NANO-TECHTECHNOLOGY OF THE SMALL
YOUR QUICK GUIDE TO A COURSE IN
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CONTENTS1. Introduction 03
2. Who can study Nanotechnology? 05
3. Course Structure 06
4. Postgraduate Courses 07
5. Advance Studies 08
6. Job Prospects 09
7. Expert Speak 11
8. List of Major Research Centres 12
9 Select Indian Institutions in Nanotechnology 13
10. Select Global Institutions in Nanotechnology 14
11. Select Nanotech Companies in India 15
What do you do when a fly sits on you? Just swat it. Imagine a fly that you cannot swat; however you try. This is not fiction. US scientists recently created a robot that is as small as a fly. This robo-fly weighs just a fraction of a gram. Or imagine going to a jewellery shop and seeing gold that appear red or purple in colour, not yellow. How is this possible? It is possible, thanks to Nanotechnology.
Nanotechnology measures length in one-bil-lionth of an inch. One millionth of a millimetre or 10-9 m, is a nanometre, and study of matter at that level is nanotechnology. Nobel Prize win-ning physicist, Richard Feynman initiated this idea in early 1950s. Nanotechnology caught up as a separate discipline only during the early 90s. In 2000, the US federal government set up the nanotechnology initiative. This has played a crucial role in providing seed funding for long-term research in the area. It has also caught up well in Europe.
FAST FACTSProgramme: BSc/B.Tech Eligibility: 10+ 2 (PCB for BSc/PCM for B.Tech) Duration: 3 years (BSc)/4/5 years (B.Tech/M.Tech) Course Fee: Low (public-funded institutions)/High (Private Institutions) Best Institutes For Bachelors: IITs, Amity University, SRM University, Lovely Professional University Best Institutes For Masters/Research: IITs, NITs, Amrita, Amity, SASTRA Job Roles: (For those with higher qualification) Research and development and application development, in both firms that develop and deploy nanoscale technologies and applications as well as user sectors like automobiles, aviation, pharma, textiles etc. Earning Potential: Depends on qualification and experience Employers in India: Monad Nanotech (Mumbai), Dabur Research Foundation (Ghaziabad), Velbionanotech (Bangalore), Indian Nano (Pune), Center For advance Research & Development (Bangalore), Bharat Biotech, Hyderabad
THE EMERGING FIELD OF NANOTECHNOLOGY HAS MULTIPLE AVENUES IN EDUCATION AND INDUSTRY, LETS EXPLORE...
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In India, Prof. CNR Rao, Linus Pauling Research Professor at Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), made pioneer-ing efforts in this field. This made the country one of the early entrants in this field. Though India got an early foothold, there is still a long way to go. India still has not realised the full import of a general purpose technology like nanoscience. It has the potential to usher in a new industrial revolution, Prof. Rao said in an interview. He says the national Nano Mission is a step in the right direction. It is an umbrella programme for capacity building. The Nano Mission focuses on the field of research and aims to tap its applied potential for the countrys development.
WHO CAN STUDY NANOTECHNOLOGY?
Those of you who have studied PCM/PCB at 10+2 are eligible to study Nanotech-nology at graduate level. Mathematics is a mandatory subject at 10+2 for a B.Tech degree. Students with PCB at 10+2 can aim for a BSc course.
After passing 10+2 with science streams one can prepare for IIT-JEE (Advanced) for secur-ing admission to B.Tech degree course at IIT Bombay. This 5-year dual-degree programme (B.Tech and M.Tech Engineering Physics) equips students for a career in Nanoscience.
Private institutions like Amity University and SRM University have Nanotechnology centres for students aspiring for a four-year B-Tech degree. The entrance to such courses is specific to the institute based on the aggregate of science subjects in 10+2.
KEEN INTEREST IN PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY WITH EITHER MATHS OR BIOLOGY OPENS THE DOORS TO NANOTECH
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Where can I do an undergraduate programme?A number of colleges and universities across the country offer UG courses in Nanotechnolgy. Some of the popular ones are; IITs, Amity University, SRM University, Lovely Professional University (See Box).
Course StructureEssentially, the course builds on the concepts of Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Electronics with specialisations spread across areas such as energy, health, environment and sensors. To imbibe these concepts a student has to access world-class instruments under expert guidance. The programme conducted at IIT Bombay works closely with the industry to commercialise nanotech-nology research.
Many institutes offer B.Sc /B.Tech degree courses in Materials Sciences and Engineering that teach the concepts of nanotechnology as an inter-disciplinary course.
Nanoscience is truly interdisciplinary in nature. The nature and structure of the course depends upon the area of specialisation that the course focuses on. Normally the three chief divisions of nanotech are nanomaterials, nano-electronics and nanobiotechnology.
Some of the subjects you will study at undergraduate level are: Solid State Physics, Foundation of Nanoscale Science and Technology, Electronic and Optical Properties of Material, Material Science, Non-conventional Energy Sources, Nano Measurement, Atomic and electronic structure of matter, Experimental Methods In Nanotechnology, Characterization Tools For Nanomaterials, Bioengineered Nanomaterials, Generic Methodology For Nanotechnology etc.
The course usually entails theory and practical studies with an eye on mak-ing you relevant for the industry.
Postgraduate CoursesA majority of the institutions in the country offer M.Tech in nanosceince. Here, a Bachelors in Nnotechnology or Nanoscience is not mandatory. You have to be either a B.Tech or BE or hold a first class Masters degree in basic or applied sciences. Depending on the research specialisations, institutions prefer either science or engineering graduates. Private universities mostly offer Masters in nanoscience.
Generally MSc in nanoscience is through research. Here the basic eligibil-ity is either a B.Tech or basic degree in Physics, Chemistry or allied sciences. If you are a science graduate, it does make sense for you to do a Masters in applied sciences before you go for an MTech degree says Prof. A. Choudhry, Professor at Centre for nanoscience at Guru Jambeswar University of Sci-ence and Technology. According to Prof. Bipin Nair, Dean, Amrita Centre for Biotechnology, it is always advisable to go for an MTech in nanoscience rather than an MSc, since an MTech invariably would come with a fellow-ship/stipend support.
The best place to pursue a nanotechnology Masters is USA. The nano initiative of 2000 has resulted in five world-class centers being set up at Harvard, Cornell, Northwestern, Columbia and Renesseller. Each centre focuses on one special area. Germany too offers some good institutions like the centre at Dresden to work on nanoscience. The best place in UK would be either the Imperial College, which offers a Masters degree by research, or the University College of London, which offers an MSc in nanotechnology.
NANOTECHNOLOGY Course Review
Nanotechnology offers jobs in diverse sectors from medical to agricultural. The technology offers green and clean alternatives to the existing ones. Government and private institutions in both India and abroad are taking huge initiatives to promote the tech-nology. For instance, Department of Electron-ics and Information Technology took up Nano Mission in 2007 to encourage research col-laborations and education in this field. TERI (The Energy and Resource institute) in Delhi envisages it as a cleaner technology to address environmental concerns.
Career choices depend on your interest and area of specialisation. Nanotechnology gradu-ates are skilled to join companies as scientists or executive managers. Specialised knowledge is essential to acquire any professional role in this field.
MAKE YOUR CAREER CHOICE IN NANTOECHNOLOGY BASED ON SCIENTIFIC INTEREST AND AREA OF SPECIALISATION
Advance StudiesNanoscience is still evolving in India. Just over 15 colleges offer programmes in the discipline. The best place to study nanoscience is the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore. A large number of researchers work here on different aspects. The best part about this institu-tion is entry is possible at all levels. Exceptionally bright graduates can enroll for an integrated MS/PhD programme. Almost all students get a stipend of Rs.8000 per month at least in the initial years and it goes up as you progress.
Some of the NITs offer MTech programmes, which are also very good, especially if you are