Phonics/SpellingVowel ChangesRule: Some words related in meaning are also related in spelling, even though the vowel sound may change.
Compare the spelling and pronunciation to the two similar words.
Compare the meanings, spellings, and pronunciations of each pair.
Long Vowel Sound1st syllable Short vowel sound1st syllable stealstealthhealhealthbreathebreathdealdealtathlete athletic cavecavity shadeshadow
Long Vowel Sound1st syllable Short vowel sound1st syllable volcanovolcanicwisewisdomcrimecriminalwildwildernessrevise revision finalfinish cyclebicycle
Long Vowel Sound1st syllableShort Vowel Sound1st syllablestealstealthhealhealthbreathebreathdealdealtathlete ath leteathletic ath let iccavecavity cav i tyshadeshadow shad owvolcano vol ca novolcanic vol can icwisewisdom wis domcrimecriminal crim i nalwildwilderness wil der nessrevise re viserevision re vi sionfinal fi nalfinish fin ishcycle cy clebicycle bi cy cle
Out on the frontier of the 1800s, American settlers liked to exaggerate. They created heroes and heroines who were larger than life and did amazing deeds. The result was a new kind of story - the tall tale. Tall tales are still told today. After you read these examples, add to the tradition and write your own! Tall Tales
Paul Bunyan, the Mightiest Logger of Them Allretold by Mary Pope OsborneSally Ann Thunder AnnWhirlwindretold by Mary Pope OsborneJohn Henry RacesThe Steam Drillretold by Paul Robert WalkerFebruaryFrom McBrooms Almanacby Sid Fleischman
Theme 1:Natures FuryTeacher Read Aloud: Bess CallRetold by Kevin Supples
Building Background:1. The genre focus is Tall Tales2. What do you know about tall tale characters?
Comprehension Skill: Understanding Tall Tales1. Tall Tales differ from other stories.2. The characters and events are exaggerated. Some tall tales explain how a natural phenomenon or event came about.
Theme 1:Natures Fury Setting a Purpose: Pay attention to exaggerated characters and actions as I read aloud, Bess Call.
What clues tell you that the story is a tall tale?
Which of Besss and Joes activities are clues that the story is a tall tale?
3. Why do you think Dewey D. finally leaves, never to return to Call Farm?
Vocabulary FluencyHow Fast Can You Read the Words?deedstalesettlerexaggeratefrontiertraditionheroheroinevarmintforagedismalinstinct
acts or actionsdeeds
The young boy was knighted for his virtuous and brave deeds.Synonyms:endeavorsaccomplishments
the main male character in a story, poem, or play
The hero was commended with a medal and a key to the city.Synonym:conqueroridol
to describe something as being greater or larger that it really isexaggerate
She has a tendency to exaggerate the truth.Synonyms:embellishinflate
The development of the railroad helped to move the American frontier farther west.
a remote area beyond which few people live
the main female character in a story, poem, or playheroine
Everyone called Mandy a heroine after she saved the kitten from the pond.
a person who settles in a new regionsettler
The settler laid claim to the piece of land.
a story, usually an imaginary or made-up onetale
A good storyteller makes any tale exciting.
traditionan idea, custom, or belief that is passed down from one generation to the nextIt is a family tradition to make carmel apples and popcorn balls on Halloween.Synonyms:ritualpractice
wild creatureI can outgrin, outsnort, outrun, outlift, outsneeze, outsleep, outlie any varmint from Maine to Louisiana.
foragesearchOne evening Mike crept into an old alligator skin and met Sally just as she was taking off to forage in the woods for berries.
dismalgloomyFolks around here call it McBrooms Natural Winter Extract & Relief for the Summer Dismals.
instinctknowledge one is born withThat holey black sock had the instinct of a homing pigeon.
A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words!deedsDraw! Draw! Draw!
exaggerate frontier hero heroine settlertale tradition varmint forage dismal instinct
Free AssociationWhen I say a word, you write down any words you can think of that remind you of that word.
For example: The word is school:
learning Science pencils Reading Math teachers P.E. educationAnd on and on and on1. heroine2. hero3. tradition 6. exaggerate5. deeds7. frontier4. tale8. settler9. varmint10. dismal11. instinct12. forage
Place the following words in categories:
herotaleforagesettlerdismalheroinefrontierdeedstraditioninstinctexaggeratevarmint Decide the names of the categories. Determine how many categories. Determine which words go in which categories. After classifying the words, write a paragraph explaining each of the categories and why certain words go in a particular category.
Synonym SearchMatch the vocabulary words on the left to the correct synonyms on the right. Some vocabulary words have more than one synonym. Ready, set, go!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! deeds settler dismal hero instinct heroine forage tale tradition exaggerate
a. idolf. endeavorsk. fictionp. intuitionb. ritualg. scavengel. colonistq. inflatec. senseh. conquerorm. rummaged. accomplishmentsi. narrativen. practicee. pioneerj. embellisho. drab
3. 4. It is a family ________to make caramel apples and popcorn balls on Halloween. 5. She has a tendency to __________ the truth. 6. Everyone called Mandy a _________ after she saved the kitten from the pond. 7. The development of the railroad helped to move the American _______ farther west.8. A good storyteller makes any ________ exciting.9. A local law enforcement officer caught the fugitive trying to ______ in a garbage container.2. The _______ was commended with a medal and a key to the city. 10. Even a ________ day can be brightened up with a shopping trip to the mall.1. Can You Find the Context Clues?11. The mother lion had an ___________ to protect her cubs.12. That ___________ stole eggs from the chicken house.Doing good _____ for others will help you feel good about yourself. herotale forage settler dismal heroine frontier deeds instinct exaggerate tradition varmint
The __________ laid claim to the piece of land.
Word Association Challenge1.Which word goes with finding lost treasure ? Why?2.Which word goes with a volunteers? Why?3.Which word goes with Sunday family dinners ? Why?4.Which word goes with a baby crying? Why?5.Which word goes with Superman? Why?6.Which word goes with a bad mood? Why?7.Which word goes with a the California Gold Rush Why?
hero forage settlerdismal frontierdeeds tradition instinct
Some words can be used more than once. Can you figure out which ones?
Tell Me What You Know
1.What are some characteristics of a hero or heroine?
2. List traditions that you family follows for a favorite holiday?
3 How do our instincts protect us?
4. Describe a time when you have exaggerated about something that happened to you ?
5.What would be some challenges for a settler of a new frontier?
6. What is your favorite fairy tale? Why?