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In memoriam a

SERBIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES AND ARTS INSTITUTE FOR BALKAN STUDIESSPECIAL EDITIONS 110

THE POWER OF LITERATUREIn memoriam

ANA RADIN

Editor Mirjana Deteli

BELGRADE 2009

110

In memoriam

2009

, 35 http://www.balkaninstitut.com E mail: [email protected] -

(Karl Spitzweg), (1839)

ISBN 978-86-7179-067-3 CIP

(. 148011)

194619992009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7 11 17

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. . 317 . . 331

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() 2. 1946. 16. 1999. , ( ) . 1970. (1981) (1995). 1976. , . 1996. . ( ) (, 1986) . , , (1984), (1984) ( : 1987. 2002). , , . , (, , ) , , , . (1985; 1987), (1994) (1987), , side effect .

( , , , .). 1995, (, 1996). 13 , , , . impact ( ), ( ), ( ), ( ), ( ) . , , , , , , . (1992), (1993; 1996), (1996; 1997), (1994). , , , , . , , . , , , , ( ), , , . , , , , , , . , ,

, , . , , , , , , . : , , , , . ( ), , , . , , , soft spot . , . , , . , , , . , . , : , . (), (-), () (); (, ), () (). , (, , ), () () , (, , ) ().

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(, , , ) . , , . , , - , , . , ( , , ), . . .

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(1986). , , , , , . 60- XIX (. , . . , . , . . , . ) XX (, . , . , . , . ). , , , : , , (65). XIX , . . : , ( / ) . , , . , . , ,

12

. , , , ; , , , , , , , , . : , . , 60- XX . ( 2007. ). , , : , , /, , . , , , , . ( 1986) , . , , , - , ( ), . o , (137). , , , , . ( , , , , , .) , .

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(, -, !..., ), , , . , , , , . ( , , .) : , (, , ), , - , ( ). , , , . ( , ), , . ( [1998] , , .) - ,, !... , . , (, , .). , , , , . , , ( - , , ), , , ,

14

. - !... : , , . . . , . , , , , , - (- ) (). - (), (, , , ), . ( , , , ), , , . (. , . ), , . (. , .). , , , . ( ), (. , , , , , , .). . .

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(39). (. ) , (. , ). , , . / , , , . ( , , , ). , . , , . , , , ( ) , ( ! ). ( , , , , , , , ), , , . , : 90- , . (, , ),

16

, , , .

1983 , XXI/LVII, . 5/6, , 473479. 1984 - ( : ) XVII/6566, 1984, 3172. : : , 32/1, 1984, 7996. ( : !...), 16/64, 1984, 585596. , 14, : , 273282. 1985 , , . , : 1985, 585601. - , 17/65-66, 1984, [1985] 3172. ( , -), 18/69-70, 1985, 131140.

18

Trivijalna i umetnka knjievnost razlike i slinosti, Umjetnost rijei XXIX/1, Zagreb 1985, 712.

1986 , 21/3, 1986, 6067. ( , -), XVIII/69-70, 1986, 131140. Umetnost pripovedanja Stevana Sremca, Ni: Gradina, 1986. 1987 : : , , : -, 1987. , XXII/2-3, 1987, 2434. Narodna i umetnika bajka, Komparativno prouavanje jugoslavenskih knjievnosti 2, Zagreb, 1987, 8898. Eventualne formalno-semantike distinkcije, Trivijalna i umetnika knjievnost, Trivijalna knjievnost, Zbornik tekstova, priredila Svetlana Slapak, Beograd 1987, 4450. 1989 : -, , 1989, 43/91, , 15. () , , : , 261276 1992 , 18/6970, 1992, 8389. : , 2/4, 1992, 6168. 1993 ?, 169/451, . 2/3, 1993, 264 289.

19

Pria o svetu kao pria o zlu, ( ), 25/89, 1993, 95100. 1994 , 42/13, 1994, 415419. , 20/7576, 1994, 6777. , 41/23, 1993, 191219. 1995 , 27/97, 1995, 407412. 1996 , , . , : , 1996, 181188. , , : , 1996, 639 644. , 1, 1996, 8588. , : , 1996 (: ). , , 2, , 1996, 1723. 1997 , ( . ), . , : , 1997, 187197. !, 29/103, 1997, 337347. , 2, 1997, 138142.

20 1998

, , , , : , , 56/13, 1998, 147164. : , , : , 1998 ( , 741; , 297299). 1999 : , , : , ( , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ), 301322. 2002 : , , : , 2002. 2007 , , . , : 2007, 655674.

I

Francisco Goya, Los Caprichos, no. 70: Devota Profesin, 1799

,

*

: , , . , , . . : , , , , , ,

(1889) ( 1981: 165167; 2002: 253), . , , . , ( 2002: 6082) . , , , , * ( , . ON 148023 D), . (-Stulli 1985: 138139) , , (- 2000);

24

, . , (). ( 1995: 294), , . , , , ( ) , () , , , , . , ( 1979: 2832) . . , , , , , . , . , - , ( ). , . , , , , . , , , . , . , . : , ,

( 1988). .

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25

(, 161).

, , . , , , ,, (. 179). , , . . , , , , . , . , , , , (; ), ( ; ). , . , . , , , - , , -, , . , . , : ( ); ; ; , . : , , , ; ; ; . , , . , . , ( 1976: 184185). (-; -), e e . . , , ,

26

. , , , (), (), , , () . , . , ,, - , , -. , , - . . , , , . , , (, , ) , , , . , ( 1984; 1985) . , . , ( 2002: 247), . , (, , ) , . , ,, , , , . , , . ? . , ! . . , , , , : , , ?, , , : , ! ? (. 159). , , , . ( 2006: 3536).

. ,

27

. , , , , . :... , , , ! (. 168).

, , . , , , , . , , . , , , (1894) , , : , . , . . , . . , , , , . , , , . , , , , : ? ? : , , , , , . : . , , , . : . . . . : ??... : , ? . , , , . , (III, 1867, br. VIII, . 462), , , ,, . , .

28

, . , , () . ( ; ) -, . , , , , (. 159). , , , - . , , , , . , , ,, ,, (. 160). , . , , , () ,, . , , , ,, . , ,, , , (. 160), , , , ( ) . , , , , () , ,, . , , . ( 1818. (. 41), (. 3431). ,,... , , , , , , ... (. 160): ,

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29

; ,, , , , , . 160) . , . , , , , . , , . , , , , , , , . , , . , . , , , , , , , .

. . , 1891, . 9, . , . , , , . , , / : ,,... , , . , , , , , , , , ( 1981: 135153; 1996), , . , , (-Stulli 1983: 273274) , .

30

. , ,, , , (,, ):,, , ! ,,, , . ,,, , , ! ,, , , . , ... ,,, ... ,, ! ,, , ,! (. 138).

,, (. 167). ,, (. 163). (. 168). , : ,, !; ,, , ; ,, ! (. 162, 170; 172). , ,, ( 2002: 252), , ( ) : ,, !; ,, ! ,, !. , ,,, ... (. 180). (,, !, . 182), . , , ( ) , (,,, ! !, . 183) (,, !, . 182). , , () .

, , , , , , . . . 245304, 309, 310, 5161, 52175225 . , ,, . , , : ,,... ( ) : , , ! (. 72).

. ,

31

, . , . , . , , . , , . , , ,, , (...) ( 1983: 384). , . ( ), , - , :, , ; ! ! (. 170).

, , , , , , , , , (. 182). . . ( , , ) . , , , . , . , , , , , ,, . . , , . 3005. ,, , ( 1984: 57). . , . , -. , , : ,, , , ! ( 1984: 219220; . : - 1971: 241242).

32

. , ( ) . , , . , . , , . . , . , , , . , , . ( , , ) (, , ) . , , , . , ( 1995: 288289). , . , , . , , , 17, . : ; ; , , 1934, I, . 1, 6270; . 2, 184187; 1935, II, . 2, 217227. : , , (), , , . B: 1984: 133138; 2002: 139143; 2003: 2546.

. ,

33

. , . , . , , , , ,, (. 166) . . , () . : ,, . : ... , , . , , , ,, ! , : ; , ,, , ,, ; ; , ; ; . , , . , , , ( ), . , , , . , . , . , : ,, ... , , , . ( 1992: 73) , . , , . , , ,

34

. , , :... , ... ! (. 168)

, , , , . , . ,, , ... ... , , . ,, ; ,, , , , , ,, . () , , , . , , , , . , , , ,, , . , , , . . , , , . , . , . , , , ,, (. 169). , , , , , :

. ,

35

, , , (. 169).

, , . , , , . , , , , . ( ) ,,, , , (...) (. 177). , , , . , , : ,,... ! (. 178). , : ,, , . , , : ,, . . (. 179). , . , . ,,, , (. 183), . , . , . , . , , . . , , . , , . , , .

.: , . 5, 10; , . 14, 16, 35, 40, 47 .

36

, , , . ( 2004: 427; Chevalier 1983: 751752; , 7576). , , . , , , . (, I, . 114), , , , (, , . 24). , (, , 5472), , , , . *** ( 1986) . , , . , , , . , , , , , . , . -, , , , , . . , , . , ( ), . , , . , ,

. ,

37

, . , , , , . , , . , . Biderman 2004 H. Biderman: Renik simbola, Beograd. -Stulli 1983 . Bokovi-Stulli: Usmena knjievnost nekad i danas, Be ograd. -Stulli 1985 . Bokovi-Stulli: Prianja o ivotu, Knjievni rodovi i vr ste teorija i istorija, Beograd, 137164. 1976 V. But: Retorika proze, Beograd. , . . : , . . () I, . . , , 1987. , . . . (1852), , XI/1-2, . . , , 19861987. , . . : , III, . . , , 1988. , I . . : I, IV, . . , , 1975. 2006 . : . , . 1981 . : , . 20002 . : , . 1983 . : , . 1992 . : , . 1981 . : , . 1995 . : , . 2002 . : : , . 1988 . : , , , 117139. 1984 B. Krsti: Indeks motiva narodnih pesama balkanskih Slovena, Beo grad. 1966 . . : , : . 1984 . . : , .

38

- 1971 . -: , . - 2000 . -: , . 1984 . : - , XII/6566, , 3172. 1985 . : , 14/3, , 273 282. 1986 . Radin: Umetnost pripovedanja Stevana Sremca, Ni. 1995 . : , XXVII/97, , 407412. 1996 . : , . 2003 . : , XXXV/119, , 2546. , , . . . , , 2001. 1979 B. Uspenski: Poetika kompozicije, semiotika ikone, Beograd. 1927 . : , . Chevalier 1983 J. Chevalier, A. Gheerbrant: Rjenik simbola, Zagreb.

Sneana Samardija FOLKLORE STRUCTURE IN THE STORY THE WIND BY LAZA LAZAREVI Summary

This paper points to direct connections among this story, its oral variants, and folklore prose genres (especially legends and believes), as well as short forms (pro verb, saying, oath, curse). It is almost certain that Lazarevi was not using fixed and published folk tales, but authentic stories, which were narrated in his childhood, or possibly an everyday event. For present purposes, the collections of folk literature cited here all include variants integrated in the speech and narrations of characters. This paper analyzes functions of folk elements in new narrative context, and especi ally their share in the making of the figure of narrator and of characteristics of the heroes. The stress is especially on the differences between folklore forms and La zarevis stylization (types of distance, functions and elements of legends, relations God man, the idea of fairyland, dreams etc). The story, published only two years before the authors death, shows power of tradition, connections between Lazarevi and Serbian folklore, different artistic possibilities of destruction, and superstructure of simple forms.

,

, , , , , ( , ) ( , , ). , . a priori , e . / , , , , . , ,

: , . , . , , . , ( , , ) . , , . : , , , , , , ,

40

, e , , . , . , , , . , , , , , , , , , , . o-, , ), . , / ( , ), (, , , ) , , , , ... ( , , , ) . . , , . , 1848, , , . , , ( 2007: 2953). , ( , ), :

. ,

41

. . . , , 1812-13, , . ( 2000: 27)

65 1813. ( ), (1878. ) , . . , . . , . , , , ( , 1848), . , , , ... - , () . , . - : , , . , , , , ( , .). ( ). , . , , . , , , , . , . , , , .

42

, , , , , ( 1965). . : . , , , . , , , , . , , , ... , , , . ( 1968: 136, . .)

. , . , , ( , reader/response/criti cism, , ), : (, ) ; /) - ; , , ( ). , , , , , . Craft of Fiction, . . , . , ( ): 1. , 2. , 3. , 4. , 5. ( 2000). . .

. ,

43

, . , , . 12. : , , , , , , ... ( 2000: 99)

, . , , . , . , , , , . . , , . , , , , . , . , . , , : , . , ; , . ... ( 1900: 194)

: , . . , , . . . , , , . , . . ; , ... ( 2000: 99)

, . ( ), ,

44

, , (, ). (. 2000: 83) , , , , . . , , , , . , , . , . . . . ( ), , . , : , ( 1965: 247). , , , , , , , ( 1965: 249).

: . , . , , . ( 1968: 138)

( ), (). , . (, , )

. ,

45

. . , , , . , , , , , . , , , , . , , , . , , , , . , , . , . , , : , , , , . - . - . - . (...) . - , . - , . - . - ... (, 1900: 291) , , ! - ! . - ! . ! - . . (, 1900: 332) . . . - ! - , -... - ! ! , , ! ( 1900: 340)

. , . , . ,

46

. , ( ), , . 19. , . , , ( ), , , - . , , , , , , . . , . . . , . : , , . ! - , , , , , , . , , , ( 1900: 256). , . , . , , , ( 1900: 392).

: , . - , , , ,

. ,

47

, , , , ; ( 1900: 221).

() . , , ; , , . ( , , ), . , , , , , . , , , . , , . : , , . , . , - ( 1965: 251). , , , . : . . , , , . . . , , . : . , . . , , , , , ; (...) , , , , , . , , , . . . (...) , , ( 1900: 253).

, :

48

, . , , , , , , , , , , . , , ( 1968: 91). - , , , . ( ), (, , , ). , : . , , . (...) , , , , , , ( 2000: 30). -, , . : , , , ( 1968: 86). , , ... , , , , . . , . , , , , , . . . , , ( 1968: 136) ( 1999: 38).

. ,

49

2000 : , . 1988 . : , . 2000 . : , , , 83112. 2000 : ( ), , , , 724. 2006 . : ( ), , : , 199213. 1900 . : , . 2000 . : , , 724. 1989 . : 1, 2, . 1986 . : , 12, , 665684. 1991 . : , , 1, , 890894. 2007 . : , , 19. , , 2960. 1968 . : , , , . 1974 . : 19. , , , , 571583. - 2006 . -: 19. , . 1965 . : , : , , 12, , 245253. 1999 . : , 1, , 3639.

Dragana Vukievi IN THE NARRATIVE RHYTHM OF JAKOV IGNJATOVI S um m a r yA dynamic rhythm of narration in the social novels of Jakov Ignjatovi got the full attention of literary criticism, but the authors skills in managing it were judged variously. For Jovan Skerli, namely, the telegraphic style of the author was an example of a mad racing, breathlessness and shortstopping. Yet, in the opinion

50

of Milan Kaanin, the characters and the scenes come in succession with velocity which, through the great richness of images, depicts the great pulse of life itself. In a polemic style, this paper analyzes the semantic aspects of different narrative rhythms (descriptive pauses, scenic rhythms, ellipses) and makes the connection between the fabulatively strong or weak places and fast or slow narrative rhythms. An additio nal attention is rendered to the introducing and dining scenes which are, in spite of the ir schematic nature, recognized as developed sign systems, unavoidable in decoding the values of a society at its deathbed.

- ,

: , , , SF-, , , . : , , , , SF, , , , ,

, , , ( 148009), , . , . , , , , . : Ptrvi 2003 ( Ptrvi 2005. / / ); Ptrvi 2004; 2006; Ptrvi 2006; Ptrvi 2006; Ptrvi 2007; Ptrvi 2007. ( , 2004) - , 2007, , , 2007.

52

( : ). , : , SF-, , , , . -: , , , , , . , , . ( ) ( 1991), , , , - -. , . : , , . , , . . , , , , , , . , , , , . , , , , , . , , , . , , , : Todorov 1987. : Popovi 2007: 781. , .

. ,

53

, , . , , . , (Baraba Mortarium), . , , , , . , , , , , . , , . , , , , . , ... , . , , , , , . ( , ), , , , -, , . . , , - . . , , , , , , , , . ,

... , , , ( 1996: 216). , , : 1953; 5051; 1981: 126135; 6162. , , , .

54

. , , . , . , . , , , , , , . , , . , , , , , . ( ) , , . , , , , . . aj e, ja oa o ee ,10 oaa a aje, aae oo ea jee (Prop 1990: 401404, 414), ae aee oe. Aaoj jajo ao oea oo jeee ea , . , , , , . . , , , , , , , (Tolkin 1981). , , . 10 eo , oao, je ojea jaja (Prop 1990: 399).

. ,

55

aee oe, oj e oaje eea ea jaa (Prop 1990: 346, 368, 417421). . , , , ,11 . , , . , . , , . , . : , , , , , , , , . - , , , , , , . , , , , , . , . , , , , . , ( ) : , , , . , . , . , , .11

56

, , . , , , , ... , : ... , , ... (Ptrvi 2003: 27).. , , , , , . , , ..: , , , , ( ) , .12 ..., e e ojeje a oa o aa: oaj aee a aoa oaj aee oaa. , -, , , , , . , Aea, a ja , eoo ojae aa oa (Ptrvi 2005: 26112616), je oaja a eo oa. oee o ee aa oo oaa ooja, ao eo eoje oaa. Ae ooe, aa eea Joa ,13 ao eo eo oo ea, oee Meaa. (Ptrvi 2004) , . , , , . , , .12 13

. ,

57

, , . , e e je a a eo a e oa je aa. Ae, a K,14 e a . je, aajeo a e, eoa, o a e e, ao a, a eo a o e ao aa o oea. oeje ao e, oje je aa aa oa aa, oe aooja eja aa. oe , ea jaea , ao aa oaaa e oaa. , e oa, oe o aoeaja , , . a ao ae ao, a aj ea, ea, o oj... aoeaj ea aa eo: a eea (ea ea a ee, a a ee, o aeo eeo a e, ao a aa a ee oao a a ea aja), oaa oaj a eo oa. eea oa ee e a a ea ea oe aoo ae, ea-ao. ao ee ajeo e. ea, , aa oe, a aa, eaaj e ao ea, aja eaa. Me oo e e o a aa. oaa o ojeo eoa ae a, ao o e, oa ooe aoaa Jo a... e oo e aa Aee . Jaa, eaae aaa Joa aa, aa aa, ojoj ea a eao e ooaa a a Meae oe , ajae oo, ae, a o e oe aa oa Joe a, a e e... a jea oa, ao je e oj oa a e o oo aeaa ooee jaea. o eaa , , o oo aoo, a e aa eeao. aa a, o a, oe o ea, e aje o ea oa:ao a ja oj o, K! oj e , oj e eo jaaa o aj e ao oae, oj e eea oj o a oae e, oj e a ooj o ooo, oj e o ea a ae oj ao aa e oe... (...) eoj e ea eo Ka, ao ea e o ao a oeo oaa oo oaa, , , ooj.14

58

e ea a e a e eaa... (Ptrvi 2007: 55).

ao aa a o e oaa ee o eoaa. a o oeeaa ao, oj e o je ooja oaeaa oe eeaa. ao e a e a, e oj , a e a ajo ao. o oje o eae, , ,15 e o a oa oa ao e a . aa oj je ao a a eaa ao oo oj o, a oae o eo, o . o a, , ajea aa o, oaj jae a. a eaa ...16 a Ae e, aajeo aja, aja oaa e eaa, a e a ae oo, oj e aa ee, ee oe... ao e o, o je, ae, o aa, eoe, oo, a oao ajeo ajaaj o a, aj ae o o a. o ojo eoeo o aa, oaa , jee ooe, oea o. ao o aje Jo , o oo-ja, e o. , , , oa. o e , Joa , ;17 o oo a oaa, , , , ( 1996: 128). 16 a ea o, , , oe e oj ao ojo aaeo a o oeae o a eoa. aa a ao oo ao ooe eoe, oe oaa oe je e oeao, a a a aa Ae, a jeeo o oje a, je ae e e aj e ee (oje e a aee e) ao a ea a o. Picea Alexa Alea, oao aea, oa aa e eoeo Aea... 17 , , : , . ... (Ptrvi 2004: 11).15

. ,

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; eo oaa ooa je. , , o oje oe, oo aa-a e ea, a oa a, oo, a a aoe oo a... oa je, , aoa oeo aee,18 Aeo jeo a, ... , , . ea oja oa , e a , oe eeee ooa . o a a , , ee oa a Joo o, aoa a e aa eo oo oaa, o oe e o oe aa oo-oao a e, o o eeeo ejaa eo ea , o oj oeo, oo aao, oe ejeoo Koao (Gmn 2003). , , : SF- , , , , () ( , ), , ... , , . , , , , , , . . ..., , -. (...) (Ptrvi 2004: 67),19 a oa a eo oa aee oa a ao. 19 , , , , , , , Bi helix Serbialis. , 18

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. , , , , . , , ,20 , . , : ,21 , ,22 , , , , . . ,23 . , . , , , , . , , , , , , , . , . , , . , , , (Ptrvi 2004: 66). 20 , , : , (Novakovi 2006: 95). 21 , , . 22 . , (Ptrvi 2004: 43). 23 . (Ptrvi 2004: 35).

. ,

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, , .24 , , , . , , . , , , , , , , , . , (Ptrvi 2004: 26), . , , , , , , .25 . - , . . , . . - . , . , , : , . . (Ptrvi 2004: 102).

, . . , . , (Ptrvi 2004: 47). 25 , . ( ), .24

62

, , . , , , . , , . . , , , , . , . , .26 . , . . , , , , . , , , .27 , , , ( 2006: 1023): , , , ( 2006: 1028). , , . . , , , : . , : ( 371372 376378). , . , , . , ( 2006: 1023).26 27

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. , ( 2006: 1029). , , , , , . , : (RS, 762). , , , . , , . , . , .28 , , , , . , , , . , , , . , . 29 , , , SF-, , , , , , , . 30 ( , , . 29 - (ri-li 1990). 30 . , , . , ..., , , , , , , , 28

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), , , . RS Rjenik simbola: mitovi, sni, obiaji, geste, oblici, likovi, boje, brojevi, priredili Jean Chevalier Alain Gheerbrant, Zagreb 1983: Nakladni zavod Matice hrvat ske. . , . . , . , 2001: Zepter Book World. . . . . : , [], 1970: . Gmn 2003 Nil Gmn: rlin, preveo Drako Roganovi, Bgrd: Lgun. 1953 . : , LXVI, . 1991 : , , : . 1981 : , [], : . Novakovi 2006 Mirjana Novakovi: to je izgubljeno, Zemlja, april, Beograd, 9095. ri-li 1990 Dubrvk ri-li: ri cittnsti, Zagreb: Grfiki zvd Hrvtsk. Ptrvi 2003 Ur Ptrvi: vn i zps u Zmlji Vuk, Bgrd: izdnj utr. Ptrvi 2004 Ur Ptrvi: Prie s one strane, Beograd: Paramecijum. Ptrvi 2005 Ur Ptrvi: vn i zps u Zmlji Vuk, Bgrd: Laguna. Ptrvi 2005 Ur Ptrvi: Slv, Znk sgit. Sience Fiction. Fantasy. Horor, br. 15, Bgrd, 26112616. 2006 : , 182/477, . 6 (), 10231029. Ptrvi 2006 Ur Ptrvi: Zagonetne prie, knj. 1, Beograd: Laguna. . , . , , ... , , , , , , , .

. ,

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Ptrvi 2006 Ur Ptrvi: Zagonetne prie, knj. 2, Beograd: Laguna. Ptrvi 2007 Ur Ptrvi: Zagonetne prie, knj. 3, Beograd: Laguna. Ptrvi 2007 Ur Ptrvi: Peti leptir, Beograd: Laguna. Popovi 2007 Tanja Popovi: Renik knjievnih termina, [Zabavna knjievnost], Beograd: Logos Art. Prop 1990 V. J. Prop: Historijski korjeni bajke, prevela Vida Flaker, Sarajevo: Svje tlost. 1996 : , : . Todorov 1987 Cvetan Todorov: Uvod u fantastinu knjievnost, prevela Aleksandra Mani-Mili, Beograd: Rad. Tolkin 1981 D. R. R. Tolkin: Gospodar prstenova 1, 2, 3, preveo Zoran Stanojevi, predgovor Vlada Uroevi, Beograd: Nolit. e 2002 eo e: , , : . e 2003 eo e: , , : . e 2003 eo e: , , : . e 2005 eo e: / , , : .

Ljiljana Peikan Ljutanovi THE FANTASTIC WORLD IN THE WORK OF URO PETROVI BETWEEN THE HORROR AND THE HUMOUR S u m m a r yThis paper is about the work of Uro Petrovi, a contemporary Serbian author. It analyzes the ways it fits the fantastic literature understood as a complex generic system, its attitude towards conventions of entertaining genres horror, SF, ghost stories and elements of humor and satire. By them, the fantastic is sporadically annihilated, only to become an allegoric projection of the authors reality. In the best works of this author the domain of fantasy becomes a space of fre edom, and the transgression from the sphere of reality to the sphere of the irreal - its main feature. The Petrovis narrative creates a complex citational dialogue not only with the actual books, but also - and even more so with the generic conventions of epic fantasy, SF, horrors, detective fiction, and then of the film, comics, and popular computer games too. The communication Petrovi makes with his readers shows so me elements of riddle making and a specific humoristic destruction of the riddle itself which, form time to time, is transformed into a vivid, satiric image of our times and characters.

66

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1986, . 14. , . , , 1853, . 36. - , . ( 1927, . 187, 190) ( 1853, . 35, 38; 1927, . 11, 21, 28, 33, 40, 47, 86; 1986, . 18, 44). 20 . , 1870, . 14 - .

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74

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1927, . 16. . 1985. . 102, 128, 172-174, 178, 201, 204, 212, 219, 224, 225, 232, 235, 269, 310, 316, 563..

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1853, . 2. : . , , . ( ), . 40 , 1927, . 25 41 , , XXIV/7. 42 , , . 13. 43 , , III/23. 44 1992.

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Mirjana DeteliTHE IMAGE OF CITY IN THE NARRATIVE CONTEXT OF A FAIRY TALE S u m m a r y The so-called double encoding (realistic and fantastic, rational and archetypal) is very often in the oral literary genres, probably because of their sporadic need to re establish their connection with the archetypal layers of traditional culture. This kind of binary encoding is usually applied in succession, which means that both kinds of encoding should never occur within one and the same text at the same time. The image of city in fairy-tale is an exception, which is probably motivated by the needs of fairy tale itself as an oral literary genre. 1985 . . : , IIII, : . 1853 . : , , . 1870 . : , , , . . . 1988 . : , , : . 1989 : , , XLIV/9, 159168. 1992 : , , . DCXVI, . 46, : & AIZ Dosije. 1996 : . , : . 1986 : , . 1927 : , . 1, XLI, . Deteli, Ili 2006 Mirjana Deteli Marija Ili: Beli grad. Poreklo epske formule i slovenskog toponima, Beograd: Balkanoloki institut SANU, Posebna izdanja 93. Hamori 1971 Andras Hamori: An Allegory from the Arabian Nights: The City of Brass, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 34/1, University of London, 919.

. ,

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Tuczay 2005 Christa A. Tuczay: Motifs in The Arabian Nights and in Ancient and Medieval European Literature: A Comparison, Folklore 2005/116, 272291. Weber 1989 Edgar Weber: La ville de cuivre, une ville dal-Andalus, Sharq Al-Anda lus: Estudios mudejares y moriscos 6, 4381. Weber 1981 Eugen Weber: Fairies and Hard Facts: The Reality od Folktales, Jour nal of the History of Ideas 42/1, 93113. Ziolkowski 1992 Jan M. Ziolkowski: A Fairy Tale from before Fairy Tales: Egbert of Lieges De puella a lupellis eruata and the Medieval Background of Little Red Riding Hood, Speculum 67/3, 549575.

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, XIX , : . , , ( 1971: 50); , , () ( 1971: 50), , ( 1971: 50) , , . , , , () ( 1971: 52). , XIX : ( ) ( ), , , ( 1978). , , . : : , , , (Seltzer 1992: 95). . , , . , : . : , . . . : XIX , (Pike 1981: 33).

84

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, : , . . , , , .1 , , . , , , . . . , , , , , ( 1990: 302). , , . , , , . , , , , . , , , . . : , , , . , , ?; / / ? ( 1975: 228).1

86

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88

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90

, [] ( 1975: 243244).

. , . , , . , , , , . , , , . , : , . ( 2002: 160) , . , : . , : , , , , ( 1996: 10). , , , , ( 2007). , : . ( ) .

. , 91 1971 : , , , : . 2004 : , : Clio. Benjamin 1986 Walter Benjamin: Estetiki ogledi, Zagreb: kolska knjiga. 1996 : , , Editions lage dhomme, : , . 2002 : , : . 1990 : , : . Lehan 1998 Richard Lehan: The city in the Literature, Los Angeles, London: Uni versity of California Press, Berkely. 2007 : , : . 2001 : , : Book, . Pike 1981 Burton Pike: The Image of the City in Modern Literature, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 1985 : , : . 1975 : , , : . 1991 : , : . Seltzer 1992 Mark Seltzer, Bodies and Machine, New York and London: Rout ledge. 1978 : , : . 2001 : , : .

Slobodan Vladui DEMONIC FEATURES OF A CITY IN THE UNFIINISHED NOVEL IN VERSE OF BRANKO RADICEVIC SummaryThis text analyzes traces of the Devil in the city depicted in Bezimena (Nameless), an unfinished novel in verse, written by Branko Radievi. The writer sees the city as a space with big differences between phenomenon (appearance) and its essence. This produces a background for the city onto which the figure of the Devil is projected. One can identify his presence in the ironic urban language, the mob and the urban fashion. It is important to notice that the traces of the Devil in Bezimena are appearing as a result of the writers subtle polemical relation toward the ideas of the Enlightenment. Therefore, the Devil doesnt emerge as an opponent of the Enlighten ment. On the contrary, he emerges as the result of it.

92

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1. , , , - (-) .1 () () . , , , . , , , .O .: 1982; - 1975, 2001; Krnjevi 1973; 1978; 1998; 2007.1

94

, , . , , , , , , . , . , , , , XVI XVII , . , , , . , , . 2. , , , , . , , . . , . : , , ; , ; , ; .2

, , Character as literary figure, that is, an artistic product or artifice constructed by an author for some purpose; character as non-actual but well-specified individual presu med to exist in some hypothetical, fictional domain in other words, character as an individual within a possible world; and character as text-based construct or mental image in the readers mind (Marglin 2007: 66).2

. , ?

95

. , . , . , , , , , . , . , , . , . , , , , , . . , , . (dramatis personae) (1928; 1982), . ; , , . ( . . ) (. ). , , (, , , , .). . . . , . , . , . , . , (1991) dramatis personae , . . . - ;

96

. .3

. , .4 , . . . . , , . , , , . (, ; , , ; , .). . , , , . , , , , (, , .).ale role analysis shows how the ballad genre deals with basic kinds of human interaction in its portrayal of personal and social relationships and its particular con centration on the man-woman relationship, and analysis of the characters occupying the tale roles illustrates how certain cultural concerns are transmitted within the genre and the subgenres. These cultural concerns involve attitudes and values pertaining to personal and social relationships. (Buchan 1982: 168169). 4 Gidens 2001; Gofman 2000.3

. , ?

97

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2001.

98

. , . , , , , . , . , , . , : , , . , . , . 10. , : , .6 , , .7 , , , . , , . ,8 . 66. : , , .9 18. : , . 10 : , . , XVIII . , Kont 1989: I, 177. 2006: 132. 8 2004: 358. 9 2005: 110. 10 1930.6 7

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(), . , , 10 . ( ), 12 . , .11 19. , .12 (1844). , , , , , , . 88. , : () : , .13 4. , . , , . , . , .14 : , . . . , , . , . 1952: 282. 2008. 13 1921: 43. 14 Krsti 1984.11 12

100

(male career Mrchen), , : , , , , 15. (heroine-tale) , .16 . , ( Bern 1987). : , . , : , , ; . , . , . , . , . . , , : . , , . ( II, 51) , o e. , . , . , , . . , : , . ...utwitted and tamed only to enable her to conform to her feminine role: church, kitchen, children, homemaker, queen in the household of a powerful king (Dgh 1988: 27). 16 ...the voyage from deprivation in fulfilment through sufferings and tests, ends in the safe haven of marriage to the mighty ruler (Dgh 1988: 27).15

. , ?

101

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. 1992.

102

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103

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104

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Van Peer & Maat 2001.

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105

( 1876: 214). . , , . ( 1878, . 23), , . ( 1925, . 76), . , , . : , , : , , , , .

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106

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107

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Rhrich 1991: 61. 1994: 90.

108

; , . .24 , , . , , . , , . , , . , . . , ; ,25 , . , , . , . () .26 1991 : 100 , : . 1994 : , : . 1878 : , . . I. , II , . X, : . 2004 : , , . - , : Clio, 323366. 1994: 3738. Gidens 2001: 69. 26 (Is There a Female Initiative in Ballads? Womens Freedom of Choice Between Narrative and Traditional Roles) 38. (38th International Ballad Conference), 28.0702.08.2008. , . , Kommission fr Volksdichtung SIEF School of Welsh, Cardiff University.24 25

. , ?

109

1925 : , , , , 1, , . 12. : . 1992 : , , . 616, , . 46; : ; . 2008 : () (19. ), 56/1, 212232. 1930 . : , , . 2, : , 6090. 1994 : , , . 98. , . 6. : . 1998 : - , : . 1988 : , II. , . V, . , : . 1988 : , III. , . VI, . , : . 1978 : , : . 1982 : I. , : . 2000 . . : . , , , 96161. 2003 . . : : , XIII . , , 376388 . 2006 : X XVIII , , : . 1921 : , , : . , , , 1969 . . , . . , . . , . . : , IV, , 86135. 1876 . : . : . - 1975 -: , 27, , 499510. - 2001 -: , : .

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2005 : , , 1912. ., : . 1975 . . : , , . . , , 214246. 1952 . : 1690. 1740, : . , , 2001 . . , . . , . . : - , , : . . . -, 199233. http://www. ruthenia.ru/folklore/arhipovarafaeva.htm 1901 . : , , 44, , 171244. , 2004 : . , 51/34, , 329351. 2007 : - , 54/12, , 6577. - 2001 -: , 19012001, : , 405419.

Abrahams 1966 Roger D. Abrahams: Patterns of Structure and Role Relationships in the Child Ballad in the United States, The Journal of American Folklore 79/313, 448462. Bern 1987 Erik Bern: Koju igru igra? Preveo Ljuba Stoji, Tree izdanje, Beograd: Nolit. Bremond 1973 Claude Bremond: Logique du rcit, Paris: Editions du Seuil. Buchan 1982 David Buchan: Propps Tale Role and a Ballad Repertoire, Journal of American Folklore 95/376, 159172. Buchan 1972 David Buchan: The ballard and the Folk, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. Dgh 1988 Linda Dgh: Beauty, Wealth and Power: Career Choices for Women in Folktales and Modern Media, Life History as Cultural Construction/Performance. Proceedings of the IIIrd American-Hungarian Folklore Conference Held in Buda pest, 1622 August 1987. Ed. by Tams Hofer & Pter Niedermller, Budapest, 1347. Engle 1991 David G. Engle: An integrated system of ballad classification, Gender and Print Culture: New Perspectives on International Ballad Studies, Ed. by Ma ria Herrera-Sobek, Kommission fr Volksdichtung of the Socit Internationale dEtnologie et de Folklore, 147164. Gidens 2001 Entoni Gidens: Sociologija, Drugo izdanje, Preveo urica Krsti, Pod gorica: Cid.

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Gofman 2000 Erving Gofman: Kako se predstavljamo u svakodnevnom ivotu, Pre vele Jasmina Moskovljevi i Ivana Spasi, Beograd: Geopoetika. Greimas 1966 Algirdas Julien Greimas: Smantique structurale, recherche de mtho de, Paris: Larousse. Kont 1989 Fransis Kont: Sloveni. Nastanak i razvoj slovenskih civilizacija u Evropi (VI-XIII vek), knj. I-II, Prevela Gordana Petrovi, Beograd: Filip Vinji. Krnjevi 1973 Hatida Krnjevi: Usmene balade Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo: Svjetlost. Krsti 1984 Branislav Krsti: Indeks motiva narodnih pesama balkanskih Slovena. Priredio Ilija Nikoli, Posebna izdanja Srpske akademije nauka i umetnosti 555, Odeljenje jezika i knjievnosti 36, Beograd: Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti. Lotman 1976 Jurij Mihajlovi Lotman: Struktura umetnikog teksta, Preveo Novica Petkovi, Beograd: Nolit. Margolin 2007 Uri Margolin: Character, The Cambridge Companion to Narrative, Ed. by David Herman, Cambridge University Press, 6679. Prop 1982 Vladimir Jakovljevi Prop: Morfologija bajke, Beograd: Prosveta,. Rhrich 1991 Lutz Rhrich: Folktales and Reality, Transl. by Peter Tokofsky, Bloo mington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. Turner 1972 Judith W. Turner: A Morphology of the True Love Ballad, The Jour nal of American Folklore 85/335, 2131. Webber 1978 Ruth Webber: Prolegomena to the Study of the Narrative Structure of the Hispanic Ballad, Ballads and Ballad Research, ed. Patricia Conroy, Seattle: University of Washington Press, 221230. Van Peer, Maat 2001 Willie Van Peer, Henk Pander Maat: Narrative perspective and the interpretation of characters motives, Language and Literature 10/3, 229 241.

Sonja Petrovi IS THERE A FEMALE INITIATIVE IN BALLADS? WOMENS FREEDOM OF CHOICE BETWEEN NARRATIVE AND TRADITIONAL ROLES S um m ar yThe paper examines how female characters express the freedom to choose a husband in proposal models, and how is that expression conditioned by narrative or tale roles, and genre conventions of Serbian and South Slavic folk ballads on the one side, and traditional social roles on the other. Ballad heroines are predominantly stock characters whose tale roles and attributes are determined by conventions of genre, but they can be individuated in the process of characterization and while adjusting to typical sets of functions in particular models. Tale roles are associated with traditional

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roles, and social and cultural stereotypes and life scripts they reflect. Narrators views on female traditional roles affect the way he shapes narrative models, and influences his decision which tale roles will be assigned to character and what narrative perspec tive will he assume. Several plot combinations of proposal model were analyzed in respect to different typological criteria (stable and variable motifs and functions, type of ending, active or passive behaviour of heroine in relation to suitor and members of family, narrative perspective and assessment). Female initiative to choose desired sui tor is granted in cases when girl employs traditionally and socially acceptable means to declare her preference. However, meeting the requirements of family and obeying customary norms do not ensure girls happiness. The interpretation of characters cho ice and destiny, and analysis of the level of congruity of narrative and traditional role can reveal the construction of the picture of the world and ways of challenging the stability of traditional order in ballads.

,

: , . . , , das Unheimliche, , , , . - : , . : , das Unheimliche, , , , , (), ()

. , , . , . , , ; , . - , , . ( 1989: 193).

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, , . , () . , , . , , , , . , , ( , . ), . . , , , ( a ). , , , , ( , ). . , . , , , . , , , : , , , . , , , , , . , , , , . , , , , .

. ,

115

, : ... , , . ( 1994: 208) , . : , , . , , , , (...) , , . ; ; ; ... ( 1991: 180). : , , , , . . . . , , , , . ( , . , , .) , , . , . , . , , , , , (Eliade 1981: 58).

116

, , . . , , : , . . . , (. , .). , , . . . , Negotium Perambulans, , : , , . . . . , . . , , , . ( , , ,...). . : / ( /, / , /, , , , ). , , , , ( , , ) / (, , , ). , , . ,

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117

, , , , . . . , , ( , , ), , , , . , , . , . , , , . , , , , . , , , , , . ( ) a a , ( ), , a a a , a . , , , (- 1989: 12). . , . , . . . . , , . The Encyclo pedia of Fantasy, Secondary World, 847. .

118

, . , , , , , , . Das Unheimliche , das Unheimlich. (Heim , ). , , , , . , , , -, . (), , ( , / / ). , . , . , ( , , ), , . , ( ). , . : . , (Trail 1991: 196210). . . -, - . , , (Fletcher 1999: 128). . . , , , , . , , . (abjection) . , . , , , , .

. ,

119

. ars moriendi: , , . , . , . , , , . , . , . , , . , .10 , , , , , , . . , , ( 1984: 97). , , (...) , , , , . . . (...) , ( 2002: 232, 236). 10 . : ( ), (, ), (, , , ), , (, , ). : -, -, - ( 2004: 112121).

120

(, , ). . , , , , . nno Dracula, . , , . , , , . (, ) , -, , . , . , , - , . ( , ). , ( ). (...) , (Bryden 2004: 47).11 ( ). . , . 1764, .12 , : Bryden 2004: 3754. . . 12 : , : (1960) . , 11

. ,

121

, , , (, ; ). , , , . , , . , , , ( , ) , , , , . , . genius loci . , . , . ,13 . , . , , . (das Unheimliche), (, ), , , , . ( ) XX , . , , (...) (...) ( 1999: 118119). 13 . XX , . .

122

, . . . XIX . , . : , . -. , . , -, . , , , - , , . , , . , . , : XX (...) (Oakes 2000: 68). . , , , , . . . . . ( genius loci) , , . , . . ( ) . ( ) ,

. ,

123

, . : ( ) ( , , .). ... ( 1998: 19): , , , . : . ( , , ) . . , , , , , (, , ). , , , , , . , ( , , ). , , , , . , , ( , ), . , ,

124

, , , , , . . , , ; , .14 . , , , , , . . . , , ( ), ( ). , , . . , , . , (...) , (Blackwood 1977: 206) , , , . , ; : . . (203204). : , , , . Genius Loci, , , .

, , , (...) (...) , , , (...) ( 1994: 171172).14

. ,

125

. . . , , . , , . , , .15 , , . ( ) XX , , . , , () , . , , . ( ), , , : , .16 , . , . , . (). : , , , , . , , , , , , , . . , . 16 ( ) , , . . . , .15

126

(Brewster 2001: 290). , , , . . . ( , , ), ( , , ), , , . , , . , . . , . , , , .17 / (1819), : , , , . , , , .18 , - fin de sicle , , . . , , . (, , . ), . , , 17 18

: Ferguson Ellis 1989. Frost 1989: 38. . .

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127

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128

, , , , . , ( ). , , , , , , , . , , , , , . : , , , , . , , . , , , , , , . - , : ( 2005: 91).19 1529, . (...) . (...) , , 1796. 1806. ( 2005: 9192). , , , -, - (, 94).19

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129

, , -. , , ( 2005: 92). , , , , . . , , : , . XIX ( , , ) , .20 , . , ( , ), XX ( , , ), , , , , . , (. , ). - - , , , , , , , . , , , XVIII , ( 1991: 109).20

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, , , , . . ; . . , . , , , , . Adams Cram 1993 Ralph Adams Cram: The Dead Valley, H. P. Lovecrafts Book of Horror, edited by Stephen Jones and Dave Carson, New York: Barnes&Noble Books. 2004 : , : . A Companion to the Gothic, edited by David Punter, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2001. Baring-Gould 1995 Sabine Baring-Gould: Book of Werewolves, Senate. 1989 : , : . Benson, E. F., Negotium Perambulans, http://www.litgothic.com/Authors/benson. com 1952 : , : . Volta 1963 Ornella Volta: The Vampire, Macmillan Publishers. Great Tales of Terror and the Supernatural, edited by Herbert A. Wise and Phyllis Fraser, London: Hammond, Hammond & Co., 1947. (Edward Bulwer-Lytton, The House and the Brain, Guy de Maupassant, Was it a Dream?) 1989 : , I, II, , : . 1984 : , : . Eliade 1981 Mircea Eliade: Okultizam, magija i pomodne kulture, Zagreb: Grafiki zavod Hrvatske. Crawford, Marion, F., For the Blood is Life, http://www.litgothic.com/Texts/for-theblood-is-life.html. Kristeva 1989 Julia Kristeva: Moi uasa: ogled o zazornosti, Zagreb: Naprijed. Le Fanu 1998 J. Sheridan Le Fanu: Carmilla, The Supernatural Omnibus, edited by Montague Summers, Twickenham, United Kingdom: Tigers Book International. Lewis 1999 Mathew Lewis: The Monk, Penguin Classics, UK.

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Lovecraft, Bishop 2007 H. P. Lovecraft, Zelia Bishop: Medusas Coil, : H. P. Lovecraft, The Loved Dead and Other Stories, selected by M. J. Elliot, Word sworth Editions. 2004 : , : , . 1991 : , , , : . 2003 : , : . Maturin 2001 Charles Robert Maturin: Melmoth the Wanderer, Penguin Classics. 1991 : , , , : , . Nodier 1995 Charles Nodier: Smarra, or The Demons of the Night, Demons of the Night. Tales of Fantastic, Madness, and the Supernatural from NineteenthCentury France, edited by Joan C. Kessler, Chicago, London: The University of Chicago Press. 2002 : Anno Dracula, : . Oakes 2000 David A. Oakes: Science and Destabilisation in the Modern Ameri can Gothic: Lovecraft, Matheson and King, Westport Connecticut London: Greenwood Press. 2002 : . , : Zepter Book World. 1982 : , : . 2005 : , : . - 1989 -: , : . 1998 : , : . ( : , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .) Radcliffe 2008 Ann, Radcliffe: The Italian, Oxford University Press, USA. Radcliffe 2004 Ann Radcliffe: The Mysteries of Udolpho, Dover Publications. Smith 2007 Clark Ashton Smith: The Collected Fantasies of Clark Ashton Smith, Vol. 1, 2, 3, Night Shade Books. 1987 : , , 11, : . 1985 : . , : . Stoker 1988 Bram Stoker: Dracula, The Golden Heritage Series, Galley Press, England. Stoker 1966 Bram Stoker: Draculas Guest, London: Arrow Books. 1987 : , : . 2003 . . . : , , : .

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1997 : , : . The Complete Tales and Poems of Edgar Allan Poe, New York: Penguin Books, 1982. The Dracula Book of Great Vampire Stories, edited by Leslie Shepard, New Yersey: The Citadel Press, 1977. ( . . , / The Room in the Tower, , / Transfer , / Vampire) The Encyclopedia of Fantasy, edited by John Clute and John Grant, London: Orbit, 1997. The Vampire Omnibus, edited by Peter Haining, London: Bounty Books, 2003. (Hawt horne, Julian, The Grave of Ethelind Fionguala, Cholmondeley, Mary, Let Loose, Stenbock, Count Eric, A True Story of a Vampire, Monette, Paul, Nosferatu, Dum as, Alexandre, Bocage, Paul, The Pale Lady) Three Gothic Novels (Horace Walpole: The Castle of Otranto , William Beckford: Va thek, Mary Shelley: Frankenstein), London: Penguin Books, 1968. Ferguson Ellis 1989 Kate Ferguson Ellis: The Contested Castle: Gothic Novels and the Subversion of Domestic Ideology, Baltimore, Maryland: University of Illinois Press. Feval 2003 Paul Feval: The Vampire Countess, Hollywood Comics. Fletcher 1999 John Fletcher: The Sins of the Fathers: the persistence of Gothic, Romanticism and Postmodernism, edited by Edward Larrissy, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Freud, Sigmund: The Uncanny, http://www.rohan.sdsu.edu/~amtower/uncanny.html Frost 1989 Brian J. Frost: The Monster With a Thousand Faces: Guises of the Vam pire in Myth and Literature, Ohio: Bowling Green State University Press. Frye 1957 Northrop Frye: Anatomy of Criticism, Princeton, New Yersey: Princeton University Press. 2005 . . . : , : . 1966 : , : . 2004 : , : .

Marija arovi TYPES OF CHRONOTOP IN THE PROSE WORKS ON VAMPIRES SummaryThe subject of this paper is chronotop in the prose works on vampires as an analytic dimension which enables a deeper insight in another, structural and semantic characteristics of this prose. It starts with the notion of so called demonic chronotop, which is the same as the Freudian term das Unheimliche. This supports the analysis of the basic topoi of gothic novel and vampire story in the western literature on one side,

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and stories of the Serbian realism and modernism on the other. The article aims at the simultaneous changes in the making of the vampire in the time-space plane of the literary works about the subject: alongside with the changes of chronotop, the place and significance of the very persona of the vampire changed too.

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While not a true literary character until the advent of Continental and British romanticism, the vampire is as old as human superstition itself. Virtually every culture in the world has at its roots some folktales or legends relating to vampirism, and while the stories may differ in terms of content, they concur on a basic definition of the vampire: a reanimated corpse or malevolent spirit whose sole purpose is to destroy the living by absorbing the life force, whether it be in the form of blood or of psychic energy, or perhaps both (Dictionary of Literary Themes and Motifs, p. 1373). , : He is known everywhere that men have been. In old Greece, in old Rome; he flourish in Germany all over, in France, in India, even in the Chernesese; and in China, so far from us in all ways, there even he is, and the peoples fear him at this day. He have follow the wake of the berserker Icelander, the devil-begotten Hun, the Slav, the Saxon, the Magyar (Stoker, Dracula, 1978: 266)

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, (). 1927 . . : , . 1913 . . : , . 1908 . . : , . 2003 . . : , . 14/2. 1919 . . : , 9-10. 1910 . . : ( ). ( . ) , 144 223. Dictionary of Literary Themes and Motifs 1988 Dictionary of Literary Themes and Motifs: L-Z. Volume: 2. Ed. Jean-Charles Seigneuret, New York: Greenwood Press. 2001 C : . .. , . 8 (). , 2006 . . , . . : , . , ... . ( 80- . . ), 1. (). Douguine 1992 Alexandre Douguine: Le complot ideologique du Cosmisme Rus se, Poliotica hermetica 6, 8093. 1975 , I, , : . 2008 : , , , , : . 1995 . . : - ( A..), 3. 1996 : , : . 2003 . . : . . , . 14/2. Tartarin 1994 Robert Tartarin: Transfusion sanguine et immortalit chez Alexandr Bogdanov, Droit et societ 28, 572. Frost 1989 Brian J. Frost: The monster with a thousand faces: guises of the vampire in myth and literature, Popular Press.

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Huestis 2007 D. W. Huestis: Alexander Bogdanov: The Forgotten Pioneer of Blood Transfusion, Transfusion Medicine Reviews 21/4, 337. 2008 : , : . : http://copy-www.novsu.ac.ru/chelo/9/sheberg/sheberg.htm.

Bojan Jovi A CLASS VAMPIRE ON MARS AN ACTUALIZATION OF GENOLOGIC POTENTIALS OF MOTIF-COMPLEX OF VAMPIR(ISM) S u m m a r yThe author points at the problematic idea about the actual age and mythologi cal provenance of vampire motif, together with the lack of reliable sources that could confirm its first appearances in antiquity and middle ages. As well as it could be a personalized concretization of ancient and various traditions conceited in certain histo rical moment(s), the vampire is certainly not present there from the very beginning of human superstitions. The second part of the article focuses on one of the earliest and most interesting non-specific interpretation of the motif and subject of vampire, rendered by Alexander Alexandrovic Bogdanov (.. , 18731928), in his literary as well as in his esseyistic and theoretic works. The issue is about the main characteristics of Bogdanovs concept of vampire which as a negative element of an overwhelming philosophy of life incorporates individuals, classes, ideals, and institutions.

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