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ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

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Page 1: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR

FLOODS & CYCLONES

Dr.P.R.S.CHETANCHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE

KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

Page 2: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

A flood is fast moving water that collects in a stream or gully after heavy rains, catches people off guard that makes them dangerous.

Page 3: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS
Page 4: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

When it occurs

When there is sudden rain & makes it more

dangerous when a sewer drain gets

clogged.

Page 5: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

How it happens and why

Too much rain at one time plus no

prevention to help stop erosion.

Page 6: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

Prevention and protection

Don’t attempt to swim in flooded roads or drive Don’t attempt to swim in flooded roads or drive in them. Pack light if you want to evacuate. in them. Pack light if you want to evacuate. Try to unclog storm drains before it happens.Try to unclog storm drains before it happens.

Page 7: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

Examples

A flood in India

Page 8: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

examples

A RIVER FLOOD

Page 9: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS
Page 10: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

CAUSES OF FLOODS

• INADEQUATE CAPACITY ( Within Banks)• BANK EROSION AND SILTING• LAND SLIDES• TIDAL AND BACK WATER EFFECTS• POOR DRAINAGE• SNOW MELT AND GLACIAL OUT BURSTS

Page 11: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

Recent losses due to flood

• In 1998 floods flooded 37% of the country & the same year 9846 people died and 34.11 million were affected by disasters and the country suffered over 2000 crores loss.

• 1999 Orissa super cyclone, in which 10,000 people were killed and many left homeless.

• 2000 Floods took a toll of about 4000 lives in the country.

Page 12: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

Recent losses due to flood

• 2005 Floods in Mumbai & Maharashtra resulted in loss of 1000 lives & causing crores of economic loss.

• 2009 Floods in Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh

• 2010 Floods in Uttarkhand.

Page 13: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

Effects of Fast Flowing water

• 15 cm of fast flowing water will knock you off your feet.

• Don’t walk through the moving water more than ankle deep.

• 30 cm of water will float 700 kg of objects.

• 60 cm of water will cause most cars to float i.e. 1400 kg, the weight of an average large vehicle.

Page 14: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

ORGANISING CD COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS – CCB

( Community Capacity Building)

Page 15: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

INSIGHTS OF CAPACITY BUILDING CERT Community Emergency

Response Teams

Page 16: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

Community Preparedness: Roles and Responsibilities

• Key priority in lessening the impact of disasters

• Critical that all community members take steps to prepare

• Effective when addresses unique attributes of community and engages whole community

Page 17: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

Emergency Operations Plan

• Assigns responsibility to organizations and individuals

• Sets forth lines of authority

• Describes how people and property will be protected

• Identifies personnel, equipment, facilities, supplies, and other resources

Page 18: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

Community Leaders

• Have a responsibility to participate in community preparedness– Participate on local collaborative planning

– Identify and integrate appropriate resources into government plans .

– Ensure that Civil Defence Volunteers work in coordination with local communities.

Page 19: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

The Public

• Learn about community alerts, warnings, and evacuation routes

• Take training

• Practice skills and personal plans

• Network and help others

• Give feedback to community

• Report suspicious activity

• Volunteer

Page 20: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

Engaging the Whole Community

• Goal of Civil Defence is to make communities safer, more prepared, and more resilient .

• Civil Defence brings government and community leaders together .

• Civil Defence should ensure emergency plans more effectively reflect the community.

Page 21: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

Key Disaster Elements

• They are relatively unexpected

• Emergency personnel may be overwhelmed

• Lives, health, and the environment are endangered

Page 22: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

THREE STAGES OF DM

• PREPARDNESS ; To ensure effective Response .

• RESPONSE: To reduce adverse impacts during the flooding

• RECOVERY; To assist the affected community to rebuild and reinvent.

Page 23: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

PRE FLOOD

• MASS AWARENESS CAMPAIGNS.• FORMATION OF SELF HELP QUICK

RESPONSE TEAMS.• IDENTIFYING LOW LYING AREAS THAT

ARE VULNERABLE.• STRENGTHENING EARLY WARNING

SYSTEMS.• EDUCATION AND REGULAR TRAINING.

Page 24: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

PRE FLOOD

• PROVIDING TRAINING IN PREPARING EMERGENCY RELEIF KITS.

• LONG TERM STRUCTURAL CHANGES.• MOCK DRILLS/FLOOD HAZARD MAPPING• COORDINATING MECHANISM.• CREATE CULTURE OF DISASTER

PREPARDNESS.• EMPOWER WOMEN AND CHILDREN.

Page 25: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

PRE FLOOD

• PROTECTION OF CRITICAL INFRA.• EARLY WARNING THRU

UNDERSTANDABLE MANNER.• LEGALLY DESIGNATED SINGLE

AUTHORITY TO COORDINATE• PREPARDNESS BEGINS AT THE

COMMUNITY LEVEL

Page 26: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

DURING FLOOD

• EMERGENCY EVACUATION TO SAFER ZONES.

• MITIGATION AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE.

• REHABILITION & RECOVERY.• PROVIDING SAFE DRINKING WATER.• ESTABLISHING TEMPORARY RELEIF

CAMPS.

Page 27: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

DURING FLOOD

• SANITATION & HEALTH SERVICES.• SAVE YOURSELF , NOT BELONGINGS.• ASSISTING AUTHORITIES IN

MAINTAINING LAW & ORDER.• RAPID NEEDS ASSESMENT• INFORM AUTHORITIES ABOUT BROKEN

WATER LINES, POWER CABLES , BROKEN POLES, TREES ETC…

Page 28: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

AFTER FLOOD

• CONTROL EPEDEMICS.• NEVER RUSH BACK TO FLOOD AFFECTED

AREAS.• CHECK BUILDING STURDINESS, WEAK

TREES, BROKEN POLES ETC….• ENSURE EVEN DISTRIBUTION OF

AVAILABLE RESOURCES• DOCUMENTATION OF LESSONS LEARNT

Page 29: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

D: Detection

I: Incident Command

S: Safety & Security

A: Assess Hazards

S: Support

T: Triage & Treatment

E: Evacuation

R: Recovery

DISASTER

Page 30: ORGANISING CIVIL DEFENCE COMMUNITY PREPARDNESS FOR FLOODS & CYCLONES Dr.P.R.S.CHETAN CHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS

Thank [email protected]

098450 34460

Dr.P.R.S.CHETANCHIEF WARDEN –BANGALORE

KARNATAKA CIVIL DEFENCE CORPS