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The Serials Librarian: From the PrintedPage to the Digital AgePublication details, including instructions for authors andsubscription information:http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/wser20
Next Generation Library Automation: ItsImpact on the Serials CommunityMarshall Breeding aa Presenter ,Published online: 13 Mar 2009.
To cite this article: Marshall Breeding (2009) Next Generation Library Automation: Its Impact on theSerials Community, The Serials Librarian: From the Printed Page to the Digital Age, 56:1-4, 55-64, DOI:10.1080/03615260802679028
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The Serials Librarian, 56:5564, 2009Copyright The North American Serials Interest Group, Inc. ISSN: 0361-526X print/1541-1095 onlineDOI: 10.1080/03615260802679028
WSER0361-526X1541-1095The Serials Librarian, Vol. 56, No. 1-2, Jan 2009: pp. 00The Serials Librarian
Next Generation Library Automation: Its Impact on the Serials Community
Next Generation Library AutomationVision Sessions
In the upcoming years, we anticipate major changes in the realmof library automation. The upheavals have begun, with manydifferent movements challenging the models of library automationthat have prevailed for decades. The monolithic integrated librarysystem (ILS) continues to diminish in importance as libraries movetoward a transition to a loosely coupled suite of applications.While the ILS continues to play a role, though ever smaller, librariesare making investments in a new generation of automation prod-ucts, especially next generation interfaces more comprehensive inscope and better equipped to handle full-text electronic content.Electronic resource management (ERM) systems struggle as agenre of automation products designed to handle the specializedtask of helping libraries make sense of their explosively growingcollections of subscribed electronic content. Sparked by recentindustry events, libraries demand openness at a higher level thanever before, expressed through a tsunami of activity in the adoptionof open source library automation software and in demands foropen access to library data to enable better local control and inte-gration with third party products. Specialists in serials need to beaware of, and provide input into, the emerging visions of libraryautomation.
KEYWORDS library automation trends, integrated librarysystems, service oriented architecture, serials automation
The realm of library automation has followed an evolutionary developmentpath of incremental change for several decades. The software used in librariestoday carries much of the same basic organization and design from the inte-grated library systems created more than three decades ago. Yet, libraries
56 Vision Sessions
have changed drastically since that time. Although it seems that the main-stream of library automation will continue along this path of gradualchange, there might also be a great opportunity in exploring some divergentpaths that involve creating a next generation of library automation softwareless tied to concepts and assumptions that have long since changed.
This essay describes some of the main features and trends of the currentlibrary automation scene. It highlights some of the business, technology,and product trends. The observations made in this essay are broadlyinformed by the authors ongoing research that has been the basis of the lastseven editions of the Automation System Marketplace feature publishedannually in Library Journal, the data gathered and organized in LibraryTechnology Guides, and many other projects related to documenting andinterpreting the events, technologies, and products in the field of libraryautomation.
These trends should hold interest beyond systems librarians andadministrators involved with allocating resources related to technology. Itshelpful also for non-technical professionals and practitioners, such as thosespecializing in serials, to gain insight into and understanding of the largertrends playing out in library technology in order to ensure that their nichewithin the operations of libraries receives adequate attention as the automa-tion tools upon which they rely evolve or take new forms altogether.
THE CURRENT STATE OF THE LIBRARY AUTOMATION INDUSTRY
We live in a time of rapid change in the library automation arena.Although change has been a given throughout the history of libraryautomation, the shifts taking place now seem especially dramatic andtumultuous. Some of the dynamics currently taking place involve an accel-eration of the mergers and acquisitions that have resulted in fewer, butlarger, companies involved in library automation. The consolidation ofcompanies has resulted in the elimination of some of the available automa-tion products. This narrowing of options from the traditional vendors hasopened the door for open source alternatives and a new breed of compa-nies that base their business on the promotion, support, and developmentof these products.
Libraries find themselves today intertwined with an automation industryundergoing considerable transition and turmoil. Libraries have becomereliant on integrated library systems produced by a clique of specializedvendors. The standard approach for acquiring these products involves sub-stantial up-front license fees, annual payments for software updates andsupport. The licensed software includes only the executable files; theunderlying source code remains the proprietary property of the vendor andis kept safely from competitors and customers.
Next Generation Library Automation 57
This model, although still well established, is no longer the only alter-native. Over the last few years, open source versions of library automationsystems have begun to find a following. The initial wave of interestemerged mostly from public libraries, but in recent months some academicand special libraries have also been choosing open source ILS products.The open source movement has forever changed the dynamics of thelibrary automation industry.
Three different open source library automation systems have become partof the competitive landscape: Koha, Evergreen, and OPALS (OPen-sourceAutomated Library System). Some other open source systems have beendeveloped in other parts of the world, but have not seen significant levelsof adoption in North America. Koha was originally developed in NewZealand beginning about 1999. One of the first libraries in North America toimplement it was the Nelsonville Public Library serving Athens County,Ohio. Some of the staff involved in implementing Koha in this library even-tually founded LibLime as a company to provide support, hosting, anddevelopment services surrounding open source library automation software.Evergreen was created by the Georgia Public Library System (GPLS) to sup-port the 152 libraries involved in the PINES consortium. This system wentinto production on September 5, 2006. Evergreen has also been adopted byother libraries and its original developers from GPLS formed Equinox Softwareas a company to provide support and development services surroundingthis product. OPALS was developed in the open source model by MediaFlex, targeting primarily K12 school and special libraries. This system hasbeen implemented by many school districts and consortia of school districts.Most of these installations lie within the state of New York, but the softwarehas begun its spread to other geographic regions.
Some of the events over the last few years have diminished manylibraries confidence in the incumbent set of companies involved in producingcore autom