PES Smart Grids

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<p>Smart Grid:</p> <p>Reinventing the Electric Power System</p> <p>ieee power &amp; energy magazine</p> <p>1</p> <p>2</p> <p>ieee power &amp; energy magazine</p> <p>www.ieee-pes.org</p> <p>on the cover</p> <p>Smart Grid: Reinventing</p> <p>the Electric Power Systema 2012 reprint journal from PES</p> <p>features3 4 Leaders CornerA Message from the President of PES, Noel Schulz</p> <p>Charge ItPowering a More Electrified Planet Ali Babak Fahimi, Alexis Kawasinski, Ali Davoudi, Robert S. Balog, and Morgan Kiani</p> <p>15 I Sing the Mapboard ElectricNew Technology Lets Virtual Control Centers Expand and Contract to Meet Operational Needs Larry Clark and Ethan Boardman</p> <p>24 If These Walls Could ThinkUsing Smart Buildings to Unlock Value in Downtown Chicago Mike Munson, Grant Jaskulski, and Chris Thomas</p> <p>24</p> <p>30 Power to the PeopleNew Distribution Technologies on the Horizon Clark Gellings</p> <p>42 Sim CityModel-Based Distribution Management Roger C. Dugan and Mark McGranaghan</p> <p>50 Tools for SuccessDistribution System Planning in the Smart Grid Era Julio Romero Agero</p> <p>62 In My ViewBenefits of the smart grid.Part of a Long-Term Economic Strategy Bruce Hamilton</p> <p>42ieee power &amp; energy magazine</p> <p>1 3</p> <p>magazine</p> <p>Editor in ChiefMelvin I. Olken 245 East 19th Street #20K New York, NY 10003-2665 USA +1 212 982 8286 (phone fax) m.olken@ieee.org</p> <p>IEEE Periodicals/Magazines Department445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854 USA +1 732 562 3950, fax +1 732 981 1855 www.ieee.org/magazines Geraldine Krolin-Taylor, Senior Managing Editor Janet Dudar, Senior Art Director Gail A. Schnitzer, Assistant Art Director Theresa L. Smith, Production Coordinator Peter M. Tuohy, Production Director Felicia Spagnoli, Advertising Production Manager Dawn Melley, Editorial Director Fran Zappulla, Staff Director, IEEE Publishing OperationsIEEE prohibits discrimination, harassment, and bullying. For more information, visit http://www.ieee.org/web/aboutus/whatis/policies/p9-26.html.</p> <p>Associate EditorsGerald B. Shebl, Business Scene Carl L. Sulzberger, History</p> <p>Editorial BoardS. Massoud Amin, L. Goel, A.P. Hanson, N. Hatziargyriou, M.I. Henderson, S.H. Horowitz, P. Kundur, R. Masiello, K.M. Matsuda, A.P.S. Meliopoulos, M.I. Olken, M. OMalley, A.G. Phadke, R.J. Piwko, C.E. Root, H. Rudnick, P.W. Sauer, M. Shahidehpour, B.R. Shperling, S.S. Venkata, B.F. Wollenberg</p> <p>IEEE Power &amp; Energy MagazineIEEE Power &amp; Energy Magazine (ISSN 1540-7977) (IPEMCF) is published bimonthly by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Headquarters: 3 Park Avenue, 17th Floor, New York, NY 10016-5997 USA. Responsibility for the contents rests upon the authors and not upon the IEEE, the Society, or its members. IEEE Operations Center (for orders, subscriptions, address changes): 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854 USA. Telephone: +1 732 981 0060, +1 800 678 4333. Individual copies: IEEE members US$20.00 (first copy only), nonmembers US$72.00 per copy. Subscription Rates: Society members included with membership dues. Subscription rates available upon request. Copyright and reprint permissions: Abstracting is permitted with credit to the source. Libraries are permitted to photocopy beyond the limits of U.S. Copyright law for the private use of patrons 1) those post-1977 articles that carry a code at the bottom of the first page, provided the per-copy fee indicated in the code is paid through the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923 USA; 2) pre-1978 articles without fee. For other copying, reprint, or republication permission, write Copyrights and Permissions Department, IEEE Operations Center, 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854 USA. Copyright 2012 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. All rights reserved. Periodicals postage paid at New York, NY, and at additional mailing offices. Postmaster: Send address changes to IEEE Power &amp; Energy Magazine, IEEE Operations Center, 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854 USA. Canadian GST #125634188</p> <p>AdvertisingBarry LeCerf Bullseye International Group, Inc. +1 913 663 1112, fax +1 913 663 1119 blecerf@bullseyeinternationalgroup.com</p> <p>IEEE POWER &amp; ENERGY SOCIETY (PES)</p> <p>Printed in U.S.A.</p> <p>The IEEE Power &amp; Energy Society is an organization of IEEE members whose principal interest is the advancement of the science and practice of electric power generation, transmission, distribution, and utilization. All members of the IEEE are eligible for membership in the society. Mission Statement: To be the leading provider of scientific and engineering information on electric power and energy for the betterment of society, and the preferred professional development source for our members.</p> <p>Officers</p> <p>N.N. Schulz, President M.M. Begovic, President-Elect M. Selak, Vice President, Chapters D. Novosel, Vice President, Technical Activities P.W. Sauer, Vice President, Education S. Rahman, Vice President, Publications W. Rosehart, Vice President, Meetings H. Louie, Vice President, Membership &amp; Image R. Podmore, Vice President, New Initiatives/ Outreach L. Bertling Tjernberg, Treasurer C. Root, Secretary A.C. Rotz, Past-President</p> <p>A.C. Rotz, Nominations &amp; Appointments K. Butler-Purry, Power Engineering Education W.K. Reder, Scholarship Plus</p> <p>Chapter Representatives</p> <p>B. Allaf, J. Ammentorp, A. Bakirtzis, J.G. Calderon C. Chamochumbi, C. Diamond, D. Drumtra, J. Fleeman, B. Gwyn, Z.F. Hussien, I. Kuzle, N. Logic, R. Mazzatto, J.C. Montero, P. Naidoo, T. Rajagopalan, P. Pabst, L. Rouco, D. Sharafi, G.N. Taranto, E. Tobin</p> <p>Chapter Committee Chairs</p> <p>IEEE Division VII DirectorC. Warren Open</p> <p>IEEE Division VII Director Elect Region RepresentativesM. Chaganti, Y. Chen, T. Hiemer, F. Lambert, M. Nissen, J. Skillman, United States M. Armstrong, Canada C. Vournas, Europe, Middle East, &amp; Africa N. Segoshi, Latin America L. Goel, Asia &amp; Pacific</p> <p>E. Uzunovic, Chapter Secretary N. Mariun, Chapter/Section Relations M. Armstrong, Electronic Communications E. Carlsen, Awards &amp; Resources Y. Chen, Distinguished Lecturer Program K. Hadzimahovic, Chapters Web site</p> <p>Membership &amp; Image Committee Chairs</p> <p>A. St Leger, GOLD Coordinator A. Bonthron, Membership Development L. Fan, Membership Development Open, Web Site Development M.A.S. Althani, PES WIE Liaison W. Bishop, Marketing</p> <p>S. Carneiro, Jr., Power System Analysis, Computing, &amp; Economics Committee D. Nordell, Power System Communications Committee J. Sanchez-Gasca, Power System Dynamic Performance Committee R. Arseneau, Power System Instrumentation &amp; Measurements Committee W.R. Cassel, Power System Operations Committee M.L. Chan, Power System Planning &amp; Implementation Committee R.D. Pettigrew, Power System Relaying Committee W. Cantor, Stationary Battery Committee J.D. Randolph, Substations Committee K. Brown, Surge Protective Devices Committee K. Edwards, Switchgear Committee J.E. Smith, Transformers Committee S.J. Ranade, Transmission &amp; Distribution Committee</p> <p>Coordinating CommitteesB. Djokic, Emerging Technologies D. Von Dollen, Intelligent Grid P. Bishop, Marine Systems R.J. Piwko, Wind Power</p> <p>Governing Board Members-at-LargeE. Gunther, M. Jensen, T. Prevost</p> <p>Technical CouncilD. Novosel, Chair J.H. Nelson, Vice-Chair S.S. Venkata, Secretary</p> <p>Standing Committees</p> <p>PES Executive Director</p> <p>Patrick Ryan, +1 732 465 6618, fax +1 732 562 3881, e-mail p.ryan@ieee.org</p> <p>Technical Committee Chairs</p> <p>Standing Committee Chairs</p> <p>M. Crow, Awards &amp; Recognition D. Novosel, Constitution &amp; Bylaws L. Bertling Tjernberg, Finance &amp; AuditDigital Object Identier 10.1109/MPE.2012.2191746</p> <p>M. Brimsek, Electric Machinery Committee O. Malik, Energy Development &amp; Power Generation Committee R. Mosier, Insulated Conductors Committee S.K. Aggarwal, Nuclear Power Engineering Committee</p> <p>J. Randolph, Awards J. Nelson, Technical Sessions J. Nelson, Meetings &amp; Marketing S.S. Venkata, Organization &amp; Procedures W. Bartley, Standards Coordination</p> <p>Additional Positions</p> <p>M. Maytum, Web Master D. Nordell, Editor in Chief of Conference Papersieee power &amp; energy magazine may/june 2012</p> <p>4 2</p> <p>ieee power &amp; energy magazine IEEE</p> <p>3</p> <p>leaders corner</p> <p>Noel Schulz, President, IEEE PES</p> <p>greetings from the IEEE Power &amp; Energy Society (PES)</p> <p>T</p> <p>March 15, 2012 TO: Recipients of this 2012 IEEE PES Smart Grid Reprint Journal:</p> <p>OvEr ThE LaST SEvEraL YEarS, we have developed this annual publication to highlight articles that were published in PESs Power &amp; Energy Magazine during the previous year. The articles are re-packaged into this special issue as a handy reference on various perspectives on Smart Grid (SG). With much coverage in the media, there is more public awareness of topics within the power and energy field than ever before. additionally the definition of Smart Grid and its impact continues to grow into new industries and expanded fields of interest. PES and other IEEE Societies are working together to develop integrated solutions that involve multi-disciplinary teams and perspectives. Topics such as electrification of transportation are also creating partnerships with other engineering disciplines to solve difficult system challenges. The other interesting dynamic in the area of the Smart Grid technologies are the different challenges and solutions in different parts of the world. Pilot projects have sprung up in many locations at all different levels of implementation. Besides the technical challenges of delivering electrical energy in the form and location needed, recurring issues of global standards continue and new increased expectations and regulations for system integration and cybersecurity for high levels of security and reliability continue to push engineers in our field to examine creative solutions.</p> <p>This compendium attempts to create a snapshot of the key issues in the power and energy industry in 2011. Themes in this years selected articles include the impact of smart grid technologies on distribution systems as well as how advanced computational capabilities enable new opportunities. With six articles the compendium cannot cover all areas of interest to professionals in the power and energy field. however we have tried to include a sampling to highlight the trends and recent developments. heres what you will find included this year: Charge It provides an overview of new techniques and recent advances including microgrids, storage, photovoltaics and power electronics for a more sustainable power system. I Sing the Mapboard Electric discusses how new computer software and hardware is advancing visualization in control centers, mobile workforce resources, and common modeling and integration practices. If These Walls Could Think highlights the increasing opportunities for industry and commercial and residential customers to implement energy efficiency and demand response strategies. Power to the People outlines how Smart Grid technologies are making distribution systems more intelligent and flexible through next generation distribution automation, advanced metering infrastructure, and distributed generation.</p> <p> Sim City discusses the distribu-</p> <p>tion system and looking at how advances in simulation and modeling techniques provide platforms for better operations and control. Tools for Success continues this theme for distribution as better user end models help improve techniques for distribution design and planning. IEEE and PES continue to be leaders within the industry in the dissemination of smart grid advances through on-line resources, publications, conferences and education. If you are not an IEEE and PES member, we invite you to join us in this challenging and exciting effort to lead the power and energy industry to new horizons. Your ability to network with the brightest minds in the industry will pay back your investment many times over. In addition, if youre ready to learn more about Smart Grid, we invite you to log onto the IEEE Smart Grid Web Portal at the following link: http://smartgrid.ieee.org/, follow the Smart Grid tweet @ieeesmartgrid or join the discussion group IEEE Smart Grid on Linked In. This site and social media are intended to be your key resources for everything about Smart Grid. We hope you will get involved in developing smart grid solutions. Sincerely,</p> <p>Noel Schulz IEEE PES President, 2012-2013 n.schulz@ieee.org</p> <p>ieee power &amp; energy magazine</p> <p>3 5</p> <p>Reprinted from July/August 2011 issue of Power &amp; Energy magazine</p> <p>Charge It!</p> <p> ARTVILLE, COMSTOCK</p> <p>54 4 6</p> <p>IEEE power &amp; energy magazine ieee</p> <p>T</p> <p>At rst glance it may appear that to generate electricity by an engine and then apply the current to turn a wheel, instead of turning it by means of some mechanical connection with the engine, is a complicated and more or less wasteful process. But it is not so; on the contrary, the use of electricity in this manner secures great practical advantages. It is but a question of time when this idea will be extensively applied to railways and also to ocean liners. Nikola Tesla, New York, 17 December 1904</p> <p>THE FIRST CENTURY OF ELECTRICAL NETWORKS POWered incandescent lamps in our homes and motors in our factories. Now, in the second century, the large-scale electrication of air, sea, and land vehicles will undoubtedly transform the way electricity is generated, transmitted, dispatched, and consumed once again. To cope with these new demands, a more exible, recongurable, and information-intensive cyber and physical infrastructureat least at the distribution level if not throughout the entire systemis necessary. While the extentDigital Object Identier 10.1109/MPE.2011.941321 Date of publication: 23 June 2011</p> <p>1540-7977/11/$26.002011 IEEE</p> <p>july/august 2011</p> <p>Powering a More Electrified Planet</p> <p>and nal shape of this paradigm shift in design and operation of modern power systems is still being contemplated, fundamental expectations for the next generation of power systems have already emerged, and they point to a more customer-centric perspective. In addition to expecting digital-grade perfect power, consumers expect the nextgeneration smart grid to keep them informed, empowered, and secure. Addressing these needs requires that new design approaches build intrinsically on enabling technologies, including power electronics, communication, distributed decision making, distributed generation (including renewable sources), and integration of local energy storage in stationary and mobile platforms. Against this backdrop, fundamental concepts such as reliability may be de ned in terms of the quality of accessible power and information, and loads can be viewed as active participants in the network, with the ability to autonomously modify their behavior as needed to improve the security, reliability, and availability of the electrical network. This point of view will also introduce reliability as a stochastic optimization process within a cyber and physical system in which loads that can be scheduled, accessible local stored energy, and rene...</p>