Mobile wireless communication for metering (smart and industrial) and smart grid Detlef Einacker, November 2010

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  • Mobile wireless communication for metering (smart and industrial) and smart grid

    Detlef Einacker, November 2010

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    Intro: GSM/GPRS/EDGE/UMTSIndustrial meteringSmart meteringSmart GridAppendix

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    Data transmission GSM (CSD) vs. GPRS/EDGE/UMTSGSM

    Fixed assignment of voice and data channelsPhysical connection to the air

    Full bandwidth of a radio channel used exclusively by one user

    User pays the radio channel the whole time of allocation

    Pricing according to connection time

    - pay for silence

    GPRS/EDGE/UMTS

    Dynamic assignment of voice and data channelsData transfer via packages

    GPRS session uses several channel in parallel

    Resources are only occupied for the absolute period of time to transmit the data package

    Pricing according to transferred volume - pay for activity

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    GPRS/EDGE a few details

    Source: T-MobileDynamic assignment of voice and data channel.GPRS/EDGE Session is able to use several channel in parallel.Resources are only occupied for the duration of transmission. GPRS/EDGE use existing GSM infrastructureGPRS/EDGE is a technology for packet oriented data communication (IP)GPRS/EDGE is global and area widepacket-switching dataCombined voice and GPRS/EDGE data channelDedicated GPRS/EDGE data channelGPRS/EDGESession 1GPRS/EDGESession 2

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    UMTS Core NetzwerkUMTS is using its own radio access network, separated from GSMUMTS is using W-CDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access) air interface standardThe UTRAN Network logically cuts into RNSs (Radio Network Subsystem)A RNS is a geographical region which is managed by a RNC (Radio Network Controller).Single RNSs can be cuts into Location Areas (LA)MSC, SGSN and GGSN are core components of GSM/GPRS 2G network and are used by the UMTS 3G network.

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    Comparison of wireless communication

    The acutal values of mobile service providers may differ from these values.

    ConnectionTechnologyTransfer rates (theoretical) Download Upload Signal run timesAlways on

    GSM

    850/900 MHz (2W)1800/1900 MHz (1W) Circuit switchedCSD9,614,4 kBit/skBit/sNoCircuit switchedHSCSD38,457,6 kBit/skBit/sNoPackage orientedGPRS62,4 kBit/s31,2 kBit/s800-1200msYesPackage orientedEDGE236,8 kBit/s118,4 kBit/s300-500msYes

    UMTS

    850/1900/2100 MHz (0,25W)Package orientedUMTS384 kBit/s128 kBit/s200-300msYesPackage orientedHSDPAmax. 7,2 MBit/s384 kBit/s100-200msYesPackage orientedHSUPAmax. 7,2 MBit/smax 3,6 MBit/s100-200msYes

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    Intro: GSM/GPRS/EDGE/UMTSIndustrial metering applicationsSmart metering applicationsSmart Grid applicationsAppendix

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    Industrial Meter communicationCan we read transparent different meter types with one modem?

    Is it possible to keep the already installed meters?

    How do we avoid meter reading mistakes?

    Can we assure save and protected meter reading, protection against fraud?

    Is it possible control and manage meter and modem remotely, without regular visits?

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    ZDUERemote Meter Reading Telecommunication Network GSM, GPRS, PSTN or LANControl Centre and remote configurationAny meter! Transparent and bi-directional

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    ZDUERemote Meter Reading Telecommunication Network GSM, GPRS, PSTN or LANControl Centre and remote configurationAny meter! Transparent and bi-directionalReduce meter reading mistakes

    Reduce meter reading costs

    Reduce Risks, stay in office

    Reduce Confusion and Fraud through automated processes with security

    No vendor log in through transparent communication

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    Products for industrial meter reading ZDUE modems ZDUE-MOD-PLUS-V Meter readingvia Analog Interfaces CL1; RS232; RS485 time window for call acceptance Integrated real-time clock Auxiliary power supply Status information through LEDs Security through Password

    Utilities Meter reading

    ZDUE-GSM-PLUS-V Meter readingvia GSM and GPRS Quad Band GSM Interfaces CL1; RS232; RS485 time window for call acceptance Auxiliary power supply Status information through LEDs Security through Password Utilities Meter reading

    ZDUE-LAN-PLUS-IV Meter readingvia LAN (DSL) Interfaces CL1; RS232; RS485 Very short reading intervals Status information through LEDs Password protection Log file system Utilities Meter reading

    ZDUE-GPRS-PLUS-IV Meter readingvia GSM and GPRS Interfaces CL1; RS232; RS485 Very short reading intervals Password protection Status information through 4 LEDs Configuration locally and remote Utilities Meter reading

    ProductAdvantages Application Areas

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    Intro: GSM/GPRS/EDGE/UMTSIndustrial metering applicationsSmart metering applicationsSmart Grid applicationsAppendix

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    Smart Meter communicationHow do we connect single households for smart metering?

    Can we avoid vendor and product log in scenarios?

    Is it possible to read all meters (e,g,w, ACs, heating, etc.), to connect also the home automation or displays?

    Can we get open standard and interoperable solutions?

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    Smart Metering, with a gMUC (WAN comm. gateway)@Radio:W M-Bus orZigbeeEthernet, LAN / DSLGSMGPRSRS232 or RS485Customer interface:Ethernet or radioCCOPLC

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    gMUC/MUC Product range availablegMUC-GPRSInstallations mainly for single customers and/or rural environmentCommunication with GPRS towards the central systemW-MBUS, 1107, RS232, RS485 (planned: DLMS, ZigBee)gMUC-LANCommunication via DSL line modem towards central systemInstallation and operation through telecom operator

    MUC-C-GPRS (following German standard)Installations mainly for single customers and/or rural environmentCommunication with GPRS towards the central system

    MUC-C-PLC (following German standard)Installation mainly in residential buildings or urban environmentCommunication with PLC to the MUC-concentrator

    MUC-Concentrator (following German standard)Installation mainly in urban substationsCommunication with PLC towards MUC-C-PLCCommunication with GPRS/EDGE towards the central system

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    Intro: GSM/GPRS/EDGE/UMTSIndustrial metering applicationsSmart metering applicationsSmart Grid applicationsAppendix

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    Smart Grid communicationHow can we control the remote networks and grids?

    How to connect outside substations secure, reliable and easy?

    Can we avoid vendor lock-in?

    How to build virtual IP rings for redundant communication?

    We need state of the art security with firewall and VPN functionality! Via mobile networks?

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    TCIGPRS / EDGE / UMTS@ InternetDual LAN RTC-TC Servers IP:195.3.97.109IP:195.3.97.113LAN Switch LANLANSCADA Secure wireless routers:VPN tunnelVPN tunnelVPN RouterVPN Routerpublic mobile networkaccess via private APN (closed user group)public mobile networkaccess via public APN

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    Die Gerte: TAINY EMOD und TAINY HMOD

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    Any questions?Autor:Detlef Einacker

    Telefon:+49 (40) 55304 1490Fax:+49 (40) 55304 180Mobil:+49 (160) 367 2324

    E-Mail:detlef.einacker@neuhaus.de

    * 2010 by Dr. Neuhaus Telekommunikation GmbH

    Some accessories for the wireless products316237316244316220

    Product, designationArticle numberWall power supply SA07 100-240 VAC/24VDC 1A316459Top-hat rail power supply DR45 85-265VAC/24VDC 2A316411Dual-band device antenna (900/1800 MHz) Mounted directly on device; Gain -5 dB, SMA connection316213Tri-band flat antenna (900/1800/1900 MHz) Mounting location: Indoor/outdoor; Gain: 0dB, Connection: SMA, cable length: 3m316220Dual-band rod antenna (900/1800 MHz) Mounting location: Indoor, clip fastening; Gain: 2dB, Connection: SMA, cable length: 1.5m316237Tri-band rod antenna (900/1800/1900 MHz) Mounting location: In/outdoor, bracket fastening; Gain: 2dB; Connection: SMA, cable length: 5m 316244Antenna adapter, SMA - FME316299Antenna adapter, SMA - SMA, 90 angled316442Serial connection cable RJ45 DB9 0.5m316268

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