Nikon Guide to Digital Photography

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    Contents

    1

    Product Documentation

    First Steps

    Basic Photography

    Advanced Photography

    Playback

    Camera Setup

    Connections

    The Guide to Digital Photography

    with the

    COOLPIX 990DIGITAL CAMERA

    Electronic Edition

    Technical Notes

    Click to go

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    Product DocumentationThank you for your purchase of a COOLPIX 990 digital cam-era. The documentation for this product includes the manualslisted below. Please be sure to read all instructions thoroughlyto get the most from your camera.

    Fast Track Guide/For Your Safety In addition to taking first time users step-by-step throughthe process of setting up and using the camera, the printedFast Track Guide gives a quick overview of camera settings.For Your Safety , printed on the reverse of the Fast Track Guide,lists warnings and cautions that should be observed whenusing and storing your camera, together with legal informa-tion. Please keep this document where all those who usethe camera will read it.

    Menu GuideThis printed guide provides an overview of the camerasmenus.

    Guide to Digital Photography The Guide to Digital Photography (this manual, available in bothelectronic and printed formats) provides detailed informa-tion about your camera. The electronic edition featuresclickable links not available in the printed guide; otherwisethe contents of the two manuals are identical. Both aredivided into the following chapters:

    First StepsGuides you step-by-step through the process of setting upyour camera and taking your first photograph

    Basic PhotographyIntroduces the shooting options available in A-REC mode, a

    point-and-shoot mode that gives you control over flash,focus, and image quality settings, while the camera auto-matically adjusts other settings for the best results

    Advanced PhotographyDetails the shooting options available in M-REC mode, anadvanced shooting mode that gives you complete controlover camera settings

    PlaybackExplains how to view and delete the photographs stored inthe cameras memory

    Camera SetupDetails the options available in the SET-UP menus

    ConnectionsDescribes how to connect your camera to a television orcomputer

    Technical NotesProvides information on caring for your camera, cameraaccessories, specifications, and troubleshooting

    ProductDocumentation

    2

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    To make it easier to find the information you need, the follow-ing symbols and conventions are used:

    A table of contents appears on the first page of theelectronic Guide to Digital Photography . In addition,each chapter begins with an outline of the topics

    covered. Click on the heading to open the guideto the indicated chapter or section.

    Click the icon at the bottom right corner of each page for an explanation of the symbols andconventions used in this manual.

    Click the icon at the bottom of each page for

    an explanation of how to use the camera menus.

    Click the icon at the bottom of each page fora quick overview of camera menus.

    Click the icon at the bottom of each page toview an illustration identifying camera parts.

    Blue text indicates a link to another part of theGuide to Digital Photography . To follow the link, click the blue text.

    This icon marks cautions, information that youshould read before use to prevent damage to yourcamera.

    This icon marks notes, information that you shouldread before using your camera.

    This icon marks tips, additional information you mayfind helpful when using your camera.

    This icon marks references to other documenta-tion or to another part of this manual.

    This icon is used throughout these manuals to mark cross references to the Fast Track Guide.

    This icon is used throughout these manuals to mark cross references to For Your Safety .

    This icon is used throughout these manuals to mark cross references to the Guide to Digital Photography .

    While this guide is also available in printed format, you may find it conve-nient to print portions of the electronic edition for ease of reference. Thedesired pages can be printed using the Print command in the Adobe

    Acrobat Reader File menu.

    Printing this manual

    ProductDocumentation

    About

    As part of Nikons Life-Long Learning commitment to providing ongoingproduct support and education, a continuing set of new and updated infor-mation is always available on-line at www.nikon-euro.com . Please visit thissite to keep up-to-date with the latest in product information, tips, FAQs,

    and general advice on the subjects of Digital Imaging and Photography.

    Life-Long Learning

    3

    http://www.nikon-euro.com/http://www.nikon-euro.com/http://www.nikon-euro.com/http://www.nikon-euro.com/
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    First StepsThis chapter: Introduces you to the parts of the COOLPIX 990 and the

    camera menus Takes you step-by-step through the process of setting up

    your camera Outlines the steps involved in taking photographs and play-ing them back

    Getting to Know the COOLPIX 990

    Putting Batteries in the Camera

    Inserting the Memory Card

    Choosing a Language

    Setting the Time and Date

    Taking a Photograph

    Playback and Deletion

    FirstSteps

    4

    Click to go

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    Click

    for more information

    Shutter-releasebutton

    Mode dial

    Exposure compensation(FUNC 2) button

    Commanddial

    Getting to Know the COOLPIX 990

    Take a few moments to familiarize yourself with camera con-trols, displays, and menus.

    MODE (FUNC 1)button

    MENU button

    MONITORbutton

    Zoom-out (Wide)button

    Zoom-in (Tele)button

    Multiselector

    Image-quality/Size button

    Flash/Sensitivity(Thumbnail)button

    Focus mode(Delete)

    button

    Flash-readylamp

    Autofocuslamp

    Viewfindereyepiece

    LCDMonitor

    FirstSteps:Getting to Knowthe COOLPIX990

    5

    The lens section is attached to the camera body by a hinge that permitsthe lens to be rotated through 270 . For more information, see:

    First Steps: Taking a Picture

    Control panel

    Lens

    Viewfinder

    DC-INconnectorUSB/serial

    connector

    Diopter-adjust-

    ment dial

    Photocell

    Connectorfor external

    flash

    Battery-chamber latch

    Eyelet forcamera strap

    Battery-chamber

    cover

    Memory-cardslot

    Tripodsocket

    Built-inflash

    VIDEOOUT

    Red-eyereduction

    lamp

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    Control Panel Through the Viewfinder

    FirstSteps:Getting to Knowthe COOLPIX990

    6

    Focus target (A-REC)/Center focus area for manual or

    automatic AF area selection (M-REC)

    Use this area to framephotographs at ranges of

    less than 90 cm (1 yd)

    Use the diopter-adjustment dial to adjust viewfinder focus.

    Manual focusindicator

    Sensitivity (ISO equivalency)indicator

    Shutter-speed/aperturedisplay (press to

    switch between shutter-

    speed and aperture)

    Focus mode

    Continuous

    Flash mode

    Exposurecompensationindicator

    Exposure count display(shows number of

    exposures remaining)Image quality

    Image size

    Exposuremode

    Memory-cardindicator

    Battery

    indicator

    Meteringmode

    White-balanceindicator

    (FUNC. 1/

    FUNC. 2)

    Click

    for more information

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    Camera MenusChanges to some settings can be made with the help of menusthat appear in the LCD monitor. Separate menus are availablefor each operating mode:

    LCD Monitor

    27

    30

    28B-LAE-L

    P 1/60 F2.7FINEINEVGAA

    NOOV

    [ 10 ]

    BS S

    X2.0

    ISOSO

    +0.7

    22

    24

    20

    15

    119

    1 2 3 54

    67

    810

    121314161718

    19

    2123

    25

    26

    29

    1 Zoom indicator2 Digital zoom3 Focus mode/manual focus dis-

    tance4 External flash indicator5 Flash mode (built-in flash)6 Battery indicator7 Image sharpening8 White-balance program9 Sensitivity (ISO equivalency)

    10 Image adjustment11 Image size12 Image quality

    13 Number of exposures remain-ing at current settings

    14 Exposure compensation15 Aperture (f number)

    16 Shutter speed17 Exposure mode18 Metering mode19 Continuous (multi-shot) mode20 Exposure bracketing indicator21 Auto-exposure lock 22 White-balance lock 23 Best-shot selection24 Lens converter indicator25 Current folder26 User set number27 Self-timer indicator28 Auto-exposure target (spot

    metering)29 Focus areas30 Exposure display (manual expo-

    sure mode)

    FirstSteps:Getting to Knowthe COOLPIX990

    7

    Controls

    Playback options

    Advanced shooting options (e.g.,white balance, metering)

    Basic camera setup (e.g., formattingmemory cards, setting time anddate). SET-UP menus for M-RECand PLAY accessible from SHOOT-ING and PLAY BACK menusrespectively. Options availabledepend on operating mode.

    Menu

    PLAY BACK

    SHOOTING

    SET-UP

    Mode

    PLAY

    M-REC

    A-REC,M-REC,PLAY

    Menu operations are performed with the multi selector, theMENU button, and the command dial, as described on the pagesthat follow.

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    Highlightoption

    Displayoptions

    Making a selectionUse the multi selector to make a selection.

    31

    2

    SMENU OF F

    METERING

    MatrixSpotCenter-WeightedSpot AF Area

    A

    S EL ECT S ETAA

    21

    2

    SMENU OF F

    METERING

    MatrixSpotCenter-WeightedSpot AF Area

    A

    SELECT SETAA

    41

    2

    S

    A

    SELECT SET

    METERING

    A

    AMENU PAGE2

    To go back one step, press the multi selector to the left. The selection for some menu options is made from a sub-menu. Repeat steps 3

    and 4 to select the desired setting from the sub-menu. Changes to settings apply as soon as the selection is made. In M-REC mode, the view through the lens is visible behind the main menu. Photo-

    graphs can be taken while the menu is displayed by pressing the shutter-releasebutton.

    In A-REC mode, the view through the lens can be restored by half-pressing theshutter-release button. You can take a picture at any time by pressing the shutter-release button all the way down. The A-REC menu will be restored when youremove your finger from the shutter-release button.

    1

    MENU PAGE2

    1

    2

    S

    A

    SELECT SET

    METERING

    AAHighlightmenu item

    FirstSteps:Getting to Knowthe COOLPIX990

    8

    Make selection

    1

    2

    S

    MENU PAGE2

    WHITE BALANCEA

    SELECT SET

    AA

    Viewing the menusPress the MENU button to display the menu for the current mode.

    The menu can be hidden by pressing the MENU button when is dis-played in the lower left corner of the LCD monitor (to clear the M-REC menufrom the monitor when MENU PAGE2is displayed as shown at left, press the MENUbutton twice: once to display the second page of the M-REC menu, the secondtime to clear the menu from the screen).

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    Multi-page menusUse the multi selector to move between pages in the M-REC menu, or to access the SET-UP menu from the M-REC andplayback menus.

    4

    MENU OF F

    1

    2

    S

    USER SETTING

    SELECT SETS

    You can also go from Page 1 to Page 2 of the M-REC menu by pressing the MENUbutton once.

    The SET-UP menu for playback mode can also be accessed from the main playback menu. The SET-UP menu for M-REC can be accessed from the second page of theM-REC menu.

    FirstSteps:Getting to Knowthe COOLPIX990

    9

    Displayselected page

    1 12

    S

    MENU PAGE2

    WHITE BALANCEA

    SELECT SET

    AA

    Positioncursor in main

    menu

    Highlight pagetab

    2 12

    S

    MENU PAGE2

    SHOOTING MENU 1

    A

    SELECT SET

    AA

    3

    MENU OF F

    1

    2

    S

    SHOOTING MENU 2

    SELECT SETSHighlight page

    number ( S forSET-UP menu)

    Using the command dial to make a selectionA icon next to a menu item indicates that the command dial can be used instead of the multi selector to make a selection.

    1

    2

    S

    MENU PAGE2

    WHITE BALANCE

    SELECT SET

    A

    A

    2 Stop whendesired option

    is displayed

    1

    2

    S

    MENU PAGE2

    WHITE BALANCEA

    SELECT SET

    A

    A

    1

    Rotatecommand dial

    Changes to settings apply as soon asthe selection is made. You can thenmake further changes to other settings

    as described above, or use the MENUbutton to clear the menu from the dis-play.

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    MENU O F F

    S

    SET-UP

    FoldersMonitor OptionsShutter SoundAuto OffSeq. NumbersCF Card FormatDate

    SELECT S ET

    DATE

    2 0 0 0 . 0 1 . 0 1

    0 0 : 0 0

    Y M D

    FirstSteps:Getting to Knowthe COOLPIX 990

    1The A-REC Menu

    CF CARD FORMAT

    NoFormat

    WARNING!All images willbe deleted!

    3 0 S1 M5 M3 0 M

    BrightnessHue

    ONOFFReset

    OptionsN I K O N

    ONOFF

    OPTIONS

    New

    Delete

    Rename

    BRIGHTNESS

    HUE

    NEW

    LM

    N I K O N

    OPRENAME

    N O V

    S H O WDELETE

    S H O WN O V

    RENAME

    QR

    S H O W

    T

    U

    DELETE

    YesNo

    S H O Wdeleting folder?

    Click

    for more information

    11

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    MENU O F F

    1

    2

    S

    USER SETTING

    SELECT SETS

    1

    2

    S

    MENU PAGE2

    WHITE BALANCEA

    SELECT SET

    AA

    FirstStep

    s:Getting to Knowthe COOLPIX 990

    11

    USER SETTING

    RESET ALL

    NoReset

    Reset all settingsto default values?

    FOCUS OPTIONS

    AF Area ModeAuto Focus ModeFocus ConfirmationDistance Units

    ZOOM OPTIONS

    Digital TeleStartup PositionFixed Aperture

    SPEEDLIGHT OPT.

    Variable PowerSpeedlight Cntrl

    The M-REC Menu, Page 1 The M-REC Menu, Page 2

    IMAGE SHARPENING

    HighNormalLow

    Auto

    Off

    A IMAGE ADJUSTMENT

    NormalAuto

    More ContrastLess ContrastLighten ImageDarken Image

    0

    Black&White

    A

    LENS

    NormalWide AdapterTelephoto 1Telephoto 2Fisheye 1Fisheye 2

    METERINGMatrixSpotCenter- WeightedSpot AF Area

    BSS

    OFFON

    CONTINUOUS

    SingleContinuousMulti-shot 16VGA SequenceUltra HSMovie

    WHITE BALANCEAutoWhiteite Bal Pres ettFineIncandescentncandescentFluorescentluorescentC loudyoudySpeedlight

    A

    EXPOSURE OPTIONSAE LockAuto BracketingExp +/

    WHITE BALANCE PRESET

    CancelMeasure

    MFONOFF

    m

    ft

    AutoManualOff

    Continuous AFSingle AF

    OFFON

    Last PositionWideTele

    ONOFF

    + 0. 3

    0. 3

    0

    le PowerInt & Ext ActiveInt Flash Off

    OFFONReset

    OFFON

    + 0. 3

    0. 3

    0

    Click

    for more information

    12

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    SET-UP

    FoldersMonitor OptionsControlsAuto OffSeq. NumbersCF Card Format

    Shutter SoundShot Confirm LampDateVideo ModeLanguage

    FirstStep

    s:Getting to Knowthe COOLPIX 990

    12The M-REC Set-up Menu

    DATE

    2 0 0 0 . 0 1 . 0 1

    0 0 : 0 0

    Y M D

    CF CARD FORMAT

    NoFormat

    WARNING!All images willbe deleted!

    3 0 S1 M5 M3 0 M

    Display ModeBrightnessHue

    ONOFFResetON

    OFF

    NTSCPAL

    DEFJ

    MemorizeFunc.1Func.2

    OptionsN I K O N

    ONOFF

    BRIGHTNESS DISPLAY MODE

    ONReview OnlyPreview OnlyMonitor Off

    HUE

    MEMORIZE

    Mode

    DoneFUNC. 1

    Mode

    Metering

    White Balance

    FUNC. 2

    Mode

    Metering

    White Balance

    OPTIONS

    New

    Delete

    Rename

    NEW

    LM

    N I K O N

    OP

    RENAME

    N O VS H O W

    DELETE

    S H O W

    N O V

    RENAME

    QR

    S H O W

    TU

    DELETE

    Yes

    No

    S H O Wdeleting folder?

    Click for more information

    13

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    MENU OF F

    1

    S

    SET-UP

    Monitor OptionsShutter SoundAuto Off

    DateVideo Mode

    CF Card Format

    LanguageSELECT SET

    MENU OF F

    1

    S

    PLAY BACK MENU

    DeleteFoldersSlide ShowProtectHide ImagePrint SetSet-up

    SELECT SETS

    FirstStep

    s:Getting to Knowthe COOLPIX 990

    13The Playback Menu The Playback Set-up Menu

    DATE

    2 0 0 0 . 0 1 . 0 1

    0 0 : 0 0

    Y M D

    CF CARD FORMAT

    NoFormat

    WARNING!All images willbe deleted!

    3 0 S1 M5 M3 0 M

    BrightnessHue

    ON

    OFF

    NTSCPAL

    DEFJ

    DELETE

    Print Set

    Selected Images

    FolderAll Images

    SLIDE SHOW

    (Pause )

    StartFrame Intvl

    HIDE IMAGE

    FOLDERS

    N O V

    Options

    N I K O NAll Folders

    PROTECTPRINT

    DELETE

    DELETE

    S H O WN O V

    ERASE ALL IMAGES

    YesNo

    Erasing all images( excluded)

    OPTIONS

    New

    Delete

    Rename

    PRINT SET

    InfoDate

    Done

    BRIGHTNESS

    HUE

    Click

    for more information

    1

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    FirstSteps:Putting Batteries inthe Camera

    1

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