PC Magazine Guide to Digital Photography

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<ul><li><p>P1: FMK</p><p>WY037-FM WY037-Grotta-v5 September 1, 2004 10:5</p><p>PC Magazine Guide toDigital Photography</p><p>i</p></li><li><p>P1: FMK</p><p>WY037-FM WY037-Grotta-v5 September 1, 2004 10:5</p><p>ii</p></li><li><p>P1: FMK</p><p>WY037-FM WY037-Grotta-v5 September 1, 2004 10:5</p><p>PC MagazineGuide to DigitalPhotography</p><p>Daniel Grotta and Sally Wiener Grotta</p><p>Wiley Publishing, Inc.</p><p>iii</p><p>www.wiley.comwww.wiley.com</p></li><li><p>P1: FMK</p><p>WY037-FM WY037-Grotta-v5 September 1, 2004 10:5</p><p>PC Magazine Guide to Digital Photography</p><p>Published byWiley Publishing, Inc.10475 Crosspoint BoulevardIndianapolis, IN 46256www.wiley.com</p><p>Copyright c 2004 by Daniel Grotta and Sally Wiener Grotta</p><p>Published by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana</p><p>Published simultaneously in Canada</p><p>Manufactured in the United States of America</p><p>10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1</p><p>XX/XX/XX/XX/XX</p><p>No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act,without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the CopyrightClearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 646-8600. Requests to the Publisher for permissionshould be addressed to the Legal Department, Wiley Publishing, Inc., 10475 Crosspoint Blvd., Indianapolis, IN 46256, (317) 572-3447, fax(317) 572-4355, e-mail: brandreview@wiley.com.</p><p>Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: The publisher and the author make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracyor completeness of the contents of this work and specifically disclaim all warranties, including without limitation warranties of fitness for aparticular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales or promotional materials. The advice and strategies contained herein maynot be suitable for every situation. This work is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, orother professional services. If professional assistance is required, the services of a competent professional person should be sought. Neither thepublisher nor the author shall be liable for damages arising herefrom. The fact that an organization or Website is referred to in this work as acitation and/or a potential source of further information does not mean that the author or the publisher endorses the information theorganization or Website may provide or recommendations it may make. Further, readers should be aware that Internet Websites listed in thiswork may have changed or disappeared between when this work was written and when it is read.</p><p>For general information on our other products and services or to obtain technical support, please contact our Customer Care Departmentwithin the U.S. at (800) 762-2974, outside the U.S. at (317) 572-3993 or fax (317) 572-4002.</p><p>Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books.</p><p>Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data</p><p>Grotta, Daniel, 1994-PC magazine guide to digital photography / Daniel Grotta and Sally Wiener Grotta.</p><p>p. cm.Includes index.ISBN 0-7645-7372-1 (pbk.)</p><p>1. PhotographyDigital techniquesHandbooks, manuals, etc. 2. Digital camerasHandbooks, manuals, etc. I. Title: Guideto digital photography. II. Grotta, Sally Wiener, 1949- III. PC magazine (New York, N.Y.) IV. Title.</p><p>TR267.G76 2004775dc22 2004015688</p><p>Trademarks: Wiley, the Wiley Publishing logo and related trade dress are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley &amp; Sons, Inc.and/or its affiliates, in the United States and other countries, and may not be used without written permission. PC Magazine and the PCMagazine logo are registered trademarks of Ziff Davis Publishing Holdings, Inc. Used under license. All rights reserved. Foveon, the stylized Flogo, X3, and the X3 logo are registered trademarks of Foveon Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. WileyPublishing, Inc., is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book.</p><p>iv</p><p>eISBN: 0-7645-7933-9</p><p>www.wiley.com</p></li><li><p>P1: FMK</p><p>WY037-FM WY037-Grotta-v5 September 1, 2004 10:5</p><p>CreditsEXECUTIVE EDITOR</p><p>Chris Webb</p><p>SENIOR DEVELOPMENT EDITORKevin Kent</p><p>PRODUCTION EDITORFelicia Robinson</p><p>COPY EDITORFoxxe Editorial Services</p><p>EDITORIAL MANAGERMary Beth Wakefield</p><p>VICE PRESIDENT &amp; EXECUTIVE GROUPPUBLISHER</p><p>Richard Swadley</p><p>VICE PRESIDENT AND PUBLISHERJoseph B. Wikert</p><p>LAYOUT, PROOFREADING, AND INDEXINGTechBooks</p><p>About the AuthorsDaniel Grotta and Sally Wiener Grotta are top name journalists and consultants in the field of digitalphotography. In fact, theyve been covering digital cameras and the industry since the early 1990s. AsAmy Wohl, the renown computer analyst, has said, If you dont know the Grottas, you dont knowimaging. Among the earliest photographers to use digital equipment, they broke the story of digitalphotography for some of the top national magazines (including PC Magazines first roundup) and havecontinued to write about it for many newspapers, magazines, and online publications. Together, theyhave written more than 1,000 high-tech articles, reviews, columns, and features, plus five (now six)books. In addition, they have lectured and taught digital photography and imaging at many schools,conferences and other venues, including the PC Magazine Digital U traveling workshops, which willbe premiering autumn 2004.</p><p>The Grottas company, DigitalBenchmarks, is an internationally respected independent digital cam-era and imaging test lab. Using new industry-standard tests that Daniel helped develop, DigitalBench-marks Lab puts digital cameras and related hardware and software through extensive low-level andexperiential tests.</p><p>While the Grottas have tested and reviewed most of the digital cameras that have been introducedfor more than a decade, technology is only part of the story. The Grottas are professional photographerswhose pictures have appeared in many publications throughout the world. They understand what ittakes to get a great picture in all kinds of situations, from Antarctica to the Amazon rain forest, fromwar zones to the most difficult shot . . . the group family picture. Regardless of how many camerasthey have handled, they have never lost sight of the whole reason they started with all this . . . theirfascination with how much more of the world they can see, enjoy, and capture through a camera lens.</p><p>An Internet search on their names will bring up literally many hundreds of hitsmostly linksto their reviews, articles, and speaking engagements. Or you can check out their Web sites:www.DigitalBenchmarks.com, www.TheWellConnectedWoman.com, and www.Grotta.net.</p><p>v</p></li><li><p>P1: FMK</p><p>WY037-FM WY037-Grotta-v5 September 1, 2004 10:5</p><p>For two women of vision . . . our sisters,Amy Wiener Sosnov and Lee Yeager</p><p>vi</p></li><li><p>P1: FMK</p><p>WY037-FM WY037-Grotta-v5 September 1, 2004 10:5</p><p>AcknowledgmentsIn summer 1991, we spent a weekend with Fred Shippey and Katrin Eismann at the soon to beopened Kodak Center for Creative Imaging (CCCI) at Camden, Maine, discovering the amazingpotential of the $25,000 prototype Kodak DCS-100 digital camera and a new image-editing programcalled Photoshop. Since that time, we have been indebted to numerous industry experts, associates,and friendsstarting, of course, with Fred and Katrin. Other mentors and associates who have alwaysbeen generous with their knowledge, information, and friendship include Dr. Al Edgar, Dr. Bob Gann,Professor Ed Granger, John Larish, Dr. Joe Runde, and Dr. Julie Skipper.</p><p>We have been very fortunate to have worked over the years with some of the best editors and labtechnicians in the business. Our thanks to our editors and associates at PC Magazine, past and present,including Sarah Anderson, Glen Bousseau Becker, Jamie Bsales, Sean Carroll, Stephanie Chang, JennDeFeo, Laura Delaney, Dan Evans, Rich Fisco, Craig Ellison, Roy Goodwin, Ben Gottesman, MatthewGraven, Lori Grunin, Bill Howard, Vicki Jacobson, Jeremy Kaplan, Konstantinos Karagiannis, CarolLevin, Don Labriola, Bill Machrone, Carol Mangis, Peter McKie, Glenn Menin, Michael Miller, JohnMorris, Brian Nadel, Ann Ovodow, Melissa Perenson, Robyn Peterson, Alfred Poor, Laarni Ragazza,Robin Raskin, Charlie Rodriguez, Paul Ross, Nick Stam, Sharon Terdeman, Don Wilmot, and LanceUlanoff. A special thank you to M. David Stone and Jan Ozer, PC Magazine contributing editors, fortheir suggestions and input into the printer and video chapters. Our thanks to Mark Pope of Ziff Davisfor first fielding our idea for this book. And to the team at John Wiley &amp; Sons, including Chris Webb,our acquisitions editor, for his perseverance, respect, and patience; Kevin Kent, our developmenteditor, for his guidance, open communications, and clear-headed editing; and Felicia Robinson forshepherding all our art through production.</p><p>Weve enjoyed our numerous conversations with fellow photographers, many of whom shared theirexpert knowledge, tips, and techniques and allowed us to reproduce their beautiful photographs anddigital art. Our thanks to Ben Gottesman, Greg Gorman (and his associate Trish Sword), John Isaac,Lewis Kemper, Michael Lewis, Peter Read Miller, Steve Rosenbaum, and Marilyn Sholin.</p><p>Naturally, this book couldnt have been written without supportive interaction and communicationwith numerous companies and people in the digital camera and imaging industry. Cameras andother equipment were loaned to us by Canon, Concord, Casio, Eastman Kodak, Epson, FujiFilm,Hewlett-Packard, Konica Minolta, Kyocera, Lexar Media, Lexmark, Monaco Systems, Motorola, Nikon,Olympus, SanDisk, Sigma, SmartDisk, Sony, and Sony Ericsson. Software was provided by ACDSystems, Adobe Systems, Corel Corporation, Extensis, Jasc, Macromedia, Microsoft, Mountaincow,PhotoParade, Picasa, Roxio, and others. Quite a few individuals have been instrumental in helping uswith information, illustrations, software, and the loan of digital cameras and other devices, includingKim Agricola, Nicole Andergard, Iqbal Arshad, Cyndi Babasa, Pam Barnett, Joslyn Beloff, Ritch Blasi,Elissa Brown, Michael Bourne, Teresa Bridwell, Paul Buckner, Christie Burgner, Nancy Carr, RickChampagne, Dario Chiarini, Sally Smith Clemens, Kevin Connor, Jenny Cooley, Alex Curyea, LeahBarret Demers, Brett Denley, David Dickstein, Patricia Doherty, Anna Doi, Caitlin Donahue, KarenDrost, Gabrielle Elmer, Steve Everett, Kim Evans, Bonnie Fladung, Rosemary Flynn, Bill Giordano,Keith Gordon, Jessica Gould, Leigh Grimm, Jennifer Gurien, Jo Ann Guear, Jim Gustke, Dan Harlacher,Kylie Ware Heintz, Adam Hersh, Scott Houchin, Jennifer Hudson, Ross Jacobs, John Jatinen, AnnJohnson, Elisha Joseph, Roxanne Jurtschenko, Jay Kelbley, Kelly Kessler, Monisha Khanna, John</p><p>vii</p></li><li><p>P1: FMK</p><p>WY037-FM WY037-Grotta-v5 September 1, 2004 10:5</p><p>viii Acknowledgments</p><p>Knauer, Thomas Knoll, Andy LaGuardia, Mats Lindeberg, Ryan Lucklin, Chris MacAskill, JeffreyMandell, Michelle Martin, Stephna May, Anne McIntosh, Nate Murphy, Grant Myre, Cheryl BalbachNelson, Scott Nelson, Brenda Ning, Joe Paglia, Jim Peyton, Jon Piazza, Allison Pankrantz, DarrinPeeple, Jim Peyton, Nicole Ramirez, Joan Rankin, Mary Resnick, Jeff Ravencraft, Crystal Revak, DoraRicci, Jacob Rice, Michelle Richardson, Steve Rosenbaum, Mike Rubin, Jon Sienkiewicz, Chris Sluka,Kristine Snyder, Anders Steele, Michael Stevenson, Deborah Szajngarten, Min Tak, Chris Taylor, KarenThomas, Liz Tobey, Patricia Trapaga, Rosemary Valenta, Lyda Velez, Mike Virgintino, Saurabh Wahi,Lisa Walker, Mark Weir, Gwyn Weisberg, Aaron Wessels, Chuck Westfall, Laura Whitby, MerrittWoodward, Claudine Wolas-Shiva, Mike Wong, David Yang, Eric Zakarov, and many others. Softwareinstrumental in our testing and in preparing our manuscript includes ACD Systems ACDSee, AdobePhotoshop Creative Suite, DO Labs DOX digital camera testing software, TechSmith SnagIt screencapture utility, Microsoft Office, and Monaco Optix color calibration. So many people were so veryhelpful that it has been difficult to keep track. Our apologies if we inadvertently left anybody out. Ourheartfelt thanks to all.</p><p>Our thanks, also, to our assistant Jacob Rae, for all his support and long hours of testing digitalcameras. Everyone should have a drummer doing timing tests for the sake of consistent and reliableresults.</p><p>And to the two people who are always the first to read our copy and give us valued feedback, ourdeep gratitude and love to Edith and Noel Wiener.</p></li><li><p>P1: FMK</p><p>WY037-FM WY037-Grotta-v5 September 1, 2004 10:5</p><p>Contents at a GlanceAcknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii</p><p>Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xix</p><p>Part I Understanding Your Camera</p><p>Chapter 1 The Differences between Digital andFilm Photography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3</p><p>Chapter 2 Choosing the Best Digital Camera for You . . . . . . . . . 29Chapter 3 Getting to Know Your Digital Camera . . . . . . . . . . . . 53Chapter 4 Necessities and Niceties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71</p><p>Part II Photography: The Play of Light and Color onthe Human Imagination</p><p>Chapter 5 Understanding File Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89Chapter 6 Understanding Exposure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109Chapter 7 Focus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129Chapter 8 Using Your Cameras Color Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . 141Chapter 9 Controlling and Adding Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161Chapter 10 Recording Video and Audio with</p><p>Your Digital Camera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179Chapter 11 Digital Photography Tips and Tricks . . . . . . . . . . . . 193</p><p>Part III Photography with a Purpose</p><p>Chapter 12 Principles behind Great Photography . . . . . . . . . . . 203Chapter 13 Family and Fun Photography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221Chapter 14 A Business Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235Chapter 15 Photography for Email and The Web . . . . . . . . . . . . 249Chapter 16 Camera Phones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271</p><p>Part IV I Have My Pictures, Now What?</p><p>Chapter 17 Getting Your Photos out of The Camera . . . . . . . . . 287Chapter 18 Editing Your Pictures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299Chapter 19 Display, Show, and Share . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319Chapter 20 Printing Your Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331</p><p>ix</p></li><li><p>P1: FMK</p><p>WY037-FM WY037-Grotta-v5 September 1, 2004 10:5</p><p>x Contents at a Glance</p><p>Chapter 21 Organizing, Managing, and ArchivingYour Digital Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 353</p><p>Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367</p><p>Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 387</p></li><li><p>P1: FMK</p><p>WY037-FM WY...</p></li></ul>

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