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Oil PanCrank ShaftPISTON
The Crank shaft rotates in the oil pan and splashesOil on to the pistons.
Both sides are lubricated in order to Reduce friction.
Basic OperaionA motor has several cavitvities called cylinders. The piston moves up and down in the cylinderThus converting vertical movement into rotary movement. This rotary movement is transfered toThe wheels through a gear box to the wheels
The fuel is mixed with air in the carburetor. The air/ fuel mixture isThen put in the cylinders. This is called the Intake Stroke
Now the explosive mixture is in the cylinder, it must be crompressed prior to combustion. The piston compresses, thie mixture. This is called the: Compression Stroke
At an exact time, the spark plug ignites the mixture. This is called the: Ignition. Stroke
The piston is forced down violently during the ignition stroke then rises again to expell theBurned gasses. This is the: Exhaust Stroke
Direct injection: JTD, TDI, HDI
Crank shaft and piston
TWIN TURBO: There are two turbine wheels on one axis. One is driven by the exhaust fumes, the other sucks the mixture and pumps it into the cylinder.
This increases the amount of air that injected intocombustion chamber.
Before the INVENTION of the Turbo more cylinders were needed to boost performance.
Principle of the direct injection: the mixture is injected directly into the cylinder. The direct injection is possible by the use of a high pressure pump.
This is an example of an IN-LINE 4 CYLINDER Engine