Of Mice and Men John Steinbeck. Objective Bloom's: knowledge, analysis, synthesis 1.INTRODUCE AND IDENTIFY THE AUTHOR OF OF MICE AND MEN

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Of Mice and Men

Of Mice and Men

John Steinbeck1

ObjectiveBloom's: knowledge, analysis, synthesis

INTRODUCE AND IDENTIFY THE AUTHOR OF OF MICE AND MEN

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Meet the Author

Meet the Author of OF MICE AND MEN John Steinbeck

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About the AuthorJohn Steinbeck was born February 27, 1902 in Salinas, California.While growing up, Steinbeck worked a variety of labor jobs in the Salinas area, which made a lasting impression on him.Steinbeck attended Stanford University and majored in English, but left after six years without a degree. In 1929, Steinbeck published his first novel, Cup of Gold. It was not until 1935 that Steinbeck won praise for his novel Tortilla Flats. Tortilla Flats won the San Francisco Gold Medal of the Commonwealth Club best novel of the year award. Steinbecks mother was a teacher and hisfather was the county treasurer; they encouraged reading and exploring differentcultures.

Steinbeck used his writing to show the plight of the laborers that he observed during this time. Tortilla Flats is a coastal town in Northern California, just north of Monterey.

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About the AuthorOf Mice and Men was published in 1937. In 1939, Steinbeck published The Grapes of Wrath; for which he won the Pulitzer Prize for Literature.

During World War II, Steinbeck worked as a newspaper reporter.

In the 1950s, Steinbeck wrote speeches for presidential candidates.

In 1962 Steinbeck won the Nobel Peace Prize in Literature.

Steinbeck served as an advisor to President Johnson in 1964.

Steinbeck died December 20, 1968.The Nobel Prize for Literature is awarded each year to an author who has written the most outstanding piece of literary work.Steinbeck wrote Of Mice and Men to be read or performed as a play, and was performed in New York 207 times.Johnson awarded Steinbeck the United States Medal of Freedom.

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Comprehension Check1. Who wrote Of Mice and Men? a) John Smithb) John Steinbeckc) John Jonesb) John Steinbeck

2. Of Mice and Men was published ina) 1967b) 1947c) 1937c) 1937

3. Steinbeck wrote speeches fora) studentsb) presidential candidatesc) his motherb) presidential candidates

Directions: select the best answer to each question6

Objective

EXAMINE THE HISTORICAL CONNECTIONSBloom's: knowledge, analysis, synthesis7

John Steinbecks CaliforniaSteinbeck loved the Salinas Valley. With its rich agricultural fields, and miles of farm land, it was the ideal place for a young boy to grow up.

The Great Depression of the 1930s brought hard times for many. For farmers, the best hope for a better life was in California. They packed what possessions they had, and looked for work in the agricultural fields or cities of California. These people are known as migrant workers.

Steinbecks inspiration for many of his novels came from the Salinas Valley. Although Steinbeck left the valley throughout his lifetime he always returned.

Today the valley honors it greatest son by hosting a National Steinbeck Center in the heart of the Salinas Valley.Salinas is Spanish for salt marsh.If you want to learn more about the Great Depression, click on the map below.The center honors Steinbeck and his great literary achievements.

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Historical BackgroundDuring the 1930s drastic weather changes turned large areas of the American west into a dust bowl of barren land.

The farmers who were able to keep their farms took advantage of the migrant workers. Working conditions were poor and the pay was low.

The work was seasonal, forcing a lonely life and rarely included family. This issue concerned Steinbeck and most of his novels are about these social issues.

It was not until the 1960s that the migrant farm workers organized under Cesar Chavez and fought for fair wages.Migrant workers are people who move from place to place. Their pay was $2.50 to $3.00 a day. Many farmers lost their farms during this time, forcing them to become migrant workers. Most of Steinbeck's novels are considered social novels that explore the hardships of the farm workers.

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Because the time period for Of Mice and Men takes place during The Great Depression, it is important to understand what life was like during this era.

In 1929 the stock market crashed, bringing about the Great Depression.

People lost their jobs. Many people lost their homes and could not afford to buy food.

The homeless created Hoovervilles, communities with homes made from tin.

The stock market is for trading company stock.

Great? Well, not in the sense of being wonderful. Great as in really big and significant. About 15 million people lost their jobs during the Great Depression. Does this sound familiar? Historical Background

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Comprehension Check1. Steinbecks inspiration for many of his novels came from a) his mother b) the Salinas Valleyc) his war experiences b) the Salinas Valley

2. During the 1930s the American west was turned into a a) land of cowboys b) dust bowl c) large city b) dust bowl

3. In what year did the stock market crash? a) 1919 b) 1929c) 1939 b) 1929

Directions: select the best answer to each question11

The title of the novella was taken from a line in the poem To a Mouse, by Robert Burns. The best laid schemes o mice and men/Gang aft-a-gley.

This means that no matter how well-planned a project is, something may still go wrong with it.

A novella is longer than a short story, but shorter than a novel; a novella has 20,000 to 50,000 words.

In the mid 1990s the New York Times declared Steinbeck the most popular American writer.

One of Steinbecks novels, East of Eden, became the #2 bestselling book in 2003 after Oprah Winfrey added it to her book club.Burns was a farmer who disturbed a nest of mice while plowing one of his fields. Who counts all the words?Did You Know...

Quite remarkable, because the book was # on the bestsellers list when it was published in 1952.

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Did You Know?

The Pulitzer Prize, is an American award and is regarded as the highest national honor.Back then the price of a first class stamp was only 15 cents.

Many of Steinbecks characters reflect his days as a blue collar worker.

Before he became a well-known author, Steinbeck worked as a sales clerk, farm laborer, ranch hand, and factory worker.

Besides the Nobel Prize for Literature, Steinbeck won the United States Medal Of Freedom and the Pulitzer Prize.

Notes in the Salinas museum honoring Steinbecks achievements read: "Steinbeck's writings were publicly burned in Salinas on two occasions, and at times he did not feel welcome in his own hometown. Yet he ultimately was honored for his achievements.

The U.S. Postal Service issued a John Steinbeck Commemorative Stamp in 1979.

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Comprehension Check1. A novella has approximately how many words? a) 10, 000 25, 000 b) 20,000 50,000c) 25,000 55,000 b) 20,000 50,000

2. In the 1990s, Steinbeck was declared the most popular American writer by thea) Los Angeles Times b) California Timesc) New York Timesc) New York Times

3. The U.S. Postal Service issued a John Steinbeck Commemorative Stamp in ________.a) 1978 b) 1979c) 1980 b) 1979

Directions: select the best answer to each question14