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DAFTAR ISI HALAMAN PERNYATAAN.............................................................................. iii HALAMAN PERNYATAAN PERSETUJUAN PUBLIKASI TUGAS AKHIR UNTUK KEPENTINGAN AKADEMIS ............................................. iv ABSTRAK ............................................................................................................. v ABSTRACT ........................................................................................................... vi KATA PENGANTAR ......................................................................................... vii DAFTAR ISI ......................................................................................................... ix DAFTAR GAMBAR ............................................................................................ xi DAFTAR TABEL .............................................................................................. xiv BAB I PENDAHULUAN ................................................................................. 1 1.1 Latar Belakang ................................................................................................... 1 1.2 Rumusan Masalah ............................................................................................. 2 1.3 Ruang Lingkup Penelitian ................................................................................ 2 1.4 Tujuan penelitian ............................................................................................... 3 1.5 Manfaat Penelitian ............................................................................................ 3 1.6 Sistematika Penulisan ....................................................................................... 3 BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA DAN LANDASAN TEORI .......................... 5 2.1. Tinjauan Pustaka................................................................................................ 5 2.1.1. Pengertian Rumah, Perumahan, dan Kawasan Pemukiman. ........ 5 2.1.2. Ketentuan Rumah Tahan Gempa.................................................. 5 2.1.3. Definisi DED (Detail Engineering Design) ................................. 7 2.1.4. Definisi Buliding Information Modeling (BIM) ........................... 7 2.1.5. Perangkat Lunak BIM .................................................................. 8 2.2. Landasan Teori................................................................................................ 10 2.2.1. Komponen Struktur pada Rumah Sederhana.............................. 10 2.2.2. Volume Pekerjaan ...................................................................... 11 BAB III METODOLOGI PENELITIAN ........................................................ 12 3.1. Jenis penelitian ................................................................................................ 12 3.2. Lokasi ............................................................................................................... 12 3.3. Pengumpulan data .......................................................................................... 13 3.4. Metode Analisis Data..................................................................................... 13 3.5. Diagram Alir.................................................................................................... 14 BAB IV HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN ........................................................... 17 4.1. Umum................................................................................................................ 17

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Page 1: Panduan Pelaksanaan Kerja Praktik

DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN PERNYATAAN .............................................................................. iii

HALAMAN PERNYATAAN PERSETUJUAN PUBLIKASI TUGAS

AKHIR UNTUK KEPENTINGAN AKADEMIS ............................................. iv

ABSTRAK ............................................................................................................. v

ABSTRACT ........................................................................................................... vi

KATA PENGANTAR ......................................................................................... vii

DAFTAR ISI ......................................................................................................... ix

DAFTAR GAMBAR ............................................................................................ xi

DAFTAR TABEL .............................................................................................. xiv

BAB I PENDAHULUAN ................................................................................. 1

1.1 Latar Belakang ................................................................................................... 1

1.2 Rumusan Masalah ............................................................................................. 2

1.3 Ruang Lingkup Penelitian ................................................................................ 2

1.4 Tujuan penelitian ............................................................................................... 3

1.5 Manfaat Penelitian ............................................................................................ 3

1.6 Sistematika Penulisan ....................................................................................... 3

BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA DAN LANDASAN TEORI .......................... 5

2.1. Tinjauan Pustaka ................................................................................................ 5

2.1.1. Pengertian Rumah, Perumahan, dan Kawasan Pemukiman. ........ 5 2.1.2. Ketentuan Rumah Tahan Gempa.................................................. 5 2.1.3. Definisi DED (Detail Engineering Design) ................................. 7 2.1.4. Definisi Buliding Information Modeling (BIM) ........................... 7 2.1.5. Perangkat Lunak BIM .................................................................. 8

2.2. Landasan Teori ................................................................................................ 10

2.2.1. Komponen Struktur pada Rumah Sederhana.............................. 10 2.2.2. Volume Pekerjaan ...................................................................... 11

BAB III METODOLOGI PENELITIAN ........................................................ 12

3.1. Jenis penelitian ................................................................................................ 12

3.2. Lokasi ............................................................................................................... 12

3.3. Pengumpulan data .......................................................................................... 13

3.4. Metode Analisis Data ..................................................................................... 13

3.5. Diagram Alir .................................................................................................... 14

BAB IV HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN ........................................................... 17

4.1. Umum ................................................................................................................ 17

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x

4.2. Deskripsi Galian dan Timbunan pada Suatu Lahan .................................. 17

4.2.1. Pemodelan Topografi Lahan Rencana .......................................... 17 4.2.2. Pemodelan Topografi Galian dan Timbunan Rencana .................. 20

4.3. Deskripsi Struktur ............................................................................................ 24

4.3.1. Deskripsi Struktur Bawah ............................................................. 24 4.3.2. Deskripsi Struktur Atas ................................................................. 25

4.4. Deksripsi Perancangan 2D BIM ................................................................... 31

4.4.1. Hasil Dari Perancangan 2D BIM................................................... 32

4.5. Deskripsi Perancangan 3D BIM ................................................................... 37

4.5.1. Hasil Dari Perancangan 3D BIM................................................... 37

4.6. Deskripsi Perancangan 5D BIM ................................................................... 41

4.6.1. Hasil dari Perancangan 5D BIM ................................................... 42

4.7. Proses Rendering dan Pembuatan Animasi ................................................ 54

4.7.1. Hasil Proses Rendering ................................................................. 54

BAB V KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN ........................................................... 62

5.1. Kesimpulan ...................................................................................................... 62

5.2. Saran ................................................................................................................. 63

DAFTAR PUSTAKA .......................................................................................... 64

LAMPIRAN ......................................................................................................... 65

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xi

DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2. 1. Pemasangan Angkur Dinding pada Kolom ................................................... 6

Gambar 2. 2. Dimensi BIM 3D hingga 7D ......................................................................... 8

Gambar 2. 3. Logo Software Trimble Sketchup ................................................................. 9

Gambar 3. 1. Lokasi Penelitian ......................................................................................... 12

Gambar 3. 2. Logo Software Trimble Sketchup ............................................................... 14

Gambar 4. 1. Logo Software Trimble Sketchup 2020 ...................................................... 18

Gambar 4. 2. Memilih Template yang Akan Digunakan .................................................. 18

Gambar 4. 3. Menambakan Lokasi Berdasarkan Data Topografi dari Google Earth ....... 18

Gambar 4. 4. Memilih Lokasi Lahan yang Sudah Ditentukan Sebelumnya ..................... 19

Gambar 4. 5. Menampilkan Topografi Lahan ................................................................... 19

Gambar 4. 6. Topografi Lahan Rencana ........................................................................... 19

Gambar 4. 7. Siteplan Rencana ......................................................................................... 20

Gambar 4. 8. Elevasi Siteplan Rencana 1 ......................................................................... 20

Gambar 4. 9. Galian dan Timbunan Rencana 1 ................................................................ 21

Gambar 4. 10. Volume Timbunan Rencana 1 ................................................................... 21

Gambar 4. 11. Volume Galian Rencana 1 ........................................................................ 22

Gambar 4. 12. Elevasi Siteplan Rencana 2 ....................................................................... 22

Gambar 4. 13. Galian dan Timbunan Rencana 2 .............................................................. 23

Gambar 4. 14. Volume Timbunan Rencana 2 ................................................................... 23

Gambar 4. 15. Volume Galian Rencana 2 ........................................................................ 23

Gambar 4. 16. Denah Tata Letak Pondasi dan Sloof Ruko ............................................. 24

Gambar 4. 17. Denah Tata Letak Pondasi dan Sloof Rumah Type 369 .......................... 25

iGambar 4. 18. Denah Tata Letak Pondasi dan Sloof Rumah Type 198 ......................... 25

Gambar 4. 19. Tampak 3D Sistem Struktur Ruko ............................................................ 26

Gambar 4. 20. Tampak 3D Sistem Struktur Ruko ............................................................ 26

Gambar 4. 21. Tampak 3D Sistem Struktur Ruko ............................................................ 27

Gambar 4. 22. Denah Lantai 1 Ruko ................................................................................ 28

Gambar 4. 23. Denah Lantai 2 dan Lantai 3 Ruko............................................................ 28

Gambar 4. 24. Denah Lantai 1 Rumah Type 369 ............................................................. 28

Gambar 4. 25. Denah Lantai 2 Rumah Type 369 ............................................................. 29

Gambar 4. 26. Denah Lantai 1 Rumah Type 198 ............................................................. 29

Gambar 4. 27. Denah Lantai 2 Rumah Type 198 ............................................................. 29

Gambar 4. 28. Gambar Potongan Melintang Ruko ........................................................... 30

Gambar 4. 29. Gambar Potongan Memanjang Ruko ........................................................ 30

Gambar 4. 30. Gambar Potongan Melintang Rumah Type 369 ........................................ 30

Gambar 4. 31. Gambar Potongan Memanjang Rumah Type 369 ..................................... 31

Gambar 4. 32. Gambar Potongan Melintang Rumah Type 198 ........................................ 31

Gambar 4. 33. Gambar Potongan Memanjang Rumah Type 198 ..................................... 31

Gambar 4. 34. Membuka Model 3D ................................................................................. 32

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Gambar 4. 35. Membuat Scene untuk Gambar yang Akan Dibuat ................................... 33

Gambar 4. 36. Mengubah Nama Scene ............................................................................. 33

Gambar 4. 37. Menyeleksi Seluruh Model ....................................................................... 33

Gambar 4. 38. Membuat Potongan Model ........................................................................ 34

Gambar 4. 39. Mengarahkan Section Plane Sesuai Gambar yang Akan Dibuat .............. 34

Gambar 4. 40. Menampilkan Denah Lantai 1 ................................................................... 35

Gambar 4. 41. Update Scene ............................................................................................. 35

Gambar 4. 42. Send to Layout ........................................................................................... 35

Gambar 4. 43. Pilih Template yang Akan Digunakan ...................................................... 36

Gambar 4. 44. Pilih Skala yang Akan Digunakan ............................................................ 36

Gambar 4. 45. Menambahkan Keterangan dan Dimensi pada Gambar ............................ 36

Gambar 4. 46. Tampilan Awal Sketchup Pro 2020 .......................................................... 37

Gambar 4. 47. Memilih Template yang Akan Digunakan ................................................ 38

Gambar 4. 48. Membuat Model 3D Pintu ......................................................................... 38

Gambar 4. 49. Membuat Denah Pintu............................................................................... 39

Gambar 4. 50. Membuat Komponen Kusen ..................................................................... 39

Gambar 4. 51. Memberikan Nama pada Komponen......................................................... 40

Gambar 4. 52. Membuat Model 3D Kusen dengan Push/Pull Tool ................................. 40

Gambar 4. 53. Membuat Model 3D Daun Pintu dengan Push/Pull Tool.......................... 40

Gambar 4. 54. Memberikan Warna Pada Komponen Kusen dan Daun Pintu .................. 41

Gambar 4. 55. Membuat Motif pada Daun Pintu .............................................................. 41

Gambar 4. 56. Membuka Model 3D ................................................................................. 42

Gambar 4. 57. Menyeleksi Model yang Akan Dihitung Volume Pekerjaannya ............... 43

Gambar 4. 58. Hide Komponen Tulangan pada Pondasi Footplate .................................. 43

Gambar 4. 59. Menampilkan Volume Beton pada Pondasi Footplate .............................. 44

Gambar 4. 60. Menampilkan Volume Pekerjaan Tulangan Sengkang ............................. 44

Gambar 4. 61. Menampilkan Volume Pekerjaan Tulangan Pokok ................................... 44

Gambar 4. 62. Membuka Model 3D ................................................................................. 55

Gambar 4. 63. Melakukan Export File ............................................................................. 55

Gambar 4. 64. Simpan dokumen pada Format FBX File .................................................. 55

Gambar 4. 65. Tampilan Awal Twinmotion ..................................................................... 56

Gambar 4. 66. Melakukan Import File ............................................................................. 56

Gambar 4. 67. Tampilan Awal Sebelum Dilakukan Proses Landscaping ........................ 56

Gambar 4. 68. Ubah Waktu Menjadi Malam Hari ............................................................ 57

Gambar 4. 69. Membuka Light Library ............................................................................ 57

Gambar 4. 70. Klik Ikon Omnudirectional Light .............................................................. 58

Gambar 4. 71. Menambahkan Pencahayaan dengan Omnydirectional Light ................... 58

Gambar 4. 72. Menambahkan Obyek Mobil dan Manusia ............................................... 59

Gambar 4. 73. Tampilan Setelah Proses Landscaping Selesai ......................................... 59

Gambar 4. 74. Klik Create Image untuk Mengambil View yang Diinginkan ................... 59

Gambar 4. 75. Pilih Waktu yang Diinginkan .................................................................... 60

Gambar 4. 76. Membuat Scene untuk Video .................................................................... 60

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Gambar 4. 77. Menambahkan Beberapa View menjadi 1 Scene untuk Video .................. 60

Gambar 4. 78. Menambahkan Beberapa View menjadi 1 Scene untuk Video .................. 61

Gambar 4. 79. Hasil Rendering dengan View Malam Hari .............................................. 61

Gambar 5. 1. Contoh Gambar DED Berbasis BIM ........................................................... 62

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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 4. 1. Detail Penulangan Berdasarkan Data Analisis Struktur.................................. 24

Tabel 4. 2. Rekapitulasi Volume pada Pekerjaan 1 Buah Ruko ....................................... 45

Tabel 4. 3. Rekapitulasi Volume pada Pekerjaan Rumah Type 369 ................................. 48

Tabel 4. 4. Rekapitulasi Volume pada Pekerjaan Rumah Type 198 ................................. 50

Tabel 4. 5. Rekapitulasi Volume pada Pekerjaan Perumahan Cluster .............................. 53