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PANDUAN MENJAWAB SOALAN SAINS UPSR

2012

MAIN

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SECTION TYPE OF QUESTIONS NUMBER

OF

QUESTIONS

MARKS TOTAL

MARKS

A

OBJECTIVE

1. Multiple choice

2. Multiple choice

combination

30 30x2 60

B

STRUCTURED

question

5

(20) 20X2 40

TOTAL SCORES 100

PAPER FORMAT

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Fact

Classifying

Terminology

Principle

sequence

Application

Extrapolation

method

Interpretation

Translation

Element 3

Element 1 Element 2

Knowledge

Understanding

SECTION A

OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

http://c/Users/VPCYB15AGS/Desktop/UPSR%202012/Panduan%20menjawab%20SNS%20BHG%20B.doc
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SCIENCE

PROCESS

SKILLS

Inference

Relationship

(Hypothesis)Interpreting

Data

Observation

Predicting

Controlling

variables

SECTION B

STRUCTURED QUESTIONS

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K1: INFERENCE :

State logical explanation based on observation

Menyatakan penerangan yang logik tentang pemerhatian

(a) Give a reason (inference) based on this investigation

Beri atu sebab (inferens) berdasarkan penyiasatan ini

Observation

Pemerhatian

Because the rats in container U have limited food

Why?

Mengapa?

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K3. OBSERVATION:

State an observation to support you explanation

Menyatakan pemerhatian untuk menyokong penerangan

(b) Write one observation to support your reason (inference) given in (a)

Tulis satu pemerhatian untuk menyokong sebab (inferen) diberi dalam (a)

3 rats died in container U

Observation

Pemerhatian

http://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_3/MIND%20MAP%20UPSR.ppthttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_3/MIND%20MAP%20UPSR.ppthttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_3/MIND%20MAP%20UPSR.ppt
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Model Stability

P

Fall

Q Still stand

(a) Give a reason (inference) based on this investigation

Beri atu sebab (inferens) berdasarkan penyiasatan ini

(b) Write one observation to support your reason (inference) given in (a)

Tulis satu pemerhatian untuk menyokong sebab (inferen) diberi dalam (a)

Because Model Q is more stable

Model Q has bigger base area

Observation

Pemerhatian

http://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_3/MIND%20MAP%20UPSR.ppthttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_3/MIND%20MAP%20UPSR.ppthttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_3/MIND%20MAP%20UPSR.ppt
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K11. State manipulative variables /Menyatakan pemboleh ubah dimanipulasi.

what is changed (WC/PM)

K12. State responding variable / Menyatakan pemboleh ubah bergerakbalas.

what is measured (WM/PB)

K13. State constant variables / Menyatakan pemboleh ubah malar.what is kept the same (WS/PS)

State one information gathered from the investigation.

VARIABLES / PEMBOLEH UBAH

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A ping pong ball is dropped from different height.

The height of each bouncing is measured.

Sebiji bola ping pong dijatuhkan dariketinggian yang berbeza.

Ketinggian setiap lantunan diukur dan dicatat dalam jadual di bawah.

The table below shows the result:

Height to drop the ping pong ball

Ketinggian bola ping pong dijatuh (cm)

The height of the bouncing (cm)

Ketinggian pantulan (cm)

100 50

150 60

200 80

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A

B

C

i) what is changed ..............................................................

ii) what is observed ..................................................................

iii) what is kept the same .......................................................

State / Nyatakan :

the height of the ball dropped

the height of the bouncing

surface to drop the ball

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Three parachutes of different sizes are released from same height.

The time for each parachute to land is measuredand shown in the graph

below

Tiga payung terjun yang berbeza saiz dilepaskan dari ketinggian yang sama

Masa untuk setiap buah untuk mendarat dicatat dalam graf di bawah

A B C Ketinggian dilepaskan (m)

Masa

mendarat (s)

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30 minutes 35 minutes 40 minutes

WC: Size of the parachute

WO: Time taken for the parachute

to landWS: The height to drop the

parachute

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A toy cars is released from different height of the

ramps. The distance it traveled on each ramp is measured.

Sebuah kereta mainan dilepaskan di atas satah condong yang

berbeza ketinggian. Jarak dilalui telah diukur.

WC WM

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1.

2.

3.

WC: Height of the ramp

WM: the distance of a toy car traveled

WS: type of surface

20 cm

30 cm

50 cm

h l d h h h f

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T U

The result after a week /Keputusan selepas seminggu

Diagram1.1 shows two similar containers, T and U. Each container has the same amount of

food. One rat is into container T and five rats into container U.

Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan dua bekas yang serupa, T dan U. Setiap bekas mengandungi

makanan yang sama banyak. 1 ekor tikus dimasukan ke dalam bekas T dan 5 ekor tikus ke

dalam bekas U.

WC/PM

WM/PB

WS/PS

State /Nyatakan

i what is changed (manipulated variable):

ii what is measured (responding variable):

iii what is kept the same (constant variable):

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State / Nyatakan;

i what is changed (manipulated variable):

ii what is measured (responding variable):

iii what is kept the same (constant variable):

Number of rats

Amount of food

State one information gathered in this investigation

Number of rats//

Amount of food

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Parameter + object

Size of ice cube

amount of water

number of people

time to measure the length of shadow

Presence of water

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Height of the ramp (cm) 20 30 40

Distance traveledby the toy car (cm)

30 50 70

WM

WC

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Height of the ramp (cm) Distance traveled by a

toy car (cm)20 30

30 50

40 70

WMWC

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WM

WC

Distance traveled

by toy car (cm)

20 30 40 Height of the

ramp

70

60

50

40

30

2010

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APAI ESTATE JOHANS ESTATE

AVERAGE PER TREE

100 MANGOES

AVERAGE PER TREE

200 MANGOES

a. Based on the investigation state the following

i what is changed:

ii what is observed:

iii what is kept the same:

The distance between each mango tree

Number of mangoes // fruits

Size of the estate

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Distance of the object

from the torch

Number of

tomatoes

How to identify variables from the tables of result

Mengenalast i pembo leh ubah

WM

WC

Number of

animals in Y

Number of animal

in X

Year

Temperature

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Abu blows two models with the same amount of force.

The result is recorded in the table below

Model P Q

Stability Fall Still stand

What is changed

What is observed

What is kept the

same

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Identify ( WC), ( WM ) from the graph.

Mengenalpasti pemboleh ubah melalui graf

(WC )

( WM )

changes

(WC)

WM

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What is changed

What is observed

State // Nyatakan

a. What is changed (manipulated variable)

b. what is observed (responding variable)

Age of people

Number of telephone number

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1. A group of pupils built three models of structure with different

height as shown in the diagram below.

Model The number of books

that can be supported

J 3

L 6

K 8

J K L

What is changed

What is observed

State two information gathered in this investigation.

Nyatakan dua maklumat yang dikumpul dalam penyiasatan ini

The height of the models

The number of books that can be supported

The Factors that Cause Rusting

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The Factors that Cause Rusting

oil

boiled

water

nail

nail

dry air

dried calcium

chloride

pipe

water

nail

nail

oil

State // Nyatakan

i. what is changed (manipulated variable)

ii. what is observed (responding variable)

Presence of air and water

Condition of the nail

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Diagram below shows an investigation carried out by Fiza. She puts three

different sizes of spongein three containers. Each container contains 500 ml water

After 15 minutes, she recorded the volume of water left in the container. The

result are shown in the table below.

Container P Q R

Volume of water left / ml 400 250 100

500 ml

water

500 ml

water

P Q R

what is changed

what is observed

size of sponge

volume of water left

PREDICT / MERAMAL

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PREDICT / MERAMAL

K4. To state what will happen by extrapolating data

Menyatakan apa yang akan berlaku dengan mengekstrapolasi data

K5. To state what will happen based on experience

Menyatakan apa yang berlaku berdasarkan pengalaman lalu

807060504030Water temperatureoC121086420Time / minute?

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90807060504030Water temperatureoC

121086420Time / minute

a. Predict the water temperature at the 9 minute.

Ramalkan suhu air pada minit ke 9.

9 min

8070 = 10

10 2 = 5

70 + 5 = 75

or

80 - 5 = 75

75 o c

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D. Predict the length of the spring if 12 marbles are used in this investigation

Ramalkan panjang spring jika 12 guli digunakan dalam penyiasatan ini

12 cm

.............................................................................................

128

9

563

3

Length of the spring (cm)No. of marbles

+ 3 + 2

+ 3

+ 3

+ 3

+ 412

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P Q

Predict what will happen to the balsam plant in pot Q after 1 month.

Ramalkan apakah akan berlaku kepada pokok keembong dalam pasu Q selepas sebulan

The balsam plant will die // not grow healthy

Situational

prediction

Number of

pumps

3 5 7

Size of the

balloon

Predict the size of the balloon when pump 8 times

Ramalkan saiz belon bila dipam 8 kali

Bigger than pump 7 times // the biggest

INTERPRETATING DATA

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INTERPRETATING DATA

K6. State aim (purpose) of investigation

Menyatakan tujuan penyiasatan

K7. State the trend of change in the data

Menyatakan corak atau perubahan data

K8 . State the relationship between the variable

Menyatakan hubungan antara pemboleh ubah

K9. Menyatakan kesimpulan tantang data yan dikumpulkanMenyatakan kesimpulan tentang data yang dikumpul

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Diagram below shows an investigation carried out by Fiza. She puts three

different sizes of spongein three containers. Each container contains 500 ml

water

After 15 minutes, she recorded the volume of water left in the container. The

result are shown in the table below.

Container P Q R

Volume of water left / ml 400 250 100

500 ml

water

500 ml

water

Container P Container Q Container RP Q R

K6 What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation?

Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini?

To investigate the relationship between _____________ and__________________

WC/PM WM/PB

Size of sponge volume of water left

K7 State the trend of change in the data collected

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Number

of tigers

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Years

What is the trend of change in the number of tigers from 2000 to 2005?

Apakah corak perubahan bilangan harimau dari tahun 2000 hingga 2005?

Decreasing,

Trend

increasing, no change

K7. State the trend of change in the data collected

Menyatakan perubahan pola data yang dikumpulkan

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K7. What is the trend for the length of the shadows from 12:00 noon to 5:00 pm?

Apakah corak perubahan panjang bayang-bayang daripada pukul 12:00 hingga

5.00 petang

1005.00 pm

804:00 pm

603:00 pm

402:00 pm

201:00 pm

012.00am

Increasing

Trend

K8 State the relationship between two variables

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State the relationship between the time and the length of the shadow

Nyatakan hubungan antara masa dengan panjang bayang-bayang

1005.00 pm

804:00 pm

603:00 pm402:00 pm

201:00 pm

012.00am

As the___________ __________, the ___________________ ___________

WC/PM trend/corak WM/PB trend/corak

time increase length of the shadow increase

WC/PM WM/PB

increase increase

K8. State the relationship between two variables

Menyatakan hubungan antara dua pembolehubah

K9 State the conclusion of an investigation

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oil

boiled

water

nail

nail

dry air

dried calcium

chloride

pipe

water

nail

nail

oil

What conclusion can be made from this investigation?

Apakah kesimpulan yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan penyiasatan ini?

Nail will rust when there is present of air and water

g

Menyatakan kesimpulan penyiasatan

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Surrounding temperature (oC)

Suhu persekitaran

8 10 14 16 18 20 29 33

Number of tomatoes

Bilangan buah tomato

4 7 11 20 20 20 16 10

What conclusion can be made from this investigation?Apakah kesimpulan yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan penyiasatan ini?

When the surrounding temperature is between 16 oC to 20 oC the most

number of tomatoes produced.

F i il i f t h dk hi f Q R S d T h d f

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K9. What conclusion can be made from this investigation?

Apakah kesimpulan yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan penyiasatan ini?

Four similar piece of wet handkerchief Q,R,S and T are hung under fan

Of different speed respectively. Each handkerchief has a mass of 100g

After one hour, the mass of each handkerchief is recorded as shown in the table

.

What is

measured

What is changed

As the_______________ ________ the _______________ ____________

WC/PM trend WM/PB trend

speed of the fan increase mass after 1 hour decrease

increase

decrease

K14. State the relationship between two variables (Hypothesis)

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The time taken by a planet to orbit the Sun is affected by to the distance of

the planet from the Sun.

Masa untuk planet mengelilingi matahari disebabkan olehjarak planet daripada

matahari

Based on the statement above, state one relationship (hypothesis) between the variablethat is change (manipulated)and the variables that is observed (responding).

Berdasarkan pernyataan di atas, nyatakan hubungan ( hipthesis) antara pemboleh ubah

dimanipulasi dengan pemboleh ubah bergerakbalas

As the____________________________ _______,

the _____________________________ _______

distance of the planet from the Sun. increase

time taken by the planet to orbit the Sun increase

WC

WM

K14. State the relationship between two variables (Hypothesis)

Menyatakan hubungan antara dua pemboleh ubah (Hypothesis)

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