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Pendekar b Lapok

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YANG TERSURAT & YANG TERSIRAT DALAM FILEM PENDEKAR BUJANG LAPOKarahan P Ramlee

HASSAN ABD MUTHALIB [email protected]

1950s Singapore milieu

Post-war Modernity

MASYARAKAT PINCANG Phani Majumdar 1958

KAKI KUDA Kadar Sharma 1959

CLASSICAL HOLLYWOOD CINEMA INFLUENCESKORBAN FITNAH, Usmar Ismail, 1959

Hussein Hanif 1961

HANG JEBAT

M AMIN

REALIST APPROACHES

P RAMLEE

1995

FILMIC REALITY

FILMIC REALITY

Parodies of bangsawan-style acting, 2008

(Malaysia/Indonesia)

Early actors: From Bangsawan

THE BANGSAWAN INFLUENCE IN

Pendekar Bujang Lapok

1950s Singapore milieu

Post-war Modernity: Fashion Leisure Consumer goods

1950s Singapore milieu

Modernity Progress Literacy Business Journalism Cinema Leisure

1950s Singapore milieu

Modernity Progress Literacy Business Journalism Cinema Leisure

Migration Survival Career Frivolity Community Alienation Loss of identity

1940s/50s Singapore

Involvement of Malays in -

Business Media Literature Entertainment

1950s Singapore milieu

Worldwide socialist movement Anti-colonial sentiments Independence aspirations

1950s Singapore milieu

Sanshiro Sugata 1943 Rashomon 1950 Streetcar Named Desire 1951 The Wild One 1953 On the Waterfront 1954 Seven Samurai, 1954 Pather Panchali 1955

First feature

B S RAJHANS 1933

LEILA MAJNUN - BANGSAWAN ON SCREEN

EARLY MALAY CINEMA

1933 1940s

Persian tale Bangsawan on screen Stories from China Melodrama

Post-War Stories from India Melodrama Feudalist remnants New Realities

EARLY MALAY CINEMA

No criticism of: THE BRITISH&

OTHER RACES

EARLY MALAY CINEMA

Criticism of:No criticism of: THE BRITISH&

OTHER RACES

* * * * * *

Royalty Aristocracy Syeds Hajis Wealthy Common man

1940s/50s Singapore

TEUKU ZAKARIA BIN TEUKU NYAK PUTEH (P Ramlee)

P RAMLEES OBSERVATION OF THE MIGRATORY MALAY

* * * * * * * * * * *

Leaving family & home Transition: village-city Displacement Alienation The need to survive Resisting temptation Loss of identity Loss of values Loss of Malay roots Forgetting religion Capitalistic

P RAMLEES constant themes

* CONFRONTING A NEW MILIEU * NEGOTIATING MODERNITY* MAINTAINING VALUES

P RAMLEES major theme in P B L

EDUCATION

1950s SINGAPORE MILIEU IN PENDEKAR BUJANG LAPOK

A Cinematic Representation

CINEMATIC REPRESENTATION

in PENDEKAR BUJANG LAPOK

Casting Mise en scene Production Design Cinematography Editing Sound

CINEMATIC REPRESENTATION IN

PENDEKAR BUJANG LAPOK

Semiotics Archetypes Binary Opposites Gestalt Principles

PENDEKAR BUJANG LAPOK 16-minute opening sequence Depiction of milieu

BINARY OPPOSITES: THE CITY

Capitalist Materialistic Arrogance Thievery Opportunistic Uncultured Hooliganism Disrespectful Lack of values Centralised power

Representations of the city

BINARY OPPOSITES: The Village

Love Family Respect Education Relationships Community Customs Tradition Positive values Shared power

Representations of the village

Opening sequence: PENDEKAR BUJANG LAPOK - Depiction of space

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

GEOGRAPHICAL SPACE Left

METAPHOR & INDEX

MALAYA

Traditional Malays Malay values Education Family LoveSINGAPORE

Right

Wayward Malays Capitalists Uncultured Survival Power

THE PROTAGONISTS positive values

The Antagonists- HOOLIGANISM

THE ANTAGONIST - Arrogance

The CAPITALIST(CHAPLINESQUE)

Themes in PENDEKAR BUJANG LAPOK

EDUCATION WILL SET YOU FREE FORGET NOT YOUR ROOTS

HOW TO NEGOTIATE (post-war) MODERNITY

ARTICULATION OF THE THEME OF EDUCATION

*

LEARNING - Silat - Read & write - Confronting modernity TEACHERS - Male (Mustar) - Female (Mustars wife/school teachers)

*

Articulation of the Importance of Education

The real learning

Traditional

Formal

Expression of the Importance of Education

WOMEN BEHIND THE MEN

ARTICULATION OF THE THEME OF EDUCATION

ARTICULATION OF THE THEME OF VALUES

* RESPECT for Teacher, Guru, Elders, Women * LOVE & AFFECTION * FAMILY * COMMUNITY * GENERATION

ARTICULATION OF THE THEME OF VALUES

ARTICULATION OF THE THEME OF VALUES

PROVIDENTIAL INTERVENTION

ABLE TO FACE THE TRADITIONAL WORLD

UNABLE TO FACE THE MODERN WORLD

1 2

4

3

SOME TRADITIONS NEED TO CHANGE

A TIME TO GO AGAINST TRADITION

ARTICULATION OF THE THEME OF UNITY

PENDEKAR BUJANG LAPOK A Time for Change

Yang Tersurat & Yang Tersirat di dalam filem PENDEKAR BUJANG LAPOK arahan P Ramlee

TERIMA KASIH

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