Paleolithic Era - Explained. 2,000 to 10,000 BCE. As you can see by your chart, we will investigate both the Paleolithic as well as the Neolithic time period and then we will compare them. Our first focus will be the Paleolithic time period. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Road to the Agricultural Revolution
Paleolithic Era - Explained2,000 to 10,000 BCE1As you can see by your chart, we will investigate both the Paleolithic as well as the Neolithic time period and then we will compare them. Our first focus will be the Paleolithic time period.
Lascaux Caves was done during the Paleolithic time period. We will have the opportunity to see them (virtually) during a web quest tomorrow.
The First HumansPaleolithicPaleo = OldLithic = StoneNeolithicNeo = NewLithic = Stone
The earliest humans probably lived in Africa.They spread to the rest of the world over the next tens of thousands of years as they hunted and gathered food to survive.4How old are we? 1 billion years old About 65 million years old About 30 million years old About 3 million years oldDinosaurs lived about Over 65 million years ago
but even though you may find lots of movies with humans getting eaten by dinosaurs, dinosaurs were long dead before humans showed up on earth!How do we know?
Lucy discovered in 1974 discovered in Hadar, Ethiopia Lucy is believed to be over 3 million years old! Evidence of humans walking upright!
Paleolithic EraREMEMBERPaleolithic Era also means Old Stone Age.The Paleolithic Age began two million-years ago
7Paleolithic EraHomo Sapiens during this period were . . .Nomads Making simple tools and weapons.Making cave artMastering the use of fire.Developing languageLiving in clans
Homes Small homes Caves, huts, or tents Small groups of people Found near water (rivers, lakes) Nomadic move around often
Food Hunter/Gatherers Meat was either hunted or scavenged Fruits/Vegetables must be scavenged NO GROWING FOODKey Concepts:- DwellingsNomadic Lifestyle followed herdsTemporary HousesSmall groups of peopleAnimal skin tents, caves, and huts
Interesting note: People did not live in caves like Lascaux or if they stayed, it was for a very short period of time. One theory is that Lascaux was more magical, used as a kind of place of worshipRemember that Paleolithic people often had to move from place to place, hunting and gathering.
Because of the lack of food and the constant moving, populations tended to be small.Although people were generally healthy, it is relative because of their short life span. They died at a very early age because of hunger, disease, or injury. It was a very rough lifestyle.
Groups of related families united in bands to collect roots, nuts, fruits and seeds. They also hunted together. By co-operating together they met their basic needs for food, clothing and shelter.
11The animals they killed provided meat for food, bones for tools, and hides for clothing.
They set up seasonal camps in caves or rock shelters wherever the animals were plentiful.
12Because populations were small, both men and women were important in these early societies. It is believed that men were probably the leaders of these little tribes. The eldest man ruled until his death. At that point power would move to the next oldest male. Women, however, had the most important roles during this time period. They had the important role of carrying on life and for the most part they were more successful in finding food.They were the gatherers. They found nuts and berries while the men hunted. Most times the men were unsuccessful in finding food while the women werent.
While the Paleolithic era refers to the "old stone age," the entire time period during which human beings were making tools of stone, art begins at approximately 35,000 BCE a time at which human beings seem to have circled the globe. The time frame for "Paleolithic art" can be described from 35,000 BCE to approximately 12,000 BCE.
Some theories state that cave artists breathed life into their animal/hunting pictures Showing the important connection between the hunt and the cave paintings
Other theories state that cave painted stopped when early humans began farming (agriculture) and felt superior to the animals that they drew before Key Concepts: - Clothes
Animal skinsBones used as needles to sew skins togetherKey concepts: Hunt/Farm
Hunter/gatherers Nomadic moved with food supplies followed herdsFishedIce Age forced them to move/change
Key concepts: ART
Cave Paintings-mostly of animalsCave art used in rituals-sometimes animals sacrificed Animism the belief that all living things have spirits
The Paleolithic Age
Tool usageThe invention of chipped stone tools Hunting and gathering bands (20-30 people)Constantly moving from place to place following food sources (herds of animals, etc.)
Paleolithic Age began about 2 million years agoPaleolithic Age is often referred to as the Old Stone AgeRocks were used as tools and weapons during the Paleolithic Revolution
Stone Age Artifacts18
Cave Paintings are Artifacts too.
How did early people get the food they needed to survive?21
3. Besides food, for what purposes might early people have worked together?22Bands migrated when food (plants or animals) became scarce in one location.
Were outta here!
Yaba-daba-doo!23Spreading Through the World
24Reasons for the MigrationsCouldnt find enough foodGrowing number of bandsChanging climate (desertification)Follow animals on the move (hunting)
25Ice AgeAbout 35,000 years agoIce sheets covered about 1/3 of the earthResultocean level lower & land bridges made migration to various parts of worldpossible26
And it made a cool movie too27Key Concepts (chart): - Tools
Chipped stone toolsSpears, knives, axes, clubs scraper, needles, harpoonsCave Lamps (as used for light to paint in caves)
Key Concepts (chart) Other:
Climate cold, glaciers, fewer plantsLived in small groups (clans)Women gathered fruit, nuts, rootsMen were hunters, elders had powerEveryone SHARED property equallyPeople were generally healthy during their short life span