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Packaging and Materials Handling

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Page 1: Packaging and Materials Handling


Page 2: Packaging and Materials Handling

Packaging Perspectives

Packaging is typically viewed as being either consumer, focused primarily on marketing or industrial, focused on logistics.

Page 3: Packaging and Materials Handling

Consumer packaging Marketing managers primarily concerned

with how the package fits into the marketing mix.

Industrial packaging Logistics managers primarily concerned

with efficient shipping characteristics including protection, ability to withstand stacking when on a pallet, cube, weight shape and other relevant factors.

Page 4: Packaging and Materials Handling

The Role of Packaging

Identify product and provide information Improve efficiency in handling and

distribution Customer interface Protect product

Page 5: Packaging and Materials Handling

Packaging for Materials Handling Efficiency

Package design Product packaging in standard

configurations and order quantities facilitates logistical efficiency.

Ex: cube utilization

Page 6: Packaging and Materials Handling

Unitization The process of grouping master cartons into one

physical unit for material handling or transport. Rigid containers

The use of containers handled and transported by special equipment and ships is common practice in air and water transport.

Improve overall material movement efficiency Ex: Automobile manufacturers use returnable

racks for interplant shipment of body part.

Page 7: Packaging and Materials Handling

Flexible containers Do not protect a product by complete The most common type of non rigid

containerization is stacked master cartons on pallets.

The common size used are 40 x 48,32 x 40.

Page 8: Packaging and Materials Handling

Pallets and Pallet Movers

Page 9: Packaging and Materials Handling

Communication The final logistical packaging functionality

is communication or information transfer. Identification, tracking, handling

instructions. Universal product code (UPC) Electronic product code (EPC) Bar code

Page 10: Packaging and Materials Handling

Materials Handling

Definition: Efficient short distance movement in or between buildings and a transportation agency.

Four dimensions Movement Time Quantity Space


Page 11: Packaging and Materials Handling

Objectives of Materials Handling Increase effective capacity Minimize aisle space Reduce product handling Develop effective working conditions Reduce heavy labor Improve logistics service Reduce cost

Page 12: Packaging and Materials Handling

Materials Handling Equipment Conveyors Types

Roller or gravity style Belt style

Advantages Assist in keeping inventory records an location Ability to move goods quickly and efficiently

Disadvantages Very expensive Relatively inflexible

Page 13: Packaging and Materials Handling

Other Types

Cranes (overhead and wheeled) Packers (COFC and TOFC)

Automatic guided vehicles Advantages Ability to handle special movements quickly

and efficiently Disadvantages

Very expensive and limited use

Page 14: Packaging and Materials Handling

Types of Materials Handling Equipment A Design

Perspective Flexible path

Fork lifts, power lifts/skids Very flexible, but usually labor intensive

Continuous-flow fixed path Conveyors, track-guided vehicles Expensive but capable; limited flexibility;

need high volumes to be efficient Intermittent-flow fixed path

Rail-mounted cranes

Page 15: Packaging and Materials Handling

Equipment Selection Factors Physical attributes of the product and its

packaging Characteristics of the facility Time requirements Sources of information

Vendor sales force Company engineers Consultants Similar site visitation and inspection