Persuasion Is All Around You!Intro to Persuasive Techniques and Persuasive WritingCan You Hear Me Now?
What is Persuasion?A means of convincing people:to buy a certain productto believe something or act in a certain wayto agree with a point of viewTHINK ABOUT. . .In what ways do people use persuasion on a daily basis? Write down as many examples (written or spoken) as you can think ofThe primary form of persuasion we experience on a daily basis is ADVERTISING!
Persuasion Activity #1Opinion Statement #1:All public schools should require students to wear uniforms.Opinion Statement #2:Schools should require all students to submit to mandatory drug testing in order to be able to participate in interscholastic sports programs.
For each statement, write down whether you agree or disagree with the opinion presented. Then, write down 3 reasons why you agree or disagree. Be prepared to share.
Common Persuasive (propaganda) Techniques Sweeping Generalization making an oversimplified statement about a group based on limited information.Slogan Using a catchy phrase or statement to gain the audiences attention Repetition persuading the audience by repeating the message (single words or phrases) multiple times.Bandwagon persuading the audience to do, think, or buy something because it is popular or everyone is doing it.Testimonial persuading the audience by using a famous or well-known person to endorse a product or idea.Emotional Appeal persuading the audience by using words that appeal to their emotions instead of logic or reason.Parallelism: similar grammatical structures expressing related ideas
Common Persuasive (propaganda) Techniques ContinuedExpert Opinion persuading the audience by using the ideas / opinions of experts in a particular field.Name Calling an attack on a person or group of people instead of attacking the issue at hand.Red Herring an attempt to distract the audience with details not relevant to the argument / issue at hand.Circular Argument an argument that states a conclusion as part of the proof of the argument.Appeal to numbers, facts, statistics persuading the audience by showing data that proves something to be true or valid.Rhetorical Questions: questions that are intended to have obvious answers; asked for effect
Persuasive Writing: Types of Appeals
Good writers and good speakers use different types of appeals to convey their opinions and beliefs and to convince their audience to change their beliefs of behaviors.THREE TYPES OF APPEALS IN PERSUASIVE WRITING AND SPEAKING:LOGOS: Appeal to logic; the use of strategies / ideas that appeal to the audiences sense of logic, reason, and common sense.ETHOS: Appeal to ethics; the use of strategies / ideas that appeal to the audiences sense of ethics, credibility, reliability. PATHOS: Appeal to emotion; the use of strategies / ideas that appeal to the audiences needs, values, and emotional sensibilities.
Slogan: Can you hear me now?A catchy phrase or statement often used to sell a service or a product
Repetition: The name of a product is repeated many times
HEAD ON Apply directly to the foreheadHEAD ON Apply directly to the foreheadHEAD ON Apply directly to the forehead
BandwagonA statement suggesting that everyone is using a specific product, so you should too
TestimonialA well-known person supports a product or service
Emotional AppealA person is made to have strong feelings about a situation or product
Expert opinionExperts approve this product, so you should use itFour out of five dentists recommend sugarless gum for their patients who chew gum
Audience AwarenessEffective Persuaders know how to: target their audiencesuse appropriate persuasive techniques
Whos the audience?
Persuasion Activity Part 2: Use Persuasive Techniques / Appeals
WITH YOUR PARTNER ANALYZE THE FOLLOWING : (15 points)1. Examine the reasons you gave for either agreeing or disagreeing with each opinion statement. Answer the following questions about your reasons.2. What persuasive technique or type of appeal is each reason? (label on your notebook paper)3. What audience would most likely be impacted or swayed by your reasons?4. Would your reasons be compelling enough to change someones mind? Why or why not?5. What are some other current issues / topics that you feel strongly about? List at least 3.
Persuasion Activity #2: Analyze AdvertisingFind an advertisement online or in a magazine.PRINT ADVIDEOCOMMERCIALWITH YOUR PARTNER ANALYZE THE FOLLOWING :1. What product / service is this ad trying to convince the audience to buy?2. Who is the intended audience?3. What persuasive / propaganda techniques are used in the ad (find as many as you can there may be more than 1!)4. Does this ad use persuasion / propaganda effectively? Why or why not?PRESENT YOUR EXAMPLE & ANALYSIS TO THE CLASS.