PENCIL SKETCHING Presentation by Dennis L. Law, ASLA Professor and Dean College of Architecture, Planning and Design Kansas State University Conte Crayon

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  • PENCIL SKETCHING Presentation by Dennis L. Law, ASLA Professor and Dean College of Architecture, Planning and Design Kansas State University Conte Crayon sketch by Dennis Law
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  • PENCIL SKETCHING zEquipment zTechnique zComposition zExamples Pencil sketch by Dennis Law
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  • PENCIL SKETCHING zEquipment yPencils ySharpening yPaper yStump yErasers Pencil sketch by Dennis Law
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  • Equipment zPencils yHardness/softness xHard: 2H, H, & HB xSoft: B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B, & 6B yTone varies with paper, atmosphere, brand & subject.
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  • Equipment zSharpening the Pencil yNever use a point, but rather use a wedge. yFuzzy wines are the best wines Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law
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  • Equipment zPaper yAquabee Drawing 812 and Strathmore Alexis - rough and gives grained appearance to middle to light tones Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law
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  • Equipment zPaper yAquabee Satin Finish - smooth - surfaced paper for great tones. yVideo - Expensive but the best Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law
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  • Equipment zStump yUse very seldom yWill be demonstrated in class
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  • Equipment zErasers yPrefer kneaded eraser yA drawing that needs a lot of correction by eraser is not going to be successful.
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  • PENCIL SKETCHING zTechnique yPreventing smudges yPortrait versus Landscape yHard to soft yDrawing smaller than you see yDraw only shadows yComposition Pencil sketch by Dennis Law
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  • TECHNIQUE zPreventing Smudges yBuild a Bridge yStart by laying out drawing with harder leads yStart upper left-hand corner (right-handed people yUpper right if left- handed Pencil sketch by Dennis Law
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  • TECHNIQUE zPortrait versus Landscape yUnderstand principles of composition yPortrait is for vertical subjects yLandscape is for horizontal subjects Sketch by Dennis Law
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  • TECHNIQUE zPointers yStart with hard leads and move to softer as drawing develops yUse no more than 3 leads weights yDraw smaller than you see yDraw only shadows and let white of the paper work yLeave white around the drawing for composition
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  • PENCIL SKETCHING zExamples yMaterials yOpenings yWindows yRoof yShadows yPlant materials yWater Sketch by Dennis Law
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  • COMPOSITION zExamples yMaterials yOpenings yWindows yRoof yShadows yPlant materials yWater Sketch by Dennis Law
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  • EXAMPLES zWood Boards: yFirst, lay in the black tones with soft lead yKeep strokes broad and firm. Bear down ySharp strokes to suggest shadows on edge of board yA few diagonal strokes to relieve monotony of vertical boards
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  • EXAMPLES zOpenings: yBreak up dark area with pencil strokes that have a variety of direction and value yLeave some touches of clear white paper between some of the strokes
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  • EXAMPLES zWindows: yAlways variation in reflected light on windows yWindows are generally black yVary darkness between panes yLeave areas of white
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  • EXAMPLES zRoofs: yFirst lay in tones yHorizontal lines are predominate yLighten some shingles by erasing with kneaded eraser yDarken lower edges to simulate shadows
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  • EXAMPLES zShadows: yDo not draw a line to show outlines of shadows yShadow darkest at edge of light yShadows are darker than shaded areas yUndulate shadows to give depth where appropriate
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  • EXAMPLES zPlant Materials: yGrasses xStart with gray lines which represent blades xDarken in the shadows at the bottom of the blades xPut in seed heads as demonstrated xUse sharp lines to cast shadow edge
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  • EXAMPLES zPlant Materials: yDeciduous Trees xLightly (very) draw in basic geometric form xSubdivide into leaf masses xCast shadows xDraw in truck and major branches (white against shadows, black against sky) xTie to the ground
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  • EXAMPLES zPlant Materials: yConiferous Trees xBegin with light vertical trunk xLightly sketch in branch patterns - steep at top and less steep at bottom xDraw needles and shadows xFill in truck xTie to the ground
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  • EXAMPLES zPlant Materials: ySpecialty plants xBegin with light vertical trunk xLightly sketch in branch patterns - steep at top and less steep at bottom xDraw needles and shadows xFill in truck xTie to the ground
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  • EXAMPLES zWater yStart with horizontal strokes, darkest nearest to shoreline yLeave white or light areas below object to be reflected. yFinish with series of vertical lines, darkest nearest to shore and lighten as you move away Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law
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  • EXERCISES zExercise one:
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  • EXERCISES zExercise two:
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  • EXERCISES zExercise three: