Photography for Kids!: A Fun Guide to Digital Photography

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  • Photography for Kids!

    EbertAbend_Children.indb 1EbertAbend_Children.indb 1 03.02.2011 13:04:1603.02.2011 13:04:16

  • Michael Ebert is a photographer and teacher of

    photojournalism at the university in Magdeburg,

    Germany. He formerly worked as a newspaper and

    magazine photographer. He also prepares exhibits

    of famous photographers work and has written

    extensively about photography.

    Sandra Abend studied art history with a focus on

    photography and wrote her dissertation about

    the photographs of Jeff Wall. She directs the

    Kinderartothek of the Wilhelm-Fabry-Museum in

    Hilden, Germany, and she teaches at the University

    of Dsseldorf in Germany. Sandra and Michael have

    been running photography workshops for children

    for a number of years.

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  • Photography for Kids!A Fun Guide to Digital Photography

    Michael Ebert & Sandra Abend

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  • Michael Ebert Sandra Abend, mail@photomoments.de

    Editor: Gerhard RossbachTranslator: David SchlesingerCopyeditor: Jeanne HansenLayout: Lilia BauerTypesetting: Petra StrauchCover design: Helmut Kraus, www.exclam.dePrinted in China

    ISBN 978-1-933952-76-5

    1st Edition 2011 by Michael Ebert and Sandra AbendRocky Nook Inc.26 West Mission Street, Ste 3Santa Barbara, CA 93101www.rockynook.com

    Library of Congress catalog application submitted

    Distributed by OReilly Media1005 Gravenstein Highway NorthSebastopol, CA 95472

    No part of the material protected by this copyright notice may be reproduced or utilized in any form, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information stora-ge and retrieval system, without written permission of the copyright owner. While reasonable care has been exercised in the preparation of this book, the publisher and authors assume no responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from the use of the information contained herein.

    Many of the designations in this book used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks of their respective companies. Where those designations ap-pear in this book, and Rocky Nook was aware of a trademark claim, the designations have been printed in caps or initial caps. They are used in editorial fashion only and for the benefi t of such companies: they are not intended to convey endorsement or other affi liation with this book.

    This book is printed on acid-free paper.

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  • 5

    Thanks to Anja, Anna, Antonia,

    Charlotte, Felix, Javed, Kasandra, Lea,

    Melina, Neele, Nele, Phillipp, Pia, Selin,

    Talia, Tamar, Vicky, and the many other

    children who helped us with this book.

    Thanks also to Canon for technical

    support.

    Acknowledgments

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  • 6

    Table of Contents

    Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

    How it All Got Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

    A Photo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

    What Is a Camera? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

    The Eye of the Camera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

    Now its Time to Get Started! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

    Look, Snap, See . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

    Zoom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

    In Focus and Out of Focus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

    Light and Dark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

    Movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

    Flash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

    For Small Things . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

    How Do We Transfer Pictures to a Computer? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

    A World Full of Subjects for You . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

    Take a Picture of Me! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

    Everyone Loves Animals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

    Four-Legged Roommates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

    Animals Are Everywhere . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

    Around the World in an Afternoon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64

    Face to Face with Sharks and Squid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

    People and Animals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

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    Pictures without Color? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

    Black, White, and Delightful . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

    Making Small Subjects Look Bigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84

    Vacation: Tons of Time for Cool Pictures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92

    Not Everyone Likes to Be in Front of the Camera . . . . . . . . . . . 94

    Taking a Vacation at Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96

    Bring Your Camera along for a Swim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100

    Theres a Lot to Explore at the Edge of the Pool . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

    A Sea of Moving Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108

    From Lofty Heights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110

    The Carnival at Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

    Happy Birthday! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116

    Pictures of Me . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

    Self-Portraits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

    Self-Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124

    Reflections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126

    My Hometown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130

    What to Do with All of Your Cool Pictures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138

    What Should I Keep? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139

    What Should I Delete? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140

    Saving Pictures: Where and How . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142

    Sharing Your Pictures with the World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144

    Your Pictures on the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146

    Printing Your Favorite Pictures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148

    Todays Photo Book Is Yesterdays Photo Album . . . . . . . . . . . . 150

    The Ending Is Just the Beginning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152

    Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156

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    Foreword

    What is it about taking pictures that

    interests us so much? There are many

    reasons people like photography. For

    starters, its fun! Its exciting to capture

    snapshots of fascinating moments,

    people, animals, places, and things. When

    we grow older, we can look back at our

    pictures to remember a great vacation or

    a special first day of school. In some ways,

    photographs become our memories; they

    can bring the past back to life. Ask your

    parents if they have old photos of your

    great-grandparents from when they were

    children. Taking photographs was a special

    occasion for past generations. In the

    picture on the right, you can see how

    fascinated these children are by the

    camera of American photographer

    Frances Benjamin Johnston. She was a

    pioneer of photography. This picture

    was taken around 1900.

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    Photographs are made with a device

    that captures a real moment and portrays

    something that actually happened (unless

    the picture is changed afterwards on a

    computer). A photo shows a brief moment

    in life, like someone laughing, blowing out

    birthday candles, or scoring the winning

    goal in a soccer game.

    Photos have lots of uses.

    Advertisements use pictures to show

    us what we can buy. Newspapers print

    pictures so we can see what happens in

    the world. Crime scenes are photographed

    so the police can save clues. We can even

    buy posters of our favorite movie stars to

    hang on our walls. And most Internet sites

    are filled with pictures.

    A century has passed since this picture of a

    school in Alaska was taken in 1910. Even though these

    people are probably no longer living, the liveliness

    of the children makes it seem like the photo was just

    taken.

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    Taking pictures today is easier than

    it used to be. Modern cameras are so

    technically advanced that everyone can

    take good pictures. But we can take

    better pictures if we know a little about

    the technology of photography and

    the composition of a photograph. Well

    explore this throughout the book, and

    youll find lots of ideas for exciting and

    unusual pictures so you can have even

    more fun.

    What would become of stars without

    the photographers who follow them on

    the red carpet?

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    Photographers today follow the action

    everywhere, like here at a professional soccer

    game.

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    How it All Got Started

    Photography hasnt always been around.

    It was invented in 1839 by a Frenchman

    named Louis Jacques Mand Daguerre.

    At first the process was complicated. It

    took forever for a picture to be finished,

    and early cameras were large and very

    heavy. It goes without saying that there

    werent any digital cameras or computers.

    Photographers used glass plates that

    had to be developed to make pictures.

    This meant that there werent many

    photographers, and the few people who

    did take pictures were professionals. If

    you wanted a photo of yourself you had

    to go to a photography studio, and this

    was a special occasion. This is why families

    owned very few pictures.

    Louis Jacques Mand Daguerre,

    the inventor of the first camera.

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    The invention of photography was a

    real revolution. Before photography, the

    only way to make pictures of the people

    and things around us was to paint them.

    After the resourceful American, George

    Eastman, invented film in 1889, taking

    photographs became easier and less

    expensive. Soon more and more people

    wanted to capture pictures of their world,

    and photography became popular. Around

    1900, people started printing pictures in

    newspapers.

    Film was used to take pictures until

    the end of the last century. Affordable

    digital cameras first became available

    around 2000. Your parents can probably

    remember taking their film to a store

    to be developed. This took a while, and

    sometimes you couldnt see your finished

    pictures for days. Today everything

    is faster and easier. Technology and

    computers allow us to avoid using film so

    we can see our pictures immediately. It

    also costs much less than before.

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    Taking photographs used to be a special occasion.

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    A Photo

    A photo is created by lightsunlight, for

    example, or the light of a lamp. Any object

    that receives light also gives off light. This

    is called reflection. Light-colored things,

    like a white T-shirt, reflect much more light

    than dark-colored things, like a pure black

    cat. Reflected light can be absorbed and

    saved. This is how we create exact copies

    of the people or things we photograph.

    Everything we capture appears as it did in

    the exact moment the light was absorbed

    and saved. The copy of the absorbed

    light is called the captured image, and the

    machine we use to capture the light is

    called a camera.

    On the back of your camera you can see the

    Live View screen.

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    Photos capture passing moments in life.

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    What Is a Camera?

    A camera is a tool to take pictures, of

    course, but wouldnt you like to know a

    little bit more? A camera is really a simple

    device. Its basically nothing more than a

    little box with a lens attached to the front.

    The Eye of the Camera

    The photographic lens is like the eye of

    a camera. Its made up of several small

    lenses like the ones used in eyeglasses.

    The lens views an image and sends

    it to the sensor or chip, which is located

    inside the camera body. The sensor

    converts the image so the screen on the

    back of the camera can show a live image

    of what is in front of the cameras lens.

    The screen is sometimes called the display.

    When you press the shutter-release

    button, the image is captured and saved

    This is a modern digital camera. You can see

    its round lens in the center.

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