Plaintiffs, Reply in Support of MSJ and Opposition to Cross-MSJ

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    UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT

    FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS

    EASTERN DIVISION 

    LUIS SEGOVIA, JOSE ANTONIO TORRES,

    PAMELA LYNN COLON, TOMAS ARES,ANTHONY BUNTEN, LAVONNE WISE,

    IRAQ AFGHANISTAN AND PERSIAN GULF

    VETERANS OF THE PACIFIC, and LEAGUE

    OF WOMEN VOTERS OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS,

    Plaintiffs,

    v.

    BOARD OF ELECTION COMMISSIONERSFOR THE CITY OF CHICAGO, MARISEL A.

    HERNANDEZ, in her official capacity as

    Chairman of the Board of Election Commissioners for the City of Chicago, KAREN

    KINNEY, in her official capacity as Rock Island

    County Clerk, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, ASHTON CARTER, in his official

    capacity as the Secretary of Defense, FEDERAL

    VOTING ASSISTANCE PROGRAM, and

    MATT BOEHMER, in his official capacity as Director of the Federal

    Voting Assistance Program,

    Defendants.

    Case No. 15-cv-10196

    Judge Joan B. Gottschall

    PLAINTIFFS’ REPLY IN SUPPORT OF THEIR MOTION FOR SUMMARY

    JUDGMENT AND OPPOSITION TO FEDERAL DEFENDANTS’ CROSS-MOTION

    FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT 

    Date: May 3, 2016

    Leevin T. Camacho The Law Office of Leevin T. Camacho

    194 Hernan Cortez Avenue

    Suite 216 Hagåtña, Guam 96910

    (617) 477-8894

    leevin@guahanlaw.com

    Charles F. Smith Lara A. Flath

    John J. Schoettle

    155 N. Wacker Drive, Suite 2700 Chicago, Illinois 60606

    (312) 407-0700

    charles.smith@probonolaw.com

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    Luis G. Rivera Marín

    Rivera Marín & Talavera Law Offices 112 Uruguay Street

    Hato Rey, Puerto Rico 00918

    (787) 946-9400luisg@riveramarin.com

    Semaj Johnson

    Law Offices of K.A. Rames PC Suite 3, 2111 Company Street

    Christiansted, St. Croix, Virgin Islands 00820

    (340) 773-7284

    semaj.johnson@rameslaw.com

    lara.flath@probonolaw.com

     john.schoettle@probonolaw.com

    Geoffrey M. Wyatt

    Michael McIntosh

    Marisa B. Van SaanenW. Graham McCall

    1440 New York Avenue N.W.

    Washington, D.C. 20005

    (202) 371-7000 geoffrey.wyatt@probonolaw.com

     Neil C. Weare

    We the People Project 1666 Connecticut Avenue N.W.

    Suite 500

    Washington, DC 20009(202) 304-1202

    nweare@equalrightsnow.org

     Attorneys for Plaintiffs 

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Page

    TABLE OF AUTHORITIES .......................................................................................................... ii 

    INTRODUCTION ...........................................................................................................................1 

    ARGUMENT ...................................................................................................................................3 

    I. UOCAVA And MOVE Are Subject To Strict Scrutiny And, In Any Event,

    Defendants Have Not Identified Any Legitimate Government Interest That Is

    Rationally Advanced By The Arbitrary Dividing Lines Drawn By These Laws. ...............3 

    A. UOCAVA And MOVE Are Subject To Strict Scrutiny. .........................................3 

    B. UOCAVA And MOVE Fail Under Any Level Of Scrutiny. ...................................6 

    II. The Federal Defendants’ Remedial Arguments Are Contrary To Law.  ............................11 

    III. Plaintiffs Have Standing to Challenge UOCAVA Under Well-Settled Equal

    Protection Law. ..................................................................................................................12 

    CONCLUSION ..............................................................................................................................14 

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    ii

    TABLE OF AUTHORITIES

    CASES 

     Boumediene v. Bush, 553 U.S. 723 (2008) ................................................................................................................ 10

    Califano v. Westcott ,

    443 U.S. 76 (1979) .................................................................................................................. 11

    Crawford v. Marion County Election Board ,

    472 F.3d 949 (7th Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................. 14

     Dunn v. Blumstein,

    405 U.S. 330 (1972) .................................................................................................................. 5

     Examining Bd. Of Eng'rs, Architects & Surveyors v. Flores de Otero,

    426 U.S. 572 (1976) ................................................................................................................ 10

     Frank v. Walker ,

    17 F. Supp. 3d 837, 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 59344 (E.D. Wis. 2014).................................... 14

     Frontiero v. Richardson, 411 U.S. 677 (1973) ........................................................................................................ 4, 7, 13

     Harper v. Va. State Bd. of Elections,

    383 U.S. 663 (1966) .................................................................................................................. 5

     Igartúa De La Rosa v. United States,

    32 F.3d 8 (1st Cir. 1994) (per curiam) .................................................................................. 3, 4

     Katzenbach v. Morgan,

    384 U.S. 641 (1966) .................................................................................................................. 5

     Levin v. Commerce Energy, Inc.,

    560 U.S. 413 (2010) ................................................................................................................ 11

     McDonald v. Bd. of Election Comm’rs of Chi.,

    394 U.S. 802 (1969) .............................................................................................................. 5, 6

     Murphy v. Ramsey,114 U.S. 15 (1885) .................................................................................................................. 10

     Nat’l Council of La Raza v. Cegavske, 800 F.3d 1032 (9th Cir. 2015) ................................................................................................ 14

     Romeu v. Cohen, 121 F. Supp. 2d 264 (S.D.N.Y. 2000)..................................................................................... 13

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    iii

     Romeu v. Cohen,

    265 F.3d 118 (2d Cir. 2001)...................................................................................................... 4

    Smith v. City of Chi.,

    457 F.3d 643 (7th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................ 7, 9

    Weinberger v. Wiesenfeld ,

    420 U.S. 636 (1975) ................................................................................................................ 13

    CONSTITUTIONAL AND STATUTORY PROVISIONS 

    U.S. Const. art. IV, § 3 .................................................................................................................. 10

    Pub. L. 94-203, 89 Stat. 1142 (1976) .......................................................................................... 7, 8

    OTHER AUTHORITIES 

    GAO, Elections: Absentee Voting Assistance to Military and OverseasCitizens Increased for the 2004 General Election, but Challenges

     Remain, Apr. 2006, available at  

    https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GAOREPORTS-GAO-06- 521/pdf/GAOREPORTS-GAO-06-521.pdf ............................................................................ 11

    Harris County Electronic Absentee Systems for Elections Technical

    Proposal, available at  

    https://www.fvap.gov/uploads/FVAP/Grants/Harris_application.pdf .................................... 11

    Sam Howe Verhovek, Giant Leap for the Space Crowd: Voting , N.Y.

    TIMES, Aug. 26, 1997, http://www.nytimes.com/1997/08/26/us/giant- leap-for-the-space-crowd-voting.html .................................................................................... 11

    United States Election Assistance Commission, Voting from Abroad: A Survey of UOCAVA Voters, App’x E (2007), available at  

    http://www.eac.gov/assets/1/Page/Voting%20from%20Abroad%20A

    %20Survey%20of%20UOCAVA%20Voters.pdf .................................................................. 11

    Voting Rights for U.S. Citizens Residing Abroad: Hearing on H.R. 3211

     Before H. Comm. On H. Admin., 94th Cong. 23 (1975) (statement of

    Sen. Mathis) ............................................................................................................................ 11

    Case: 1:15-cv-10196 Document #: 58 Fi