OS X: Keyboard Shortcuts

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OS X Keyboard Shortcuts

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  • 04/07/14 08:36OS X: Keyboard shortcuts

    Page 1 of 9http://support.apple.com/kb/ht1343?viewlocale=nl_nl

    Talen EnglishOS X: Keyboard shortcutsA keyboard shortcut is a way to invoke a function in OS X by pressing a combination of keys on yourkeyboard. Learn about common OS X keyboard shortcuts.

    Using keyboard shortcutsTo use a keyboard shortcut, press a modifier key at the same time as a character key. For example, pressing theCommand key (it has a symbol) and then the "c" key copies whatever is currently selected to the Clipboard. Thisis also known as the Command-C keyboard shortcut. You can see the keys that map to many shortcuts by lookingin an app's menus.

    A modifier key is a part of many keyboard shortcuts. A modifier key alters the way other keystrokes ormouse/trackpad clicks are interpreted by OS X. Modifier keys include: Command, Shift, Option, Control, CapsLock, and the fn key. These keys are represented by special symbols when you see them in menus and other partsof OS X:

    Command key Control key Option key Shift Key Caps Lockfn Function Key

    When the fn key is used with the top row of keys on your keyboard, it makes them perform a different function.For example, if a keyboard shortcut is Control-F2, you press fn-Control-Brightness on your keyboard. If you lookclosely at the Brightness key at the top of your keyboard, there is an F2 symbol indicating that this key works as afunction key (F2 or function 2) when you hold fn on the keyboard.

    If you use a non-Apple keyboard that includes a Windows key, the Alt key is the same thing as pressing Option,and the Windows key is the same thing as Command. You can change how these keys are interpreted from theKeyboard pane of System Preferences.

    Startup shortcutsUse these key combinations to change how your computer starts up. Press and hold the key or combination ofkeys immediately after starting your Mac until the expected function occurs or appears. For example, press andhold the Option key during startup until the Startup Manager appears.

    Note: If you're using a keyboard manufactured by someone other than Apple, the Alt key is usually the same keyas the Option key. If this modifier doesn't appear to work, try using an Apple keyboard instead.

    Key or key combination What it does

    Option or Alt Display all startup volumes (Startup Manager)Shift Start up in Safe ModeLeft Shift Prevent automatic login

    C Start from bootable media (DVD, CD, USB thumbdrive)T Start up in Target disk modeN Start from a NetBoot server

    Force OS X startup (when non-OS X startup

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    X volumes are available)

    D Use Apple Hardware TestCommand-R Use OS X Recovery (OS X Lion or later)Command-V Start up in Verbose ModeCommand-S Start up in Single User ModeCommand-Option-P-R Reset NVRAM / parameter RAMHold down the Media Eject () key or F12 key, or mouse ortrackpad button Eject removable discs

    Sleep and shut down shortcuts Use these key combinations after your Mac has started up to sleep, shut down, or restart your computer.

    Key or key combination What it does

    Power buttonTap to power on. Once powered on, tap the power button to wake or sleep inOS X Mavericks.

    Hold down the power buttonfor 1.5 seconds Show the restart / sleep / shutdown dialog in OS X Mavericks

    Hold down the power buttonfor 5 seconds Force the Mac to power off

    Command-Control-powerbutton Force the Mac to restart

    Control-Media Eject () Show restart / sleep / shutdown dialogCommand-Option-Media Eject() Put the computer to sleep

    Command-Control-MediaEject ()

    Quit all applications (after giving you a chance to save changes to opendocuments), then restart the computer

    Command-Option-Control-Media Eject ()

    Quit all applications (after giving you a chance to save changes to opendocuments), then shut down the computer

    Shift-Control-Media Eject () Put all displays to sleep

    Taking screenshotsUse these shortcuts to take a picture of what you see on your screen. You can also use Grab to take screenshots, an app located inthe Utilities folder.

    Key combination What it does

    Command-Shift-3 Capture the screen to a fileCommand-Shift-Control-3 Capture the screen to the Clipboard

    Command-Shift-4 Capture a selection of the screen to a file, or press the spacebar to capture just awindowCommand-Shift-Control-4

    Capture a selection of the screen to the Clipboard, , or press the spacebar to capturejust a window

    Application and other OS X shortcutsThese keyboard shortcuts work in most apps.

    Key combination What it does

    Command-Space barShow or hide the Spotlight search field(if multiple languages are being used simultaneously, this shortcut may rotatethrough enabled script systems instead)

    Command-Option-Spacebar

    Show the Spotlight search results window (if multiple languages are installed, mayrotate through keyboard layouts and input methods within a script)

    Command-Tab Move forward to the next most recently used application in a list of openapplicationsCommand-Shift-Tab Move backward through a list of open applications (sorted by recent use)

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    Shift-Tab Navigate through controls in a reverse direction

    Control-Tab Move focus to the next grouping of controls in a dialog or the next table (whenTab moves to the next cell)Shift-Control-Tab Move focus to the previous grouping of controlsOption-Media Eject () Eject from secondary optical media drive (if one is installed)Command-F1 Toggle "Mirror Displays" on multi-monitor configurationsCommand-F2 Toggle Target Display ModeCommand-F3 Show DesktopCommand-F5 Toggle VoiceOver On or OffOption-F1 or Option-F2 Opens "Displays" System PreferenceOption-F3 or Option-F4 Open Mission Control preferencesOption-F10 or -F11 or -F12 Open Sound preferencesShift-Control-F6 Move focus to the previous panelControl-F7 Temporarily override the current keyboard access mode in windows and dialogsControl-F8 Move to the status menus in the menu barCommand-Accent (`) Activate the next open window in the frontmost applicationCommand-Shift-Accent (`) Activate the previous open window in the frontmost applicationCommand-Option-Accent(`) Move focus to the window drawer

    Command-Minus () Decrease the size of the selected itemCommand-{ Left-align a selectionCommand-} Right-align a selectionCommand-| Center-align a selectionCommand-Colon (:) Display the Spelling and Grammar windowCommand-Semicolon (;) Find misspelled words in the document

    Command-Comma (,) Open the front application's preferences windowCommand-Option-Control-Comma (,) Decrease screen contrast

    Command-Option-Control-Period (.) Increase screen contrast

    Command-Question Mark(?) Open the application's help in Help Viewer

    Command-Option-/ Turn font smoothing on or offCommand-Shift-= Increase the size of the selected itemCommand-A Highlight every item in a document or window, or all characters in a text fieldCommand-B Boldface the selected text or toggle boldfaced text on and offCommand-C Copy the selected data to the ClipboardCommand-Shift-C Display the Colors windowCommand-Option-C Copy the formatting settings of the selected item and store on the ClipboardCommand-Option-V Paste (apply) the formatting settings from the Clipboard to the selected itemCommand-Option-D Show or hide the DockCommand-Control-D Display the definition of the selected word

    Command-D Selects the Desktop folder in Open and Save dialogs or selects Don't Save indialogs that contain a Don't Save buttonCommand-Delete Selects Don't Save in dialogs that contain a Delete or Don't Save buttonCommand-E Use the selection for a findCommand-F Open a Find windowCommand-Option-F Move to the search field control

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    Command-G Find the next occurrence of the selectionCommand-Shift-G Find the previous occurrence of the selectionCommand-H Hide the windows of the currently running applicationCommand-Option-H Hide the windows of all other running applicationsCommand-I Italicize the selected text or toggle italic text on or offCommand-Option-I Display an inspector windowCommand-M Minimize the active window to the Dock

    Command-Option-M Minimize all windows of the active application to the DockCommand-N Create a new document in the frontmost applicationCommand-O Display a dialog for choosing a document to open in the frontmost applicationCommand-P Display the Print dialogCommand-Shift-P Display a dialog for specifying document parameters (Page Setup)Command-Q Quit the frontmost applicationCommand-S Save the active documentCommand-Shift-S Display the Save As dialog or duplicate the current documentCommand-T Display the Fonts windowCommand-Option-T Show or hide a toolbarCommand-U Underline the selected text or turn underlining on or offCommand-V Paste the Clipboard contents at the insertion pointCommand-Option-V Apply the style of one object to the selected object (Paste Style)

    Command-Shift-Option-V Apply the style of the surrounding text to the inserted object (Paste and MatchStyle)Command-Control-V Apply formatting settings to the selected object (Paste Ruler)Command-W Close the frontmost windowCommand-Shift-W Close a file and its associated windowsCommand-Option-W Close all windows in the application without quitting itCommand-X Remove the selection and store in the ClipboardCommand-Z Undo previous command (some applications allow for multiple Undos)Command-Shift-Z Redo previous command (some applications allow for multiple Redos)Control-Space bar Toggle between the current and previous input sourcesOption-Control-Space bar Toggle through all enabled input sourcesCommand-Option-esc choose an application to Force QuitCommand-Shift-Option-Esc(hold for three seconds) Force Quit the front-most application

    Command-Left Bracket ([) Previous browser webpageCommand-Right Bracket (]) Next browser webpage

    Text selection shortcuts

    Use these key combinations when editing text in a field or document.

    fn-Delete Forward Delete (on a portable Mac's built-in keyboard)fn-Up Arrow Scroll up one page (same as Page Up key)fn-Down Arrow Scroll down one page (same as Page Down key)fn-Left Arrow Scroll to the beginning of a document (same as Home key)fn-Right Arrow Scroll to the end of a document (same as End key)Command-RightArrow Move the text insertion point to the end of the current line

    Command-LeftArrow Move the text insertion point to the beginning of the current line

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    Command-DownArrow

    Move the text insertion point to the end of the document

    Command-UpArrow Move the text insertion point to the beginning of the document

    Option-Right Arrow Move the text insertion point to the end of the next wordOption-Left Arrow Move the text insertion point to the beginning of the previous word

    Option-Delete Delete the word that is left of the cursor, as well as any spaces or punctuation after thewordCommand-Shift-Right Arrow Select text between the insertion point and the end of the current line (*)

    Command-Shift-Left Arrow Select text between the insertion point and the beginning of the current line (*)

    Command-Shift-UpArrow Select text between the insertion point and the beginning of the document (*)

    Command-Shift-Down Arrow Select text between the insertion point and the end of the document (*)

    Shift-Left Arrow Extend text selection one character to the left (*)Shift-Right Arrow Extend text selection one character to the right (*)

    Shift-Up Arrow Extend text selection to the line above, to the nearest character boundary at the samehorizontal location (*)

    Shift-Down Arrow Extend text selection to the line below, to the nearest character boundary at the samehorizontal location (*)

    Shift-Option-RightArrow

    Extend text selection to the end of the current word, then to the end of the following wordif pressed again (*)

    Shift-Option-LeftArrow

    Extend text selection to the beginning of the current word, then to the beginning of thefollowing word if pressed again (*)

    Shift-Option-DownArrow

    Extend text selection to the end of the current paragraph, then to the end of the followingparagraph if pressed again (*)

    Shift-Option-UpArrow

    Extend text selection to the beginning of the current paragraph, then to the beginning ofthe following paragraph if pressed again (*)

    Control-A Move to beginning of line or paragraphControl-B Move one character backwardControl-D Delete the character in front of the cursorControl-E Move to the beginning of a line or paragraphControl-F Move one character forwardControl-H Delete the character behind the cursorControl-K Delete from the character in front of the cursor to the end of the line or paragraphControl-L Center the cursor or selection in the visible areaControl-N Move down one lineControl-O Insert a new line after the cursorControl-P Move up one lineControl-T Transpose the character behind the cursor and the character in front of the cursorControl-V Move down

    *Note: If no text is selected, the extension begins at the insertion point. If text is selected by dragging, then the extension begins atthe selection boundary. Reversing the direction of the selection deselects the appropriate unit.

    AccessibilityThese keyboard shortcuts help you control your Mac with your keyboard or assistive devices.

    Accessibility and VoiceOver keyboard commands

    Key combination What it does

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    Command-Option-F5 Display Accessibility OptionsCommand-F5 or fn-Command-F5 Turn VoiceOver on or off

    Option-Control-F8 or fn-Option-Control-F8 Open VoiceOver Utility (if VoiceOver is on)Option-Control-F7 or fn-Option-Control-F7 Display VoiceOver menu (if VoiceOver is on)Option-Control-Semicolon (;) Enable or disable VoiceOverCommand-Option-8 Turn Zoom on or offCommand-Option-Plus (+) Zoom InCommand-Option-Minus () Zoom OutCommand-Option-Control-8 Invert/revert the screen colors (OS X Lion or earlier)Command-Option-Control-Comma (,) Reduce contrast (OS X Lion or earlier)Command-Option-Control-Period (.) Increase contrast (OS X Lion or earlier)

    Note: You may need to enable "Use all F1, F2, etc. keys as standard keys" in Keyboard preferences for theVoiceOver menu and utility to work.

    Full keyboard access

    Full keyboard access lets you use your keyboard to navigate and interact with items on the screen. Use theseshortcuts to select and adjust controls such as text fields and sliders. This setting can be toggled by pressingControl-F7, or by selecting Full Keyboard Access from the Shortcuts pane of Keyboard preferences in SystemPreferences.

    Key combination What it does

    Tab Move to the next controlShift-Tab Move to the previous controlControl-Tab Move to the next control when a text field is selected

    Arrow keysMove to the adjacent item in a list, tab group, or menu orMove sliders and adjusters (vertic...

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