NEW ENGLAND COLONIES MIDDLE COLONIES SOUTHERN COLONIES 13 Colonies

  • Published on
    23-Dec-2015

  • View
    219

  • Download
    5

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> NEW ENGLAND COLONIES MIDDLE COLONIES SOUTHERN COLONIES 13 Colonies </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> New England-1620 </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> New England Colonies </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Massachusetts Bay Colony Rhode Island Colony Connecticut Colony New Hampshire Colony </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Puritan Town meeting A member of the Church of England who settled in North America to follow Christian beliefs in a more pure way. An gathering in the New England Colonies in which male landowners could take part in voting and other town business. New England Colonies - Vocabulary </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Triangular Trade Routes The trade routes referred as the Triangular Trade Route connected England and the Colonies and West Africa. (The king only wanted English trading to be done between England and English Colonies.) New England Colonies - Vocabulary </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Native Americans of New England English Settlers of New England Colonies Didnt believe any one person could own land. They thought that by selling the land to the settlers, they were agreeing to share the land. Bought land from the Indians to keep for themselves. They fought with the Indians to force them off the land. Pequot War: forced Indians off the land. New England Colonies-Land Usage Issues </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Massachusetts Bay Colony </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? Puritans Religious freedom Escape from religious persecution in England Massachusetts Bay Colony - 1628 </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Who led the settlement? What economies did the colony develop? (jobs) John Winthrop Brought the 2 nd group of Puritans to Massachusetts Bay Colony Governed many times in 20 years Organized confederation of New England Fishing Fur trading Ship building Lumber/timber whaling Massachusetts Bay Colony - 1628 </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> John Endecott Roger Williams Led the 1 st group of Puritans to Massachusetts Bay Colony Minister in Salem, MA Left Mass. Bay Colony because he believed people should follow their own religion and not have to be Puritan Started Rhode Island Colony Massachusetts Bay Colony - 1628 </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Puritans wanted to create a pure church and set an example Everyone had to be Puritan Strict law, ruled by Puritan ministers Original settlements were Boston and Salem Plymouth joins in 1691 New Bedford was very important to whaling industry Town meetings where open to everyone, but only landowning men cold vote </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Rhode Island Colony </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? Dissenting Puritans following Roger Williams Religious freedom (dissention from Puritan religion) Rhode Island Colony - 1636 </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Who led the settlement? What economies did the colony develop? Roger Williams Minister in Salem Left Mass. Bay Colony because he believed people should be able to follow their own religion. Started Rhode Island Colony Ship building Trading Whaling/fishing Rhode Island Colony - 1636 </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> Anne Hutchinson Roger Williams Expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony for questioning the Puritan ministers Believe in the right to worship as you choose Settled in Rhode Island Colony Believed in the right to worship as you choose Minister Founded Rhode Island Colony Rhode Island Colony - 1636 </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> Rhode Island Colony - 1663 First to allowed freedom of religion (any religion) Believed in separation of church and state Worked with the native Narragansett Indians Anne Hutchinson and followers joined them later </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> Connecticut Colony </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? Disenchanted Puritans (Puritans who wanted more religious freedoms) More religious freedom than Mass. Bay Colony Better farm land More trade possibilities More political freedom than Mass. Bay Colony Connecticut Colony - 1636 </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> Who led the settlement? What economies did the colony develop? Thomas Hooker Founded Connecticut Colony Farming Ship building Connecticut Colony - 1636 </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> Founded by Thomas Hooker Three settlements combined to form Connecticut Colony Established Fundamental Order: allowed landowning men to vote for their leaders One of the first written plans of government in North America. </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> New Hampshire Colony </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? English settlers More fertile farmland New Hampshire Colony - 1679 </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> Who led the settlement? What economies did the colony develop? David Thomson Founded New Hampshire Colony Fishing timber New Hampshire Colony - 1679 </li> <li> Slide 27 </li> <li> David Thomson started Strawberry Bank in 1623 </li> <li> Slide 28 </li> <li> Middle Colonies (The Bread Basket) New York Colony, 1664 New Jersey Colony, 1664 (New Netherland takeover) Pennsylvania Colony, 1681 Delaware Colony, 1704 </li> <li> Slide 29 </li> <li> Middle Colonies </li> <li> Slide 30 </li> <li> Henry Hudson Benjamin Franklin Dutch explorer who explored the East Coast for Holland Explored what is now New York, New Jersey, and Delaware Famous American inventor and thinker Wrote Poor Richards Almanac Organized the first firefighting company Published a newspaper Made many inventions (ie lightening rod) Made the first library Middle Colonies </li> <li> Slide 31 </li> <li> Colonists who left the settlements and went to live in the Piedmont Lived in the foothills between the lowland coast and the Appalachian mountains Used the Great Wagon Road to get here Planted crops like Native Americans, with beans, corn, and squash in the same mound. Most lived in log huts with dirt floors and no windows Made almost everything they needed Backcountry Settlers </li> <li> Slide 32 </li> <li> Middle Colonies Dutch and Swedes: in New Netherland and New Sweden French, Scotch Irish, and Welsh: came for economic reasons and freedom of religion Jews and Catholics: came for religious freedom..the first group of Jews settled on New Amsterdam Others came to escape war and famine (starvation) in Europe Many free Africans lived in Philadelphia Germans: came for economic reasons and freedom of religion and brought barn raising gun making Conestoga wagon construction Immigrant Groups that settled in the Middle Atlantic Colonies: </li> <li> Slide 33 </li> <li> Immigrant militia A person who comes from another country to make new home Volunteer army Middle Colonies </li> <li> Slide 34 </li> <li> Almanac The Piedmont The book that Ben Franklin published each year with a calendar, weather forecasts, stories, jokes and wise sayings An area at or near the foot of a mountain. The Piedmont begins in New Jersey and stretches as far south as Alabama Middle Colonies </li> <li> Slide 35 </li> <li> Refuge Farm produce A safe place to live and worship Grains, fruits and vegetables Middle Colonies </li> <li> Slide 36 </li> <li> Trial by jury Great Awakening The right of people accused of breaking the law to be tried by a group of fellow citizens A movement that called for a rebirth (redo) of religious ways of life Middle Colonies </li> <li> Slide 37 </li> <li> Justice Township fairness An area of land Middle Colonies </li> <li> Slide 38 </li> <li> New York Colony </li> <li> Slide 39 </li> <li> Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? King Charles II King Charles II wanted to expand the colonies English takeover of New Netherland (a Dutch settlement that was looking for religious freedom) New York Colony - 1664 </li> <li> Slide 40 </li> <li> Peter Stuyvesant John Berkeley &amp; George Carteret Dutch leader of New Netherland Very strict but made the colony successful Dutch settlers didnt like him, so they didnt fight the English when they came to take over New York. Englishmen who were given part of New York and New Jersey by the Duke of York New York Colony - 1664 </li> <li> Slide 41 </li> <li> Who led the settlement? What economies did the colony develop? Duke of York Fur trade Cattle wheat New York Colony - 1664 </li> <li> Slide 42 </li> <li> Started as the Dutch colony of New Netherland Major town: New Amsterdam first Jewish settlement English wanted to expand their land, so they declared war on Holland English took it without any fighting because the Dutch settlers didnt like their leaders English changed it and called it New York Settlers cam from many places to New Amsterdam, including the first group of Jews in North America </li> <li> Slide 43 </li> <li> New Jersey Colony </li> <li> Slide 44 </li> <li> Slide 45 </li> <li> Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? English King Charles II Part of the expanding of land for England by King Charles II Was part of New Netherland New Jersey Colony - 1664 </li> <li> Slide 46 </li> <li> Who led the settlement? What economies did the colony develop? John Berkeley George Carteret Iron Ship building New Jersey - 1664 </li> <li> Slide 47 </li> <li> Religious group who believed in peace and equality Believe that people are basically good Refuse to fight (pacifists) Treated poorly in England for refusing to fight Bought out Berkeleys share of New Jersey The Quakers, or Society of Friends </li> <li> Slide 48 </li> <li> New Jersey - 1664 Used to be part of New Netherland When the English took over, they split the colony into New York Colony and New Jersey Colony Sold the land cheaply to anyone who wanted to come there </li> <li> Slide 49 </li> <li> Pennsylvania Colony </li> <li> Slide 50 </li> <li> Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? It was a repayment to William Penn, from King Charles II William Penn had loaned money to King Charles II It was a holy experiment established by the Quaker colony William Penn, the owner welcomed everyone Pennsylvania Colony - 1681 </li> <li> Slide 51 </li> <li> Who led the settlement? What economies did the colony develop? William Penn Quaker who owned Pennsylvania Planned the government of Pennsylvania by writing the Frame of Government Wanted peace and welcomed anyone to the colony Fur trading Wheat Cattle timber Pennsylvania Colony - 1681 </li> <li> Slide 52 </li> <li> Name means Penns Woods Named after William Penns father William Penn kept things fair and welcomed everyone Philadelphia was the main city </li> <li> Slide 53 </li> <li> Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? William Penn He bought it from the Delaware Indians William Penn allowed the settlers of the area to create their own government, which turned Delaware into a colony Delaware Colony - 1704 </li> <li> Slide 54 </li> <li> Who led the colony? What economies did the colony develop? William Penn The settlers government Ship building Delaware Colony - 1704 </li> <li> Slide 55 </li> <li> Used to be part of Pennsylvania William Penn bought if from the Delaware Indians (he treated them fairly) Late on, he allowed the settlers to create their own government, making it into a colony </li> <li> Slide 56 </li> <li> The Southern Colonies Virginia Colony, 1607 Maryland Colony, 1632 Carolina Colony, 1663 1729 it split into North Carolina Colony and South Carolina Colony Georgia Colony, 1723-1733 </li> <li> Slide 57 </li> <li> Southern Colonies </li> <li> Slide 58 </li> <li> Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? The Virginia Company to become wealthy and make money finding gold and silver Virginia Colony - 1607 </li> <li> Slide 59 </li> <li> Who led the settlement? What economies did the colony develop? John Smith, elected leader Tobacco cash crop Rice timber Virginia Colony - 1607 </li> <li> Slide 60 </li> <li> Major Cities Norfolk Roanoke Jamestown Williamsburg Became capital in 1699 Virginia Colony - 1607 </li> <li> Slide 61 </li> <li> Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? The Lords Proprietors (8 English noblemen from Lord Baltimore) The Calverts (Catholic landowners) To provide a refuge for Catholics Religious freedom for Catholics and Protestants To make money Maryland Colony - 1632 </li> <li> Slide 62 </li> <li> Who led the settlement? What economies did the colony develop? Lord Baltimore Tobacco Fish Maryland Colony - 1632 </li> <li> Slide 63 </li> <li> Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? The Lords Proprietors from King Charles II charter (8 English noblemen) Farming To make money from cash crops Carolina Colony - 1663 </li> <li> Slide 64 </li> <li> Carolina Colony 1663 It became too large and difficult to govern It became North Carolina Colony and South Carolina Colony Carolina Colony Split, 1729 </li> <li> Slide 65 </li> <li> N. Carolina Colony, 1729 S. Carolina Colony, 1729 Hilly land Developed small farms Lots of rich Coastal Plain farmlands Developed large plantations Carolina Colony 1663 </li> <li> Slide 66 </li> <li> Who led the settlement? William Berkeley North Carolina Colony Anthony Ashley-Cooper South Carolina Colony Carolina Colony - 1663 What economies did the colony develop? o Indigo developed as a dye by Eliza Pinckney o Rice o Timber o Tobacco </li> <li> Slide 67 </li> <li> Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? James Oglethorpe and friends from King George II charter To give debtors (people who owed money) a new start As protection from Spain for other colonies Georgia Colony 1723;1733 </li> <li> Slide 68 </li> <li> Who led the settlement? What economies did the colony develop? James Oglethorpe English settler who was given a charter to settle Georgia He wanted to bring in debtors from England to help settle it Rice Georgia Colony 1732; 1733 </li> <li> Slide 69 </li> <li> Major City Savannah Georgia Colony 1732; 1733 </li> </ul>

Recommended

View more >