    ) to be 19 % ( 2019 ).

    The utillisation of Solar has been planned in the RUPTL ( general

    plan for electricity supply).

    2

    Long Term Energy Development Plan

  • E L E C T R I C I T Y F O R A B E T T E R L I F E

    Indonesia Energy Policies to Reduce GHG

    emission Presidential Decree No 5/2006 regarding National Energy Policy

    Presidential Decree No. 4/2010 that assigns PLN to accelerate development of power generation plants using renewable energy, coal and gas. The renewable energy portion is 40% of the total capacity listed in this program

    Oil

    20 %

    Gas 30 %

    Coal 33 %

    N&RE

    17 %

    Bio-fuel 5 %

    Geothermal 5 %

    Biomass, Nuclear,

    Hydro, Solar Power,Wind Power 5 %

    Coal Liquefaction 2 %

    Target of National Energy Mix 2025

    (Based on Presidential Regulation No. 5/2006)

  • E L E C T R I C I T Y F O R A B E T T E R L I F E

    Realisation and Projection of Electricity Demand 2010-2019 (GWh)

    -

    50,000

    100,000

    150,000

    200,000

    250,000

    300,000

    350,000

    400,000

    2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019

    Realization Projection

    Indonesia electricity demand is predicted to grow at average of 9.2% annually (Java-Bali 8.97%, West Indonesia 10.2% dan East Indonesia 10.6%)

    327 TWh

    252 TWh

    54 TWh

    28 TWh

    133 TWh

    104 TWh

    20 TWh

    10 TWh

  • E L E C T R I C I T Y F O R A B E T T E R L I F E

    Projection of Electricity Demand 2010-2019

    IB : 10,2%

    21 TWh

    54 TWh

    IT : 10,6%

    11 TWh28 TWh

    JB : 8,97%

    115 TWh

    252 TWh

    Average of national electricity demand growth 2010-2019 is 9,2% annually.

    5

  • E L E C T R I C I T Y F O R A B E T T E R L I F E

    2011

    -

    2014

    2015

    -

    2020

    2021

    -

    2025

    PV DEVELOPMENT ROAD MAP

    - Acceleration of

    RE < 60%

    - Security and

    consumption reduction of

    diesel fuel

    - 9 locations of outer

    islands/ border /isolated

    - 100 locations (2011 ),

    20MW

    - 900 locations (2012-

    2014), 150 MW.

    - PVs Industry will

    develop

    - Implementation of FIT

    policy

    - PV Price more

    competitive

    - Reduction of diesel

    fuel

    - PV system for rural

    electricity

    - Extension of

    Existing capacity

    - Plan of 450 MW PV

    - Development of

    commercial

    scale

    2010

    - Pilot Project

    PV Plants in

    6 locations of

    resort islands:

    - P Bunaken

    - P Derawan

    - G Trawangan

    - P B Naira

    - P Raja Ampat

    - P Tomia

  • E L E C T R I C I T Y F O R A B E T T E R L I F E

    Criteria for PV Location Selection

    Main Criteria Remote area/remote island: transportation problem, security

    of supply, costly oil price Boundary area: social - political aspect RE ratio of less than 35 % will be prioritized Population distribution: population spread Mini Hydro and Thermal resources are unavailable Solar Radiation Level: Sufficient

    Optional Criteria Existing system: small diesel capacity (+/- 100 kW),

    service hour of less than 24 hrs Global issues (GHG, Saving Energy)

  • E L E C T R I C I T Y F O R A B E T T E R L I F E

    Design Configuration Option:

    OFF GRID:

    Off grid: Communal System (LV feeder, 230 V/ 400 V or MV line 20 kV, PV and Storage Bank /Battery, sevice hour :12 hr, load : 20 50 kW)

    ON GRID :

    Hybrid System: Exist.Diesel+PV+Battery + Others ( connected to existing MV Line, service hour : 24 hours, load > 50 - 300 kW

    Grid Connected: On grid System ( connected to existing MV line and without battery, service hour: 24 hours, load: > 300 kW )

  • E L E C T R I C I T Y F O R A B E T T E R L I F E

    WILAYAH INDONESIA

    2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 TOTAL

    PLT Surya MWp 20 40 50 60 70 70 75 75 80 80 620

    Indonesia Timur MWp 18 25 34 40 45 45 45 45 50 50 397

    Indonesia Barat MWp 2 14 15 18 20 20 20 20 20 20 168

    Jawa Bali MWp - 1 1 2 5 5 10 10 10 10 54

    PENGEMBANGAN PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK PLT SURYA

    TAHUN ( 2011 - 2020 )

    No Pembangkit StnTAHUN

  • E L E C T R I C I T Y F O R A B E T T E R L I F E

    PLN PV PLAN

    DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF PHOTOVOLTAIC ( 2012 -2014)

    WILAYAHNUMBER OF LOCATIONS

    KAPASITAS PV (KWp)

    EASTERN INDONESIA 293 51,3

    WESTERN INDONESIA 358 61,8

    JAWA BALI 19 6,3

    GRAND TOTAL 674 119,4

  • E L E C T R I C I T Y F O R A B E T T E R L I F E

    BIG SCALE PV ( SYSTEM PEAK LOAD > 5 MW )

    West Indonesian : 21 locations, capacity: 86 MW

    East Indonesian: 50 locations, capacity : 216 MW

    Total : 71 Locations with total capacity of 302 MW

  • E L E C T R I C I T Y F O R A B E T T E R L I F E

    Conclusion

    CONCLUSION As the electricity demand growing rapidly, PLN has

    plan an additional capacity of 55.484 MW and

    renewable energy share will increase from 12 % to 19

    % with total capacity of 11.540 MW on the year of

    2019.

    Considering the Indonesia potential on Solar, the

    trend of cost reduction and efficiency improvement,

    PLN has plan to develope 620 MW of Solar PV by

    2020.

    The use of Solar Energy will be for supply in non-

    electrified remote area and to replace the use of

    Diesel Fuel [Fossil Fuel] in electrified Areas

    12

  • E L E C T R I C I T Y F O R A B E T T E R L I F E

    13

    Thank You

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/valanne/432271395/