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Northern Trauma System Northern Trauma System Regional Conference Regional Conference 2014 2014 High quality trauma care from High quality trauma care from Roadside to Recovery’ Roadside to Recovery’

Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

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Page 1: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Northern Trauma Northern Trauma System Regional System Regional Conference 2014Conference 2014

High quality trauma care High quality trauma care from from ‘‘Roadside to Recovery’Roadside to Recovery’

Page 2: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

The Role of Specialist Rehabilitation in Polytrauma Management

Dr James Graham (Consultant Radiologist)

Dr Rachel Reaveley (SPR in Neurological Rehabilitation)

Page 3: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Objectives By the end of this case presentation we will

have covered… Radiology of the case Specialist Rehabilitation Interventions

How the specialist rehabilitation process worked from acute referral through to outpatient review and inpatient admission

Summary of causes of dizziness in the rehabilitation setting

Assessing the psychological impact of poly-trauma in the context of concurrent head injury

Reflect together on potential gaps in the service

Page 4: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Case History 50 year old driving instructor High speed head on collision 10/10/12 Brought to MTC

Page 5: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Trauma CT

Page 6: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Trauma CT

Page 7: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Trauma CT

Page 8: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Trauma CT

Page 9: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Case History - summary 50 year old driving instructor High speed head on collision 10/10/12 Right haemo-pnuemothorax and lung contusion with rib fractures – 7-

12 Left pneumothorax Jejunal perforation and terminal ileum mesenteric injury- requiring

laparotomy, repair and end ileostomy Complications – chest sepsis, need for high inotropic support, abnormal

kidney function, LFTs & amylase – 19 days in ICU

Page 10: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

A few days later… Gradual clinical deterioration

Lactate 1.3 Amylase 439

WCC 20 CRP 116

Bilirubin 63 ALP 335 ALT 282

Page 11: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Follow up CT

Page 12: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Follow up CT

Page 13: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Gastric appearances

Page 14: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Angiogram

Page 15: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Endoscopy

Page 16: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

What Happened next?

Page 17: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Rehabilitation Assessment & Planning

First seen by Rehabilitation Consultant on General Surgery Ward 21/11/12

Referred by Head Injury Sister – small frontal contusion

DizzinessNauseaBack pain ? Change in personality

Page 18: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Dizziness and nausea When moving from sitting to standing and from

lying to sitting Documented drop in BP on standing Contributory factors Medications – opioids Fluid depletion (nausea) Coeliac axis injury – damage to autonomic

nerve supply to splanchnic bed ? BPPV

Page 19: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Benign Paraoxysmal Positional Vertigo

Page 20: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Orthostatic Hypotension

Page 21: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Coeliac Plexus

Kambadakone A et al. CT-guided Celiac Plexus Neurolysis: A Review of Anatomy, Indications, Technique, and Tips for Successful Treatment. RadioGraphics 2011; 31: 1599-1621Sir Roger Bannister. Autonomic Failure. A Textbook of Clinical Disorders of the Autonomic Nervous System. Second Edition.

Page 22: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Rehabilitation Medicine Review as Outpatient May 2013 Dizziness - diagnosed with BPPV – treated

with Epley’s manoeuvre Nausea and vomiting improved - Awaiting

surgical reversal of ileostomy Significant back pain – remained under

surgical review with plan for follow up physiotherapy – referral made to health psychology to support through this.

Low mood – body image issues Character change

Page 23: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Epley’s Manouvre

Page 24: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

People involved/pending procedures Mr B Griffiths – General surgery – awaiting

ileostomy reversal Mr G Wynne Jones – Orthopaedics Mr Waldron – ENT Sunderland Sister Hastie – Head Injury GP – commenced sertraline for low mood Dr J Lawson - Falls & Syncope Service Mr Jenkins - Urologist UHND – admitted with

urinary sepsis shortly after discharge from RVI – 4x unsuccessful TWOC as inpatient

Page 25: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Out patient Review: May 2013 Assessment of frontal brain injury vs

mood disturbance:-Subtle changes in character Loss of sense of humourConcrete thinkingShort term memory impairmentEasily provoked by loud noises and crowdsLack of initiation

Page 26: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Rehabilitation Actions & further Progress Ileostomy reversal – health psychology at RVI

requested to provide peri-operative support Complicated by further sepsis/leakage

requiring readmission via UHND On-going back pain – waiting for orthopaedic

review and physiotherapy Continued family concerns around change in

personality (short term memory and increased irritability)

Referred to neuropsychology as outpatient ( long waiting list….)

Page 27: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

In Patient Admission to WGP Cognitive Assessment Bed February 2014Increasing concern about ongoing depressive

episodes with psychological trauma- type symptoms post RTA

Page 28: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Psychology and Psychiatry InputChanges in cognition reported largely explained by

mood disorderConcrete thinkingSlowness in mental speed both associated with

depressionAnxiety also may have contributed to under-

performance

Cognitive assessment noted only very mild problems in verbal abstract reasoning. Working memory unimpaired

Page 29: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Other Therapies OT assessment:

independent with route finding, money handling and road safety.

independent and safe at problem solving in the kitchen. Written instructions for more complex tasks

SALT assessmentCognitive communication skills largely intact,

however some reading comprehension difficultiesWith prompting to slow down his reading rate and

check his responses, accuracy improved

Page 30: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Limitations of current processes‘We’ve had no help at all since being at home”

Comment from patient’s wife at first rehab OP review

Lack of co-ordinated follow up on discharge from MTC unless head injury severe enough to require ongoing inpatient follow up or community therapies needed specific to TBI

Predictable problems – ongoing dizziness and need for Dix Hallpike. Catheter issues – reassurance of empty bladder/UTI prevention/onward referral

Mood disorder - psychological complications can be significant following trauma. Services to address these issues currently very limited – differences between psychological trauma and brain injury effect

Page 31: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’
Page 32: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Summary Interesting case of patient with multi-

trauma and complications Long period of rehabilitation including

inpatient stay required Illustrates that not all changes in behavior

following head injury are related to injury

Page 33: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Thank you!

Page 34: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Northern Trauma Northern Trauma System Regional System Regional Conference 2014Conference 2014

High quality trauma care High quality trauma care from from ‘‘Roadside to Recovery’Roadside to Recovery’

Page 35: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

NHS | Presentation to [XXXX Company] | [Type Date]35

Transforming Trauma RehabilitationRecommendations for the North East Region

Sharon Smith

Paula Dimarco

Page 36: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Overview of talk

• Purpose of project

• Background of project

• Best practice pathway

• Key findings

• Recommendations

Page 37: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Purpose of project

• On behalf of NE SHA

• Provide information and recommendations

• Develop a best practice pathway

• Support commissioning for development of rehabilitation services following major or serious trauma

Page 38: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

The Project

• Regional steering group

• Two work streams, JCUH and RVI

• Review of MSK and neurological rehabilitation

• Map of current pathway

• Data collection and analysis

• Stakeholder consultations

• Identify models of best practice

• Gap analysis

Page 39: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Best practice pathway

Page 40: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Key findings

Page 41: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

No consultants in Rehabilitation Medicine in MSK and insufficient within neurotrauma

National Standards Recommend:

• 6 WTE per million population

• No single handed consultants

Current Regional Provision:

• 3.8 WTE in level 1 Services

• 3 WTE in level 2 services all working single handed

There is a 2/3 Shortfall on the national standards.

Page 42: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Lack of communication, co-ordination and leadership across the pathway leading to disjointed care and inadequate management of patients

• RVI has head injury nurse specialist

• JCUH has acquired brain injury coordinator

• No formal coordinated MDT rehab specifically for TBI at either MTC

• No coordinator for MSK at either MTC

• Rehabilitation needs to be well planned across the whole pathway, including TUs and community services

Page 43: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

No specialist inpatient beds for MSK rehabilitation resulting in longer lengths of stay in acute beds or transfer to inappropriate settings

• Case example:

• 55 year old male – MSK polytrauma including ITU stay

• MTC also patient’s local hospital

• NWB for 6 months, remained on an acute ortho ward

• Transferred to intermediate care at 7 months – little experience of younger patients and ortho rehab

Page 44: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

No specialist community MDT for MSK rehabilitation leading to sub-optimal outcomes and longer lengths of rehabilitation

• If there were community MSK trauma rehab teams, the outcome of the previous example may have been somewhat different

Page 45: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Insufficient level 1 and 2 inpatient rehabilitation facilities for neurotrauma patients

• BSRM guidelines recommend 60 level 2 beds per million population

• Currently 47 in the North East and Cumbria

• Level 1 facility is Walkgate Park = 35 beds

Page 46: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Insufficient specialist community teams for neurotrauma patients

• Only available in 3 areas:

• Northumberland (3 therapies in one team)

• Gateshead (no physiotherapy)

• Cumbria

• Different models at each locality

• All teams work across health and social care

Page 47: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

No robust system for data collection to indicate the number of patients requiring specialist and non-specialist Recovery, Rehabilitation and Reablement

• TARN can provide a list of injuries and ISS, but these don’t tell us what the patient’s rehabilitation needs are and are retrospective

• UKROC not used by all aspects of the pathway

• Rehabilitation prescription yet to function as a data recording tool

Page 48: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Lack of vocational rehabilitation resulting in no focus on reablement, return to work and social integration

• No vocational rehab for MSK trauma

• Limited for neurotrauma

• All have access to statutory services – not always appropriate

• Momentum for neuro patients

Page 49: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

No standardised or consistent approach to the use of outcome measures which makes it difficult to evaluate rehabilitation

• Different emphasis at each stage of rehab, therefore a variety of outcome measures are used

• No standardised approach

• Work is being undertaken to determine best outcome measures to use

Page 50: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Recommendations

Page 51: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Recommendations

• Provide additional Consultant level leadership in rehabilitation in order to promote inter-speciality working and improve patient management and outcomes e.g. Consultants in Rehabilitation Medicine/Consultant Allied Health Professionals.

Page 52: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Recommendations

2. Explore workforce options to improve coordination and communication across the whole pathway for example Rehabilitation Coordinators/Facilitators.

3. Devise robust, flexible, fit for purpose systems to collect data and inform future commissioning and service provision.

Page 53: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Recommendations

4. Develop specialist rehabilitation inpatient beds for major trauma MSK patients. This would also ensure the capacity to provide intensive therapy. Further work is recommended to identify the number of beds required.

5. Create specialist MDTs which would deliver specialist rehabilitation for MSK major and serious trauma patients (inpatient and outpatient/community).

Page 54: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’
Page 55: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Recommendations

6. Provision of more level 1 and 2 rehabilitation beds for Neurotrauma patients in line with national recommendations.

7. Increase the current number of specialist community teams for rehabilitation of Neurotrauma patients to cover all areas.

Page 56: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’
Page 57: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Recommendations

8. Undertake robust and committed service redesign to deliver a best practice pathway, with particular focus on strengthening Recovery, Rehabilitation and Reablement services.

9. Ensure regional implementation of the rehabilitation prescription process for all major trauma patients across all services, from injury to re-enablement. This should include the redesign of the current Rehabilitation Prescription.

Page 58: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Recommendations

10. Integrate vocational rehabilitation into the trauma pathway.

11. Undertake further work to develop recommendations for the use of outcome measures for the trauma rehabilitation pathway.

Page 59: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Recommendations

12.Develop a Directory of Rehabilitation Services with identified administrative support to maintain and update.

Implementation of these recommendations requires a coordinated approach involving commissioners, expert clinicians and service users.

Page 60: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Mr Yogendra JagatsinhMBBS. M.S. (Tr & Orth), MRCS Ed

Consultant in Rehabilitation medicine

Page 61: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

“Amputation : one of the meanest, and yet one of the greatest operations in surgery;

mean when resorted to where better may be done

great, as the only step to give comfort and prolong life.”

Sir Willliam Ferguson 1865

Page 62: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

“ The principle of a patient receiving specialist care appropriate for their injuries is fundamental to Networks of Trauma care. To abandon this at the point at which rehabilitation is required is illogical and compromise patient outcomes. It is wrong to assume that specialist rehabilitation techniques will be carried out on a general orthopaedic or general surgical ward in DGH” Regional Network for Trauma NHS CAG Report

Page 63: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Incidence and Prevalence• Prevalence=62000; Incidence : 5000/year• LL=92%, UL=5% & Cong def=3%• 50% of all amputees are > 65 yrs & 25 % >

75yrs• Females=30%, median age of males=66 &

females = 69• 50% of all referrals are transtibial amputees• 72% of all referrals are PVD & 41% of them

diabetic• 60% of UL referrals are < 55 yrs old.

Page 64: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Trauma Amputations30% of new amputationsindustrial accidents, farming accidents, or

motor vehicle accidents, which include automobiles, motorcycles and trains

War amputations-complicated, multipleYounger and active populations

Page 65: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Levels of Amputations

Page 66: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Phases of Rehabilitation1. Pre amputation consultation

2. Healing and Starting Physiotherapy

3. Visiting the Prosthetist

4. Choosing an Artificial Limb

5. Learning to Use your Artificial Limb

6. Life as a New Amputee

Page 67: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Goals of Rehabilitationoptimize health status, FunctionIndependence Quality of life of patientsParticipation in society

Page 68: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Post operative Rigid Dressings-Why Use Them?• Control edema- that otherwise would – Delay healing – Cause pain – Complicate prosthetic fitting• Shape the limb for optimal socket fitting• Protects wound/incision• Some can allow for early weight bearing• Get the patient used to the idea of caring for the residual

limb– Never too early to begin educating on volume management– Training in compliance• Some can help prevent a joint contracture• Desensitization• Can absorb drainage

Page 69: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Pain ManagementPerioperative pain controlPain after healing-Bony causes -Soft tissue causesPain caused by prosthesis-Pressure, friction

or skin tractioningPhantom limb painDecrease dependence on narcotic medication

Page 70: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Physical Health Reduce the risk of adverse effects due to periods of

prolonged immobilization: a. Decrease contractures b. Decrease incidence of pressure ulcers c. Decrease incidence of deep vein

thrombosis Improve physical status (e.g., balance, normal range of

motion especially at the hips and knees; increase strength and endurance to maximize efficient use of a prosthesis)

Page 71: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Function

Improve functional status (e.g., independent bed mobility, independent transfer, wheelchair mobility, gait and safety)

Improve ambulation (e.g., distance of ambulation, hours of prosthetic wearing, use of an assistive device, and ability to ascend/descend stairs)

Improve quality of life/decrease activity limitation (e.g., activities of daily living [ADL], recreation, physical activity beyond ADL, community re-integration; and return to home environment)

Page 72: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Energy use in Amputation

Page 73: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Psychological adjustmentOverwhelming feeling of lack of controlFeeling of complete changeChange in body imageGrieving process-five stages denial,

bargaining, anger, depression and acceptance.

Page 74: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Traumatic amputationCo-morbidity from multiple traumaAdditional injuries of peripheral nerves,

disrupted blood vessels, retained shrapnel, heterotopic ossification, contaminated wounds, burns, grafted skin, and fractures.

Requires modified rehabilitation strategies in the training of activities of daily living (ADL) and ambulation.

Page 75: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Rehabilitation and the long-term outcomes of persons with trauma-related amputations.OBJECTIVE: To examine the long-term outcomes of persons

undergoing trauma-related amputations and the role of inpatient rehabilitation in improving such outcomes.

PARTICIPANTS: Principal or secondary diagnosis of a trauma-related amputation to the lower extremity. Spinal cord injury or traumatic brain injury were excluded.

RESULTS: 146 patients

9% died during the acute admission and 3.5% died after discharge

87%-Males. 80% <40 yrs age Health profile (n = 78, 68% response rate) was

systematically lower than that of the general US population for all SF-36 scores.

Page 76: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

25 % - severe problems with the residual limb, including phantom pain, wounds, and sores. Number of inpatient rehabilitation nights – directly related to function in their physical roles, increased vitality, and reduced bodily pain. Inpatient rehabilitation- improved vocational outcomes.

Pezzin LE et al. Rehabilitation and the long-term outcomes of persons with trauma-related amputations. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 01 March 2000, vol./is. 81/3(292-300).

Page 77: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Carlisle Murrison CentreConsultant Led ServiceTeam of Prosthetic,

physiotherapy, rehabilitation assistant, exercise therapist, Occupational therapist, Orthotist, Psychologist, rehabilitation engineer, Podiatrist –all in one roof.

Page 78: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’
Page 79: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

Role of Rehabilitation ConsultantPerioperative consultation-best outcomesIssues with pain, sexual function and pain-early

periodPhysical complications such as pain, skin disorders,

sweating, infections and venous thromboses,psychological complications such as depression

and ‘catastrophising’ Secondary or tertiary prevention is also a key

function with regard to skin and foot pathology, cardiovascular disease,osteoporosis and drug complications

Page 80: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’
Page 81: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’
Page 82: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’
Page 83: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’
Page 84: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

vocational rehabilitation,

provision of wheelchairs,

special seating, orthoses and assistive

technologies.

Page 85: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’
Page 86: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’
Page 87: Northern Trauma System Regional Conference 2014 High quality trauma care from ‘Roadside to Recovery’

This is the opportunity for the us all to take the Rehabilitation out of the ranks of being a "Cinderella Speciality"