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Course 3 • Chapter 7 Congruence and Similarity 99 NAME _____________________________________________ DATE __________________ PERIOD _________ Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission is granted to reproduce for classroom use. Lesson 1 Homework Practice Congruence and Transformations Determine if the two figures are congruent by using transformations. Explain your reasoning. 1. A B R C S T 2. L K J I H G F E 3. A B 4. A B 5. GRAPHIC DESIGN The Art Club designed the logo shown. What transformations did they use if the top trapezoid is the preimage and the bottom trapezoid is the image? 6. SCRAPBOOKING Charlotte used a stamp to create the pattern shown. What transformations did she use if parallelogram A is the preimage and parallelogram B is the image? A B

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• Course 3 Chapter 7 Congruence and Similarity 99

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.Lesson 1 Homework PracticeCongruence and Transformations

Determine if the two figures are congruent by using transformations. Explain your reasoning.

1.

A

B

R

C

S

T

2.

LK

J I

H G

FE

3.

A B

4. AB

5. GRAPHIC DESIGN The Art Club designed the logo shown. What transformations did they use if the top trapezoid is the preimage and the bottom trapezoid is the image?

6. SCRAPBOOKING Charlotte used a stamp to create the pattern shown. What transformations did she use if parallelogram A is the preimage and parallelogram B is the image?

A

B

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• NAME _____________________________________________ DATE ____________________________ PERIOD _____________

Course 3 Chapter 7 Congruence and Similarity 101

Lesson 2 Homework Practice

Congruence

1. Triangles ABC and GHI are congruent. Write

congruence statements comparing the corresponding

parts. Then determine which transformation(s) map

ABC onto GHI.

2. Parallelograms CAMP and SITE are congruent. Write

congruence statements comparing the corresponding

parts. Then determine which transformation(s) map

parallelogram CAMP onto parallelogram SITE.

3. Triangles LMN and XYZ are congruent. Write

congruence statements comparing the corresponding

parts. Then determine which transformation(s) map

LMN onto XYZ.

• NAME _____________________________________________ DATE ____________________________ PERIOD _____________

Course 3 Chapter 7 Congruence and Similarity 105

Lesson 3 Homework Practice

Similarity and Transformations

Determine if the two figures are similar by using transformations. Explain your reasoning.

1. 2.

3. 4.

5. MURALS Jenna is creating a mural for her bedroom wall. She would like to copy a picture that is 2 inches by 2.5

inches. She uses a copy machine to enlarge it by a factor of 4. Then she projects it on her wall at a factor of 12. What

are the dimensions of the mural? Are the pictures similar?

6. BIOLOGY Mr. Fletcher is looking at a 0.5 millimeter section of plant under a microscope. The plant section appears

enlarged by a scale factor of 10 when looking through the microscope. He uses the camera on the microscope to

photograph what is seen through the lenses at a scale factor of 20. What is the length of the section of plant in the

photograph?

• Course 3 Chapter 7 Congruence and Similarity 107

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.Lesson 4 Homework PracticeProperties of Similar Polygons

Determine whether each pair of polygons is similar. Explain.

1. 5

13

17

8

15

12

2.

45

22.87.6

5

8

1515

24

Each pair of polygons is similar. Find each missing side measure.

3. 4

4

10

x5.6

4.

12

6

6 9

3 18

18x

5.

6

4

4.5

4

6

x

6. 3.5

5

8

20

14

x

7. TILES A blue rectangular tile and a red rectangular tile are similar. The blue tile has a length of 10 inches and a perimeter of 30 inches. The red tile has a length of 6 inches. What is the perimeter of the red tile?

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• Course 3 Chapter 7 Congruence and Similarity 109

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.Lesson 5 Homework PracticeSimilar Triangles and Indirect Measurement

1. TREES How tall is Yori?

3. LAKE How deep is the water 31.5 feet from the shore?

2 ft

31.5 ft6 ft

d ft

E

DB

C

A

2. TREASURE HUNT How far is it from the hut to the gold coins?

15 yd

18 yd

12 yd

x ydGold Coins

Shovel

Hut

Silver Coins

Jewels

4. SURVEYING How far is it across the pond?

In Exercises 1 4, the triangles are similar. Write a proportion and solve the problem.

For Exercise 5, draw a diagram of the situation. Then write a proportion and solve the problem.

5. ARCH The Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri, is 630 feet tall. Suppose a12-foot-tall pole that is near the Arch casts a 5-foot shadow. How long is the Archs shadow?

5 ft

20 ft

25 ft

h ft

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• Course 3 Chapter 7 Congruence and Similarity 111

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.Lesson 6 Homework PracticeSlope and Similar Triangles

1. EFG with vertices E(1,9), F(1,5), and G(2,5); GHI with vertices G(2,5), H(1,2), and I(3,1)

3. RST with vertices R(1,6), S(1,-6), and T(-3,-6); UVW with vertices U(-1,0), V(-1,-3), and W(-2,-3)

2. JNL with vertices J(-3,3), N(-3,-3), and L(5,-3); KML with vertices K(1,0), M(1,-3), and L(5,-3)

4. DEF with vertices D(-6,5), E(-6,2), and F(-2,2); FMW with vertices F(-2,2), M(-2,-4), and W(6,-4)

Graph each pair of similar triangles. Then write a proportion comparing the rise to the run for each of the similar slope triangles and find the numeric value.

y

xO

x

y

O

y

xO

y

xO

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• Course 3 Chapter 7 Congruence and Similarity 113

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.Lesson 7 Homework PracticeArea and Perimeter of Similar Figures

For each pair of similar figures, find the perimeter of the second figure.

1.

10 ft

20 ft

= 48 ft = ?

2.

2 in.3 in.

= 12 in. = ?

3.

5 cm10 cm

= 30 cm = ?

4.

6 in.

9 in.

= 30 in. = ?

5.

27 m

= 135 m

18 m

= ?

6. A triangle has a side length of 4 inches and an area of 18 square inches and a larger similar triangle has a corresponding side length of 8 inches. Find the area of the larger triangle.

7. A rectangle has a side length of 3 feet and an area of 24 square feet. A larger similar rectangle has a corresponding side length of 9 feet. Find the area of the larger rectangle.

8. FLOWER GARDEN A rectangular shaped flower garden has a length of 5 yards and an area of 15 square yards. A neighbors flower garden is similar and has a length of 7 yards. What is the area of the neighbors flower garden? Round your answer to the nearest whole number.

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Lesson 7-1 HWLesson 7-2 HWLesson 7-3 HWLesson 7-4 HWLesson 7-5 HWLesson 7-6 HWLesson 7-7 HW

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