New Thames River Crossing Silvertown Tunnel Option Volume 1

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  • TRANSPORT FOR LONDON

    RIVER CROSSINGS: SILVERTOWN TUNNEL

    SUPPORTING TECHNICAL DOCUMENTATION

    This report is part of a wider suite of documents which outline our approach to traffic, environmental, optioneering and engineering disciplines, amongst others. We would like to know if you have any comments on our approach to this work. To give us your views, please respond to our consultation at www.tfl.gov.uk/silvertown-tunnel

    Please note that consultation on the Silvertown Tunnel is running from October December 2014.

    NEW THAMES RIVER CROSSING: SILVERTOWN

    TUNNEL OPTION

    VOLUME 1 Mott MacDonald

    November 2009

    This report investigates the feasibility of road tunnel crossings at Silvertown.

  • Ref : 267769 / 265453 ?

    New Thames River Crossing

    Silvertown Tunnel Option - Volume 1

    November 2009

    Transport for London

  • 267759 MNC TUN 01 001

    New Thames River Crossing; Silvertown Tunnel Option

    30 November 2009

    New Thames River Crossing

    Silvertown Tunnel Option - Volume 1

    November 2009

    Transport for London

    Mott MacDonald, Mott MacDonald House, 8-10 Sydenham Road, Croydon CR0 2EE, United Kingdom

    T +44(0) 20 8774 2000 F +44 (0) 20 8681 5706 W www.mottmac.com

    Windsor House, 42-50 Victoria Street, London SW1H 0TL

  • New Thames River Crossing

    Mott MacDonald, Mott MacDonald House, 8-10 Sydenham Road, Croydon CR0 2EE, United Kingdom

    T +44(0) 20 8774 2000 F +44 (0) 20 8681 5706 W www.mottmac.com

    Revision Date Originator Checker Approver Description

    001 30/11/2009 TAR TJS GR

    Issue and revision record

    This document is issued for the party which commissioned it

    and for specific purposes connected with the above-captioned

    project only. It should not be relied upon by any other party or

    used for any other purpose.

    We accept no responsibility for the consequences of this

    document being relied upon by any other party, or being used

    for any other purpose, or containing any error or omission

    which is due to an error or omission in data supplied to us by

    other parties

    This document contains confidential information and proprietary

    intellectual property. It should not be shown to other parties

    without consent from us and from the party which

    commissioned it.

  • 267759/MNC/TUN/01/001 30 November 2009 New Thames River Crossing; Silvertown Tunnel Option

    New Thames River Crossing

    Chapter Title Page

    Abbreviations i

    Executive Summary ii

    1. Introduction 1 1.1 Background _______________________________________________________________________ 1 1.2 Tunnel options _____________________________________________________________________ 1 1.3 Structure of this Report_______________________________________________________________ 1

    2. Design - Tunnels Sizing and Layout 2 2.1 Background _______________________________________________________________________ 2 2.1.1 Function __________________________________________________________________________ 2 2.1.2 Form_____________________________________________________________________________ 2 2.1.3 Impact____________________________________________________________________________ 2 2.2 Introduction________________________________________________________________________ 3 2.3 Tunnel excavated diameter ___________________________________________________________ 3 2.4 Minimum alignment plan radius ________________________________________________________ 5 2.5 Minimum tunnel crown cover __________________________________________________________ 5 2.6 Maximum alignment gradient __________________________________________________________ 6 2.7 Traffic, equipment and structure gauge __________________________________________________ 7 2.7.1 Vertically__________________________________________________________________________ 7 2.7.2 Horizontally________________________________________________________________________ 7 2.8 Pedestrian and cyclist gauge __________________________________________________________ 7 2.9 Fire life safety ______________________________________________________________________ 7 2.9.1 Self rescue ________________________________________________________________________ 8 2.9.2 Incident resistant infrastructure ________________________________________________________ 8 2.9.3 Incident prevention detection and management____________________________________________ 9 2.9.4 Emergency Exits ___________________________________________________________________ 9 2.9.5 Vehicle Cross-overs at 1500m centres___________________________________________________ 9 2.9.6 Communication Control Centre to tunnel occupants ________________________________________ 9 2.10 Tunnel Ventilation___________________________________________________________________ 9 2.11 Soil contamination _________________________________________________________________ 10 2.12 Flood protection ___________________________________________________________________ 10 2.13 Structural and Geotechnical considerations ______________________________________________ 10 2.13.1 TBM bored tunnels segment details __________________________________________________ 10 2.13.2 Choice of Tunnel Boring machine _____________________________________________________ 11 2.13.3 Bored Tunnel Approaches ___________________________________________________________ 12 2.14 Emergency Cross Passages _________________________________________________________ 12

    3. Construction - Tunnels 13 3.1 Introduction_______________________________________________________________________ 13 3.2 Construction feasibility ______________________________________________________________ 13 3.2.1 Running Tunnels __________________________________________________________________ 13 3.2.2 Cross Passages ___________________________________________________________________ 13 3.2.3 TBM Launch Chamber East or West of DLR____________________________________________ 14

    Content

  • 267759/MNC/TUN/01/001 30 November 2009 New Thames River Crossing; Silvertown Tunnel Option

    New Thames River Crossing

    3.3 Construction Impact on 3rd party Stakeholders ___________________________________________ 14 3.3.1 Silvertown Landfall _________________________________________________________________ 14 3.3.2 River Thames -Port of London Authority Department of Environment_________________________ 15 3.4 Greenwich Landfall_________________________________________________________________ 15 3.5 Construction Programme ____________________________________________________________ 15 3.6 Tunnel Solution Cost Estimate ________________________________________________________ 16

    4. Recommendations, conclusions, risks opportunities, sustainability 18 4.1 Recommendations _________________________________________________________________ 18 4.2 Conclusions ______________________________________________________________________ 18 4.3 Risks____________________________________________________________________________ 19 4.4 Opportunities _____________________________________________________________________ 19 4.5 Sustainability _____________________________________________________________________ 20 Appendix A. Large diameter tunnel boring machines _________________________________________________ 22 Appendix B. Drawings ________________________________________________________________________ 23 Appendix C. References of low cover tunnels ______________________________________________________ 29 Appendix D. Construction Programme ____________________________________________________________ 30

  • 267759/MNC/TUN/01/001 30 November 2009 New Thames River Crossing; Silvertown Tunnel Option

    i

    New Thames River Crossing

    BT Blackwall Tunnel

    EHW Edmund Halley Way

    ITT Immersed Tube Tunnel

    JHW John Harrisson Way

    MD Millennium Dome

    NB Northbound as in A102-NB

    NTRC New Thames River Crossings

    RBT Roundabout

    SB Southbound as in A102-SB

    TBM Tunnel Boring Machine

    JLE Jubilee Line Extension

    Abbreviations

  • 267759/MNC/TUN/01/001 30 November 2009 New Thames River Crossing; Silvertown Tunnel Option

    ii

    New Thames River Crossing

    In this report conservative feasible design options for 2 lane twin road tunnel crossings

    approximately 1400m long beneath the river Thames linking Greenwich and Silvertown are

    presented. The designs identify;

    1. The primary tunnel structures being 11m internal diameter segmentally lined bored

    tunnel structures to carry the 2 lane road system.

    2. The required ancillary support structures such as primary and secondary substations at

    either end of the tunnels some 30m by 20m and 20m by 10m in plan respectively, the

    vitiated air exhaust chimneys near the outbound tunnel portals some 9m outside

    diameter and 30m high, the emergency escape cross passages interlinking the road

    tunnels proper at 100m centres some 11 in number of which 5 are beneath the river bed.

    3. The temporary construction worksites and associated construction support buildings

    required to build the tunnels. The principal construction site on Silvertown side being

    sized to store 1 week of peak production i.e. stockpiles of tunnel arisings and tunnel

    segment supplies.

    4. A project specific construction programme supporting a construction period of some 4

    years

    The designs have been progressed in the absence of a location specific site investigation,

    however, due to extensive development in the immediate vicinity the local geology is relatively

    well k