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People and Ideas on the Move Indo-European Migrations

People and ideas on the move 3.1

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Page 1: People and ideas on the move 3.1

People and Ideas on the Move

Indo-European Migrations

Page 2: People and ideas on the move 3.1

Vocabulary to Know…SteppesMigrationVedasBrahminCasteIndo-EuropeansAryans

Page 3: People and ideas on the move 3.1

Indo-European MigrationsMain Idea Why it Matters TodayIndo-European peoples

migrated into Europe, India, and Southwest Asia and interacted with the people living there.

Half the people living today speak languages that stem from the original Indo-European languages.

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Indo European MigrationsSemi-Nomadic PeopleCame from the Steppes north of the

Caucasus mountains.Pastoralist (herded cattle, sheep, and goats)Tamed horses. Rode into battle on two-

wheeled chariotsAncestors of modern languages (English,

Spanish, Persian, Hindi, and German to name a few)

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Indo European MigrationsWhy Migration? Not sure…

Land for grazing dried upPopulation growth…needed more foodEscape from invaders or outbreak of disease

1700-1200 B.C.-Migrations took place in waves over a long period of time

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Hittites

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HittitesOccupied Anatolia (Modern Day Turkey)Dominated SW Asia for 450 yearsKnown for superior chariots and iron

weapons

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AryansIndus River ValleyVedas-sacred literature of the Aryans gives us

a fairly reliable picture of Aryan life-collection of prayers, magical spells, and instructions for rituals

Vedas passed down orallyAryans (Nobles) called the people of the

Indus Valley “Dasas” (Dark)Dasa becomes Aryan word for slave

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Aryans Develop Caste SystemBorn into for lifeDetermined job, marriage, friends, who you

could eat with…based on ritual purityWorst jobs for Untouchables-butchers,

gravediggers, trash collectors (outside of the caste system)

4 Varna-Brahmins(priests), warriors, peasants or traders, and non-Aryan laborers.

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MahabarataRead a Voice From the Past p. 61Dharma, Karma