Draft Board Presentation
Plant Breeding Pipelines in the CCRP
Historical reflections importance from the start of CCRP1
Crucifers: BroccoliBrussels sproutsCabbageCauliflowerChinese cabbageCollardsKaleMustardRadishRutabagaTurnip2Moore, R., W. D. Clark and D. S. Vodopich (1998). Botany. Boston, McGraw-Hill. Pg. 537. (#459).
Recent decades of formal crop improvementBreeding plants that can take advantage of fertilizer, irrigation and mechanization Focus on yield, uniformity in a few crops
Increasing privatization & centralization Molecular technologiesLots of other technical innovations
Broader range of cropsParticipatory approaches and other methods innovations
CCRP principles how do they apply to crop improvement projects?
CCRP niche 1: Whom do we serve?Moremarket accessLessmarket accessHigh resource endowmentLow resource endowmentEquityFood security and poverty reductionEnvironmental and social sustainability CCRP niche 2: What crops?International marketsSelf-provisioningCash crop value chainsDiverse local cropsLocal marketsMixedCultural valueNutritional outcomes CCRP niche 3: AEI through CoPGlobalLocalSystemsComponentsPest-resistant germplasm of crop X: genetics and pre-breedingParticipatory selection of desirable and pest-resistant varieties of crop X in location YManaging pest and other risk in location Y
Combining resistance + diversity to lower pest pressurePest management principles and optionsGxE and beyondGenotype by environment interaction (GxE)GxE G x E x M x S Option by context (OxC)Better understanding of social and biophysical heterogeneityGIS tools and spatial skills to support better understanding and utilization of GxEFarmer typologiesGender analysisMarkets - diversification Breeding pipeline frameworksOptions (Genotypes, methods)Contexts(Environments, people, management, policies; constraints & opportunities for the program, crop, people)Goals---Variability---Trialing--Release---Dissemination Breeding pipeline frameworksPrinciplesInclusion, AEI, contextualization, coherenceGoals---Variability---Trialing--Release---DisseminationGoals---Variability---Trialing--Release---DisseminationGoalsParentsRecombinationSelectionFixationMore selectionSeed systemReal lifeGermplasmHopes for the workshopIdeas and plans for improving breeding programsBuild skills For self-critique; critical friendshipFor using biodiversity, METs, FRNsDeepen understanding and capacity for AEI-oriented PB programs How can PB improve system performance? Strengthen awareness of farmers roles and rights; breeders engagement strategies. Relevance of FRNs.Identify key policy issues affecting our workBuild cross-CCRP Plant Breeding Working Group
FrontiersGermplasmDeep analysis of collectionsWide crosses to create novel diversityGenotyping Molecular marker methods genotyping by sequencingTracking specific alleles at certain genes Tracking all alleles at all loci (genomic selection)Generating novel diversityRecombinationMutation, genome editingTransgenesis
PhenotypingHigh-throughput, automated systems in lab, greenhouseRemote sensing for fieldSensors for different physiological issuesMulti-environment trialsGIS to optimize selection of sitesNew traitsNutritional, agroecological