Omaha Trail to Lake .Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 1 Omaha Trail

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  • Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 1

    Omaha Trail to Lake Matthew

    Lake Matthew Team / Celestia

  • Rationale for the Omaha TrailMATT: The Mars Terraformer TransferOmaha Crater: Cargo & PropellantDeimos ISRU, Deimos DockDeimos Rail Launcher (DRL)Mars Lift (ML)TramwayOmaha Trail BenefitsMATT + Omaha Trail

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 2

    Omaha Trail to Lake Matthew

    Lake Matthew Team / Celestia

  • Rationale for the Omaha TrailMATT: The Mars Terraformer TransferOmaha Crater: Cargo & PropellantDeimos ISRU, Deimos DockDeimos Rail Launcher (DRL)Mars Lift (ML)TramwayOmaha Trail BenefitsMATT + Omaha Trail

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 3

    Omaha Trail to Lake Matthew

    Lake Matthew Team / Celestia

  • Omaha Trail to Lake MatthewObjective for the Omaha Trail: High-efficiency transport infrastructure to Lake Matthew facilities at Omaha Crater

    Rationale for the Omaha Trail: It would reduce the number of required Earth launches It would lower cargo transport cost An integrated system orchestrates and justifies R&D for each infrastructure

    component It would enable faster crew return with less cosmic radiation exposure

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 4

  • Rationale for the Omaha TrailMATT: The Mars Terraformer TransferOmaha Crater ISRUCargo needsDeimos ISRU, Deimos DockDeimos Rail Launcher (DRL)Mars Lift (ML)TramwayOmaha Trail BenefitsMATT + Omaha Trail

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 5

    Omaha Trail to Lake Matthew

    Lake Matthew Team / Celestia

  • Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 6

    Terraformation

  • Benefits of Terraformation Cuts mass, energy and labor needed Cuts R&D cost Enables scaled ISRU for self-sufficiency Follow-on benefit: Sole-source contracts for Mars facilities, provisions

    and rare metals

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 7

  • Practical Terraformation Impactor example:

    Bedrock to +50 C Meltwater Air pressure > 1 kPa Lake formation possible

    This is the common, natural way to terraform a site on Mars

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 8

    Schwenzer et al 2012,

  • Practical Terraformation

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 9

    Roy Wood

  • MATT Mars Terraformer Transfer

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 10

    LakeMatthew.com

  • DE-STARLITE System

    DE-STAR: Directed Energy System for Targeting of Asteroids and exploRation

    LITE:a small version for single-launch configuration (Shepherd)

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 11

    Lubin et al. 2016

  • Flight Plan (NDA) Shepherd: COTS, single-launch payload Tracking and trajectory changes: 1 kPa, new lowest point on Mars Result: Lake Matthew

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 12

  • Omaha Crater Designated Impact Site Ice abundant locally in

    near-surface Freshwater stable to 11 C,

    for persistent Lake Matthew and other reservoirs

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 13

  • Omaha Crater

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 14

    Lake Matthew Team

  • Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 15

    Jonathan S Blair/National Geographic/Getty Images

  • Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 16

    Habitat and Greenhouse Domes

    Lake Matthew Team

  • Mining Principal rare metals in

    Type IVA meteorite, at scale of 16 Psyche:

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 17

    NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS

    SSL/ASU/P. Rubin/NASA/JPL-Caltech

    Element Concentration (ppm) by mass

    Value at current pricing ($)

    Platinum 6.2 $ 2,093,000,000,000,000,000 Palladium 4.0 $ 1,268,000,000,000,000,000 Rhodium 2.8 $ 1,038,000,000,000,000,000 Gold 1.6 $ 698,000,000,000,000,000

    Davis 2005, DOrazio & Folco 2003, Hoashi et al. 1993, Shen et al., 1996

  • Mining

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 18

    Element Concentration (ppm) by mass

    Value at current pricing ($)

    Platinum 6.2 $ 2,093,000,000,000,000,000 Palladium 4.0 $ 1,268,000,000,000,000,000 Rhodium 2.8 $ 1,038,000,000,000,000,000 Gold 1.6 $ 698,000,000,000,000,000

    Article in press:A Station at the End of Musks Railroad

  • MATT In ContextFrom Omaha Crater to the Omaha Trail:

    At Omaha Crater, Mars paucity of natural resources and severity of environment no longer constrain settlement growth, from 2036

    Transport efficiency becomes the constraint Hence the Omaha Trail

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 19

  • Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 20

  • Rationale for the Omaha TrailMATT: The Mars Terraformer TransferOmaha Crater: Cargo & PropellantDeimos ISRU, Deimos DockDeimos Rail Launcher (DRL)Mars Lift (ML)TramwayOmaha Trail BenefitsMATT + Omaha Trail

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 21

    Omaha Trail to Lake Matthew

    Lake Matthew Team / Celestia

  • Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 22

    Omaha Crater ISRU Self-sufficiency in:

    Breathing and propellant gases Treated water and brine Bulk fertilizer, hydroponic sand Staple foods Most construction materials

    Hence ~90% cut in cargo

  • Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 23

    Omaha Crater Cargo Cargo required for:

    Construction titanium powder, ETFE foil Complex tools and parts Industrial gases, reactants, catalysts Medical supplies Novelty foods

    Most mass of cargo ships devoted to: Propellant

    1950 tons propellant 450 tons cargo 150 tons dry mass

    SpaceX

  • Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 24

    Omaha Crater Propellant Total propellant per cargo flight: 87,000 tons

    Cargo with Mars surface propellant: 300 tons Cargo with LMO propellant: 450 tons

    Incentive to tank up in Mars orbit Incentive to perform ISRU in Mars orbit

    SpaceX

  • Rationale for the Omaha TrailMATT: The Mars Terraformer TransferOmaha Crater: Cargo & PropellantDeimos ISRU, Deimos DockDeimos Rail Launcher (DRL)Mars Lift (ML)TramwayOmaha Trail BenefitsMATT + Omaha Trail

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 25

    Omaha Trail to Lake Matthew

    Lake Matthew Team / Celestia

  • Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 26

    Deimos ISRU Deimos density: 1.5 g/cm3 (Murchie et al. 2013) ~50 wt% volatiles, within 20-60 m of polar surface (Fanale and Salvail 1990) Products: oxygen, methane, treated water Methods: CAVoR, alternate coal gasification reactions (Nichols 1993)

    Pioneer Astronautics

    HiRISE / MRO / LPL (U. Arizona) / NASA

  • Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 27

    Deimos ISRU

    Lake Matthew Team

  • Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 28

    Deimos ISRU (a) hypothetical South Pole volatile

    mining site, 1 km diameter crater / depression

    (b) and (c) summer-shaded craters, best for cryogenic storage

    (d) sunlit crater, best for water storage

    Chuck Clark

  • Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 29

    Deimos ISRU

    Lake Matthew Team

  • Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 30

    Deimos Dock

    Lake Matthew Team / Tayfun ner / USGS / Peter Thomas

  • Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 31

    Deimos Dock

    Lake Matthew Team / Celestia

  • Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 32

    Deimos Dock Value:

    Propellant is produced at 4x Mars surface rate, due to 4x cumulative PV Maximized delta-v, with Deimos-Mars round-trip fueling at Deimos Dock 100% of Omaha Crater power is freed for use on Mars Deimos hot mining waste is efficiently converted to shields and counterweights Deimos is a proving ground for tech used elsewhere on the Omaha Trail Deimos provides a vacuum platform, recoil mass, and ISRU products useful for a

    Deimos Rail Launcher (DRL)

  • Rationale for the Omaha TrailMATT: The Mars Terraformer TransferOmaha Crater: Cargo & PropellantDeimos ISRU, Deimos DockDeimos Rail Launcher (DRL)Mars Lift (ML)TramwayOmaha Trail BenefitsCrew Benefits

    Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 33

    Omaha Trail

    Lake Matthew Team / Celestia

  • Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 34

    Deimos Rail Launcher (DRL) Assisted launch of spacecraft from Deimos,

    in the spirit of a catapult launcher on an aircraft carrier

    U.S. Navy

  • Aug 27 2017 ISEC presentation, Lake Matthew Team & Martin Lades 35

    Deimos Rail Launcher (DRL) Value:

    1 km/s propellant-free delta-v

    DRL is the most efficient conversion of Deimos PV into delta-v

    Launch to Mars EDL or to Earth return insertion, with decision point at Mars periapsis