Plasmon-enhanced fluorescence of
submonolayer porphyrins by silver-polymer
JIA-XIN NIU,1,3 CHENG-DA PAN,1,3 YI-TING LIU,1 SHI-TAO LOU,1 E WU,1,2
BO-TAO WU,1,4 XIAO-LEI ZHANG,1,2,5 AND QING-YUAN JIN1,2,6
1State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062,
2Collaborative Innovation Center of Extreme Optics, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030006, China
3These authors contributed equally
Abstract: We investigate the fluorescence from submonolayer porphyrin molecules near
silver-polymer core-shell nanoparticles (NPs) at a well-controlled separation distance of about
1 nm – 5 nm. When porphyrin molecules are deposited on silver NPs with the plasmonic
resonance peak at about 410 nm, which matches very closely with the 405-nm excitation laser
and the absorption band of porphyrin molecules, their emission intensity is found to be
enhanced due to the plasmonic resonant excitation enhancement, and shows a decline as the
increasing polymer shell thickness. Meanwhile, the lifetime results demonstrate that there
exists the fluorescence quenching due to the charge transfer and nonradiative energy transfer
losses, which is also the main reason that the maximum enhancement factor obtained in
experiment is only about 2.3, although the theoretical one is above 60 according to the
electric field distribution near silver NPs calculated by finite-difference time-domain method.
© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement
OCIS codes: (240.6680) Surface plasmons; (250.5230) Photoluminescence; (160.4236) Nanomaterials.
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Charge and energy transfer between optical molecules and nearby metals usually lead to
fluorescence quenching [1–4]. In the meantime, however, metallic nanoparticles (NPs) have
been well known to enhance the luminescence of molecules placed closely to the NPs [5–7].
The contradiction originates from the competition of damped molecular dipole oscillations or
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