PHOTOCOPIABLE Pearson Educacin, S.A., 200322
Practice exam Total: 100 points. Total time allowed: 4 hours.B
reading 25 points. Time allowed: 90 minutes.
Part 1 Read the article, Welcome to SKIN DEEP, and match the paragraphs (05) with the headings (AI). The first one has been given as an example. (5 points)
A The Tattoo in the Circus and Side ShowB Portrait of the IndividualC Tattoo: the Mark of the SailorD Do-it-yourself TechniquesE The Role of Tattoos in SocietyF The Spread of TattooingG The Role of SuperstitionH An Expensive HobbyI Patriotic Symbols
Welcome to SKIN DEEP The art of the tattoo 0 While its meaning has varied from people to people and from place to place, tattooing has most often
served as a sign of social status, as a mark of ones passage through life, or simply as a way to beautify the body.
1 The close relationship between naval men and tattooing developed quickly after Cooks voyages to the South Pacific. At first, sailors tattoos were drawn by native tattooists; then sailors began to tattoo each other aboard ship. Eventually, professional tattoo shops, many of them established by former sailors, appeared in port cities around the world.
2 By the second half of the nineteenth century, tattoos were still largely viewed as shocking and frightful, the mark of a person exiled from society. Popular magazines of the time printed articles such as The Savage Origin of Tattooing that linked tattooing with cannibals, criminals and lunatics. However, by the dawn of the twentieth century, a number of circumstances had arisen that together helped prompt the spread of tattooing. An electric tattooing machine patented in 1891 allowed for easier, faster, and more decorative tattooing. It was in this environment that tattoo artists set up shops and made the art of tattooing available to the brave, the curious and the impulsive.
3 Prejudice often influenced sailors choice of tattoo design. Roosters were thought to protect sailors from drowning. The Christian cross tattooed on the feet was thought to guard against shark attack. Yet another superstitious custom held that sailors should be tattooed with the image of a dragon when they crossed the international date line. While tattoo imagery was often superstitious in nature, getting tattooed was also a highly practical decision: it increased the chance of a body being identified if lost overboard.
4 Just as sailors brought the tattoo to America from exotic ports of call, the circus and side show took the tattoo across the country. Circus and side show performers often wore tattoos as a way of increasing their appeal to audiences and thus improving their earnings. As early as 1884, carnivals, side shows, circuses and travelling fairs were advertising tattooed performers among their acts. During the Depression, some tattoo artists who were unable to support themselves travelled with circuses and side shows.
5 During the American Civil War, patriotic themes became very popular. Tattoos commemorating the battle between the Monitor and the Virginia (formerly the Merrimack) and the Alabama and the Kearsarge began appearing on sailors chests and backs. Flags and eagles became popular symbols. Tattoos also reflected the navys transition from sail to steam. Once regarded in the West as frightening and unpleasant, the tattoo has enjoyed great popularity in our own culture in recent years. Everywhere we look today movies, advertisements, television there are signs that people of all walks of life appreciate and practise the art of the tattoo.
(Adapted from website http://www.mariner.org/exhibits/tatoo)
Part 2 For questions 1-5, choose the alternative (a, b or c) that fits best according to the text. Write it in the corresponding box. Please answer all the questions. Wrong answers will not be penalised. Each correct answer is worth 2 marks. (10 points)
0 E 3 1 4 2 5
0 Being tattooed a) always highlights ones living standards. b) has been used for a variety of functions
historically. c) symbolises personal success.
1 Sailors originally learned the art of tattooing
a) from some tribesmen. b) by drawing tattoos on one another. c) with the help of professional tattooists.
23PHOTOCOPIABLE Pearson Educacin, S.A., 2003
Practice exam B
Part 3 Read the text and complete each blank with one suitable word from the list supplied. Each word can be used only once. Five of these words are not to be used. Then write your answers in the boxes provided at the bottom. The first answer has been given as an example. (10 points)
About beauty Over the past three decades, the popular magazine Psychology Today has conducted several surveys (0) ....... how people feel about the appearance of their bodies. The dramatic changes in American culture have significantly altered peoples perceptions of (1) __________. In 1972, 23 per cent of American women were dissatisfied with their appearance, but by 1997 that (2) . had risen to 56 per cent. In 1972, 15 per cent of men were dissatisfied with their appearance, but by 1997 that number had risen to 43 per cent. (3) . of beauty are everywhere. Pictures of handsome men and beautiful women can be found in glossy magazines, on television, billboards, (4) . products and the Internet. The beauty industry, (5) . nearly thirty years of feminism, is a multi-billion dollar a year (6) .In the United Kingdom, visit any newsagent and you will find dozens of magazines on various aspects of style, fashion and health. There are several magazines just devoted (7) . the topic of hairstyles and hair care. Mens magazines tell men (8) . to get flat stomachs and strong muscles. Images of (9) ., fit models seem to be everywhere and vast numbers of women are overly concerned (10) . their weight. Yet despite this preoccupation with beauty and despite the well-publicised health risks, over a (11). of Americans are extremely fat. The English are (12) . up quickly. But yet, while one third are extremely fat, for others giving (13) . food is a serious and potentially fatal mental health problem. The images of beauty everywhere are not the average man or woman. Few ordinary people can aspire to look like the images of the exceptional beauties that the media presents us with. To suggest that we can either have something very beautiful and desirable if we (14) . a car or look very beautiful and desirable if we use a certain hair conditioner and eye-makeup sells products very effectively. This is because it touches on some very deep-rooted (15) . in human psychology and offers an answer to (16) __________. Feminists have blamed men and society. Socialists have blamed capitalists and the (17) . industry. But what is really (18) . on? Why are both men and women more preoccupied, more anxious, about (19) . beautiful these days than ever before? To be beautiful is presented as being the (20) . to a problem.
(Adapted from website http://www.beautyworlds.com/aboutbeauty.htm)
2 Tattoos were at first associated with a) dangerous superstitions. b) barbarian attitudes. c) antisocial forms of art. 3 The expansion of tattoos in the XIX
century was due to a) some technical advances. b) people being drawn to new and more
attractive decorations. c) publicity in popular magazines.
4 Tattoo performers in the circus and side show
a) charged more money for their entry tickets.
b) attracted more people to their shows. c) couldnt make money in hard times. 5 During the American civil war tattoos a) reflected current issues at the time. b) increased significantly in number. c) represented patriotic themes.
about catching going on thirdadvertising consumer how purchase toanswer despite however slim upbeing figure images them worriesbusiness for making themselves what
0 on 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
PHOTOCOPIABLE Pearson Educacin, S.A., 200324
Writing 25 points. Time allowed: 90 minutes.
Part 1 WritingLook at the drawing and speculate about the kind of person who might live in this place. Write a four-paragraph description about the person and the room. (225 words) (15 points)
Include the following information: - the room itself (furniture, arrangement and
decoration) - the persons age - the persons likes and dislikes and how they are
reflected in the choice of objects in the room - the persons character and how it is reflected in
the room arrangement - the persons moods and ways of spending time
in the roomIn your description include: - expressions: very, a bit (too), quite, rather,
absolutely, much, slightly, fairly, pretty, extremely, totally, completely, really, etc.
- examples of relative clauses - structures with so and such
Part 2 Read the notice carefully, together with the notes you have made. Then write a letter covering the points in your notes and adding any relevant information, in the appropriate style. (150 words. Do not include address.) (10 points)
Which cities? Can I choose?Projects: how long? Timetable?Can friends work together?Pocket money - how much?Food included?Free time?CAN YOU HELP?
Want to help those less fortunate than you?
We offer free accommodation in the centre of
major cities during vacation - plus pocket
money- to people willing to help on projects in
poor areas of the city. Work on buildings and
gardens, clubs and charity offices.
Write and say what you can offer, the work you
would be prepared to do and what dates you
25PHOTOCOPIABLE Pearson Educacin, S.A., 2003
Practice exam B
Listening 25 points. Time allowed: 45 minutes.
Part 1 Listen to an extract from a lecture on learning styles. Write the letters that correspond to the headings below in the order in which they appear on the recording. Remember that there are three extra headings that do not fit anywhere. The first one has been given as an example. (7.5 points)
A Description of tactile learnersB Summary of the lectureC Organising your learning timeD Description of the visual learnerE Spotting your own styleF Description of the auditory learnerG Tips on achieving your bestH Tactile learners: Move around!I Learning styles: presentation
Part 2 Listen to the text again and complete the sentences below. The first one has been done as an example. (7.5 points)
0 What are learning styles? Well, they are simply different .................... or ways of learning. 1 The visual learner tends to prefer sitting at the front of the classroom to .................... visual obstructions
(e.g. peoples heads). 2 Auditory learners often benefit from ................................ and using a tape recorder. 3 Tactile learners may find it hard to ...................................... for long periods. 4 To help you cope with your learning, it is important to .......................... your learning style. 5 While studying tactile learners should take frequent breaks, but if you wish, you could listen to music or ...
Part 3 Listen to two people giving their opinions about a film they have seen recently. Match each opinion (15) with the person/people who said it. The first one is given as an example. (10 points)
0 I 3 1 4 2 5
a) woman b) man c) both 0 I was not disappointed. X 1 The film was predictable. 2 I liked the comic element in the film. 3 The film could have been shorter. 4 I believed this magical little country really existed. 5 I think young people would enjoy the film.