Mexico's Constitution of 1917 with Amendments through s Constitution of 1917 with Amendments through ... The awareness of their indigenous identity shall be an essential ... making good use of traditional

Embed Size (px)

Text of Mexico's Constitution of 1917 with Amendments through s Constitution of 1917 with Amendments...

  • PDF generated: 17 Jan 2018, 18:45

    Oxford University Press, Inc.

    Translated by Rainer Grote

    Prepared for distribution on constituteproject.org with content generously provided by Oxford UniversityPress. This document has been recompiled and reformatted using texts collected in Oxfords Constitutionsof the World.

    constituteproject.org

    Mexico's Constitution of 1917

    with Amendments through

    2007

  • constituteproject.org PDF generated: 17 Jan 2018, 18:45

    Page 2Mexico 1917 (rev. 2007)

    Table of contents

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3FIRST TITLE

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3CHAPTER I: Individual Guarantees

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28CHAPTER II: Mexicans

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30CHAPTER III: Foreigners

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30CHAPTER IV: Mexican Citizens

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32SECOND TITLE

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32CHAPTER I: National Sovereignty and Form of Government

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39CHAPTER II: Integral Parts of the Federation and the National Territory

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40THIRD TITLE

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40CHAPTER I: Division of Powers

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41CHAPTER II: Legislative Power

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41Section I: Election and Installation of Congress

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47Section II: Initiation and Formation of the Laws

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49Section III: Powers of Congress

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58Section IV: Permanent Commission

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58Section V: Superior Financial Authority of the Federation

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60CHAPTER III: Executive Power

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64CHAPTER IV: Judicial Power

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80FOURTH TITLE: Responsibility of Public Officials and the State

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84FIFTH TITLE: States of the Federation and the Federal District

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103SIXTH TITLE: Labor and Social Security

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113SEVENTH TITLE: General Provisions

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116EIGHTH TITLE: Amendments to the Constitution

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116NINTH TITLE: Inviolability of the Constitution

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117TRANSITORY ARTICLES

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119ANNEXES

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120Transitory Provisions

  • constituteproject.org PDF generated: 17 Jan 2018, 18:45

    Page 3Mexico 1917 (rev. 2007)

    FIRST TITLE

    CHAPTER I: Individual Guarantees

    Article 1

    Every individual in the United Mexican States shall enjoy the guarantees granted bythis Constitution, which cannot be restricted or suspended except in such cases andunder such conditions as herein provided.

    Slavery is forbidden in the United Mexican States. Slaves who enter the nationalterritory from abroad shall, by this act alone, obtain their freedom and enjoy theprotection afforded by the laws.

    Prohibition of slavery

    All discrimination motivated by ethnic or national origin, gender, age, handicaps,social condition, health, religion, opinions, preferences, marital status, or any otherdiscrimination that violates human dignity and has the objective of restricting ordiminishing the rights and liberties of persons is prohibited.

    Human dignity General guarantee of equality Equality regardless of gender Equality regardless of creed or belief Equality regardless of social status Equality regardless of origin Equality regardless of religion Equality regardless of age Equality for persons with disabilities

    Article 2 Right to culture Integration of ethnic communities The Mexican Nation is one (nica) and indivisible.

    The Nation has a multicultural composition which has its roots in its indigenouspeoples, comprising those who have descended from the people who inhabited thepresent territory of the country at the beginning of the colonization and who havepreserved at least partially their own social, economic, cultural, and politicalinstitutions.

    Reference to country's history

    The awareness of their indigenous identity shall be an essential criterion indetermining to whom the provisions on indigenous peoples apply.

    Communities of indigenous people are those which constitute a social, economic,and cultural unit, are situated in a territory, and have their own authorities inaccordance with their traditions and customs.

    Indigenous right to self governance

    The right of indigenous peoples to self-determination shall be exercised within aconstitutional framework of autonomy that ensures national unity. The indigenouspeoples and communities shall be recognized in the constitutions and laws of thefederal entities, which shall take into consideration, in addition to the generalprinciples established in the previous paragraphs of this article, ethno-linguisticcriteria and physical location.

    A. This Constitution recognizes and guarantees the right of indigenous peoples andcommunities to self-determination and, as a result, their autonomy with regardto:

    Right to self determination

    I. Deciding their forms of group life and internal social, economic, political,and cultural organization.

    II. Applying their own systems of rules in the regulation and resolution of theirinternal conflicts, so long as these are consistent with the general principlesof this Constitution, respecting the guarantees of the individual, humanrights, and in particular the dignity and integrity of women. The law willestablish the mechanisms and procedures of enforcement by theappropriate judges or courts.

  • constituteproject.org PDF generated: 17 Jan 2018, 18:45

    Page 4Mexico 1917 (rev. 2007)

    III. Electing in accordance with their traditional customs, procedures, andpractices, the authorities or representatives charged with the exercise ofself-government, guaranteeing the participation of women in conditions ofequality with men and within a framework that respects the federal pactand the sovereignty of the States.

    Indigenous right to self governance

    IV. Preserving and developing their languages, knowledge, and all the elementsthat constitute their culture and identity.

    Protection of language use

    V. Protecting and improving their living environment and preserving theintegrity of their territories in accordance with the terms established bythis Constitution.

    Protection of environment

    VI. Having access to the preferential use of natural resources in the territoriesthat these communities occupy and in which they live, except for those thatcorrespond to strategic areas as determined by this Constitution, whilerespecting the forms and categories of property and land usage establishedby this Constitution and the relevant laws as well as any rights acquired bythird parties or by members of the community. To this end Communitiesmay merge with others in the terms provided for by the law.

    VII. Electing, in municipalities with an indigenous population, representativesto the municipal governments.

    Indigenous right to vote Indigenous right to representation

    The constitutions and laws of the federal entities shall recognize andregulate these rights in the municipalities with the objective ofstrengthening participation and political representation in a mannerconsistent with their traditions and internal rules.

    VIII. Having full access to the court system of the State. In order to gu