Music and it’s impact on Student’s writing productivity & attitude toward writing.

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Music and its impact on Students writing productivity & attitude toward writing. Onekqua N. Henry Education 703.22 Spring 2010. Table of contents. Introduction Statement of the Problem Review of Related Literature Statement of the Hypothesis Method Participants Instruments - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<p>Music and its impacts on writing productivity</p> <p> Music and its impact on Students writing productivity &amp; attitude toward writing.Onekqua N. HenryEducation 703.22 Spring 2010</p> <p>Table of contentsIntroductionStatement of the ProblemReview of Related LiteratureStatement of the HypothesisMethodParticipants InstrumentsExperimental designProcedureResultsDiscussionImplicationsReferencesAppendicesAppendix AAppendix B</p> <p>Statement of the ProblemAccording to the National Assessment of Educational Progress writing is considered the most neglected of the 3 Rs.</p> <p>Students in 8th grade are writing at a proficient level of 31% and 23% in grade 12.</p> <p>Students leave elementary school and progress through the grades not prepared for college writing.</p> <p>Teachers are faced with the task of engaging students to write in a world filled with other stimuli such as video games, television, and the internet (Walsh,2008) </p> <p>Review of the related literatureWell Known Practioners and Theorists</p> <p>PiagetCognitive Development Theory(Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia 2009Howard GardnerMultiple Intelligence Theory(Gardner, 1998)Lucy CalkinsUnits of Study for Teaching Writing, Grades 3-5</p> <p>Donald GravesWriting: Teachers &amp; Children at Work </p> <p>Nancy AtwellLessons That Change Writers</p> <p>Review of the related literaturePros :Music can increase writing productivity, be used as a motivational tool for writing.Music can encourage discussion, &amp; written responses.Music can reengage students and compete with iPods &amp; video games.Music ties into Howard Gardners Multiple intelligences &amp; has parallels to writing.(Donohue &amp; McNeely, 1999; Kariuki &amp; Honeycutt, 1999;Black,1993; Patterson &amp; Clemens, 2008; Kim &amp; Lorsbach, 2005; Hudson, 2001; Prescott, 1999; Southgate &amp; Roscigno, 2009; Rubin &amp; Melinick, 1998 ; Walsh, 2008; Rubin &amp; Melinick, 1998; Wiggins,2007; DiEdwardo,2005; Perry, 2007; Hansen, 2009; Pearman &amp; Friedman, 2009</p> <p>Cons:It is a hazy claim that listening to music makes you smarter. (Piro, 2009; Zehr, 2000) Using music is a non-traditional way of teaching, lyrics can be provocative, and have controversial perspectives. (Earnest &amp; Duncan,2009; Perry, 2007)At times the gains are not distributed equally because of factors such as music selection, culture, race/ethnicity, and at times gender. (Southgate, &amp; Roscigno, 2009). Statement of the hypothesisHr1Integrating music in five fifth grade students writing assignments at P.S. ABC in Brooklyn, NY over the course of five weeks will increase their attitudes toward writing. </p> <p>Hr2- Integrating music in five fifth grade students writing assignments at P.S. ABC in Brooklyn, NY over the course of five weeks will increase their writing productivity. MethodsParticipantsFive 5th grade Students9-11 yrs old3 females2 males All demonstrating low writing productivity,and lack of motivationfor writingInstrumentsParental consent form</p> <p>Two student surveysAssess students perception of how well they write.Assess students attitude and motivation for writing and music.</p> <p>MethodsExperimental DesignPre-Experimental: One shot case study</p> <p>Single group exposed to a treatment (X) and post tested (O)</p> <p>Symbolic Design:XO</p> <p>Threats to validityInternal ThreatsHistory</p> <p>Maturation</p> <p>Instrumentation</p> <p>Mortality</p> <p>Selection-MaturationInteraction</p> <p>External ThreatsEcological Validity</p> <p>Selection Treatment Interaction</p> <p>Experimenter Effects</p> <p>Reactive arrangements/participants effectsMethodsProcedureStudents responded to survey questions before and after exposure to music.</p> <p>Students listened to 3-4 minute pop song per session for five sessions. </p> <p>Researcher posed a question that related to each song.</p> <p>Students were to write a response to that question.</p> <p>Students were given 15 minutes to respond.ResultsData Analysis</p> <p>Student 1 Student 2 Student 3 Student 4 Student 5 Total words written perSession. Session 1 110140150143161 704Session 2 127135158147157 724Session 3 130144170155169 768Session 4 141149173169173 805Session 5 157156179176177 845ResultsWith a correlational coefficient of 0.72rxy there appears to be a fair positive correlation between students exposure to music and the number of words writtenStudent survey question # 3: I write longer paragraphs after exposed to music.1. Strongly disagree2. Disagree3. Agree4. Strongly agree</p> <p>DiscussionThe results of this study demonstrated that the use of music is effective in increasing students attitudes toward writing &amp; writing productivity.</p> <p>These findings are consistent with the available research that music can influence students writing productivity &amp; motivation toward writing.</p> <p>13ImplicationsThe results of this study suggests the following:A need for a larger sample size.A need for more longitudinal studies.ReferencesApplebee,A.,&amp;Langer,J.(2009). What Is happening in the teaching of writing?English Journal,98(5),18-28. Retrieved November 15, 2009, from Teacher Journals. (Document ID:1742972881).Black, J. (1993). The effects of auditory and visual stimuli on tenth graders' descriptive writing. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED364887) Retrieved September 29, 2009,from ERIC databaseBox, J. (2002). Guided writing in the early childhood classroom. Reading Improvement, 39(3), 11-13. Retrieved October 14, 2009, from Education Full Text database.Cooks, J. (2004). Writing for something: essays, raps, and writing preferences. English Journal, 94(1), 72-6. Retrieved December 1, 2009, from Education Full Text database.DiEdwardo, M. (2005). Pairing linguistic and music intelligences. Kappa Delta Pi Record, 41(3), 128-30. Retrieved November 17, 2009, from Education Full Text database.Donohoe, R., &amp; McNeely, T. (1999, May 1). The effect of student music choice on writing productivity. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED448472) Retrieved September 17, 2009, from ERIC database.Eady, I., &amp; Wilson, J. (2004). The influence of music on core learning. Education, 125(2), 243-248. Retrieved October 8,2009 Academic Search Complete database. Gardner, H. (1998). A multiplicity of intelligences. Scientific American Presents,18-23. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database.Hansen, D. (2009). Writing in the music classroom. Teaching Music, 16(4), 28-30. Retrieved November 12, 2009, from Education Full Text database.Kariuki, P., &amp; Honeycutt, C. (1998, November 1). An investigation of the effects of music on two emotionally disturbed students' writing motivations and writing skills. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED427491) Retrieved September 29, 2009, from ERIC databaseKim, J., &amp; Lorsbach, A.W.(2005). Writing self-efficacy in young children: issues for the early grades environment. Journal of Learning Environments Research, 8(2), 157-175. Retrieved October 29, 2009, from Springer link database.Kissel, B. (2008). Promoting writing and preventing writing failure in young children. Preventing School Failure, 52(4), 53-56. Retrieved from ERIC database.Knudson, R. (1995). Writing experiences, attitudes, and achievement of first to sixth graders. Journal of Educational Research, 8990-97. Retrieved from ERIC database.</p> <p>ReferencesMorrell, E., &amp; Duncan-Andrade, J. (2002). Promoting academic literacy with urban youth through engaging hip-hop culture. English Journal, 91(6), 88-92. Retrieved December 16, 2009, from Education Full Text database.Patterson, E., Schaller, M., &amp; Clemens, J. (2008). A closer look at interactive writing. The Reading Teacher, 61(6), 496-7. Retrieved December 16, 2009, from Education Full Text database.Pearman, C., &amp; Friedman, T. (2009). Reading and rhythm: binding language arts and music in an academic notebook. General Music Today, 23(1), 12-16. Retrieved from ERIC database.Perry, T. (2007). Adolescent voice in the middle school classroom: can you dig it?. English Journal, 97(1), 109-12. Retrieved December 1, 2009, from Education Full Text database.Piro, J. (2009, June). Music training and literacy development. Literacy Today, Retrieved September 17, 2009, from Academic Search Complete database.Prescott, J. (2005). Music in the classroom. Instructor, 114(5), 29-76. Retrieved October 8,2009 from Academic Search Complete database.Rodesiler,L. (2009). Turn it on and turn it up: incorporating music videos in the ELA classroom.English Journal,98(6),45-48. Retrieved November 15, 2009, from Teacher Journals. (Document ID:1777697411).Rubin, R., &amp; Melnick, J. (1998). Twisters and shouters: teaching music and literature together. Radical Teacher, 31-6. Retrieved November 17, 2009, from Education Full Text database.Scott, L. (1996). Writing to music. The Reading Teacher, 50, 173-4. Retrieved December 16, 2009, from Education Full Text databaseSouthgate, D., &amp; Roscigno, V. (2009). The impact of music on childhood and adolescent achievement. Social Science Quarterly Retrieved November 17, 2009, from Academic Search Complete database.Sudol, David,&amp;Sudol, Peg.(1991). Another story: putting Graves, Calkins, and Atwell into practice and perspective.Language Arts,68(4),292. Retrieved October 15, 2009, from Platinum Periodicals. (Document ID:1867394).Walsh, M. (2008). Worlds Have collided and modes have merged: classroom evidence of changed literacy practices. Literacy, 42(2), 101-108. Retrieved from ERIC database.</p> <p>AppendicesAppendix AParent Consent FormDear parents/guardians,I am a graduate student at Brooklyn College. As part of my coursework this semester I am required to complete an action research project. Your child has been asked to in this project which examines the impacts of music on student writing. As improving students writing is the goal of this research project I am asking that you give your child permission to participate in this project. The students selected for this project will participate in a group two times a week over the course of five weeks. I will be using popular music as way to open up discussions and then giving the students a writing prompt based on the songs listened to. Each student participating in the action research project will remain confidential no names or other identifying characteristics will be used.Thanks in advance,Onekqua N. Henry____ Yes, I give permission for my child to be part of the action research project.____ No, I do not give permission for my child to be part of the data collection procedure. ____ I would like more information before giving my permission.Print Childs Name: _______________________Parent Signature: _________________________</p> <p>Appendices(cont)x BAppendix BStudent Music&amp; Writing Attitude SurveyDirections: For each statement place the number on the corresponding line that you mostly agree with.=1==2= =3= =4= Strongly Disagree Agree StronglyDisagree Disagree 1. Writing is boring. ___________ 2. I like listening to music. ___________3. I like to write in my spare time. ___________4. I enjoy writing notes and letters to people. ___________5. I like writing at school. ___________6. I have trouble thinking about what to write. ___________7. It is fun to write things at home. ___________8. I can study write to music. ___________9. I like to share my writing with others. ___________10. Writing is fun. ___________ 11. I wish I had more time to write at school. __________12. can pay attention while music playing. __________13. I think Im a good writer. ___________ 14. I like to write. ___________ 15. I write often write at home. ___________16. I like to write about things that have happened to me. ___________17. It is difficult to study to music </p> <p>Appendices(cont)Student writing skill surveyDirections: For each statement place the number on the corresponding line that you mostly agree with.</p> <p>=1= =2= =3= =4= Strongly Disagree Agree Strongly Disagree DisagreeI write well. ___________I get good grades on my writing assignments. ___________My writing always contains a beginning, middle, and end. ___________Writing is difficult for me. ___________My writing has a logical sequence. ___________I write better when I free write than when given a topic. ___________I get mostly 4s on my report card for writing workshop. ___________My teacher thinks I write well. ___________I am good at spelling. ___________I use many details when I write. ___________</p>

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