Mirrors On Ourselves

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Mirrors On Ourselves. Elaine Rich. The Thesis. We (people) think we’re the coolest things on the planet. The Thesis. We (people) think we’re the coolest things on the planet. So it’s not surprising that, throughout history, we’ve thought about making artificial copies of ourselves. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Mirrors On Ourselves

  • Mirrors On OurselvesElaine Rich

  • The ThesisWe (people) think were the coolest things on the planet.

  • The ThesisWe (people) think were the coolest things on the planet.

    So its not surprising that, throughout history, weve thought about making artificial copies of ourselves.

  • This ClassThe UT Honor Code: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fx8lLiWy26Y

    Our Class:

    http://www.cs.utexas.edu/users/ear/ugs302

  • Your First ProjectThe rise of Human-computer cooperationhttp://www.ted.com/talks/shyam_sankar_the_rise_of_human_computer_cooperation.htmlStudying Biology to Make Natural-Looking Animationhttp://www.ted.com/talks/torsten_reil_studies_biology_to_make_animation.htmlBuilding a brain in a supercomputerhttp://www.ted.com/talks/henry_markram_supercomputing_the_brain_s_secrets.htmlEngineering robot legs with insectshttp://www.ted.com/talks/robert_full_on_engineering_and_evolution.htmlHealth and the human mindhttp://www.ted.com/talks/marvin_minsky_on_health_and_the_human_mind.htmlMilitary robots and the future of warhttp://www.ted.com/talks/lang/eng/pw_singer_on_robots_of_war.htmlRobots will invade our liveshttp://www.ted.com/talks/rodney_brooks_on_robots.htmlSelf-aware robotshttp://www.ted.com/talks/lang/eng/hod_lipson_builds_self_aware_robots.htmlSeven species of robothttp://www.ted.com/talks/lang/eng/dennis_hong_my_seven_species_of_robot.htmlSurgerys past, present and robotic futurehttp://www.ted.com/talks/catherine_mohr_surgery_s_past_present_and_robotic_future.htmlThe birth of the computerhttp://www.ted.com/talks/lang/eng/george_dyson_at_the_birth_of_the_computer.html

  • Your First ProjectThemes from the speechFacts from the speechFacts about the speakerQuestions youd have for the speakerOther links about this topicTerms you didnt knowIdeas that interested you Come with three:Hand in outline and class presentations begin on Tuesday, September 17.

  • How?Myths and legends

    With whatever tools we have:

  • How?Myths and legendsStatuesWith whatever tools we have:

  • How?Myths and legendsStatuesWritten stories

    With whatever tools we have:

  • How?Myths and legendsStatuesWritten storiesMechanical automata

    With whatever tools we have:

  • How?Myths and legendsStatuesWritten storiesMechanical automataRadio and movies

    With whatever tools we have:

  • How?Myths and legendsStatuesWritten storiesMechanical automataRadio and moviesRobots and artificial intelligenceWith whatever tools we have:

  • A Chinese LegendBook V of the Book of Lieh-TzA book of Taoist teachings from the 3rd century B.C.

  • Hindu Legends

  • Rabbi Loew and the GolemThe Golem legend from 16th century Prague

  • Pygmalion and GalateaJean-Michel Moreau le Jeune (Les Mtamorphoses d'Ovide, Paris 1806).Recounted by Ovid in about 5 CE

  • FrankensteinMary Shelley, 1818

  • The NightingaleWritten in 1844 by Hans Christian Anderson

  • Moxons Master'Consciousness is the creature of Rhythm.'

  • Vaucansons Automata

  • The Turk

  • Chess TodayIn 1997, Deep Blue beat Garry Kasparov.

  • Does This Mean Its Curtains for Humans?How much do you need to know to play chess?

  • The Origins of AI Hype1957 Allen Newell and Herb Simon predicted that:

    "Within ten years a computer will be the world's chess champion, unless the rules bar it from competition."

  • REEM-Ahttp://www.technovelgy.com/ct/Science-Fiction-News.asp?NewsNum=1212

  • WatsonHow does Watson win? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d_yXV22O6n4 Watch a sample round: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WFR3lOm_xhE From Day 1 of the real match: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=seNkjYyG3gI Introduction: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FC3IryWr4c8 IBMs site: http://www-03.ibm.com/innovation/us/watson/what-is-watson/index.html Bad Final Jeopardy: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mwkoabTl3vM&feature=relmfu

  • Dr. Watsonhttp://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2012/10/watson-for-medicine/ A machine like that is like 500,000 of me sitting at Google and Pubmed.

  • Rossums Universal RobotsA play by Karel apek, 1920

  • The Three Laws of Robotics1942

  • With Folded Hands1947http://www.otr.net/?p=dimx

  • MetropolisCreated by Fritz Lang in 1927http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZSExdX0tds4

  • Frankenstein1931, with Boris Karloff

  • 1951

  • 1956

  • 1986

  • 2004

  • How Much Computer Power Might It Take?http://www.frc.ri.cmu.edu/~hpm/book97/ch3/index.html

  • How Much Compute Power is There?Hans Moravec: http://www.frc.ri.cmu.edu/~hpm/talks/revo.slides/power.aug.curve/power.aug.gif

  • How Much Compute Power Is There?

  • Can This Trend Continue?

  • Our Working Definition of AIArtificial intelligence is the study of how to make computers do things that people are better at or would be better at if:

    they could extend what they do to a World Wide Web-sized amount of data, and

    not make mistakes.

  • How Will We Recognize AI?1950 Alan Turings paper,

    Computing Machinery and Intelligence, described a variant of what is now called:

    http://www.abelard.org/turpap/turpap.htm

  • The Turing Test

  • Common Sense ReasoningMary was excited when she found out that Sue had invited her to her birthday party. She wondered whether she should get her the new Harry Potter book.

    Mary was excited when she found out that Sue had invited her to her birthday party. She wondered whether she would like the new Harry Potter book.

  • Are We Special?

  • The Difference Between Us and Themhttp://www.google.com/recaptcha/learnmore

  • ConsciousnessYou

  • Have We Become Them?

  • Aaronhttp://www.viewingspace.com/genetics_culture/pages_genetics_culture/gc_w05/cohen_h.htm

  • Should We Do It?

  • Should We Do It?

  • Should We Do It?The Luddites, 1812

  • A Calmer Vision

  • We'll be able to send scanners inside the brain, tiny little scanners that are the size of blood cells, that will travel through the brain, through our capillaries, and actually scan the human brain from inside and build up a database that describes everything going on in the human brain. And that's a scenario that will be feasible within 25 years. (1999)

  • Why?Make life easier by creating artificial slaves.

    For if every instrument could accomplish its own work, obeying or anticipating the will of others, like the statues of Daedalus, or the tripods of Hephaestus, which, says the poet, of their own accord entered the assembly of the Gods; if, in like manner, the shuttle would weave and the plectrum touch the lyre without a hand to guide them, chief workmen would not want servants, nor masters slaves. Aristotle, (384 322 B.C.), Politics, Book 1, Chapter 4

  • Why?Make life easier by creating artificial slaves.

    Transcend our limitations

  • Why?Make life easier by creating artificial slaves.

    Transcend our limitations

    Actually fix ourselves

    http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=4937720n&tag=related;photovideo

  • Why?Make life easier by creating artificial slaves.

    Transcend our limitations

    Actually fix ourselves

    Play God

  • Why?Make life easier by creating artificial slaves.

    Transcend our limitations

    Actually fix ourselves

    Play God

    Derive a better understanding of ourselves

    *Credit: Ji Leehttp://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/09/opinion/09lanier.html?_r=1 *Picture from: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/15250/15250-h/15250-h.htm*http://ganapati.club.fr/anglais/indexe.html*This collection contains a comic rendition of the story.*Is this AI? Is it just search? Is chess a representative intelligent problem?

    What about role playing games? Need a lot more knowledge.*Herbert A. Simon and Allen Newell, "Heuristic Problem Solving: The Next Advance in Operations Research," Operations Research, January-February 1958, 1-10. Show these here or wait til AI or common sense or NL section. This slide repeats there.Just have the IBM site here for people who want to learn more.Intro motivates, mentions Deep Blue, mentions Hume.Sample round is good. Watch it.Day 1 had lots of good material on Watson.Power7: http://www.deathandtaxesmag.com/tag/watson-ibm/*Jeopardy may seem trivial as a measure of humanness. But what about medical diagnosis?**Picture from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/With_Folded_Hands Also I copied it to the class directory, name SciFi112.*Image from WikipediaLink is to a short trailer that is worth watching.*Moravec: Robot: Mere Machine to Transcendent Mind A newer one from: http://www.donbot.com/Futurebot/NewTech/NT01370MoravecsGraphUpdated2020.html Note that it puts people at 1000 times more compute power than Moravec, yet still projects matching them before 2020.**http://cogsci.ucsd.edu/~asaygin/tt/ttest.htmlhttp://www.loebner.net/Prizef/loebner-prize.html*Image from: http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.alanturing.net/turing_archive/graphics/turingtest.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.alanturing.net/turing_archive/pages/Reference%2520Articles/TheTuringTest.html&usg=__SSmxr2hwl9gH1LlPRpGrZwhyN6Y=&h=495&w=500&sz=32&hl=en&start=2&tbnid=V71nJ309tUf54M:&tbnh=129&tbnw=130&prev=/images%3Fq%3DTuring%2BTest%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Denhttp://cogsci.ucsd.edu/~asaygin/tt/ttest.htmlhttp://www.loebner.net/Prizef/loebner-prize.html*http://www.captcha.net/*Readers Digest February 2009 http://www.rd.com/clean-jokes-and-laughs/drag-and-