Overview of the education system in England Eurydice at NFER, the Eurydice Unit for England, Wales and Northern Ireland

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Overview of the education system in England Eurydice at NFER, the Eurydice Unit for England, Wales and Northern Ireland Slide 2 United Kingdom England pop 51.1 million Scotland pop 5.1 million Wales pop 3 million Northern Ireland pop 1.8 million Slide 3 No separate government of its own Primary legislation on education made by UK Parliament at Westminster Separate education systems in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland England Slide 4 Government departments (DCSF & BIS) & associated non-departmental public bodies e.g. QCDA, TDA Local authorities Schools (headteachers and governing bodies) School education: shared responsibilities Slide 5 School governing bodies setting strategic direction approving school budget reviewing progress appointing headteacher challenging and supporting headteacher represent stakeholders (parents, school staff, the LA, the community etc). Specifically responsible for: Slide 6 all 3- and 4-year-olds entitled to 2.5 hours a day Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) curriculum Providers include: maintained (state) nursery schools maintained (state) primary schools in nursery (3+) and reception (4+) classes private and voluntary providers who receive government subsidies Early years education Slide 7 Age 5-16 Divided into 4 Key Stages KS1 5-7 years KS2 7-11 years KS3 11-14 years KS4 14-16 years But most children start school between the ages of four and five (in the reception class). Compulsory education Slide 8 Maintained (state) schools receive funding from the local authority are required to deliver National Curriculum are subject to the same system of inspection manage their own budgets select and manage their own staff (including support staff and headteacher). Slide 9 But there are differences between them relating to ownership of land and buildings, the constitution of the governing body, whether they are responsible for deciding admissions policy and whether they are the legal employer of their staff. Schools fall into the following legal categories: community schools voluntary aided (VA) and voluntary controlled (VC) schools - typically faith schools foundation schools Slide 10 Faith schools Around 1/3 of primaries but fewer secondaries Mainly Church of England or Catholic but also some other faiths Fully funded for running costs RE and daily collective worship (assembly) delivered according to religious character Often give preference for admission to members of a particular faith or denomination Slide 11 Attended by around 7% of children Funded mainly by parental fees Dont have to follow National Curriculum Independent schools Slide 12 Schools by age range Primary schools Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) age 0-5Nursery and reception KS1age 5-7Y1, Y2 KS2age 7-11Y3, Y4, Y5, Y6 Secondary schools KS3age 11-14Y7, Y8, Y9 KS4age 14-16Y10, Y11 and often also: KS 5/Sixth formAge 16-18+Y12, Y13 Slide 13 comprehensive schools the great majority of schools do not select on academic ability but there are some that do, known as grammar schools specialist schools the majority of secondary schools now have a curriculum specialism academies independent state schools Types of secondary school Slide 14 Originally established in 1988 A framework which defines the minimum entitlement and the starting point for planning a school curriculum that meets the needs of individuals and groups of pupils Defined by programmes of study, attainment targets and level descriptions, and assessment arrangements, not hours of study Compulsory education: National Curriculum Slide 15 National Curriculum Assessment There is a statutory system of formal assessment against national standards at the end of each key stage. At KS 1 (age 7) there is teacher assessment in reading, writing, maths and science, taking into account performance in tasks and tests in reading, writing and maths At KS 2 (age 11) there is teacher assessment in English, maths and science and there are national tests in English and maths At KS 3 (age 14) there is teacher assessment in all subjects Slide 16 Qualifications at 16 GCSEs are single subject exams students typically take 7 to 10 subjects externally regulated, set and marked with some internally assessed coursework graded A*-G 5+ A*-Cs (five good GCSEs) is a key benchmark School level results published including contextual value added Some qualifications for lower attainers e.g. Entry Levels Slide 17 Provided in: schools (sixth forms) sixth form colleges further education colleges Approximately two thirds of young people stay in full-time education at 17. Post-compulsory education Slide 18 Post-16 qualifications No compulsory core curriculum GCE A levels; AS at 17; A2s at 18 Single subject qualifications; students study 3 or more subjects in depth Passes graded A to E Externally regulated, set and marked with some internally assessed coursework Also vast range of vocational qualifications Slide 19 Very diverse in terms of size, mission, subject mix and history 130 HEIs (86 universities and 44 HE colleges) Single sector all are independent self-governing bodies subject to same QA and funding arrangements Structure of UK degrees already conforms to the Bologna model Variable tuition fees introduced 2006, typically 3,070 per annum in 2007/08 Government committed to widening access Higher education Slide 20 School workforce Includes leadership group (eg heads and deputies), other qualified schoolteachers, teaching assistants and administrative staff Each school decides its own staffing complement in terms of numbers and type, recruits staff and makes appointment decisions Schoolteachers are employees of local authority (LA) or school, not civil servants National framework for schoolteachers pay and conditions Slide 21 Initial Teacher Training (ITT) 3- or 4-year Bachelor of Education (BEd), or 1- year Postgraduate Certificate of Education (PGCE) Also School Centred Initial Teacher Training SCITT and employment-based options, such as the Graduate Teacher Programme (GTP) All training routes lead to Qualified Teacher Status (QTS) ITT is followed by an induction year Slide 22 QCDA:Qualifications and Curriculum Development Agency (England) Advises on school and early years curriculum, examinations and assessment Reapproves and regulates external qualifications Remit excludes higher education Further information: Qualifications and curriculum Slide 23 Ofsted:The inspectorate for children and learners in England, a non-ministerial government department accountable to Parliament QAA:Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education (UK-wide) Further information: Inspection and quality assurance Slide 24 The Young Peoples Learning Agency (YPLA) is responsible for planning, allocating and funding education and training for all 16 - 19 year olds in England. The Skills Funding Agency is responsible for funding and regulating adult FE and skills training in England. HEFCE is the funding body for higher education in England. Further information: bodies involved in further and higher education Slide 25 The Training and Development Agency for Schools (TDA) Responsible for the training and development of the whole school workforce, including initial teacher training, continuing professional development and training for the wider school workforce The General Teaching Council for England A professional body for teachers with which teachers must register National College for Leadership of Schools and Childrens Services Further information: Teacher training (including CPD) Slide 26 Further information: Government departments and related agencies in England Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF) www.dcsf.gov.uk Department for Business, Innovation, and Skills (BIS) www.bis.gov.uk Ofstedwww.ofsted.gov.uk/ Qualifications and Curriculum Development Agency (QCDA) www.qcda.org.uk/ Young Peoples Learning Agency (YPLA) Skills Funding Agency www.ypla.gov.uk/ www.skillsfundingagency.bis.gov.uk/ Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) www.hefce.ac.uk/ Slide 27 Further information: DCSF key policies and strategies Five-year strategy for children and learners: www.dcsf.gov.uk/publication s/5yearstrategy/index.shtml 14-19 education and skills: www.dcsf.gov.uk/14- 19/index.cfm?go=site.home The Standards Site:www.standards.dcsf.gov.uk/ Slide 28 Further information: Education in the UK & elsewhere - international perspectives Eurydice at NFER overview and diagram of education in England, Wales and Northern Ireland www.nfer.ac.uk/eurydice/infor mation-by-topic/education- systems/overview-of- education-in-england-wales- and-northern-ireland.cfm Eurydice networkhttp://eacea.ec.europa.eu/edu cation/eurydice/index_en.php Eurydice Descriptions of National Education Systems and Policies (Eurybase) http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/edu cation/eurydice/eurybase_en. php INCA (database on curriculum and assessment frameworks in 21 countries) www.inca.org.uk