Missio Dei In the Historical Books of the Old Testament

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Missio Dei In the Historical Books of the Old Testament Slide 2 Missiology in Joshua J.C. Beker and the Book of Joshua It is a difficult book in our time because of our difficulty in understanding its seeming justification of genocide. Slide 3 While we would like to deny Gods absolute rejection of human evil and his judgment on it. It does not fit with postmodern notions of absolute moral tolerance and celebration of moral diversity. The Good News is not that God will not judge, but that he is willing to forgive. That declaration is our mission. Slide 4 Missiological Principles While our mission of conquest is very different from that of Joshua, his mission was sanctioned by God and provides insight into our mission. Slide 5 Gods Accompanying Presence Joshua 1:1-9 1:1 the LORD said to Joshua son of Nun,... get ready to cross the Jordan River into the land I am about to give to them-to the Israelites. 3 I will give you every place where you set your foot... 5 No one will be able to stand up against you all the days of your life. As I was with Moses, so I will be with you; I will never leave you nor forsake you. 9 Have I not commanded you? Be strong and courageous. Do not be terrified; do not be discouraged, for the LORD your God will be with you wherever you go." Slide 6 Obedience to Gods Word is Success 6 "Be strong and courageous, because you will lead these people to inherit the land I swore to their forefathers to give them. 7 Be strong and very courageous. Be careful to obey all the law my servant Moses gave you; do not turn from it to the right or to the left, that you may be successful wherever you go. 8 Do not let this Book of the Law depart from your mouth; meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do everything written in it. Then you will be prosperous and successful. Slide 7 It may take 40 years to see the success of our efforts, and we may not live to see the success, but when we obey Gods Word, the success of our mission is guaranteed. Slide 8 Failure to obey God can mean disaster Joshua 7:10-12 11 Israel has sinned; they have violated my covenant, which I commanded them to keep. They have taken some of the devoted things; they have stolen, they have lied, they have put them with their own possessions. 12 That is why the Israelites cannot stand against their enemies; they turn their backs and run because they have been made liable to destruction. I will not be with you anymore unless you destroy whatever among you is devoted to destruction. Slide 9 Throughout the histories of Israels battles, obedience is shown to be better than sacrifice. When Israel obeys God, victory ensues. When Israel is disobedient, defeat is assured. Slide 10 The Great Commission Reaffirms Matthew 28:19-20 19 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age." Slide 11 God of All the Earth Joshua 3:11-13 11 See, the ark of the covenant of the Lord of all the earth will go into the Jordan ahead of you. 12 Now then, choose twelve men from the tribes of Israel, one from each tribe. 13 And as soon as the priests who carry the ark of the LORD-the Lord of all the earth-set foot in the Jordan, its waters flowing downstream will be cut off and stand up in a heap." Slide 12 Though Israels entry into Canaan means disaster for the inhabitants of the land, the advance of its priesthood is salvation for all the earth, over which God extends his saving purpose. Slide 13 The Conversion of Rahab The conversion of Rahab the Prostitute is the ironic first fruit of Gods graceful purpose in Israels advance. (Joshua 2). Her name means broad, but it sounds like Rahab, which is another name for the Sea Monster whom the Canaanites believed had been defeated by Baal in the creation of the world. (This creature is the prototype of Satan as the ancient dragon.) Slide 14 Isaiah 51:9-10 Isaiah refers to the parting of the Red Sea by poetically referring to this myth: 9 Awake, awake! Clothe yourself with strength, O arm of the LORD; awake, as in days gone by, as in generations of old. Was it not you who cut Rahab to pieces, who pierced that monster through? 10 Was it not you who dried up the sea, the waters of the great deep, who made a road in the depths of the sea so that the redeemed might cross over? Slide 15 Irony Just as Isaiah derides Baal by mocking the myth of his victory, the book of Joshua presents the triumph of Yahweh over Baal when Rahab the Ritual Prostitute becomes the first Canaanite to be spared in the Conquest of Gods priestly people, whose victory is everyones victory who will turn and believe in Israels God instead of vain myths. Slide 16 The Allocation Principle Joshua 13: 6; 18:3-5 6 "As for all the inhabitants of the mountain regions from Lebanon to Misrephoth Maim, that is, all the Sidonians, I myself will drive them out before the Israelites. Be sure to allocate this land to Israel for an inheritance, as I have instructed you, 7 and divide it as an inheritance among the nine tribes and half of the tribe of Manasseh." 8 The other half of Manasseh, the Reubenites and the Gadites had received the inheritance that Moses had given them east of the Jordan, as he, the servant of the LORD, had assigned it to them. Slide 17 Just as God used strategy in dividing his people into groups and sending them to different places to accomplish the mission, we should devise strategic deployments of missionary personnel under Gods calling. Slide 18 The Kinsman-Redeemer in Ruth 9 "Who are you?" he asked. "I am your servant Ruth," she said. "Spread the corner of your garment over me, since you are a kinsman-redeemer [goel]. 10 "The LORD bless you, my daughter," he replied. "This kindness is greater than that which you showed earlier: You have not run after the younger men, whether rich or poor. 11 And now, my daughter, don't be afraid. I will do for you all you ask. All my fellow townsmen know that you are a woman of noble character. 12 Although it is true that I am near of kin, there is a kinsman-redeemer nearer than I. 13 Stay here for the night, and in the morning if he wants to redeem, good; let him redeem. But if he is not willing, as surely as the LORD lives I will do it. Ruth 3:9-13 Slide 19 The Goel The Hebrew word goel refers to a kinsman- redeemer who helps out a needy relative especially a widow or orphanby buying their property or defending them against an enemy. In Ruths case, the goel would marry her as well. Slide 20 Ruth 4:14-15 14 The women said to Naomi: "Praise be to the LORD, who this day has not left you without a kinsman-redeemer. May he become famous throughout Israel! 15 He will renew your life and sustain you in your old age. For your daughter-in-law, who loves you and who is better to you than seven sons, has given him birth." How does a BABY constitute a Goel? This oddly prophetic word of praise finds its greatest fulfillment in Jesus, the son of Ruth and our kinsman-redeemer. Slide 21 Prophetic Surplus of Meaning 1 Peter 1:10-11 10 Concerning this salvation, the prophets, who spoke of the grace that was to come to you, searched intently and with the greatest care, 11 trying to find out the time and circumstances to which the Spirit of Christ in them was pointing when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories that would follow. Slide 22 Jobs Goel Job 19:25-27 25 I know that my Redeemer lives, and that in the end he will stand upon the earth. 26 And after my skin has been destroyed, yet in my flesh I will see God; 27 I myself will see him with my own eyes I, and not another. How my heart yearns within me! Slide 23 The Goel in Psalms Psalm 19:1-14 The heavens declare the glory of God;the skies proclaim the work of his hands. 2 Day after day they pour forth speech;night after night they display knowledge. 3 There is no speech or language where their voice is not heard. 4 Their voice goes out into all the earth,their words to the ends of the world.... 7 The law of the LORD is perfect,reviving the soul.The statutes of the LORD are trustworthy,making wise the simple... 11 By them is your servant warned; in keeping them there is great reward... 13 Keep your servant also from willful sins;may they not rule over me... 14 May the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart be pleasing in your sight,O LORD, my Rock and my Redeemer. Slide 24 Isaiahs picks up the theme (13 times!) Isaiah 44:6 The Redeemer of IsraelWow, what a Chapter! Slide 25 The Redeemer and the Spirit Isaiah 59:20-21 20 "The Redeemer [goel] will come to Zion, to those in Jacob who repent of their sins, declares the LORD. 21 "As for me, this is my covenant with them," says the LORD. "My Spirit, who is on you, and my words that I have put in your mouth will not depart from your mouth, or from the mouths of your children, or from the mouths of their descendants from this time on and forever," says the LORD. Slide 26 Jeremiah and the Goel of Israel Jeremiah 50:34 34 Yet their Redeemer is strong; the LORD Almighty is his name. He will vigorously defend their cause so that he may bring rest to their land, but unrest to those who live in Babylon... 46 At the sound of Babylon's capture the earth will tremble; its cry will resound among the nations. Slide 27 The New Testament Redeemer Hes not just for Israel! Slide 28 Luke 24:21-49 21 but we had hoped that he was the one who was going to redeem Israel. 25 He said to them, "How foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! 26 Did not the Christ have to suffer these things and then enter his glory?" 27 And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself. 46 He told them, "This is what is written: The Christ will suffer and rise fro