PISCES Workshop 2

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PISCES Workshop 2. The Ecosystem Approach: Case Studies from North America. EBM Implementation in practice. Many ways to achieve ecosystem-based management Consider the time scales required A truly stakeholder-led process is innovative, necessary and challenging. Case Study 1. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of PISCES Workshop 2

  • PISCESWorkshop 2The Ecosystem Approach: Case Studies from North America

  • EBM Implementation in practiceMany ways to achieve ecosystem-based managementConsider the time scales requiredA truly stakeholder-led process is innovative, necessary and challenging

  • Case Study 1Port Orford, Oregon, USACommunity-based EBMProject started in 1999Focus on fisheries managementGeographic focus: nearshore fishing grounds and surrounding watershed (med-small scale)

  • Port Orford, OregonLocal economy relies heavily on local fishing fleet, and to smaller extent, tourism

  • Port Orford, OregonPrimary issues that prompted EA: Degrading fish stocks and water quality, compromising fishing and tourism revenues

  • Port Orford, OregonTruly a stakeholder initiative (local fishermen)Stakeholders involved: fishermen, concerned citizens, local to federal government agencies, tourism office, recreational users, Oregon State UniversityGoals: promote sustainable fishing practices; restoring healthy fish stocks and water quality; preventing degradation of fish habitat and upland areas; support tourism and recreational activities

  • A partnership formed: the Port Orford Ocean Resource Team (POORT) A cross-sectoral partnership between local fishermen, environmental organizations, recreational users, government agencies, and concerned members of the community using an integrated approach to management (EA principles)

  • MilestonesEstablishment of the Community Stewardship Area:

    1,400 square miles (oceanic and terrestrial), including 2 river watershedsDefined using socioeconomic and political considerationsEcosystem principles and spatial plan based on consensus decisions from stakeholder workshopsEncompasses a variety of habitats, instills ownership

  • Milestones2) Influencing state and regional marine policy:

    State of Oregon Marine Reserve siting process incorporated Port Orford stakeholder decisionsProactive approach: stakeholders provided input into States independent processWest Coast Governors Agreement: regional influence (CA, WA and OR)

  • Milestones3) Proactive and flexible management approaches:

    Recognizing impacts of land-based runoff on their fishing grounds, facilitated new stormwater ordinance passingNegotiated new management measures with Pacific Fishery Management Council to allow fishermen to retain bycatch, minimizing it but avoiding wasteful discardsPort Orford Sustainable Seafood Label

  • Small cooperative, targeting ecologicallly concious consumers

  • Case Study 2Elkhorn Slough, California, USAGoal: Restoring estuarine ecosystem and nearshore waters

  • Case Study 2Project started in 2004

    Partnership of more than 20 coastal resource managers, major land owners, farmers, scientific experts, conservation organization, non-renewable energy reps

  • Elkhorn Slough, CaliforniaPart of the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary (one of largest submarine canyons)Estuarine land = 5 sq miles (small scale)

  • Elkhorn Slough, California2nd largest tidal salt marsh on US west coastExtraordinary biological diversity (seabirds, fish, marine mammals), endangered species

  • Elkhorn Slough, CaliforniaKey linkage between land and seaWetlands as natural buffer (soil erosion; flooding)Wetlands as natural filters (remove water impurities)Wetlands as carbon sequesters (removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere)

  • A most threatened ecosystemWetland rates of habitat loss = 75-90%90 % of Elkhorn Slough saltmarsh to disappear by 2050Hosts a large number of rare, threatened and endangered species

  • Human activitiesHosts largest electric power generating plant in CAAdjacent harbor one of the most active ports in CAFlanked by major transportation corridors (3 state highways and 1 coastal rail line)

  • Human activitiesBordered by major agricultural areas (nutrient runoff) = 25% areaRecreational uses (boating, birdwatching)

  • EBM InitiatiativeElkhorn Slough Tidal Wetland Project, with goal of restoring wetland ecosystem while supporting sustainable usesMultiple jurisdictional boundariesStrategic Planning Team (= 20 multi-sectoral stakeholders) operating by consensus-based decision makingScience Panel to advise Planning Team

  • MilestonesIdentified planning principles (ecological, economic, social) that provide constraints to management strategiesIdentified restoration strategies to historic marsh habitatEconomic values estimated; evaluation of how restoration alternatives will affect human uses

  • Some lessons learnedEarly identification of objectives that include ecological, economic and social goals for the ecosystemDetermine most appropriate and effective geographic scaleIdentify all relevant physical and human components (spatially relevant data a plus)

  • More lessons learnedThe mix of stakeholders that comes to the table affects the ultimate outcome: identify and reach out to key groups to ensure long-term sustainability Foster collaborations among stakeholders to agree on goalsManage proactively, adapting to changing conditions - including changing players (new stakeholders)

    Structure: Advisory Board (5 commercial fishermen) and Community Advisory Team (citizens, city mayor, port commissioner, business owners, recreational users -surfing organization-, university scientists, council members)Ecosystem services question to audienceMarsh loss and estuarine habitat erosion in Elkhorn Slough is currently ongoing with channel bank erosion rates from 1 to 2 feet per year