Network TopologiesLecturer: Hyder R. Hamandi
Network Topologies Physical topologies describe how the cables are run in the network
A topology is a way of laying out the network
Physical Topologies Bus Star Ring Mesh Hybrid
Logical TechnologyLogical technology describe how the data or network messages travelEthernetToken RingFDDI
Bus Topology In the bus topology, the network nodes (computers, printers, and other devices connected together to share information) are connected to a common backbone cable
Data is sent to all computers on the trunk. Each computer examines EVERY packet on the wire to determine who the packet is for and accepts only messages addressed to them.good for a temporary, small (fewer than 10 people) networkPerformance degrades as more computers are added to the bus Bus is a passive topology .
Advantages of Bus Topology Works well for small networks Inexpensive to implement on a small scale Requires less cable Easy to add another workstation
Disadvantages of Bus Topology Management costs often too high Difficult to isolate a malfunctioning node or cable segment and associated connectors Possible for defective node to take down the entire network Subject to congestion from network traffic
Star Topology The star topology is a network configured with a central hub and individual cable segments connected to the hub, resembling the shape of a star. A hub is a central device used in the star topology that joins single cable segments or individual LANs into one network.
Advantages of Star Topology Easier to manage than a bus Easier to locate node and cable problems Easier to expand than a bus or ring, especially for enterprise networking Well suited for expansion into high-speed networking More equipment options
Disadvantages of Star Topology Susceptible to a single point of failure Requires more network cable at the start than a bus
Ring Topology A ring topology is a network in the shape of a ring or circle, with nodes connected around the ring.
Ring Topology (LAN)Redundant ring to avoid network failureRepeaters at each component Unidirectional transmission links Closed loopTypically used in FDDI networks
Advantages of Ring Topology Easier to manage than a bus Easier to locate node and cable problems Good over long distances Handles high-volume traffic well Very reliable
Disadvantages of Ring Topology Requires more network cable and equipment at the start than a bus Not as many equipment options as for a bus Not as widely used as the bus topology
Mesh Environment Every device interconnected Most expensive Most Fault tolerant Cable fault tolerant Device fault tolerant The Internet is Mesh Topology
Mesh TopologyFigure 2-9