MUST READ - Open Badges - Portable Learner Achievements

Embed Size (px)

Text of MUST READ - Open Badges - Portable Learner Achievements

  • 8/10/2019 MUST READ - Open Badges - Portable Learner Achievements

    1/20

    Open Badges:

    Portable rewards forlearner achievementsA MyKnowledgeMap

    white paper

  • 8/10/2019 MUST READ - Open Badges - Portable Learner Achievements

    2/20

  • 8/10/2019 MUST READ - Open Badges - Portable Learner Achievements

    3/20

    Open Badges:Portable rewards forlearner achievements

  • 8/10/2019 MUST READ - Open Badges - Portable Learner Achievements

    4/20

    Contents

    Introduction

    Why do we need portable rewards?

    What are Open Badges?

    How do Open Badges work?

    Whats the technology behind the badges?

    How secure are Open Badges?

    Open Badges, assessment & lifelong portfolios

    Open Badges & national skills infrastructures

    Open Badges & online learning Open Badges & capability management

    Still reading? Give yourself a reward

  • 8/10/2019 MUST READ - Open Badges - Portable Learner Achievements

    5/20

    Introduction

    W ?

    Modern learners are engaging in education, training and personaldevelopment in new and exciting ways, recording progress, skills and

    achievements using disparate and innovative technologies. With somuch activity taking place across so many different systems, applica-tions and locations, it can be difficult to get recognition for the skillsthat learners are gaining and demonstrating and even more difficultto get that recognition in a format that learners can use and share.

    Even if achievements are recorded, technology generally haslimited functionality for exporting, transferring and sharing themin the ways that modern learners need to. This issue becomes evenmore acute as learners transition from one organisation or institutionto another, often unable to take their record of achievements withthem.

    Interoperability between e-portfolio tools, Learning ManagementSystems and student Management Information Systems is increasingand standardised formats for data transfer are emerging but these,in most cases, require a compatible system to import these recordsinto. Its also easy, when exporting and importing achievement data,to lose the validation aspects of the achievement and therefore the

    integrity of the claim.

  • 8/10/2019 MUST READ - Open Badges - Portable Learner Achievements

    6/20

    W O B?

    Awarding badges for achievement and recognition of skills is no newinnovation. Cast your mind back to childhood when swimming metres, or carving a tent peg with a pen knife would gain you a sew-on badge.

    Each badge could be used as demonstrable proof that a skill hadbeen learnt and proven, and the badge itself would be evidence of theauthority that issued the award. Whats more, these badges would becollected and displayed in a single place (a shirt sleeve, a neckerchief,a swimming towel) allowing the owner to show their achievementsto all.

    The Open Badge Initiative, from Mozilla, aims to provide a platformwhere this approach to the recognition of skills and achievements can

    be replicated, albeit in a digital way. Mozilla describe Open Badgesthrough their websitein the following terms:

    Learning today happens everywhere but its often difficult to

    get recognition for skills and achievements gained outside

    of school. Mozillas Open Badges project is working to solve

    that problem, making it easy for any organisation or learning

    community to issue, earn and display badges across the web.

    The result: recognising st century skills, unlocking career and

    educational opportunities, and helping learners everywherelevel up in their life and work.

    http://www.openbadges.org/

  • 8/10/2019 MUST READ - Open Badges - Portable Learner Achievements

    7/20

    Its not just achievement of skills or milestones that can be re-warded by issuing Open Badges, they can also be used to reward andreinforce positive behaviours. As the administrator of an issuing appli-

    cation you could distribute badges to learners who, for example, keepregular learning journals, or members who continue to dedicate timeto continuing professional development or even tutors who regularlymeet their student feedback SLAs.

    The dynamic nature of Open Badges, and the data they can con-tain, means that its possible to award badges for almost any systemachievement, behaviour or action.

  • 8/10/2019 MUST READ - Open Badges - Portable Learner Achievements

    8/20

    H O B ?

    The Mozilla Open Badge project provides a technical definition forhow Open Badges can be created, stored and shared providing anapproach to interoperability, not for the systems using Open Badges,but for the badges themselves.

    This simple processdemonstrates how badges can be issued bya range of bodies, collected by an individual, stored in a central ap-plication (owned and managed by the individual) and then shared indifferent contexts.

    Adapted from http://openbadges.org/en-US/about.html#how-it-works

  • 8/10/2019 MUST READ - Open Badges - Portable Learner Achievements

    9/20

    This model is intentionally straight forward and employs three keystakeholders:

    Issuerscreate and award badges for the completion oftasks and activities as well as the demonstration of skillsand competence.Earnersare individuals who complete tasks, demonstrateskills and earn badges.Displayersprovide a platform for earners to show theirbadges, or selections of badges, within different contexts.

    A beta-phase earner-centric application is provided by Mozilla to

    support the collection of badges from multiple sources The BadgeBackpack. The Backpack gives users a central location for storage oftheir badges and implements all of the functionality needed to pre-vent spamming of unwanted badges into a backpack.

    The open nature of the badge specification doesnt just tie usersto the Mozilla backpack but leaves the platform open for anyone toprovide the backpack for collected badges, even allowing users todownload their badges to store themselves.

    W ?

    Mozilla Open Badges have been designed to be totally portableand make use of the ability to embed additional information intoa PNG image (a standardised and non proprietary image format).By incorporating a reference to a badge description, hosted by thebadge issuer, along with information about the individual, a genericbadge image can be re-encoded to provide a personalised badge foran individual a portable badge that can be owned and used by theindividual however they may require.

  • 8/10/2019 MUST READ - Open Badges - Portable Learner Achievements

    10/20

    H O B?

    The Open Badge specification dictates that the information encodedwithin the PNG image is minimal (a single assertionURL) and thatthe information that validates the badge be hosted and maintainedby the issuer. This means that theres very little within a badge thatcan be tampered with, and validation of the badge can be achieved byquickly and simply reading the information held in the assertion.

    The assertion itself is again simple in its construction and providesdetails of the individual the badge was issued to (hashed using SHAencryption or similar) as well as details of the issuing body. The asser-

    tion also references the criteria for the badge which is also hosted bythe issuer. In fact, the only thing not held by the issuing body is thebadge itself. Security and validation of the badge is therefore main-tained by the provision of a valid assertion served by the issuing body.

    You can read more about the technical specification for MozillaOpen Badges at https://wiki.mozilla.org/Badges/Onboarding-Issuer.

    An assertion is a small snippet of data (in JSON format) that is held and served bythe issuer of the badge describing it, the owner and the badge criteria.

  • 8/10/2019 MUST READ - Open Badges - Portable Learner Achievements

    11/20

  • 8/10/2019 MUST READ - Open Badges - Portable Learner Achievements

    12/20

    Using a combination of automatically issued badges along withbadges created by tutors and administrators to recognise specificskills, a portfolio of personal achievements can be created that astudent can take with them, using and reusing in all of the contextsof their lifelong learning journey.

    Its also possible, using Open Badges, to reward the positive behav-iours and attributes of a learner outside the achievement of skills orparticular milestones.

    Open Badges could be used in an equally powerful way to demon-strate the commitment of a learner or their ability to support theircolleagues all of the additional skills that can help a candidate standout when entering the world of work.

    As well as issuing badges, a toolset for collection and display canalso be provided both for those issued internally and for those

    collected from other sources. This type of functionality can be usedto support learners with the demonstration of vitally important lifeskills as well as those gained on placements and in the field: learnerscan be given their own web showcase where they can display badgesand contextualise them with a supporting narrative.

    Top marks Blogger

  • 8/10/2019 MUST READ - Open Badges - Portable Learner Achievements

    13/20

    Open Badges & national skills

    infrastructures

    Recording and validating skills, experiences and abilities is at the coreof online national skills infrastructures, especially in industries wherean accepted set of predefined competencies and training standardsexists.

    In the nuclear industry in the UK, for example, a set of Basic Com-mon Induction Standards are recognised across the industry, andachievement of this