olume ouchstones T OUCHSTONES V OLUME C Touchstones Volume C Teacher’s Guide Touchstones Discussion Project Who uses Touchstones? More

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    Touchstones Volume CTeachers Guide

    Touchstones Discussion Project

    Who uses Touchstones?More than 2,000,000 students and thousands of teachers around the world use the Touchstones Discussion Project toenhance and deepen their education. Through Touchstones, students strengthen their speaking, listening, reading,writing, thinking, and collaboration skills, and teachers develop more effective classroom management and improvestudent engagement and efficacy.

    What do teachers and students gain from using the Touchstones program?Touchstones programs facilitate improved formulation, consideration, and articulation of ideas, increase appreciationof diverse perspectives, and foster collaboration in students thinking and problem solving.

    Why are Touchstones programs relevant in todays world?The skills developed in Touchstones programs transfer across many dimensions in life, empowering students asparticipants and leaders in their educations, schools, and communities, and as future members of the workforce and21st century society.

    How does Touchstones address state and national standards for learning?Touchstones programming addresses more than 95% of established learning standards, including the Common CoreStandards for ELA, the NCTE standards, and AERO standards for Reading, Writing, Listening, Speaking, Discussion,Collaboration, Community Service, and Leadership. Lesson-by-lesson alignments to the standards may be found onthe Touchstones website.

    What is included in the Teachers Guide?This Touchstones Teachers Guide leads you and your students step-by-step through lessons that correspond to theTouchstones discussion texts in the Student Edition. Touchstones carefully selects, translates, edits, and adapts textsfrom many different cultures and traditions. The texts elicit thoughtful discussion and come from the Humanities,Philosophy, Mathematics, and Science. Each Touchstones Teachers Guide lesson includes the following materials:

    introduction to each lesson, overall lesson goals and a fully outlined lesson plan summary of the text from the Student Edition and suggested questions for discussion tips and strategies to improve student engagement, skill development, and outcomes benchmarks and evaluation tools for that gauge teacher, student, and class progress a copy of the Student Edition text for teacher use and worksheets for student individual and small-group activities

    What other materials are available from Touchstones?Touchstones provides discussion-based programming to build essential skills in ELA, social studies and civics,mathematics, and science, within the IB curricula, and for test preparation. A complete listing of all Touchstonesvolumes is provided inside this book. For more information, to download samples of Touchstones volumes, and tolearn about Touchstones workshops for educators, please visit the Touchstones website at www.touchstones.org.

    What do educators say about Touchstones?I know of no developmental reading or literature program that addresses listening and speaking skills as effectively asthe Touchstones Discussion Project Written expression is enhanced as students think a little deeper and reallycommunicate their thoughts This program provides a smooth transition in the listening, speaking, reading, writing,and refining language sequence.

    -L. Powell, Reading Coordinator, Wicomico County, MD

    Touchstones fits perfectly with [having] students participate in formal discussions to further enhance their learning,speaking, thinking, and cooperative learning skills. We see Touchstones as leading the way in bringing teachers andstudents to work in this fashion, in and outside the classroom, and opening up even more to who they are and howthey fit in this world.

    -F. Girouard, Dept. of Education, Manitoba

    The benefits of Touchstones Discussion Project program are many: student engagement and participation increases,curricular areas come together in a cohesive whole, intellect is stimulated, skills in speaking and voice are strengthened,students support their thoughts with references to the text, writing skills are enhanced, students ideas become morerelevant and insightful, reflective thinking becomes natural, and critical thinking deepens. We use TouchstonesDiscussion Project materials in all of our schools.

    -K. Stotts, NEISD G/T Coordinator, K-12, San Antonio, TX

    TouchstonesDiscussion Project

    PO Box 2329Annapolis, MD 21404www.touchstones.org

    (800) 456-6542

    Touchstones: Building critical thinkers &collaborative leaders

  • TOUCHSTONESV O L U M E C

    Teachers Guide

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  • Other Available Touchstones Program Materials

    Elementary SchoolTouchpebbles Volume A (Student and Teacher editions)Touchpebbles Volume B (Student and Teacher editions)

    Middle SchoolTouchstones Volume A (Student and Teacher editions)Touchstones Volume B (Student and Teacher editions)Touchstones Volume C (Student and Teacher editions)Courage to Care, Building Community through Service (our community service

    volume for middle grades) (Student and Teacher editions)Whered They Get That Idea?: Issues and Ideas in Science and Mathematics - Vol. I

    (Student and Teacher editions)Whered They Get That Idea?: Issues and Ideas in Science and Mathematics - Vol. II

    (Student and Teacher editions)

    High SchoolTouchstones Volume I (Student and Teacher editions)Touchstones Volume II (Student and Teacher editions)Discussing the African American Experience (Student and Teacher editions)Discussing U.S. History (Student and Teacher editions)Getting Ready for the Reading Section of the ACT (Student edition)Investigating Mathematics (Student edition)Readings in Social Studies (Anthology)SAT Preparation for Critical Reading (Student edition)Touchstones Alif: Readings from the Arab Tradition

    (Student and Teacher editions)

    Post-secondaryMapping the Future (Readers guide and Leaders supplement)New Landscapes (Student edition)The Compass (College edition)

    Other volumesCourage to Care, Strength to Serve (our community service volume for older

    grades or adults) (Student and Leader editions)The Compass (Executive level)Discussion Leadership: Getting Started (Leaders guide)

    In support of your work to bring dialogue, increased critical thinking, collaborative leadership,and community to your students, Touchstones Discussion Project offers educators a range ofprofessional development services. Contact us for more information or to schedule an introductory presentation.

    II TOUCHSTONES VOLUME C

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  • About the Touchstones Discussion ProjectThe Touchstones Discussion Project is a nonprofit organizationfounded on the belief that all people can benefit from the listening,speaking, thinking, and interpersonal skills gained by engaging inactive, focused discussions. Since 1984, Touchstones has helpedmillions of students and others develop and improve these skills inschool, work, and life. For more information about the TouchstonesDiscussion Project, visit www.touchstones.org.

    Texts selected, translated, and edited byGeoffrey Comber

    Howard ZeidermanNicholas Maistrellis

    Guidebook written by Howard Zeidermanand edited by Stefanie Takacs

    1996, 2002, 2005, 2012by Touchstones Discussion Project

    PO Box 2329Annapolis, Maryland 21404

    800-456-6542www.touchstones.org

    All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or repurposed in any form without prior written consent of the authors.

    ISBN: 978-1-937742-23-2

    TOUCHSTONES VOLUME C III

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  • WHY TOUCHSTONES? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

    INTRODUCTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

    1. The Orientation Class. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

    2. The Republic by Plato. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

    3. Of Anger by Francis Bacon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

    4. On Human Cures for Sadness by Thomas Aquinas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

    5. God, Death, and the Hungry Peasant A Tale from Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

    6. Two Different Kinds of Minds by Blaise Pascal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

    7. The Histories by Herodotus . . . . . . . . .