mosaic1-GRAMMAR REFERENCE WITH ACTIVITIES.pdf

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  • 7/26/2019 mosaic1-GRAMMAR REFERENCE WITH ACTIVITIES.pdf

    1/410 Starter unit Gramtica0

    Starterunit

    Gramtica

    Subject pronouns and Possessiveadjectives

    Pronomes suxeito Adxectivos posesivos

    I myyou your

    he / she / it his / her / its

    we our

    you your

    they their

    Uso

    Os pronomes suxeito substiten a substantivos e

    nomes propios.

    Katy is English. Shesfrom Manchester.

    Nota:os pronomes suxeito non se poden omitirnunca.

    It is on the desk. NO Is on the desk.

    Os adxectivos posesivos colcanse diante dos

    substantivos para indicar a quen pertencen estes

    ltimos.

    Mypencil is blue. This is ourclassroom.

    Possessive s

    A forma scolcase detrs dos substantivos en

    singular. the teachersdesk Tomsbook

    Engdese s substantivos en plural acabados en s.

    the studentsschool bags my parentslaptop

    Engadimos ss substantivos en plural que non

    acaban en s.

    the childrensteacher the menschairs

    Uso

    O posesivo en sutilzase para indicar que algo

    pertence a algun.

    Katysdictionary the boysnotebooks

    have got

    Afirmativa Negativa

    Ive got I havent got

    Youve got You havent gotHe / She / Its got He / She / It hasnt got

    Weve got We havent got

    Youve got You havent got

    Theyve got They havent got

    Interrogativa Respostas breves

    Have I got ? Yes, I have. No, I havent.

    Have you got ? Yes, you have. No, you havent

    Has he / she / it

    got ?

    Yes, he / she / it

    has.

    No, he / she / it

    hasnt.

    Have we got ? Yes, we have. No, we havent.Have you got ? Yes, you have. No, you havent

    Have they got ? Yes, they have. No, they haven

    Uso

    Have gotutilzase para indicar posesin ou falar do

    membros da familia.

    Hesgota ruler.

    Wevegottwo pens.

    Ivegota sister.

    Nota:nas respostas breves non se incle got.

    Have you got a calculator? Yes, I have.

    NO Yes, I have got.

    Imperatives

    Afirmativa Negativa

    Look at the book. Dont look at the book.

    Sit down. Dont sit down.

    A forma do imperativo coincide coa do infinitivo

    sen to.

    A negativa constrese con Dontseguido do

    infinitivo sen to.Uso

    O imperativo utilzase para dar instrucins e ordes

    Openyour books. Readthe text.

    Dont talk. Dont eatthat.

  • 7/26/2019 mosaic1-GRAMMAR REFERENCE WITH ACTIVITIES.pdf

    2/41Gramtica Starter unit

    Subject pronouns and Possessiveadjectives

    1 Write SP (subject pronoun) or PA (possessive

    adjective).their PA 3 his 6 our

    1 you 4 they 7 my

    2 I 5 its 8 she

    2 Complete the sentences with the bold words.

    I my

    Hi! Mynames Robert and Im thirteen.

    1 their she

    s got two brothers. names

    are Mike and Andy.2 your it

    Wheres rubber? s here.

    3 he our

    Thats teacher. s American.

    4 his she

    Is mum a teacher? Yes, s

    an English teacher.

    5 they your

    Where are students? rein Room 10.

    Possessive s

    3 Add sor to the subjects.

    the school computer

    the schools computer

    1 the girls pencils

    2 the children book

    3 Nora favourite subject

    4 Luis notebook

    5 the boy laptop

    Starterunit

    Grammar practice

    have got

    4 Write pairs of sentences with have got.

    you / a ruler / a rubber

    You havent got a ruler. Youve got a rubber.1 they / blue pens/ black pens

    2 she / a calculator/ a dictionary

    3 I / a sister/ a brother

    4 it / chairs/ desks

    5 we / maths / history

    5 Write questions and short answers with have go

    Emily / a laptop ?

    Has Emily got a laptop? No, she hasnt.

    1 the students / calculators ?

    2 Mr Clark / a red car ?

    3 the classroom / a whiteboard?

    4 your parents / laptops ?

    5 you / posters in your room ?

    Imperatives

    6 Write the correct imperative form of the verbs.

    be eat look sit write

    Eatyour lunch. Its one oclock.

    1 with a pen. Use a pencil.

    2 quiet! Heres the teacher.

    3 at exercise 1 and read the text.

    4 on that chair. Its the teachers.

  • 7/26/2019 mosaic1-GRAMMAR REFERENCE WITH ACTIVITIES.pdf

    3/412 Starter unit Vocabulario2

    Countries and nationalities

    American (adj) /merkn/

    Argentina (n) /dntin/

    Argentinian (adj) /dntnin/

    Australia (n) /streli/Australian (adj) /strelin/

    Brazil (n) /brzl/

    Brazilian (adj) /brzlin/

    British (adj) /brt/

    Canada (n) /knd/

    Canadian (adj) /knedin/

    China (n) /tan/

    Chinese (adj) /taniz/

    Colombia (n) /klmbi/

    Colombian (adj) /klmbin/

    England (n) /glnd/

    English (adj) /gl/

    France (n) /frns/French (adj) /frent/

    German (adj) /dmn/

    Germany (n) /dmni/

    Greece (n) /gris/

    Greek (adj) /grik/

    India (n) /ndi/

    Indian (adj) /ndin/

    Ireland (n) /alnd/

    Irish (adj) /ar/

    Italian (adj) /tlin/

    Italy (n) /tli/

    Japan (n) /dpn/

    Japanese (adj) /dpniz/

    Kenya (n) /kenj/

    Kenyan (adj) /kenjn/

    Mexican (adj) /mekskn/

    Mexico (n) /meksk/

    Pakistan (n) /pkstn, -stn/

    Pakistani (adj) /pkstni,

    -stni/

    Portugal (n) /ptgl/

    Portuguese (adj) /ptugiz/

    Russia (n) /r/

    Russian (adj) /rn/

    Scotland (n) /sktlnd/

    Scottish (adj) /skt/

    South Africa (n) /sa frk/

    South African (adj) /sa

    frkn/

    Spain (n) /spen/

    Spanish (adj) /spn/

    the UK (n) / ju ke/

    the USA (n) / ju es e/

    Turkey (n) /tki/

    Turkish (adj) /tk/

    Vocabulario

    The classroombin (n) /bn/

    book (n) /bk/

    calculator (n) /klkjlet(r)/

    chair (n) /te(r)/desk (n) /desk/

    dictionary (n) /dknri/

    door (n) /d(r)/

    laptop (n) /lptp/

    notebook (n) /ntbk/

    poster (n) /pst(r)/

    school bag (n) /skul bg/

    wall (n) /wl/

    whiteboard (n) /watbd/

    window (n) /wnd/

    Prepositions of placebehind /bhand/

    between /btwin/

    in /n/

    in front of /n frnt v/

    next to /nekst t/

    on /n/

    under /nd(r)/

    School subjectsArt (n) /t/

    English (n) /gl/

    French (n) /frent/

    Geography (n) /digrfi/

    History (n) /hstri/

    Maths (n) /ms/

    Music (n) /mjuzk/

    PE (n) /pi i/

    Science (n) /sans/

    Functional languageClassroom language

    Be quiet!

    How do you spell goodbye?

    Dont eat in lessons!What does notebook mean?

    Can you repeat that, please?

    Put your hands up!

    Starterunit

  • 7/26/2019 mosaic1-GRAMMAR REFERENCE WITH ACTIVITIES.pdf

    4/41Vocabulario Starter unit

    Vocabulary practice

    The classroom

    2 Find five differences in picture B. Write sentences.

    The poster is in the bin.

    Countries and nationalities

    1 Find seven countries. Then write the correctnationality words.

    C H D M E X I C O P

    R C B R A Z I L W T

    S H E E D P P M F U

    C I R M A N Y B T R

    O N X C W Y X A M K

    T A S H W P Y T L E

    L P O R T U G A L Y

    A E D N A X P O C S

    N S P A I N W H P A

    D H T E G R E E C E

    Starterunit

    BA

  • 7/26/2019 mosaic1-GRAMMAR REFERENCE WITH ACTIVITIES.pdf

    5/414 Unit 1 Gramtica

    Unit 1 Gramtica

    Present simple: be

    Afirmativa Negativa

    Forma

    completa

    Forma

    contracta

    Forma

    completa

    Forma

    contracta

    I am Im I am not Im not

    You are Youre You are not You arent

    He is /

    She is / It is

    Hes /

    Shes / Its

    He is not /

    She is not /

    It is not

    He isnt /

    She isnt /

    It isnt

    We are Were We are not We arent

    You are Youre You are not You arent

    They are Theyre They are not They arent

    Uso

    O verbo beutilzase para dar informacin sobre

    unha persoa, un lugar ou un obxecto. I amEnglish.

    Vigo isin Spain.

    The books areon the desk.

    A forma contracta utilzase no rexistro informal da

    lingua oral e escrita.

    ItsMonday today.

    Yourelate.

    Interrogativa Respostas breves

    Am I ? Yes, I am. No, Im not.

    Are you ? Yes, you are. No, you arent.Is he ? Yes, he is. No, he isnt.

    Is she ? Yes, she is. No, she isnt.

    Is it ? Yes, it is. No, it isnt.

    Are we ? Yes, we are. No, we arent.

    Are you ? Yes, you are. No, you arent.

    Are they ? Yes, they are. No, they arent.

    Uso

    A interrogativa con beutilzase para formular

    preguntas sobre unha persoa, un lugar ou un

    obxecto.

    Nota:nas respostas breves afirmativas, non se

    utiliza a forma contracta do verbo (Yes, I am. NO

    Yes, Im.)

    IsHarry in your class? Yes, he is.

    Arethose pens blue? No, they arent.

    there is/ there are+ a, an, someand any

    Afirmativa

    Forma completa Forma contractaSingular There is a / an Theres a / an

    Plural There are some

    Negativa

    Forma completa Forma contracta

    Singular There is not a /

    an

    There isnt a /

    an

    Plural There are not

    any

    There arent

    any

    Uso

    A estrutura there+ beutilzase para indicar se algoexiste u non.

    There isa lift at school.

    There isnta swimming pool.

    Cando o substantivo est en plural, utilzase a

    forma do plural do verbo be.

    There aresome chairs.

    There arentany windows.

    No rexistro informal da lingua oral e escrita,

    utilzanse as formas contractas.

    Nota:non existe unha for