Physical Geography of Latin America

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Physical Geography of Latin America. Chapter Nine . General Overview of Latin America. Runs from Mexico to Tierra Del Fuego which is over 7000 miles Includes all of Central and South America and the Caribbean Islands - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Physical Geography of Latin America

Physical Geography of Latin AmericaChapter Nine General Overview of Latin AmericaRuns from Mexico to Tierra Del Fuego which is over 7000 milesIncludes all of Central and South America and the Caribbean IslandsBordered by the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, as well as the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean SeaVideo

Mountains and HighlandsAndes MountainsRuns the entire length of North, Central, and South AmericaNorth America Rocky MountainsMexico Sierra MadreSouth America AndesThey keep people from moving across into the interior of South AmericaWas the home of the Incas in Peru

Mountains and HighlandsHighlands Mountainous or hilly sections of a country

Guiana Highlands In the northeast region of South America

Plains of Latin AmericaLlanos of Columbia and VenezuelaGrassy treeless areas used for livestock and farmingAmazon River BasinIn the interior of BrazilKnown as the cerradoVast savannas with moderate rainfall perfect for farmingHad been ignored but now the Brazilian government is encouraging settlementPlains of Latin AmericaPampasFound in northern Argentina and UruguayMain products wheat and cattleGauchosAccomplished horsemenVery similar to the cowboys in the United States

Gauchos

Rivers of Latin AmericaCentral America and the CaribbeanThese areas do not have large river systemsUnlike South America, they do not depend on rivers for transportationRiver to know Rio Grande (border of Mexico and United States)

Rivers of Latin AmericaOrinoco RiverRuns through northern half of South AmericaFlows 1500 miles to the AtlanticForms part of the border between Venezuela and ColumbiaParana RiverStarts in the highlands of southern BrazilFlows 3000 miles to the AtlanticKnown as the Rio de la Plata in UruguayRivers of Latin AmericaAmazon RiverFlows 5000 into the Amazon RiverStarts in the Andes near the Pacific OceanFed by 1000 tributariesCarries more water to the ocean than any other river

Islands of the CaribbeanMade up of three groups of islands:Bahamas hundreds of islands south of FloridaGreater Antilles Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti)Lesser Antilles Southwest of Puerto RicoWindward Islands Winds blow across themLeeward Islands Sheltered from winds

El NinoWeather pattern caused by warm water off the coast of South AmericaCauses warm winters in US and other abnormal weatherCan cause problems around the world

Resources of Latin AmericaEnergy ResourcesOil, natural gas, hydroelectric powerMineral resourcesGold, silver, iron, copper, tin, lead, nickelAlso have gems and titaniumAmong the worlds leaders in raw material productionProblems in Latin AmericaMuch of what is produced is owned by other countriesWhat is produced is exported awaySlash-and-Burn Farming Clear cutting trees, brush, and grass. Then burning the refuse.Began by the Pre-Columbian native AmericansProblems with Slash-and-BurnSoil is used up quicklyPeople move and do it again. This destroys even more land

Terraced FarmingAncient way of growing crops on the sides of hills and mountainsFarmers cut flat areas into the sides of mountains and plant crops on themCuts down on soil erosion

UrbanizationPeople in Latin America are rapidly moving from rural to urban areas.Most urbanized countries Argentina, Chile, Brazil, and UruguayPush-Pull FactorsPush factors Poor medical care, poor education, low paying jobs, and rich own all the landPull factors Better jobs, schools, and medical care UrbanizationLatin America has many large citiesRio de JaneiroBuenos AriesMexico City 30 million people in entire metropolitan areaProblem with rapid growthSlums & pollutionStrain on the infrastructure

TourismAdvantages of tourismBrings visitors who spend moneyProvides jobsDisadvantages of tourismPollutionUses lots of landGovernments can create debtOther countries own resort areas so money goes out of the country