Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

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    Parts of a Science

    InvestigatoryProject

    George Michael Rayala

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    Doing an investigatory project is considered

    as a major achievement of any students in

    Science. Through scientific investigation, they

    learn how to apply the acquiredknowledge, scientific concepts, theories,

    principles and laws of nature. They can use

    their higher-order process or thinking skills in

    conducting a research. Let us provide you a

    brief description of the parts of the ScienceInvestigatory Project Report

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    Title

    The Title should be clear andprecise. It has an objective or

    purpose. It should not be written

    too long or too short. By justreading the title, you can determine

    what the investigative study is all

    about.Parts of a Science Investigat

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    Abstract

    The Abstract should be one or two paragraphs only. Itincludes your research problems, the method or procedure

    that you used and the findings or conclusion of the study.

    Is a (maximum) 250-word, one-page abstract. An abstractincludesthe a) purpose of the experiment, b) proceduresused, c) data and d) conclusions. It also includes anypossible research applications. The abstract should focuson work done since the last fair.

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    Chapter I

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    1. Introduction and Its

    Background

    The Introduction is about one page

    only wherein it includes the

    background of the study and its

    rationale. It usually leads into theresearch problem.

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    2. Statement of the

    Problem

    The Statement of the Problem has two categories namely: the general problemand specific problems. Usually, one general problem and three specific problems

    which derived from the general problem. The research problems should be

    specific, reliable, valid, measurable, objectively stated. It can be a question

    form or in a declarative statement.

    the nature & scope of the problem should be presented with clarity. Two types of

    objectives may stated:

    General Objective- this is related to the problem as given in the early partof the section

    Specific Objective- this states the purpose of each experiment conducted.

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    3. Formulation of the

    Hypothesis

    The Formulation of the Hypothesis hastwo types namely: the null hypothesisand affirmativehypothesis. Hypotheses is a scientific

    guess which intends subject forthorough investigation. It is

    recommended to use null hypothesis in

    your research project.Parts of a Science Investigat

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    4. Significant of the

    Study

    The Significant of the Studyindicates how important is your

    investigatory project for the people,

    environment and community as awhole. It is really relevant in the

    changing world or global impact into

    the field of technology.

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    5. Scope and Delimitation

    of the Study

    The Scope and Delimitation of the Studycovers the range of your research. It

    includes the period of research, the

    materials and equipment to be used, the

    subject of the study or the sample ofthe study, the procedure and the

    statistical treatment to be used.

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    6. Definition of Terms

    The Definition of Terms has twotypes: the Dictionary-derived

    definitions and the Operational

    definitions which derived fromhow these terms were used in

    your research.

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    Chapter II

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    Review of Related Literature

    and Studies

    Related LiteratureThe Related Literature are statements taken from science books, journals,

    magazines, newspapers and any documents from authorized scientists, Science

    experts or well-known Science agencies. These statements can support your

    study through their concepts, theories, principles and laws. Footnoting is

    important on this part.

    Related Studies

    The Related Studies are those researches which may be local and foreign studieswho can attribute to your research or can support your investigation

    scientifically. Footnoting is also important on this part.

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    Chapter III

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    Methodology

    Has several parts namely: the subject of the study,the procedure and the statistical treatment.

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    1. The Subject of the

    Study

    The Subject of the Study includes yourpopulation and the sample. It applies

    the sampling techniques to obtain a

    good sample of the study. Your sample

    should be valid and reliable.

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    2. The Procedure

    The Procedure is the step by step and systematicprocess of doing your research. It includes the

    materials with right amount of measurements, the

    appropriate equipment to be used in doing the

    scientific investigation. It consists of several trials

    with control variables, independent variables anddependent variables. Gathering of data is essential

    in any kind of research. It is recommended to use

    control and experimental set-ups to arrive at valid

    conclusion.

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    3. The Statistical

    Treatment

    The Statistical Treatment comes in variousways. It can be mean, median, mode,percentage, Chi-square, standarddeviation, T-test, Pearson r, Spearman rank

    or Anova I or Anova II. It is recommended touse T-test in any experimental research.

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    Chapter IV

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    1. Presentation Analysis

    and Interpretation of Data

    The data gathered should be presented in order to beanalyze. It may be presented in two forms namely: through

    table or graph. You may use both of them if you want to

    clearly figure out your data. A table has labels with quantity,

    description and units of measurement. Graph has several

    types namely the line graph, bar graph, pie graph and

    pictograph. Choose what type of graph that you prefer touse. Analyze the data that had been gathered, presented in

    table or graph scientifically. You interpret the data

    according to what had been quantified and measured. The

    numerical data should be interpreted clearly in simple and

    descriptive statements.

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    2. Results

    Results show the findings oroutcomes of your investigation. The

    result must be based according to

    the interpreted data.

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    Chapter V

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    1. Summary

    The Summary briefly summarizesyour research from Chapter I to

    Chapter IV which includes the

    research problems, methodologyand findings. It consists of one or

    two paragraphs only.

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    2. Conclusion

    The Conclusion is the direct statement basedon findings or results. It should answer your

    hypothesis and research problems.

    The general truth implied or illustrated by

    the results should be clearly stated. Theevidence based on the results should be

    summarized for each statement.

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    3. Recommendation

    The Recommendation is given based on yourconclusion. You may give few recommendations

    which you think can help the fellow Science

    students, researchers, consumers or the entire

    community where people live in.

    Consists of suggestions on future actions such as anew direc