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  • OKORO ROSELINE C.

    PG/M.ED/11/58795

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    Education

    Content managers Name

    Digitally Signed by: Content managers Name

    DN : CN = Webmasters name

    O= University of Nigeria, Nsukka

    OU = Innovation Centre

  • ii

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    HHOOMMEE EECCOONNOOMMIICCSS

    BY

    OO KK OO RR OO RR OO SS EE LL II NN EE CC ..

    PG/M.Ed/10/52508

    DEPARTMENT OF ART EDUCATION

    (CURRICULUM STUDIES).

    FACULTY OF EDUCATION

    UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, NSUKKA

    AUGUST, 2013

  • TITLE PAGE

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    BY

    OO KK OO RR OO RR OO SS EE LL II NN EE CC ..

    PG/M.Ed/10/52508

    AN M.Ed PROJECT PRESENTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF ARTS

    EDUCATION (CURRICULUM STUDIES).

    FACULTY OF EDUCATION

    UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, NSUKKA

    IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE

    AWARD OF THE DEGREE OF MASTERS IN CURRICULUM STUDIES

    IN THE DEPARTMENT OF ARTS EDUCATION

    UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, NSUKKA

    SUPERVISOR: DR. UCHE IGBOKWE

    AUGUST, 2013

  • APPROVAL PAGE

    This project has been approved for the Department of Arts Education,

    University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

    By

    ----------------------------- --------------------------

    Dr. Uche Igbokwe Prof. U.C. Umoh Supervisor Head of Department

    ------------------------------- ----------------------------

    Prof. P.E. Eya Internal Examiner

    External Examiner

    --------------------------------

    Prof. I. Ifeluni Dean of Faculty

  • CERTIFICATION

    Okoro Roseline C., a post graduate in the Department of Arts

    Education with registration number PG/M.Ed/10/52508 has satisfactorily

    completed the requirement for the degree of master in curriculum studies.

    The work embodied in this report is original and has not been submitted in

    part or full for any other Diploma or Degree in this or any other university.

    ---------------------------------- ----------------------------

    Dr. Uche Igbokwe Okoro Roseline .C. Supervisor Candidate

  • DEDICATION

    This work is dedicated to God Almighty and my children.

  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    I thank the Almighty God for the grace, mercy and protection granted me

    to complete this programme and those who in one way or the other contributed

    to the success of this work.

    My special gratitude and appreciation go to my able supervisor Dr. (Mrs)

    Uche Igbokwe for the guidance, patience, ever ready attention and words of

    encouragement that helped me to complete this study.

    My special appreciation and regards go to my lovely children Rev. Fr.

    Charles Okoro, Engr. Eric Chimaoge Okoro, Dr. Hillary Ifeanyichukwu Okoro,

    Ernest and Cornelius Okoro for their prayers, moral and financial support during

    the course of my studies.

    With special regards and thanks I appreciate the immeasurable

    constructive criticisms and guidance of Prof. Uju .C. Umo, Dr. Edna Ogwu, Dr.

    Tessy Ofoegbu, Dr. J.U. Akabogu and Dr. U. Asogwa.

    I appreciate equally in a special way the efforts of miss Celestina Ugwoke

    for type-setting this work. I thank all the staff in Arts Education Department and

    my course mates Okeke Christiana, Chikwendu, Obiora, Lola, Callistus, Uche,

    Ogechukwu for their special assistance and co-operation during the course of our

    study.

  • To all the authors whose materials and ideas were used and all those who

    in one way or the other contributed to the completion of this work, I appreciate

    you all. May Gods abundant blessings ever remain with you. Amen.

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Title Page i

    Approval Page ii

    Certification iii

    Dedication iv

    Acknowledgement v

    Table of Contents vii

    List of Tables xi

    Abstract xii

    CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

    Background of study 1

    Statement of the Problem 11

    Purpose of the Study 12

    Significance of the Study 12

    Scope of the study: 15

    Research Questions 15

    Hypothesis of the Study 16

    CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE

    Conceptual Framework 18

    Concept of Home Economics 18

    Project-Based Learning (PBL) 24

    Academic Achievement 28

    Interest 29

    Retention 31

    Location 32

    Gender as a factor in Achievement in Home Economics 33

    Theoretical Framework 34

    Learning Theories and the Constructivists Views 34

  • Constructivists View on Learning 36

    John Deweys Cognitive Theory 38

    Jean Piagets Cognitive Learning Theory 39

    L.S Vygotskys Learning Theory 40

    Review of Empirical Studies on achievement, Interest and

    Retention in Home Economics 42

    Summary of Literature Reviewed 47

    Schema onProject Based Learning Achievement, Interest

    and Retention in Home Economics 47

    CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODS

    Design of the Study 48

    Area of Study 49

    Population of the Study 49

    Sample and Sampling Technique 50

    Experimental Procedure 50

    Control of Extraneous Variables 51

    Instrument for Data Collection 52

    Administration of the Instrument 54

    Content Validity 55

    Reliability of the Instrument 55

    Validation of Instruments 56

    Training Progrmme for the Teachers 57

    Method of Data Collection 58

    Method of Data Analysis 58

    CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS

    Research Questions 1 60

    Research Questions 2 61

    Research Questions 3 62

    Research Questions 4 63

    Research Questions 5 64

  • Hypothesis 1 65

    Hypothesis 2 67

    Hypothesis 3 68

    Hypothesis 4 69

    Hypothesis 5 69

    Summary of Findings 70

    CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION OF RESULTS,

    CONCLUSION, IMPLICATIONS OF

    THE STUDY, RECOMMENDATIONS

    AND SUMMARY OF THE STUDY

    Discussion of the Results 72

    Teaching methods and students achievement 72

    Teaching Methods and Students Interest 73

    Teaching Methods and Students Retention 73

    Interaction Effect of Project Based Learning on Location 74

    Gender and Students Achievement 74

    Conclusion 75

    Educational Implications 76

    Recommendations 77

    Limitation of the Study 78

    Suggestion for Further Research 78

    Summary of the Study 79

    REFERENCES 81

    Appendix A: Validation of Instrument 88

    Appendix B: Home Economics Achievement Test (HEAT) 89

    Appendix C1: Lesson Notes for the experimental group based on

    project-based method 95

    Appendix C2: Lesson notes for the 2 week project-base method 98

    Appendix D1: Lesson Notes for the control group based on

  • Lecture method 101

    Appendix D2: Lesson notes for the control group based on lecture

    method 103

    Appendix E: Sample of JSS 2 Students used for the study 107

    Appendix F: Scoring guide for pre-test and post test 108

    Appendix G: Home Economics Achievement Test (HEAT) 109

    Appendix H: Home Economics Interest Test (HEIT) 115

    Appendix I: Home Economics Retention Test (HERT) 117

    Appendix J1 Reliability coefficient with (HEIT) 118

    Appendix J2 Reliability coefficient with (HEAT) 119

    Appendix K: Test blue print for the (HEAT) 121

    Appendix L: Number of secondary schools in Nsukka Local

    Government Area where Home Economic is taught 122

  • LIST OF TABLES

    Tables Pages

    1: Achievement mean and standard deviation scores of

    students taught with project base learning and lecture

    method. 60

    2: Interest mean and standard deviation scores of students

    taught with PBL and lecture method. 61

    3: Retention mean and standard deviation of students taught

    with PBL and those taught using lecture method of teaching. 62

    4: The interaction effect of method and location on

    achievement of students in Home Economics 63

    5: Achievement mean and standard deviation of male and

    female students taught with project base learning. 64

    7: Summary of ANCOVA Table of students scores in the

    project based learning method of teaching and those taught

    with lecture method. Hypothesis 1, 4 and 5 will be ans