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630 themselves, but also in compliance with their duty to the public, who will thus be better enabled to judge of the extent to which your charity is entitled to support. And whilst your memorialists thus firmly, yet respectfully, express their sentiments, these, they doubt not, will receive from you all the consideration and attention which their importance demands. Signed by CORDEN THOMPSON, M.D. Chairman John Carr Ed. Gillott J. F. Wright James Walker John Foster H. P. Harwood, M.D G. Reedal H. Boultbee, F.L.S. Geo. Turton E. Thompson Wright Wilson Joseph Law Thos. Reade Joseph Ingall John P. Lewis John Green Henry Hardy W. Favell James Wild R. G. Holland Knowlton Wilson G. C. Holland, M.D. J. Favell R. S. Taylor Charles Eadon Francis Pearson John Hall Joseph Riley Wilson Overend Henry Fisher E. W. Richardson John Turton. PETITION OF LONDON PHYSICIANS TO THE HOUSE OF COMMONS AGAINST THE COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS, Presented to the House of Commons, Aug. 5, 1833. To the Honourable the COMMONS of the UNITED KINGDOM Of GREAT BRITAIN and IRELAND in Parliament assembled, the Petition of the undersigned PHYSI- CIANS, practiaino in London, HUMBLY SHOWETH, That the Charter of the Royal College of Physicians of London was granted by Henry the Eighth, for the advancement of medical science, and for the protection of the public " against the temerity of wick- ed men, and the practice of the ignorant." That six physicians were named in the Charter, who, together with all men of the same faculty, then resident in London, were constituted one body, commonalty, or perpetual coilege. That the perpetuity of the College was to be kept up by the future admission of all men of the same faculty into the College. That several of the six physicians named in the Charter, studied at, and possessed degrees from, foreign universities; and that no distinction is mentioned, as re- gards the University where a physician may have obtained his degree. That all physicians entitled to practise in London, are equally entitled, under the Charter, to admission to the Fellowship of the College. Your petitioners are prepared to show, that by-laws have been framed, and long acted upon, by the College, which are di- rectly opposed to, and in violation of, the letter and meaning of the said Charter. That the physicians, practising in Loii- don, are invidiously divided by the by-laws of the College into two orders : one is de- nominated Fellows ; the other, consti- tuting by far the majority, is designated (and by implication degraded) by the term Licentiates. That the Fellows have usurped all the corporate power, offices, privileges, and emoluments, attached to the College; that the Licentiates do not participate in these benefits, but are illegally excluded from all the offices, and any share in the management of the corporation; and so far is this principle of exclusion carried, that the Licentiates are not even admitted to the library or museum of the Col- lege. That there exists no foundation in the Charter, or in the Acts confirming it, for such distinction of orders, and consequent exclusion from all privileges. That, according to one of the by-laws, no physician can claim admission as a Fellow, unless he has graduated, or been admitted ad eundem, at the universities of Oxford or Cambridge, where medicine is imperfectly taught; while physicians who have graduated at other British or foreign universities, celebrated as schools ofmedi- cine, are unjustly excluded from the Fel- lowship by this obnoxious by-law. , That the College was admonished from the bench, by the Lord Chief Justice Mansfield, to amend their by-laws, in reference to the admission of Licentiates into the Fellowship : that, influenced by this censure, the College framed other by-laws, deceptive in their character, which, whenever they have been acted upon, have tended still further to depress and injure the order of Licentiates, That the College demand and receive a large sum of money from the Fellows and Licentiates, for the supposed privilege of practising as physicians, within a circuit of seven miles round London, and that they do not and cannot protect them in this privilege,

PETITION OF LONDON PHYSICIANS

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Page 1: PETITION OF LONDON PHYSICIANS

630

themselves, but also in compliance withtheir duty to the public, who will thus bebetter enabled to judge of the extent towhich your charity is entitled to support.And whilst your memorialists thus firmly,yet respectfully, express their sentiments,these, they doubt not, will receive fromyou all the consideration and attentionwhich their importance demands.

Signed byCORDEN THOMPSON, M.D. Chairman

John CarrEd. GillottJ. F. WrightJames WalkerJohn FosterH. P. Harwood, M.DG. ReedalH. Boultbee, F.L.S.Geo. TurtonE. ThompsonWright WilsonJoseph LawThos. ReadeJoseph IngallJohn P. LewisJohn Green

Henry HardyW. FavellJames WildR. G. HollandKnowlton WilsonG. C. Holland, M.D.J. FavellR. S. TaylorCharles EadonFrancis PearsonJohn HallJoseph RileyWilson OverendHenry FisherE. W. RichardsonJohn Turton.

PETITION OF

LONDON PHYSICIANS

TO THE HOUSE OF COMMONS

AGAINST THE

COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS,Presented to the House of Commons,

Aug. 5, 1833.

To the Honourable the COMMONS of theUNITED KINGDOM Of GREAT BRITAINand IRELAND in Parliament assembled,the Petition of the undersigned PHYSI-CIANS, practiaino in London,

HUMBLY SHOWETH,That the Charter of the Royal College

of Physicians of London was granted byHenry the Eighth, for the advancement ofmedical science, and for the protection ofthe public " against the temerity of wick-ed men, and the practice of the ignorant."That six physicians were named in the

Charter, who, together with all men of thesame faculty, then resident in London,were constituted one body, commonalty,or perpetual coilege.That the perpetuity of the College was

to be kept up by the future admission ofall men of the same faculty into the

College.That several of the six physicians named

in the Charter, studied at, and possesseddegrees from, foreign universities; andthat no distinction is mentioned, as re-

gards the University where a physicianmay have obtained his degree.That all physicians entitled to practise

in London, are equally entitled, under theCharter, to admission to the Fellowship ofthe College.Your petitioners are prepared to show,

that by-laws have been framed, and longacted upon, by the College, which are di-rectly opposed to, and in violation of, theletter and meaning of the said Charter.That the physicians, practising in Loii-

don, are invidiously divided by the by-lawsof the College into two orders : one is de-nominated Fellows ; the other, consti-

tuting by far the majority, is designated(and by implication degraded) by the termLicentiates.That the Fellows have usurped all the

corporate power, offices, privileges, andemoluments, attached to the College;that the Licentiates do not participate inthese benefits, but are illegally excludedfrom all the offices, and any share in themanagement of the corporation; and sofar is this principle of exclusion carried,that the Licentiates are not even admittedto the library or museum of the Col-lege.That there exists no foundation in the

Charter, or in the Acts confirming it, forsuch distinction of orders, and consequentexclusion from all privileges.

’ That, according to one of the by-laws,no physician can claim admission as a

Fellow, unless he has graduated, or beenadmitted ad eundem, at the universities ofOxford or Cambridge, where medicine isimperfectly taught; while physicians whohave graduated at other British or foreignuniversities, celebrated as schools ofmedi-cine, are unjustly excluded from the Fel-

lowship by this obnoxious by-law. ,That the College was admonished from

the bench, by the Lord Chief JusticeMansfield, to amend their by-laws, inreference to the admission of Licentiatesinto the Fellowship : that, influenced bythis censure, the College framed otherby-laws, deceptive in their character,which, whenever they have been actedupon, have tended still further to depressand injure the order of Licentiates,That the College demand and receive a

large sum of money from the Fellows andLicentiates, for the supposed privilege ofpractising as physicians, within a circuitof seven miles round London, and thatthey do not and cannot protect them inthis privilege,

Page 2: PETITION OF LONDON PHYSICIANS

631

That the Graduates of Oxford and Cam-bridge are obliged to be members of theestablished church of England, and, con-sequently, all Dissenters are excludedfrom claiming the Fellowship: this, yourPetitioners consider as a grievous injus-iice, and an act of intolerance unbecomingthe present age.

That these invidious by-laws, made inthe spirit of corporate monopoly, have in-volved the College in continued litigation,and created a jealousy between the Fel.-lows and Licentiates discreditable to themembers of a liberal profession.That your Petitioners, with deference,

submit that the College of Physicians, asat present constituted, is wholly inade-

quate to the due regulation of the medicalprofession in this country, and the pro-tection of the public ; and further, thatthe Charter of the College in no way pro-vides for the practice of physicians in theseveral counties of England and Wales.

Confiding in the wisdom of Parliament,your Petitioners therefore pray, that yourHonourable House will institute such in-

quiry into the state of the medical pro-fession in this country, and the College - Physicians in particular, as will lead tothe framing of laws by which the evils

complained of may be removed. And

your petitioners will ever pray, &c.

Gilbert Blane.Henry Clutterbuck.George Birkbeck.W. Somerville.Alexander MoriThomas Brown.A. Henderson.Charles F. Forbes.Charles Locock.Neil Arnott.Roderick Macleod.John Vetch.W. Gairdjer.William Russell.Hugh Ley.James Clark.Robert Lee.Marshall Hall.

IVilliain Whyinper.Thomas Hodgkin.C. J. B. Williams.Alexander Tweedie.Henry Davies.J. W. Crane.Theodore Gordon.

Whitlock Nicholl.A. T. Thomson.John Sims.James Copland.George Gregory.J. C. Somerville.James Bartlet.John Weuster.T. Harrison Burder.The mis Davies.T.Scuhwood Smith.David Barry.Charles Holland.John Foley.Francis Boot.R. M. Kerrison.C. J. Roberts.William Stroud.James Johnson.Edward Rigby.Robert Richardson.G. G. Sigmond.James Hope.A. T. Holroyd.

COPY OF THE

REGULATIONS AND BY-LAWS

OF THE

ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANSOF LONDON;

WITH TABLES OF THE NUMBER OF

FELLOWS AND LICENTIATES

Admitted between Jan. 1, 1823, and Dec. 31,1832, an.i the Ctish Accounts connectedtherewith.

PHYSICIANS COLLEGE.RETURNS TO SEVERAL ORDERS OF THE

HQNOPRABLE HOUSE OF COMMONS,

Dated Jcezte 21, 1833.No. I.

A Copy of the Regulations or By-laws underwhich the Graduates in Physic have beenadmitted as Fellows of the Royal College ofPhysicians of London, since the year 1771.

DE QRDINE CANDIDATORUM.I. Nemo in Candidatorunt ordi4,pyn ad-

ittatur qui non in omnia BritanniarumJura natus est, vel qui niunus Collegiiquodvis excqui per stauta Regni prohibi-tus est.

II.—Nemo in Candidatorum ordinem ad-mittatur qui non annum ætatis suæ vices-simum sextum clauserit.

III.—Nemo in Candidatorurn ordinemadmittatur nisi qui in Academi. vel Oxo.niensi vel Caantabrigiensi Medicinæ Doc..tor creatus fuerit, idque postqnam omnia,in Statutis utriusvis Academiæ praescripta.compleverit, sine dispensatione vel gratiinsolica. Si quis vero Doctoratus gradumin Academic Dublinensi adeptus fuerit,volumus ut antequam eligendus propona-tur, liter-as testimoniales tam ab illa Aca-demiâ, de præstitis omnibus exercitiis ibinecessariis sine diipensatioiie vel gratiinsolità, quam ab alterutra Academiarum

prædictarum de corporatione suâ Regis-trario proferat. Illos vero qui in praedictisAcadeiiiiis vel honoris caush, vel ex man.dato qualicunque aut privilegio extraor-

dinario, Medicinæ Doctores creati fuerint,grads istiusmodi vitute in Candidatorumordinem cooptari uolumus.i IV.—Nemo in Candidatorum ordinemadmittatur qui medicamentum quodvisarcanuut (nostrum vulgo dictum) in mor-his curandis ad quæstum usurpaverit, autqui Pharmacopolæ vel Obstetricis arte aut;mercibus quihusvis vendendis victum quse-ritaverit, nisi gravi aliqua de causa ComitusMajoribus approbanda aliter visum fuerit.V.-Nemo in Candidatorum ordinemadmittatur qui non ante examinationem